The statue of slave trader Edward Colston was secretly replaced overnight by a figure of a Black Lives Matter protester without the Council's permission.
Last month, the 18th century trade statue was demolished, dragged half a mile, and thrown into the port of Bristol.
Its empty space was filled with a memorial to the stylist Jen Reid, who was photographed with his fist raised on the base after the statue fell in early June.
The black resin and steel statue entitled "A Surge of Power (Jen Reid) 2020" was erected this morning at 5 a.m. in an operation.
There was also a cardboard sign at the base that said, "Black lives are still important."
The installation of the statue has not been approved.
The Mayor of Bristol, Marvin Rees, made a statement stating that the future of the plinth and any monuments must be decided "by the Bristol people".
He said he had set up a "history commission" that would help the authorities "decide on city monuments and the future of the pedestal" – but it is not yet clear how long the statue will remain in the meantime.
The artist Marc Quinn said the statue was a "temporary public installation".
Edward Colston's empty space was filled with a memorial to Jen Reid (image)
The black resin and steel statue entitled "A Surge of Power (Jen Reid) 2020" was erected this morning at 5 a.m. in an operation
Colston's empty space was filled with a memorial to Jen Reid – which was photographed with his fist raised (above) on the base after the statue fell in June, which inspired the new installation
Pictured: The statue of Edward Colston is pulled from its pedestal in Bristol city center on June 7th
A team of ten people led by Mr. Quinn quickly and secretly worked on the erection of the statue. The workers arrived in two trucks and had the sculpture parked next to the base with a hydraulic crane truck within 15 minutes.
Mr. Quinn said to The Guardian: “Jen created the sculpture when she stood on the pedestal and raised her arm in the air. Now we crystallize it. & # 39;
Ms. Reid told BBC Breakfast this morning that the new statue had not been approved by the council, but added, "I think the Bristol people will really appreciate seeing it."
Her daughter Leila, who got there, said: “It is incredible to see it.
& # 39; It's surreal. From the kneecap to the shape of your hands – it's just you. & # 39;
She added that it had been difficult to keep the secret since her mother found out about the plan.
"She is proud to represent a movement, and if there is a better way, I cannot imagine it."
Bristol City Council and Mayor Rees had previously said that a decision on the future of the pedestal would be made democratically.
The Colston statue is currently being restored after being fished out of the water and will eventually be placed in a museum.
Mr. Rees said in a statement: “My tireless commitment is to build a city for all Bristiolians with all our differences.
The Bristolians pause this morning to consider the unofficial replacement for the Edward Colston statue in the city center after the award-winning contemporary visual artist Marc Quinn. installed his own piece entitled "A Surge of Power (Jen Reid)"
For this purpose, the residents of Bristol have to decide on the future of the base and its installation.
“This will be critical to building a city that is home to those who are happy to see the statue demolished, who sympathize with its removal but are dismayed at how it happened and those who feel that they lost a piece of Bristol they know and therefore themselves.
& # 39; We need change. To drive this change, we need to find a pace that brings people with it. There is an African saying that if you want to go fast, go alone, if you want to go far, go together. Our challenge is to get the city far.
“The art of building our city will be to live with our difference so that even where they don't get what they want, people know that they live in a city that is their own and them respected.
& # 39; The sculpture that was installed today was the work and decision of the London-based artist. It was not requested and no permission to install was given.
& # 39; We have set up a process to manage our trip. We have set up a history commission to help us tell our entire city history.
Protesters throw the statue of Edward Colston during a Black Lives Matter protest in Bristol Harbor
A team of ten under the direction of the artist Marc Quinn worked quickly and secretly – the local council is said to have been not involved in the stunt
A black resin and steel statue entitled A Surge of Power (Jen Reid) 2020 by Marc Quinn is installed on the free pedestal of Edward Colston in Bristol city center
“If we learn about this broader story, including the role black people, women, the working class, unions and children play among others, we will be able to better understand who we are, how we got here and who we want to honor.
A SELF-PORTRAIT IN HIS OWN BLOOD AND A SOLID GOLDKATE MOSS: THE WORK OF THE ARTIST MARC QUINN
Pictured: Marc Quinn, February 2020
The British artist Marc Quinn, 56, describes himself as an artist whose works "explore what it means to be a person who lives in the world".
His works include the sculpture & # 39; Self & # 39; from 1991, a cast of his head made entirely of his own blood and frozen by a refrigerated display case.
Mr. Quinn writes that the work is "the purest form of self-portrait … but also a commentary on the need for people for infrastructure, since the sculpture is kept" alive "only by a power supply.
He says symbolism could replace other forms of addiction, including addiction.
Other outstanding works are the "Alison Lapper Pregnant" published in 2005 – a 15-ton marble statue of pregnant and disabled Alison Lapper, which was placed on the fourth base of Trafalgar Square in London.
"Alison Lapper, pregnant" sculpture
It was later reinterpreted as the large inflatable sculpture Breath for the opening ceremony of the 2012 Paralympics.
Mr. Quinn also created & # 39; Garden & # 39; (2000), a frozen botanical garden in the Fondazione Prada in Milan. DNA portrait of Sir John Sulston (2001), a genomic portrait of the geneticist for whom it is named; and Evolution (2005), ten sculptures depicting human embryos during their developmental stages.
He also created a series of sculptures by Kate Moss in various yogic poses, his work Siren (2008) from 2008 – a solid gold sculpture of the model that was exhibited at the British Museum in London.
“The key to our legacy was the port and docks, production and industry, research and innovation, transport, slum clearance, housing, modern gentrification and belief. If the Commission shares this information, the city will decide on city monuments and the future of the pedestal. & # 39;
In the weeks following the protests, the base was largely empty except for a few temporary installations – including a mannequin by pedophile Jimmy Savile.
The artist wrote on his website marcquinn.com: “This sculpture captures a moment. It was in the middle of the news and the global wave effect of George Floyd's murder – I had followed it all.
“My friend, who knew that, showed me a picture of Jen on Instagram who stood with her fist in a Black Power greeting on the base in Bristol.
My first immediate thought was how incredible it would be to make a sculpture of her at that moment. It's such a powerful picture of a moment that I thought would have to be materialized forever. & # 39;
Mr. Quinn writes that he then contacted Ms. Reid on social media and said that she wanted to "work together".
He adds: “It is so important to make the lives and experiences of black people visible to the public and to do everything possible to help. Those of us who have privileges have a duty to be part of the change.
"Something that Desmond Tutu said resonates with me:" If you are neutral in situations of injustice, you have chosen the side of the oppressor. "
"I think that sums up how we have reached the point where whites have to be allies and whites in positions of power have to speak up and actively fight racism.
“For me, this meant taking the time to educate myself, listen to others, and find a meaningful way to contribute. The reasons why Jen wanted to do this together are so important that this sculpture is an embodiment and extension of Jens' ideas and experiences as well as the past, present and their hope for a better future. & # 39;
His website also says that in 2005 he made a sculpture by Alison Lapper Pregnant for the fourth base of Trafalgar Square.
Ms. Reid wrote in a joint statement with the artist: “On the way home from the protests on June 7, I felt an overwhelming impulse to climb the pedestal, only driven entirely by the events that had taken place correctly. Seeing the statue of Edward Colston thrown into the river felt like a truly historic moment. enormously.
“When I stood on the pedestal there and raised my arm in a Black Power salute, it was completely spontaneous, I didn't even think about it. It was like an electric charge was flowing through me.
My immediate thoughts were for the enslaved people who died through Colston and to give them power. I wanted to give power to George Floyd, I wanted to give power to blacks like me who have suffered from injustice and inequality. A surge of electricity for all of them.
“I am working with Marc Quinn on this project as he takes care to put inclusion in the foreground of people's thoughts and use his art to make people think.
“The creation of this sculpture is so important that it helps keep the path to racial justice and justice on the move, since black life plays a role every day.
“This sculpture is about standing up for my mother, my daughter and black people like me.
“It's about black kids seeing it up there. It's something to be proud of having a sense of belonging because we actually belong here and we don't go anywhere. & # 39;
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