Donald Trump hailed the FDA's approval of the coronavirus vaccine as a "medical miracle" on Friday night – and said the drug will "save millions of lives and end the pandemic once and for all".
According to the president, millions of doses of the COVID-19 vaccine are being shipped to the US by Pfizer. According to the president, the first vaccinations should be given within 24 hours.
"This is one of the greatest scientific achievements in history," Trump said in a White House video statement, adding that it was a "medical miracle". "I am pleased to announce that the FDA has approved the Phizer vaccine."
He added that the shock was "very safe" after meeting the gold standard of safety.
'The first vaccine will be given in less than 24 hours. The governors decide where the vaccines go. We want our seniors, healthcare workers and first responders to come first, ”he added.
He also tweeted triumphantly: "FDA APPROVES PFIZER EMERGENCY VACCINE !!!"
Congress and President Donald Trump have already passed laws requiring the vaccines to be free for all Americans.
Pfizer's vaccine was approved by regulators in an emergency late Friday after the Trump administration urged regulators to act quickly.
White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows reportedly even told FDA Commissioner Dr. Stephen Hahn should consider getting a new job if he doesn't approve the vaccine on Friday, a senior administration official told the New York Times.
Dr. Hahn then ordered the agency's vaccine regulators to approve it by the end of the day.
Approval was granted no more than 24 hours after a committee of experts announced approval of the shot, which aroused criticism from Trump himself and alleged threats from his chief of staff.
An estimated 2.9 million doses of Pfizer's vaccine are expected to be shipped to all US states and territories in the next 24 hours.
It is up to the states to decide who to vaccinate first, but the CDC has recommended injecting healthcare workers and nursing home residents (who have equal priority) first.
Donald Trump hailed the FDA's approval of the coronavirus vaccine as a "medical miracle" on Friday night – and said the drug will "save millions of lives and end the pandemic once and for all".
Pfizer's vaccine was approved as an emergency by the FDA on Friday night. It's the first US-approved shot, and the first 2.9 million doses are expected to be shipped within 24 hours, but will likely not be injected into the arms of high-priority healthcare and nursing home workers until Monday or Tuesday, so HHS officials said earlier on Friday. Pictured: Dr. Matilde Castiel will receive an injection for a COVID-19 vaccine as part of a clinical trial in September
The Department of Health and Human Services said Friday morning that the first Americans would be vaccinated Monday or Tuesday. At the time, Secretary Alex Azar expected the vaccine to be approved within "a few days," he said on Good Morning America.
But President Trump urged the FD to speed up its approval and hurled insults at regulators. He called the agency a "big, old, slow turtle" as hours had passed after the FDA's panel of experts announced it would approve the vaccine.
The UK and Canada have already approved Pfizer's shot, and the first Brits received their first of two cans on Tuesday.
Extending the approval time is not expected to extend the length of time it takes for Americans to inject, HHS sources told the New York Times.
White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows reportedly also said FDA Commissioner Dr. Stephen Hahn to approve the shot or submit his resignation today, sources told the Washington Post.
Hahn confirmed he had spoken to the White House, but denied the threat.
The Pfizer vaccine approval marks a historic step in containing the pandemic and comes at the end of America's deadliest week since the first COVID-19 case in January 2020. In the past seven days, nearly 16,000 people have died from Coronavirus COVID tracking project . The total number of US infections is nearly 16 million.
Obtaining an emergency permit to vaccinate Americans aged 16 and over is a critical step, but there are still many challenges ahead. Pfizer's 95 percent effective vaccine must be stored in extremely cold temperatures, raising concerns that shipping may take longer or accidents in the complicated administration process can ruin valuable doses.
Approval comes at the end of the deadliest week of the pandemic in the US. In the past seven days, nearly 16 million Americans have died from COVID-19 (red), and the total number of infections is approaching 16 million (green).
Already due to supply chain problems, the company had to reduce its planned global sales for 2020 from 100 million to 50 million.
The U.S. has a total of 100 million cans in a contract with the option to buy more, but the Trump administration reportedly turned down Pfizer's offer to buy more earlier this year. Other countries have increased their doses so the US may struggle to purchase more in the coming months.
An FDA panel of experts recommended that the agency grant Pfizer's emergency firing clearance on Thursday evening after nine hours of deliberation.
17 of the 23 were in favor of allowing the shot, despite concerns about reports of anaphylactic shock and severe allergic reactions among two UK health workers with a history of food and drug allergies. Some were also skeptical that Pfizer hadn't tested the shot in enough minorities or 16- and 17-year-olds.
The panel's approval was far from a guarantee that the vaccine would be approved.
As a result, many Americans, including, and most importantly, President Trump were angry when Secretary Azar said it could take days for the FDA to issue an emergency clearance (a form of temporary approval with a bottom bar to prove it works and safe is what the regulators give in special circumstances like the pandemic).
According to the Washington Post, the FDA commissioner's job was even at stake after Mark Meadows allegedly told him to approve the vaccine on Friday or to file his resignation.
Pfizer has signed a $ 1.95 billion contract with the U.S. government to provide 100 million doses of its coronavirus vaccine to Americans
"This is an untrue representation of the telephone conversation with the chief of staff," he said NBC News.
& # 39; The FDA was encouraged to continue working expeditiously on Pfizer-BioNTech's EEA request. The FDA is keen to get this approval swiftly. & # 39;
According to anonymous sources quoted by the New York Times, the staff spent Friday completing the paperwork and they will be done by the end of the day.
Previously, Trump raged in the administration and asked them to "stop playing games and save lives".
The Secretary for Health and Human Services (HHS), Alex Azar, had said official approval could take "a few more days".
Following Trump's Twitter warning, HHS said the vaccine would be approved by Friday night, not Saturday.
A panel of 23 independent scientists voted in favor of the vaccine Thursday and recommended it to the FDA after a day of lengthy discussion about whether or not it is safe.
Vaccines will be shipped to all US states and territories within 24 hours of FDA emergency clearances, as Operation Warp Speed officials promised.
However, it wasn't clear whether Friday night approval will result in vaccines reaching Americans earlier, according to the Times sources.
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The White House urged Dr. Stephen Hahn, FDA commissioner (right), to approve or submit his letter of resignation today for Pfizer's coronavirus vaccine. It came after President Trump (center) beat up the agency as an "old, slow turtle" on Friday
Alex Azar said of Good Morning America, Health and Human Services that the FDA has notified Pfizer that it intends to approve its COVID vaccine after an excruciating two and a half week wait, but inexplicably still not
SCHEDULE ON PFIZER Vaccine
November 18: Pfizer announces its vaccine is 94% effective
November 23: Pfizer is submitting trial data to the FDA for emergency approval
3rd of December: UK approves Pfizer vaccine
December 7th: The first doses are given in England
December 8th: The FDA publishes a preliminary analysis stating the vaccine is safe and effective but has not yet been approved
9th of December: Canada approves the vaccine
9th of December: Deadliest day for the US with 3,045 deaths
10th of December: The FDA advisory panel meets to discuss the vaccine. Vaccine is approved.
According to the CDC, the shots should go to health care workers and long-term care facilities first. Elderly prisoners in long-term care facilities operated by correctional units are enrolled in the first wave of vaccinations under CDC guidance.
But in the end it will be up to whichever state is vaccinated first. Some, including Massachusetts and New Mexico, will include inmates in their first round of vaccination.
Most governors expect their first shipments to run out within days of their arrival. This could happen on Monday, they told Operation Warp Speed.
The first Americans will have "gun shots" within 96 hours (four days) of emergency clearance, said General Gustave Perna, co-head of the US vaccine initiative.
However, the FDA has not yet officially granted approval, and the first doses have not yet been distributed, despite both the UK and Canada having given the green light.
Health and Personal Services Alex Azar said the FDA has told Pfizer that it intends to approve its COVID vaccine after an excruciating two and a half week wait, but inexplicably it still has not and there is still no appointment for the first People will get it in America.
Keep talking Good morning Americahe said: & # 39; I have good news for you. The FDA recently informed Pfizer that it intends to proceed with approval for the vaccine.
"Over the next few days, probably while we are negotiating with Pfizer about the information doctors need to adequately prescribe, we should see the approval and work with Pfizer to send it out so we can see people getting vaccinated Monday, Tuesday the next week. & # 39;
The first shots in the US will not be fired before Monday or Tuesday. Upstairs someone getting the vaccine in the UK on December 8th
The United States has had its deadliest week of the coronavirus pandemic, with deaths rising 44 percent across the country from last week
Hours later, following President Trump's angry tweets, HHS officials said the hour had been moved to Friday night.
PFIZER AND MODERNA WILL BRING COVID VACCINE SALES worth $ 32 billion in 2021, analysts say
By Keith Griffith
Wall Street analysts have forecast that Pfizer and Moderna will collectively raise $ 32 billion from COVID-19 vaccine sales over the next year.
Pfizer's vaccine, which passed a key FDA panel on Thursday, is expected to generate $ 19 billion in sales in 2021, on top of the estimated $ 975 million this year, according to Morgan Stanley.
Goldman Sachs estimates Moderna will have vaccine sales of $ 13.2 billion next year, according to CNN. It's a staggering sum for the little-known company that had sales of just $ 60 million last year and has never licensed a product.
Meanwhile, Johnson & Johnson and AstraZeneca, which have vaccines in the trial phase, have both promised to make their vaccines available for no profit once approved.
Pfizer will also share 50 percent of all vaccine revenues with German partner BioNtech, who worked together to develop the vaccine.
That said, Americans could get vaccines as early as Monday.
Once distributed to the states, each state must draw up its own schedule and plan to distribute it among the people.
The FDA released a statement Friday morning claiming it was working to get the vaccine approved quickly.
& # 39; Following yesterday's positive outcome from the Advisory Committee meeting regarding the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has informed the sponsor that it is expediting the completion and approval of the will work towards the emergency.
"The agency has also notified the US Centers for Disease Control, Prevention and Operation Warp Speed so that they can implement their plans for timely vaccine distribution," said Commissioner Steve Hahn in a statement Friday morning.
Pfizer is expected to ship 2.9 million doses of its vaccine once approved.
Sales are slated to begin within 24 hours of the FDA launch.
According to Operation Warp Speed, the cans will be distributed to all 50 states and all US territories within this period.
Pfizer, a $ 16 billion company, is distributing its own vaccine using special boxes packed with dry ice to keep the shot at the required -94 degrees Fahrenheit.
The boxes are delivered by Fedex and UPS.
Pfizer has signed a $ 1.95 billion deal with the United States for 100 million rounds of Doss.
Both it and Moderna – whose shot is under review by the FDA advisory panel on Dec. 17 – plan to sell their vaccines for a profit.
The two companies are said to collectively earn $ 32 billion from their vaccines in the next year alone, a Wall Street analyst project.
In New York, for example, Governor Cuomo says he will begin distributing the shots on December 15, starting with nursing home staff, residents and health care workers.
PRISONS ARE FIRST TO RECEIVE COVID-19 VACCINES IN AT LEAST 9 STATES
Prisoners, people in homeless shelters, and medical workers will be the first to receive COVID-19 vaccination in Massachusetts, in front of the elderly and the public.
The state's three-phase distribution plan was drawn up on Wednesday and prioritizes healthcare workers, first responders and community workers such as prisons and shelters from December to February.
In the second phase, from February to April, people at high risk of COVID-19 complications, school teachers, sanitation and public works workers, and adults over 65 years of age will receive the vaccine.
In the third phase, from April to June, the vaccine will be available to the public.
Each state will set its own distribution plans, and at least nine states – Massachusetts, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Nebraska, North Carolina, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico – and Puerto Rico will give inmates first access to the vaccine, according to the Washington Post.
Prisons across the country have experienced massive COVID-19 outbreaks due to crowded conditions, shared bathrooms, and communal facilities, making social distancing virtually impossible.
More than 252,000 inmates are infected with COVID-19, and at least 1,450 inmates and correctional officers have died from the contagious virus, according to a database from the New York Times.
Around 2.3 million people are incarcerated in prisons and detention centers in the United States. Nearly 500,000 of them have not been convicted of a crime or awaiting trial, according to the Prison Policy Initiative.
Azar said the first shots in the arm would be on December 14 or 15.
“We see 20 million Americans being vaccinated in the next few weeks, 50 million by the end of January.
“We believe we can have 100 million vaccinations by the end of February.
"The products will continue to roll out, especially when we can add AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson to our arsenal," he said.
Optimistically, that would mean less than a third of the US population would be vaccinated by the end of February.
However, all experts say that at least 70 percent of the population must be vaccinated in order for life to return to pre-pandemic levels, and there is no telling how long that will take or if it will ever take.
The vaccine that scientists are now trying to fight is still very skeptical.
On Friday morning, former CDC director Dr. Rich Besser today: “There was an overwhelming feeling that this is a very safe and effective vaccine and that the FDA should approve it.
The scientists on yesterday's panel also all voted that the vaccine was safe.
'An EEA is a starting point, but in all likelihood the FDA will ask the company to conduct further studies.
"There was an overwhelming feeling that this is a very safe and effective vaccine and that the FDA should approve it," he said.
He went on to say there were concerns about the fact that it had been introduced quickly and said the FDA would likely ask Pfizer to continue investigating the study participants for more information.
“We have never got a vaccine approved so quickly, and that will worry a lot of people. These concerns need to be addressed.
"You won't be able to address these concerns by just running ads that say," Everyone is getting this vaccine. "
“It will cost federal dollars so that communities and states can work with everyone to understand what the concerns of the people are, who are the trusted leaders in each community, and what needs to be done.
"This is approved based on two months of safety data, which is not a lot. As we've seen in the UK, they've found problems in people with severe allergic reactions."
CVS plans to give breastfeeding patients first doses of Pfizer's coronavirus vaccine on December 21
CVS expects to administer Pfizer's first COVID-19 vaccine to residents of long-term care facilities on December 21, followed by shots from Moderna about a week later, a CVS Health executive told Reuters.
Pfizer and BioNTech could get emergency approval for their COVID-19 vaccine from regulators as early as Friday. It was about a week ago that Moderna was regulated.
An FDA advisory committee on Thursday recommended that the agency approve Pfizer's shot in an emergency – but the FDA has yet to deregister, and the Secretary for Health and Human Services (HHS) Alex Azar said Friday it could "a couple Days "last.
Officials have announced that Pfizer and the US government will begin distributing the footage within 24 hours of receiving regulatory information. The hospitals plan to begin giving healthcare workers their first admissions early next week.
It will be a tight timeline to meet the expectations set by CVS. General Gustave Perna, co-head of Operation Warp Speed, said the US would have "gun shots" within 96 hours (four days) of FDA approval.
That means the FDA must approve Pfizer's shot by next Thursday when its committee meets to discuss Moderna's shot.
In order to distribute this vaccine in time for it to be delivered to nursing home residents by December 28, the FDA must approve it by Christmas Eve – a week after the meeting.
CVS expects to receive its first Pfizer dose allocation late next week, but will wait until December 21st to ensure compliance, said Chris Cox, senior vice president at CVS Health.
He said U.S. officials wanted to give nursing home admissions administrators time to review admission information documents and obtain waivers from nursing home residents and their families.
Some states are choosing to use Moderna's COVID-19 vaccine to vaccinate their nursing home residents rather than the Pfizer shot. The earliest time CVS Modernas can deliver shots to nursing home residents is December 28th.
Moderna has applied for an emergency permit and is expected to receive it soon after a meeting of advisors to the US Food and Drug Administration on December 17th.
CVS and Walgreens Boots Alliance, which operate the country's largest pharmacy chains but also provide other outside pharmacy services, have reached an agreement with the federal government to vaccinate nursing home residents across the country through a voluntary program.
Cox said he believes all states have chosen the federal program by that time and that CVS is working with 8,000 qualified care facilities across the country.
America's Deadliest Week: The number of COVID deaths rose 15,966 in the past seven days as the country posted a record 1.4 million new cases with 106,000 hospital residents – and the worst is to come
The United States has had its deadliest week of the coronavirus pandemic, with deaths rising 44 percent across the country from last week.
In the past seven days, the US has set new records in all three metrics that measure the severity of the pandemic, according to the COVID Tracking Project.
The death toll rose to 15,966 last week, the number of new cases to 1.4 million, and C0VID-19 hospital admissions to an all-time high of 107,248 after another new record was set Thursday.
A total of 2,768 Americans died yesterday after rising above 3,000 for the first time the day before. The number of infections reached 224,452 yesterday.
The average number of deaths reported this week has now surpassed the peak seen at the height of the pandemic last April.
There were 2,611 deaths as of April 30th as of last week when New York City was the epicenter of the nation's outbreak.
According to their data, the COVID Tracking Project warns that if the pattern continues, the worst will still come with the surge in cases leading to even more record-breaking daily deaths.
In the past seven days, the US has set new records in all three metrics that measure the severity of the pandemic, according to the COVID Tracking Project. The death toll rose to 15,966 last week, the number of new cases to 1.4 million, and C0VID-19 hospital admissions to an all-time high of 107,248 after another new record was set Thursday
The U.S. has had its deadliest week of the coronavirus pandemic, with deaths rising 44 percent across the country from last week and Thursday. This is the second day in a row that more than 3,000 people have died
In the past week, weekly new cases increased by 27 percent and hospital stays increased by 8.8 percent, adding further strain to the country's medical system.
The U.S. has now reported more than 15.6 million coronavirus cases and 292,141 deaths.
While new cases have been recorded in the Midwest, which originally led to this third outbreak, falls are increasing sharply in the northeast, south and west.
Hospital stays are also starting to decline in many Midwestern states, but increasing in 26 other states and remaining the same in 12 other states.
California, Georgia, and states along the east coast saw the worst growth in hospital admissions last week.
New Hampshire was up 49 percent, Delaware was up 26 percent, and Maine was up 25 percent.
California also reported nearly 144,000 new cases this week, more than double the number in the second highest state, Texas, which has seen 71.8,000 new cases.
On Thursday, the US also broke the seven-day daily average for each of the three metrics, although new cases and deaths have declined since Wednesday.
The seven-day average for daily new cases is now 205,425 and for daily deaths it is 2,332.
The COVID Tracking Project again warned that even higher death rates could be imminent, as only two states reported record deaths in one day on Thursday while their cases continue to rise.
Deaths from COVID-19 may be a delayed factor in some cases after a surge.
In the past week, weekly new cases increased by 27 percent and hospital stays increased by 8.8 percent, adding further strain to the country's medical system. Pictured is staff examining a patient in intensive care in Texas
According to the Centers for Disease Control, North and South Dakota, Rhode Island, and Iowa recorded the highest per capita deaths in the past seven days.
They all reported more than two deaths per 100,000 residents in the past week.
There were ten states that reported over 10,000 new daily cases as of Thursday, including California with 29,6777 new cases, Texas with 12,458 new cases, and Pennsylvania with 11,972 new cases.
California was the only state that reported over 20,000.
With 948 new cases on Thursday, Rhode Island now has the highest per capita average of seven days in new daily cases at 1,150 cases per million people.
It is followed by North Dakota with 1,050 new daily cases per million people and Ohio with 1,039 new daily cases per million people.
Rhode Island is seeing a worrying increase in cases in the Latino community, according to the COVID Tracking Project.
More than 1 in 8 Latinx people have tested positive for COVID-19, compared to 1 in 31 whites in the state last week.
Native Americans are hardest hit in South Dakota, with every seventh test testing positive for COVID-19.
The crisis across the country is pushing medical centers to the brink of crisis, leaving public health workers and officials burnt out and plagued with tears and nightmares.
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) earlier this week released facility-level data from more than 2,000 counties for the first time since the pandemic began. This shows that hospital beds are now filling much faster than expected.
According to a CNN analysis, one in three intensive care units across the country was more than 90 percent full in the past week.
In addition, at least 200 hospitals had no more beds available in any unit, suggesting medical centers in all regions of the United States may soon be at their breakpoints.
According to CNN, coronavirus patients occupied 19 percent of inpatient beds and 37 percent of intensive care beds in the first week of November.
In the first week of December, both numbers rose to 28 percent and 46 percent, respectively.
Another analysis by the University of Minnesota's COVID-19 Hospitalization Tracking Project found hospitals in 126 counties were at least 90 percent full, NPR reported.
The states with the most counties to meet this benchmark were Georgia, Kentucky, Minnesota, Oklahoma, and Texas.
It also comes when new data from the Center for Disease Control showed that the actual number of COVID-19 cases in the US could be much higher than current numbers, with only one in seven infections believed to be reported were.
How is the Pfizer COVID vaccine marketed in the US?
The federal government is preparing to ship millions of doses of the Pfizer COVID vaccine after it was approved by the FDA on Friday.
Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar said the US could receive 20 million doses a month.
According to Pfizer, the vaccine that the company developed together with German partner BioNTech SE is 90 percent effective against COVID-19. It is expected that safety data will be available as early as next week to apply for an emergency permit.
Dr. Anthony Fauci, based on Pfizer's initial findings, said he expected doses of the vaccine to be available in December for certain high priority groups and that the general population could receive the vaccine by April.
Massive vaccination campaigns are nothing new, but eradicating the coronavirus is a distinctly new challenge due to three factors: the short timeframe for vaccinating large numbers of people, the fact that most vaccines require two doses, and the very low temperature, at which some of the vaccines need to be stored. Pfizer's vaccine must be stored at -94 degrees Fahrenheit.
Given the positive news of potential vaccine breakthroughs, what plan does the government have to effectively distribute the shock to Americans once it becomes available?
Efforts to provide vaccinations to 300 million Americans are led by Gus Perna, U.S. Army general who is responsible for Operation Warp Speed - the program established by the Trump administration to establish and coordinate distribution of the COVID-19 vaccine.
We know the following so far:
The U.S. government plans to start vaccinating Americans next month if Pfizer gets its COVID-19 vaccine approved by the Food and Drug Administration as soon as expected
Who will get the vaccine first and when will it be introduced?
HHS Secretary Alex Azar on Tuesday offered a schedule of who would be the first to receive the COVID-19 vaccination if they could start rolling out the bumps as planned next month.
Older people in nursing homes and assisted living facilities are likely to be the first to be vaccinated.
Adults with underlying medical conditions at risk of severe COVID-19 illness and people over 65 years of age could also fall into this first category as per Operation Warp Speed's strategic plan.
Vaccinations from health care workers and first responders will follow, with the aim of completing these recordings by the end of January.
Azar said he expected to have enough vaccinations for "all Americans" by late March through early April.
A final list of priorities is yet to be set by the CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, which will be based in part on vaccine efficacy data from various studies including Pfizer and Moderna.
How many shots do you have to take and how much does it cost?
The COVID-19 vaccine must be taken in two doses about three weeks apart to be fully effective.
Several vaccines may be available by next year, but these will not be interchangeable once different companies have developed them.
This means that the second dose must come from the same manufacturer as the first dose.
Operation Warp Speed's strategic plan states that those who provide the vaccine should hand out vaccine cards with details of the manufacturer. Recording cards can also serve as reminders for the second dose.
Congress and President Donald Trump have already passed laws requiring the vaccines to be free for all Americans.
HHS Secretary Alex Azar on Tuesday offered a schedule of who would be the first to receive the COVID-19 vaccination if they could start rolling out the bumps as planned next month
How many will the US have available?
The government has already signed a $ 1.95 billion deal for 100 million doses of the Pfizer vaccine, enough to vaccinate 50 million people, with the option to purchase an additional 500 million.
The government also expects vaccines from other companies soon, including Moderna Inc, which is expected to announce interim results of its vaccine study by the end of the month.
The government will also secure 100 million doses of Moderna's vaccine after paying $ 1.5 billion.
Where Can Americans Get COVID-19 Vaccinations?
The government will outsource vaccine supply to states, which will then be responsible for administering the shocks.
The government organizes a free distribution of the vaccine to US states and territories, with each jurisdiction deciding how the doses should be distributed to hospitals, pharmacies, doctors, or even universities.
In the early stages of its rollout, the CDC recommended that states make vaccines available in large hospitals and health systems, pharmacies, mobile vaccination providers, occupational health facilities for large employers, critical access hospitals, rural health clinics, community health centers, and other central locations that Offer vaccination services to a wide area.
The CDC says it already has arrangements with CVS and Walgreens to help with vaccinations on site in long-term care facilities.
Operation Warp Speed has indicated that vaccinations should be available from all health professionals licensed to give vaccines, including pharmacies.
Pharmacies that have already signed up for vaccinations, according to the CDC, include: Walgreens, CVS, Walmart, Rite Aid, Kroger Co., Albertsons, and Costco.
Pfizer has already set up a staging area at its Michigan facility (pictured above) with 350 large freezers for the vaccines, which must be stored at -94 ° F once they're created and ready to ship
The Trump administration paid $ 1.95 billion for 100 million starting doses of the Pfizer vaccine. Pfizer said up to 50 million doses could be available by the end of this year if approved
Who is responsible for sending the vaccinations and how are they treated?
While U.S. Army General Gus Perna coordinates the distribution of the vaccine, the military will not be involved in shipping the vaccine to the locations where the shocks will be delivered.
Vaccines made by Moderna and other candidates are supplied by medical utility company McKesson Corp. Supplied directly from the manufacturer.
McKesson, hired to distribute it by Operation Warp Speed, was also hired by the government to distribute H1N1 vaccines during this 2009-2010 pandemic.
Pfizer has already announced that it will be distributing its own vaccine from its facilities in Kalamazoo, Michigan and Pleasant Prairie, Wisconsin.
The drugmaker has already set up a staging area at its Michigan facility with 350 large freezers to hold the vaccines once they are made and ready to ship.
Pfizer's delivery will include a precise, clockwork dance of containers, trucks and planes.
The vaccine must be stored at -94 degrees Fahrenheit so that the thermal shipping containers are each filled with dry ice and 975 vials of the vaccine, each containing five doses, for a total of 4,875 doses.
Six trucks a day will forward the cans to airlines such as FedEx, UPS or DHL, who will deliver them in one to two days in the USA and in three days worldwide.
The company expects an average of 20 daily cargo flights worldwide.
FedEx had to obtain special permission from civil aviation authorities to move so much dry ice, which could pose a hazard to the crew if it were accidentally "sublimated" and turned from a solid to a gas
Once the boxes have reached their final destination, they can only be opened briefly twice a day. The vaccines can stay in their boxes for two weeks, so hospitals don't need a dedicated freezer.
Moderna's vaccine can be stored at -4 degrees Fahrenheit, which is the temperature of a regular freezer.
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