President Donald Trump has signaled that he will "immediately" nominate a replacement for Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who a few weeks before the elections will trigger an extraordinary affirmation battle in the Senate.
“We have been placed in this position of power and importance to make decisions for the people who have chosen us so proudly. The most important of these has long been considered to be the selection of justices on the United States Supreme Court. We have this obligation immediately! & # 39; Trump tweeted from the White House on Saturday morning.
The tweet was sent to the Republican Party's main account, in an apparent rallying call for the party to go forward to validate its Senate candidate ahead of the November 3 election.
Trump also retweeted a comment stating that the Senate filibuster for forensic candidates was first abolished by former Democratic majority leader Harry Reid, eliminating the 60-vote super majority once required to confirm federal judges was.
"Thanks Harry!" commented Trump. In November 2013, Reid-led Senate Democrats used the so-called "nuclear option" to remove the 60-vote rule for appointing federal judges, but not for the Supreme Court. In 2017, the Senate Republican majority extended the nuclear option to the Supreme Court to uphold Judge Neil Gorsuch.
Trump retweeted a former Obama administration official who wrote, "Harry Reid will go down in history for handing the court over to the Conservatives when he took the first step to remove the 60-vote requirement for confirmation."
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has vowed that Trump's candidate will get a vote in the Senate, but in a letter to his caucus on Friday he urged Republicans, "Keep your powder dry."
"In the coming days we will all be under enormous pressure from the press to announce how we will deal with the upcoming nomination," he wrote in the letter to his dear colleagues.
"For those of you who are unsure how to answer, or for those who refuse to vote a candidate, I urge you all to keep your powder dry," wrote McConnell. "This is not the time to get prematurely involved in a position you may later regret."
President Donald Trump has signaled that he will "immediately" appoint a replacement for Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg in order to launch an extraordinary affirmation battle in the Senate
People gather to mourn the death of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg on the steps of the Supreme Court on Friday night in Washington, DC. Ginsburg died at the age of 87 after battling pancreatic cancer
Ginsburg declared on her deathbed: "My deepest wish is that I will not be replaced until a new president is installed."
Trump sarcastically thanked former Senate majority leader Harry Reid (last year) for first using the "nuclear option" in 2013 to eliminate the filibuster for appointing federal judges and to remove the 60-vote requirement
Harry Reid's role in eliminating the filibuster for judicial candidates
In November 2013, the Senate Democrats, led by Harry Reid, used the so-called "nuclear option" to remove the 60-vote rule for Obama's federal court appointments, but not for the Supreme Court.
In 2017, the Senate Republican majority extended the nuclear option to the Supreme Court to uphold Judge Neil Gorsuch.
Some Democrats have vowed to extend the nuclear option to all votes if the Senate approves Trump's Supreme Court nominee before the election.
Republicans could get affirmation with up to three Senate failures, which would result in a tie with Vice President Mike Pence casting the casting vote as Senate President.
Senator Lisa Murkowski, a Republican from Alaska, has already confirmed she will be defected and stated that she will not vote until the election to confirm a candidate.
Senator Susan Collins, a Republican from Maine who faces a tough re-election campaign in November, is also seen as a way to break her ranks but has not yet given her opinion on the confirmation of a Trump candidate.
Senator Mitt Romney, a Republican from Utah, is considered the most unreliable voice in the party but has not yet made public statements of his views in support of Trump's candidate.
On Saturday, all eyes were on Romney as the ultimate voice for Republicans to secure, amid rumors that he was heavily courted by Democrats, including a potential secretary of state in a Joe Biden administration.
Hoping that the selection of the next judiciary would be postponed until the inauguration in January, Ginsburg stated on her deathbed that her "dearest wish is that I not be replaced until a new president is installed."
Trump's attempt to enforce his own election, the third Supreme Court Justice he would have nominated, has already been met with bitter backlash by his rival, Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden.
Biden urged Trump to wait until after the election for the winner to submit the nomination. "The voters should choose the president and the president should choose the justice to be considered," said Biden.
The impending clash over the vacant seat – when and with whom to fill it – will certainly have an immense impact on the final phase of the presidential race, fueling passions in a nation already ravaged by the pandemic of nearly 200,000 People died. Millions of people were unemployed and partisan tensions and anger increased.
McConnell, who sets the calendar in the Senate and has made judicial appointments his priority, clearly stated in a statement that Trump's candidate would receive a confirmatory vote in the chamber.
In 2016, McConnell refused to consider President Barack Obama's election to the Supreme Court in the months leading up to the elections, and ultimately prevented a vote.
The upcoming battle for Senate approval comes on a hurricane evolving day when:
- Mourners gathered outside the Supreme Court to pay tribute to Ginsburg, who died Friday at the age of 87
- Trump tweeted a video of his reaction upon learning of her death while Elton John's & # 39; Tiny Dancer & # 39; played
- Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez MP said Ginsburg's death should "radicalize" Democrats
- Senator Ed Markey, a Massachusetts Democrat, pledged to grab the Supreme Court if the candidate is confirmed
- Senators Mitt Romney, Lisa Murkowski, and Susan Collins were seen as possible Republican defectors
- Ted Cruz called on the Senate to occupy Ginsburg's seat and warned of a "constitutional crisis" on election day
- The president's daughter, Tiffany Trump, described Ginsburg as a "pioneer for women in the legal field".
- Speculation centered on devout Catholic federal judge Amy Coney Barrett as Trump's possible candidate
Biden urged Trump to wait until after the election for the winner to propose the nomination. "The voters should choose the president and the president should choose the justice to be considered," said Biden
A woman lights a candle next to flowers and messages in front of the Supreme Court in Washington, DC on Saturday morning to honor the late Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Ginsburg died Friday preparing an epic clash to replace her
A woman cries after lighting candles for Ginsburg in front of the Supreme Court on Saturday
The Democratic backlash to the Republicans' plan had already sparked a fever on Saturday. Senator Ed Markey, a Massachusetts Democrat, promised to grab the Supreme Court if Trump's candidate is confirmed.
Mitch McConnell set the precedent. No vacancies were filled at the Supreme Court in an election year. If he breaks and the Democrats control the Senate in the next Congress, we need to get rid of the filibuster and expand the Supreme Court, ”Markey said in a tweet.
Trump was on stage at a rally in Minnesota when the news of the death of the judiciary became known in popular culture as the "Notorious RGB" and was briefed of their death by reporters after his speech.
He retweeted a campaign video showing his reaction to news of her death, which was inexplicably linked to the tribes of Elton John's & # 39; Tiny Dancer & # 39; was dubbed in the background.
"She just died?" he told reporters on the video. "I did not know that."
"Whether you agreed or not, she was an amazing woman who led an amazing life," he added. "I'm really sad to hear that."
Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, the leader of the "Squad," shared her own reaction in a video on Instagram Live late Friday saying that Ginsburg's death was intended to "radicalize" her followers.
"Let this moment radicalize you," she said. “Let this moment really focus on everything, because these elections have always been about the fight for and for our lives. And if anything, that makes it clearer to more people than ever tonight. & # 39;
"It's earth-shattering, this kind of vacancy," she said of the place that is now open at the nation's highest court.
"Let this moment radicalize you," said Ocasio-Cortez, a New York Democrat, in a live Instagram video posted late Friday
Meanwhile, Senator Ted Cruz urged his Republican colleagues to press a confirmatory vote ahead of the election, warning that leaving the Supreme Court with just eight judges on election day could create a "constitutional crisis" if the results are challenged in court.
Cruz warns of a "constitutional crisis" if no candidate is confirmed
Senator Ted Cruz called on his Republican colleagues to press a confirmatory vote before the election, warning that leaving the Supreme Court with just eight judges on election day could create a "constitutional crisis" if the results are challenged in court.
"We can't let election day come and go with a four-four court," said Cruz on Friday during an interview with Fox News host Sean Hannity.
& # 39; A four-four dish that is equally divided cannot decide anything. And I think we risk a constitutional crisis if we don't have a Supreme Court with nine courts, especially if there is a risk of a controversial election. & # 39;
"We can't let election day come and go with a four-four court," said Cruz on Friday during an interview with Fox News host Sean Hannity.
& # 39; A four-four dish that is equally divided cannot decide anything. And I think we risk a constitutional crisis if we don't have a Supreme Court with nine courts, especially if there is a risk of a controversial election. & # 39;
“There will be tremendous pressure from the media, there will be tremendous pressure from the Democrats to delay filling this post. But that election, that nomination is why Donald Trump was elected. That confirmation is why Senate voters voted for a Republican majority, ”he said.
Cruz continued, “In particular, I will give you one reason why I think it is extremely important that the nomination not just be made next week, but that the nomination be confirmed before election day.
& # 39; Democrats and Joe Biden have made it clear that they intend to contest this election. You intend to fight the legitimacy of this election. As you know, under no circumstances did Hillary Clinton tell Joe Biden that you should admit. You should challenge this choice. & # 39; & # 39;
Cruz himself is on Trump's shortlist of 20 possible candidates for the Supreme Court, which the president announced just last week.
Among the current top performers on the list is 48-year-old US judge Amy Coney Barrett, a devout Catholic with a strong pro-life stance.
Liberals fear their appointment will result in the overturning of the Roe v Wade ruling, which legalizes abortion in every state.
Once a candidate has been nominated and vetted by the Senate, there are usually long confirmatory hearings in the Senate judiciary, culminating in a recommendation as to whether the candidate should be confirmed and tried.
The decision to confirm the nomination rests entirely with the Senate, although in the event of a 50:50 split, the Vice President will break a tie.
Generally, the process from nomination to appointment takes about 70 days, although some, like Brett Kavanaugh, take longer and Ginsburg's appointment only took 50 days. The presidential elections are now 45 days away.
Senator Ted Cruz called on his Republican colleagues to press a confirmatory vote before the election, warning that leaving the Supreme Court with just eight judges on election day could create a "constitutional crisis"
Who will Trump choose to replace Ruth Bader Ginsburg?
The death of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg at the age of 87 on Friday may have opened up an opportunity for President Donald Trump to appoint another Conservative judge to the court and push him further to the right.
In early September, after it became known that Bader Ginsburg was being treated for cancer, Trump added 20 names to a shortlist of candidates to choose from if he had future vacancies.
The list includes a host of conservative judges who ruled in Trump's favor, as well as three seated GOP senators who supported Trump's agenda while defending him during his impeachment.
According to ABC, the current front runner is US judge Amy Coney Barrett, 48, a devout Catholic and pro-lifer.
She was already a finalist for the 2018 nomination, which eventually went to Brett Kavanaugh.
Trump's list includes Senator Ted Cruz, Trump's closest contest for the Republican nomination in 2016; Arkansas Senator Tom Cotton, who immediately tweeted that he would get rid of Roe v Wade if confirmed; and Justice Department official Stephen Engel, who penned a memo justifying their refusal to collaborate with the House investigation.
Also in the running are Christopher Landau, the current ambassador to Mexico; Republican Senator and Trump Loyalist Josh Hawley; and the Kentucky Attorney General Daniel Cameron, among others.
The long-term direction of the nation's highest court is at stake, as the tightly divided court had five conservative judges and four liberals before Ginsburg's death.
If Trump were to elect a conservative judge to replace the liberal Ginsburg, as expected, the court's conservatives would have more weight with a 6-3 majority.
The president repeatedly touts his success in nominating two Conservative Supreme Court justices as one of the greatest achievements of his tenure, but wants to expand his influence.
If he loses in November without securing a third judge, Trump could still try to get a nomination through the Republican-controlled Senate before Biden's inauguration in January, though that would likely be angry with Democrats.
If there was a vacancy by January, a victorious Biden could nominate a Liberal candidate, with the conservative-liberal balance remaining at 5-4.
With other current judges on the court in the 70s and 80s without the Trump candidate, a Biden presidency could have more vacancies that could completely change the balance of the court.
The Senate is currently controlled by 53 Republicans, while the Democrats have 45 seats. Two independents join the Democrats with the most votes.
Among the 53 Republicans are some moderates, including Senators Susan Collins and Lisa Murkowski, who may side with the Democrats or oppose a vote before the election.
Earlier on Friday, just before Ginsburg's death was announced, Senator Murkowski said she would not vote to validate a candidate before the election if offered a vacancy in court.
“I wouldn't vote to confirm a candidate for the Supreme Court. We're 50 years old a few days before an election, ”she said, according to Alaska Public.
She said she made the decision, based on the same reasoning by Republican senators, to stop confirming former President Barack Obama's final candidate for the Supreme Court ahead of the 2016 election.
That comment could turn Murkowski into a group of rebel GOP senators, possibly led by Mitt Romney, who abstain from voting or vote with Democrats when a candidate is introduced.
Romney has previously demonstrated his ability to withstand Trump and is likely to be targeted by Democrats, who will remind him of the 18-month delay Republicans caused in 2016 when they refused to accept Obama's nomination before this election appoint.
Another Utah senator could also play a prominent role in the next few days, but for a different reason.
Senator Mike Lee is on Trump's shortlist for the Supreme Court role, as is his brother Thomas Lee, who is on the Utah Supreme Court.
Maines Collins is another GOP Senator who may speak out against a Trump candidate due to voter pressure in her own state.
She is in a tough race for re-election in her home state this year, which is in line with the Democratic trend.
Ginsburg's death could impact Collins' re-election efforts and her stance on whether the Supreme Court cast should wait for the 2020 presidential contest outcome.
Senator Mitt Romney, a Republican from Utah, is considered the most unreliable voice in the party but has not yet made public statements of his views in support of Trump's candidate
Senator Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska) has said she will not vote on Trump's candidate for the Supreme Court before the election
Senator Susan Collins, a Republican from Maine who faces a tough re-election campaign in November, is also seen as a way to break her ranks but has not yet voiced her opinion on the confirmation of a Trump candidate
What happens to the vacancy on the Supreme Court?
Can the Senate fill the seat before the election?
Yes, but it would take a breakneck pace. The Supreme Court nominations took around 70 days to move through the Senate, and the last ones for Brett Kavanaugh took longer.
The choice is 46 days away.
However, there are no set rules for how long the process should take when President Donald Trump announces his election, and some nominations have moved up faster.
It will depend on politics and voting.
WHAT DOES IT TAKE TO CONFIRM A NOMINEE?
Just a majority. The Republicans control the Senate by a 53:47 lead, meaning they could lose up to three votes and still confirm a justice if Vice President Mike Pence broke a 50:50 tie.
Supreme Court nominations used to require 60 votes for confirmation if a Senator objected, but McConnell changed Senate rules in 2017 to allow judges to be confirmed by 51 votes.
He did so when the Democrats threatened to filibust Trump's first candidate, Justice Neil Gorsuch.
WHO ARE THE SENATORS?
With a slim majority of 53 Senate seats, Republicans have few votes left.
Republicans Susan Collins from Maine, Lisa Murkowski from Alaska, Mitt Romney from Utah, and others will be among these senators.
Late Friday, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell issued a letter to the GOP Senators asking them not to reveal whether they would vote before the election.
“For those who are against giving a vote to a candidate, I urge you all to keep your powder dry. This is not the time to get prematurely embroiled in a position you may later regret, ”he wrote in a letter seen by the Washington Post.
McConnell has said he still hopes to complete the nomination process before November.
It can take several weeks to months between the President's appointment of a Supreme Court and its confirmation by the Senate, as the candidate must undergo a thorough Senate review and frequent visits to individual Senators to build support for the appointment.
However, there are no set rules for how long the process should take when President Donald Trump announces his election, and some nominations have moved up faster. It will depend on politics and voting.
The last opening of the Supreme Court was occupied by Justice Kavanaugh in October 2018.
His confirmation met strong opposition from Senate Democrats and included bitter hearings on allegations he denied decades earlier of sexual misconduct.
After the Senate was nominated by Trump on July 6, it voted for Kavanaugh to join the court on October 6.
Trump has been redesigning the Bundesbank for a generation and the new position in the Supreme Court gives the President the opportunity to shape his future for decades to come if he is re-elected in November.
The likely bitter struggle that lay before us was reflected in early declarations by Republican and Democratic senators, who were partisan, whether a replacement for Ginsburg should wait for election results.
Although Republicans caused a 14-month vacancy on the Supreme Court for refusing to consider an Obama replacement for Scalia in 2016, Republican Senator Rick Scott said Friday, "It would be irresponsible to have an extended vacancy on the Supreme this time Court admit. " when he voiced his support for Trump, which filled Ginsburg's seat.
Democrats reminded Republicans of that 2016 delay. And Democratic Senator Chris Coons said, "Given all the challenges our country faces, this is a moment when we should come together rather than further parting through a hasty confirmation process.
Since becoming the Senate majority leader in 2015, McConnell has drawn much of his attention and used his power to fill the federal courts with Trump-nominated Conservative justices. More than 200 have been installed.
A senior Republican Senate adviser said of McConnell, "There's no way he's going to slip a seat (of the Supreme Court)." The aide added that an important question will be whether McConnell and Trump will seek to fill the post before the November 3rd elections or just before January 20th when the next president is sworn in.
Trump's two candidates for the court, Judge Neil Gorsuch, 53 and Judge Brett Kavanaugh, 55, are young appointments, which means their potential tenures could be decades.
If possible, the president is expected to select a third young candidate, which will extend his hold in the court.
Mitch McConnell said he would like the nomination process to take place before the election
The current front runner is 48-year-old US judge Amy Coney Barrett, a devout Catholic and pro-lifer who will worry Liberals deeply that her anti-abortion stance will result in the overturning of the Roe-v-Wade ruling, which the nation has legalized abortion.
Andere Mitglieder des derzeitigen Gerichts sind ebenfalls in den 70ern und 80ern, was möglicherweise bedeutet, dass der nächste Präsident die Möglichkeit haben könnte, eine weitere Stelle zu besetzen.
Unabhängig von der Partei tendieren die Präsidenten dazu, bei potenziellen Entscheidungen des Obersten Gerichtshofs nach denselben Merkmalen zu suchen.
Hervorragende juristische Referenzen sind ein Muss. Und sie sind in der Regel alt genug, um eine herausragende juristische Laufbahn zu haben, aber jung genug, um jahrzehntelang zu dienen. Das bedeutet im Allgemeinen, dass die Nominierten Ende 40 oder 50 sind.
In jüngerer Zeit haben sich Kandidaten auch für einen Richter am Obersten Gerichtshof eingesetzt, ein frühes Zeichen für juristische Intelligenz. Fünf der derzeitigen Richter waren zuvor am Obersten Gerichtshof tätig.
WER IST WER AUF TRUMP'S SUPREME COURT SHORTLIST?
Ted Cruz, Texas. 49
Josh Hawley, Missouri. 40
Tom Cotton, Arkansas. 43
Bridget Bade, US-Berufungsgericht für den neunten Stromkreis. 54
Stuart Kyle Duncan, US-Berufungsgericht für den fünften Stromkreis. 48
James Ho, US-Berufungsgericht für den fünften Stromkreis, 47
Gregory Katsas, US-Berufungsgericht für den District of Columbia Circuit. 56
Barbara Lagoa, US-Berufungsgericht für den elften Stromkreis. 52
Carlos Muñiz, Oberster Gerichtshof von Florida. 51
Martha Pacold, US-Bezirksgericht für den nördlichen Bezirk von Illinois. 41
Peter Phipps, US-Berufungsgericht für den dritten Stromkreis. 47
Sarah Pitlyk, US-Bezirksgericht für den östlichen Bezirk von Missouri. 43
Allison Jones Rushing, US-Berufungsgericht für den vierten Stromkreis. 38
Lawrence VanDyke, US-Berufungsgericht für den neunten Stromkreis. 47
AKTUELLE UND EHEMALIGE REPUBLIKANISCHE BEAMTE
Daniel Cameron, Generalstaatsanwalt von Kentucky. 34
Paul Clement, Partner von Kirkland & Ellis, ehemaliger Generalstaatsanwalt. 54
Steven Engel, stellvertretender Generalstaatsanwalt der Rechtsabteilung des Justizministeriums. 46
Noel Francisco, ehemaliger US-Generalstaatsanwalt. 51
Christopher Landau, US-Botschafter in Mexiko. 56
Kate Todd, stellvertretende Anwältin des Weißen Hauses. 45
Unglaubliches Leben der Frau, die zur berüchtigten RBG wurde: Wie Ruth Bader Ginsburg, die in Brooklyn geborene Tochter russisch-jüdischer Migranten, zur Vorreiterin wurde, die zweite Frau, die als Richterin am Obersten Gerichtshof und Ikone der feministischen Popkultur fungierte
Ruth Bader Ginsburg, die zweite Frau, die als Richterin am Obersten Gerichtshof fungierte, eine Rechtspionierin, die Barrieren für Frauen im Recht durchbrach, eine feministische Ikone für viele, und das jüngste Phänomen der Popkultur, bekannt als "Notorious RBG", ist gestorben.
Sie starb im Alter von 87 Jahren an Komplikationen von Bauchspeicheldrüsenkrebs.
Sie diente 27 Jahre lang am höchsten Gericht des Landes und war die zweite Frau, die zum Obersten Gerichtshof ernannt wurde.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg, oben abgebildet im Jahr 2009, war 27 Jahre lang am höchsten Gericht des Landes tätig und war die zweite Frau, die zum Obersten Gerichtshof ernannt wurde
Die kragentragende Achtzigjährige erregte die Fantasie der Öffentlichkeit – insbesondere für diejenigen auf der linken Seite, die alles von Grünkohl über Schutzblasen bis hin zum späteren Tragen von Masken in den sozialen Medien anboten, um ihre weitere Amtszeit auf dem höchsten Hof des Landes zu sichern. Die Liste der Dinge, die Ginsburg inspiriert hat, ist lang: zwei Filme, Meme, die vom Ribald bis zum Inspirierenden reichen, Berge von Erinnerungsstücken, von T-Shirts bis zu Tragetaschen, Cocktails, ein Buch über ihr Training und sogar Tätowierungen.
Über die Rolle der "Notorious RBG" und ihre bahnbrechende Karriere als Anwältin hinaus war Ginsburg Mutter von zwei Kindern, hatte zwei Enkelkinder und war 56 Jahre lang mit ihrem Ehemann Martin D. Ginsburg verheiratet, bis er 2010 starb. Sie ebnete einen Weg für Frauen in der Anwaltschaft und mit fünf Fuß eins war eine hoch aufragende Figur in Washington, DC geworden
Ginsburg kämpfte gegen mehrere Krebserkrankungen, nachdem er 2009 erstmals diagnostiziert worden war.
Joan Ruth Bader wurde am 15. März 1933 in Brooklyn geboren und war die zweite Tochter der russisch-jüdischen Einwanderer Celia und Nathan Bader. Ihre ältere Schwester, die später im Alter von sechs Jahren an Meningitis sterben würde, nannte sie "Kiki", weil sie anscheinend "ein Kicky Baby" war. Ihre Mutter Celia, eine Fabrikarbeiterin in der Bekleidungsfabrik, würde Ruth – sie hat sich mit ihrem zweiten Vornamen von den anderen Joans in ihrer Brooklyn-Klasse abheben – ermutigen, ein höheres Bildungsniveau zu erreichen als sie.
„Meine Mutter hat mir ständig zwei Dinge erzählt. Einer sollte eine Frau sein, und der andere sollte unabhängig sein. The study of law was unusual for women of my generation. For most girls growing up in the '40s, the most important degree was not your BA, but your MRS,' she recalled to the ACLU, referring to the idea that women went to college to land a man, get married and become a missus – not to get a bachelor's degree.
Her mother died from cancer right before Ginsburg graduated from high school.
Above, Martin D. Ginsburg (left) and Ruth Bader Ginsburg (right) at Fort Sill, Oklahoma in 1954. They were married for 56 years and met while they both attended Cornell University. After graduating, the couple moved to Fort Sill so Martin could do his military service
It was love at first Charles Dickens. Ruth Bader Ginsburg, (left), pictured here with her husband of 56 years, Martin D. Ginsburg (right). They met while college students at Cornell University during the 1950s. Ruth was impressed by Martin's answer to a quiz question during a literature class taught by famous novelist Vladimir Nabokov, according to the biography called 'Ruth Bader Ginsburg: A Life' by Jane Sherron De Hart
The Ginsburg family, above, in a photo taken in 1958. Martin D. Ginsburg (left) and Ruth Bader Ginsburg (right) with their daughter Jane C. Ginsburg (center). Jane C. Ginsburg followed in her mother's steps and became a lawyer after graduating from Harvard Law School, and currently teaches at Columbia Law School
In 1950, Ginsburg started attending Cornell University where she would meet her husband, Martin D. Ginsburg, during a literature class taught by famous novelist Vladimir Nabokov, according to the biography called 'Ruth Bader Ginsburg: A Life' by Jane Sherron De Hart.
Martin was able to answer Nabokov's quiz question about Charles Dickens, and Ginsburg was smitten, later saying that Martin was the 'the only young man I dated who cared that I had a brain.'
'Meeting Marty was by far the most fortunate thing that ever happened to me,' Ginsburg said in one of the films about her, the documentary 'RBG.' 'Marty was a man blessed with a wonderful sense of humor. I tend to be rather sober.'
At aged 21, Ginsburg, who majored in government, graduated at the top of her class in 1954 at Cornell and married Martin soon after. Their first child, Jane C. Ginsburg, was born on July 21, 1955. Due to Martin's military service, they moved to Fort Sill, Oklahoma.
'After dinner, the newlyweds often spent their evenings reading aloud to each other from Pepys, Tolstoy, Dickens and even Spinoza, although the philosopher was tougher fare,' De Hart wrote, according to a Washington Post article about the biography.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg (center) and Martin D. Ginsburg (standing behind her) married in 1954 after she graduated at the top of her class at Cornell. Their first child, Jane C. Ginsburg, was born in 1955, and their second child, James S. Ginsburg, in 1965. Shown here on Oct. 21, 1993 at the Supreme Court, are from left, son-in-law George T. Spera Jr and her daughter Jane C. Ginsburg, her husband Martin, and her son James S. Ginsburg. The judge's grandchildren Clara Spera (left) and Paul Spera (right) are in front
A 2018 biography emphasized Marty's 'proto-feminism' in the 1950s during a time where some women went to college to get their 'MRS degree,' meaning that it was a means to an end to find a spouse. Ginsburg said Martin was the 'the only young man I dated who cared that I had a brain,' and they had a long-lasting marriage until Martin died in 2010 from cancer at the age of 78. They are pictured here at a gala opening night dinner after a Washington Opera performance on October 21, 2000
De Hart emphasized Marty's 'proto-feminism' in the 1950s, and the couple decided they both would pursue careers. After two years in Oklahoma, Ginsburg and Martin went to Harvard Law School in 1956. Women had only started being admitted to the law school six years earlier, and Ginsburg was one of nine women in a class of about 500.
Martin graduated from Harvard in 1958 and practiced tax law in New York. Ginsburg switched schools, attending Columbia Law School to be close to her husband. In 1959, she graduated with her law degree, a Juris Doctor, from Columbia, and was tied for first in her class.
Despite the credentials, Ginsburg, now 26, was still a woman and she had a hard time finding a place at a law firm after graduation.
'You think about what would have happened… Suppose I had gotten a job as a permanent associate. Probably I would have climbed up the ladder and today I would be a retired partner. So often in life, things that you regard as an impediment turn out to be great good fortune,' Ginsburg said during the documentary series, 'Makers: Women Who Make America.'
A young Ruth Bader Ginsburg, pictured here in 1977, who broke barriers in the legal profession to become the second woman to serve as a Supreme Court justice
Ginsburg was also rejected for a Supreme Court clerkship due to being a woman. But there were successes as well: she was the first female member of the Harvard Law Review and was elected to the Columbia Law Review as well. Eventually, Ginsburg landed a clerkship for a judge of the US District Court for the Southern District of New York.
After two years with the Southern District, Ginsburg was a research associate and associate director for the Project of International Procedure at Columbia Law School. She also learned Swedish, and conducted research in Sweden for a book that she co-authored on civil procedure in the country.
In 1963, she started teaching at Rutgers University School of Law when there were few female law professors. Also during this time, she and Martin had their second child, James S. Ginsburg, on September 8, 1965. She taught at Rutgers until 1972 and then moved to Columbia Law School, where, at aged 39, she was the first woman put on a tenure track.
She taught at Columbia for eight years, co-authored a law school book, and also worked as general counsel for the ACLU, where she argued several hundred gender discrimination cases, six of which were before the Supreme Court.
By 1980, Ginsburg, then 47, was selected to be a judge of the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, which is often a springboard to the Supreme Court. After thirteen years as a judge on that court, President Bill Clinton nominated the 60-year-old Ginsburg for the Supreme Court after Justice Byron White said he was retiring.
'The announcement of this vacancy,' Clinton said on June 14, 1993, according to a YouTube video courtesy of the William J. Clinton Presidential Library, 'brought forth a unique outpouring of support for distinguished Americans on Judge Ginsburg's behalf. What caused that outpouring is the essential quality of the judge herself: her deep respect for others and her willingness to subvert self-interest to the interest of our people and their institutions.'
After serving as a judge of the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit for 13 years, Ginsburg was nominated by President Bill Clinton to Supreme Court after Justice Byron White announced he was retiring. Clinton (left) is shaking Ginsburg's hand during the announcement in the Rose Garden at the White House on June 14, 1993
On August 10, 1993, Ruth Bader Ginsburg was sworn in as a Supreme Court Justice – the second woman appointed to the court. Pictured above is Supreme Court Chief Justice William Rehnquist (right) swearing Ginsburg (with arm raised) in while her husband Martin D. Ginsburg (second from right) and President Bill Clinton (left) look on
Ruth Bader Ginsburg (left) with her husband Martin D. Ginsburg (right). At the announcement for her nomination to the Supreme Court on on June 14, 1993, Ginsburg said: 'Most closely, I have been aided by my life's partner, Martin D. Ginsburg, who has been, since our teenage years, my best friend and biggest booster'
At the announcement, Ginsburg said: 'Most closely, I have been aided by my life's partner, Martin D. Ginsburg, who has been, since our teenage years, my best friend and biggest booster.'
On August 4, 1993, the US Senate confirmed her by a vote of 96 to 3, the New York Times reported. She was sworn in as a justice on August 10, 1993.
Later in October 1993, a photo shows Ginsburg and her family at the court. Her daughter, Jane C. Ginsburg, followed in her footsteps, graduating from Harvard Law School, and currently teaches at Columbia Law School. She married George T. Spera Jr and they have two children together: Paul Spera, who is an actor, and Clara Spera, who is also a lawyer and clerked for the US District of the Southern District of New York
Ginsburg told the New Republic that her grandchildren loved the fact that she had become an Internet sensation.
'At my advanced age – I'm now an octogenarian – I'm constantly amazed by the number of people who want to take my picture,' she said in 2014.
Not only did people want their photo taken, an interest in her workout also took hold. In her eighties, Ginsburg would do exercises such as a wall squat with a yoga ball. So much so that her trainer of many years, Bryant Johnson, wrote the book 'The RBG Workout.'
Ruth Bader Ginsburg in her engagement photo taken in December 1953
When Ginsburg joined the court in 1993, Sandra Day O'Connor had already been on it since 1981. Sandra Day O'Connor became the first woman to serve on the Supreme Court, nominated by President Ronald Reagan. Ginsburg called O'Connor a mentor, and Ginsburg told The Washington Post that they 'thought it would be appropriate if we included as part of our robe something typical of a woman.
'So I have many, many collars.'
Fans of Ginsburg have parsed her collars, which were sometimes lace, gold embellished and beaded. One was dubbed 'the dissenter.'
A feminist icon to many, Ginsburg told 'Makers,' the documentary series, that feminism is 'that notion that we should each be free to develop our own talents, whatever they may be, and not be held back by artificial barriers – manmade barriers, certainly not heaven sent.'
After O'Connor retired in early 2006, Ginsburg was the only woman on the court until Sonia Sotomayor was confirmed on August 8, 2009. Ginsburg was also close to conservative justice Antonin Scalia until his death in February 2016.
'We care about this institution more than our individual egos and we are all devoted to keeping the Supreme Court in the place that it is, as a co-equal third branch of government and I think a model for the world in the collegiality and independence of judges,' Ginsburg said on C-SPAN.
In 2015, Ginsburg told MSNBC how she would liked to be remembered.
'Someone who used whatever talent she had to do her work to the very best of her ability. And to help repair tears in her society, to make things a little better through the use of whatever ability she has. To do something, as my colleague David Souter would say, outside myself. 'Cause I've gotten much more satisfaction for the things that I've done for which I was not paid.'
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg dies with her family around her at home after succumbing to pancreatic cancer at 87 after saying: 'My most fervent wish is that I will not be replaced until a new president is installed'
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg has died aged 87 after a battle with metastatic pancreas cancer, the Supreme Court has announced.
The Democrat judge, only the second woman to serve as a Supreme Court Justice, passed away Friday evening surrounded by her family at her home in Washington D.C. following complications with her illness.
Ginsburg, who served for 27 years on the highest court of the land, had battled several bouts of cancer after first being diagnosed back in 2009.
President Donald Trump led the tributes, describing Ginsburg as a 'titan of the law' whose legal expertise and historic decisions inspired generations of Americans.
'Today, our nation mourns the loss of a titan of the law' who was 'renowned for her brilliant mind and her powerful dissents at the Supreme Court,' Trump said in a statement, after a rally in Minnesota.
'Her opinions, including well-known decisions regarding the legal equality of women and the disabled, have inspired all Americans, and generations of great legal minds,' he added.
'May her memory be a great and magnificent blessing to the world.'
Chief Justice John Roberts paid tribute to his colleague Friday describing her as a 'champion of justice'.
'Our nation has lost a justice of historic stature,' Roberts said in a statement.
'We at the Supreme Court have lost a cherished colleague. Today we mourn but with confidence that future generations will remember Ruth Bader Ginsburg as we knew her, a tired and resolute champion of justice.'
The judge, only the second woman to serve as a Supreme Court Justice, passed away Friday evening surrounded by her family at her home in Washington D.C. following complications with her illness, the court said in a statement
Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden called Ginsburg 'not only a giant in the legal profession but a beloved figure' who 'stood for all of us' in an interview on CNN.
He tweeted: 'Ruth Bader Ginsburg stood for all of us. She was an American heroine, a jurisprudence giant, and a relentless voice in the pursuit of that highest American ideal: Equal Justice Under Law. May her memory be a blessing to all people who cherish our Constitution and its promise.'
And he insisted a new justice should not be chosen until after the election in November and said this was the process followed in 2016.
'There is no doubt – let me be clear – that the voters should pick the president and the president should pick the justice for the Senate to consider,' he said to CNN
'This was the position that the Republican Senate took in 2016 when there were almost 10 months to go.'
Tributes poured in from both sides of the political line for Ginsburg, a legal pioneer dubbed the Notorious RBG.
Tributes poured in from Democrats including Hillary Clinton, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo and Washington Governor Jay Inslee
Former presidents Barack Obama, Bill Clinton, George Bush and Jimmy Carter, as well as politicians including Hillary Clinton, Bernie Sanders and New York Governor Andrew Cuomo all paid their respects to the New York great.
The White House lowered its flags to half staff and social media users pointed out that in Jewish tradition, a person who dies on Rosh Hashanah – which started tonight – is regarded as a person of great righteousness.
Hillary Clinton tweeted that Ginsburg, a staunch advocate for women's rights, paved the way for other women to succeed.
'Justice Ginsburg paved the way for so many women, including me. There will never be one. Thank you RBG,' Clinton wrote.
Bill Clinton, who appointed Ginsburg to the Supreme Court during his White house tenure, also tweeted calling her 'one of the most extraordinary Justices'.
'We have lost one of the most extraordinary Justices ever to serve on the Supreme Court,' he wrote.
Former presidents George Bush, Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter also paid tribute to the legal pioneer Friday
'Ruth Bader Ginsburg's life and landmark opinions moved us closer to a more perfect union. And her powerful dissents reminded us that we walk away from our Constitution's promise at our peril.'
Barack Obama penned a Medium blog commemorating the strides Ginsburg made for gender equality and saying he 'admired her greatly'.
'Sixty years ago, Ruth Bader Ginsburg applied to be a Supreme Court clerk. She'd studied at two of our finest law schools and had ringing recommendations,' he wrote.
'But because she was a woman, she was rejected. Ten years later, she sent her first brief to the Supreme Court — which led it to strike down a state law based on gender discrimination for the first time.
'And then, for nearly three decades, as the second woman ever to sit on the highest court in the land, she was a warrior for gender equality — someone who believed that equal justice under law only had meaning if it applied to every single American.'
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