Roman Polanski, a French-Polish director whose films have won eight Oscars, has been a refugee from the United States since 1978.
He was arrested and charged with drug abuse and rape of 13-year-old Samantha Geimer in 1977.
He pleaded guilty to the lower charge of illegal sexual intercourse with a minor before undergoing a 42-day prison psychiatric exam until he was convicted.
When he found out that the judge was planning to sentence him to prison, he fled to Paris and has since avoided extradition.
A scene from Polanski's 1974 film Chinatown is shown
Polanski was born in Paris in 1933 and moved back to Poland in 1936 with his Jewish parents.
The family was trapped in Kraków three years later when the Nazis invaded Poland.
His parents were taken away during the raids, and Polanski was brought up by the care system while using a different identity to avoid Nazi capture.
In 1965 he made his first feature film, Knife in the Water, before making three more films in the UK.
He moved to the United States in 1968, where he made the psychological horror film Rosemary & # 39; s Baby and achieved status.
A scene from Polanski's film Oliver Twist from 2005 is shown
In 1969 he was struck by a tragedy when his then pregnant wife Sharon Tate was murdered by the Manson family together with four friends.
He has been married to French actress Emmanuelle Seigner since 1989.
After Sharon Tate's death, Polanski returned to Europe and continued his career until 1974 when he returned to America to run Chinatown.
Despite being known as a convicted rapist, Polanski's career continued to flourish after he fled America in 1978.
He returned to Europe where he became famous when he made films like The Pianist (2002), a film about a Polish Jew trying to avoid Nazi capture, and Oliver Twist (2005).
A scene from Polanski's 2002 film The Pianist is shown
In 2009, he was arrested by Swiss officials when he went to the Zurich Film Festival.
His arrest triggered a backlash from Hollywood stars, and Harvey Weinstein, suspected of sexually assaulting 80 women, launched a petition calling for Polanski's immediate release.
The petition "We demand the immediate release of Roman" was signed by Woody Allen, Martin Scorcese and Tilda Swinton.
In 2017, two women came forward to accuse Polanski of sexual assault. Renate Langer claimed that he raped her when she was 16 in 1972.
And Marianne Barnard claimed that he molested her and photographed her naked when she was 10 years old in 1975.
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