Two thousand people in California's Napa Valley wine region have been ordered to evacuate their homes and another 3,000 have been told to prepare for fast-spreading forest fires that have destroyed at least one winery.
Chateau Boswell, a 40-year-old family-run winery near St. Helena, burned on Sunday evening as firefighters desperately tried to put out the fire.
According to the Napa County Office of Emergency Services, there are 64 wineries in the evacuation or evacuation warning areas, as well as in rural areas and remote communities with no legal personality.
Strong winds at 90 km / h hampered attempts to extinguish the glass fire, which broke out at 3:50 a.m. on Sunday and has so far burned down 2,500 acres near St. Helena.
St. Helena, around 15 miles north of Napa, has been the site of valuable wineries since the 1860s. Nearby is Beringer, one of California's oldest continuously operating wineries, founded in 1875 by Jacob Beringer and his brother Frederick. Some wines produced in the region sell for more than $ 460 per bottle.
Chateau Boswell, a 40 year old family run winery near St. Helena, was on fire on Sunday evening
Chateau Boswell was the first winery to receive Napa Green certification in recognition of its environmental efforts
A plane dumps fire retardant chemicals on the hills above the Napa Valley vineyards
Firefighters watch the glass fire burn near Viader Vineyards and Winery in Deer Park, Napa County on Sunday
Napa Valley has been known for its vineyards since the 1860s, producing wines that can sell for more than $ 460 a bottle
The vines of the Viader vineyards were shrouded in smoke on Sunday afternoon when the glass fire got out of control
The area is also flanked by the LNU Lightning Complex, which triggered on August 17 and destroyed 363,000 acres. It is now 98 percent contained – in contrast to the glass fire, which is completely uncontrolled.
According to the press democrat, there are 743 houses and 1,857 people in the Glass Fire evacuation zone.
Another 1,370 houses and 3,425 people are in the larger evacuation warning zone.
Some were evacuated from their homes before dawn and evacuations continued throughout the day.
Among the evacuees were 50 patients at Adventist Health St. Helena Hospital in Deer Park.
A 48-hour red flag warning, which began at 9 p.m. on Saturday and was expected to last until 9 p.m. on Monday, was the basis for the hospital evacuation and extensive evacuations in residential areas.
Fourteen Napa County Sheriff MPs went door to door urging people to evacuate.
Planes dropped tons of fire retardant chemicals at Davis Estates Winery near Calistoga
The slopes above Davis Estates winery were on fire Sunday, and firefighters were working to protect the site
During the glass fire, a Cal Fire fire engine drives into the Louis Stralla water treatment plant
The moon rises behind burning trees along the famous Silverado Trail Road, home to dozens of famous wineries
A palm tree on fire as the glass fire rages along the famous Silverado Trail Road in the town of Deer Park
Firefighters protect a residence from the penetrating glass fire in a vineyard in Deer Park
"We're very concerned about the red flag conditions tonight," said Janet Upton, spokeswoman for the Napa County Office of Emergency Services.
She said many of the communities were isolated and accessible via narrow, winding mountain roads, making the decision to evacuate more urgent.
Upton said the dry conditions and strong winds worried firefighters.
"There has been discussion about the relative humidity at high altitudes in the fire area of only 0 percent – and oven-dried wood is 9 percent," said Upton.
"This factor alone would trigger dangerous fire behavior without wind."
The spectacular 100 year old Davis Estate winery with its beautiful wood tasting room has been classified as under threat.
So does Reverie, which was founded 25 years ago on a lush hill in Napa.
Photos posted on social media showed planes flying over Davis Estate, dropping fire retardant chemicals to protect property.
Cal Fire used a DC10 aircraft that was capable of deflating nearly 10,000 gallons of retarder in eight seconds on each pass.
Chateau Boswell was of no help. The winery was one of the few family-owned wineries among 554 Napa Valley wineries.
On Sunday, the winery was on fire and firefighters tried what they could to save the ravaged buildings and vines.
Chateau Boswell, a winery founded 40 years ago, was engulfed in flames on Sunday afternoon
The lovingly tended grapes from which Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc wines were made went up in smoke on Sunday
The trees around the famous Silverado Trail went up in flames on Sunday when the glass fire raged