These stunning black and white photos offer a unique glimpse into the lives of children traveling in Ireland.
American photographer Jamie Johnson has been traveling the world for 20 years and is best known for her portraits of children.
Johnson has published a new book called "Growing Up Traveling: The Inner World of the Irish Traveler" in which girls no older than eight pose with cigarettes and hold designer bags, a boy put his fist in holding a fighting pose, and young girls wearing makeup and glamorous clothes. The photographer contacted MailOnline to insist that the cigarettes were not real.
When she first came to Ireland in 2014, she immediately felt connected to the Irish travel community, visiting and photographing them repeatedly for five years.
The photos were taken in Galway, Limerick, Cork and Tipperary, Ireland.
Three young girls, no older than eight, sit outside a barber shop in Ireland. Two of them are wearing flashy rings, one is posing with a cigarette and one is holding on to a Gucci bag
In this photo by US photographer Jamie Johnson, a young boy stands in front of an older man with his fist raised in front of a traditional caravan in Ireland
A group of traveling girls stand in front of a trailer, one of whom is looking at the camera as she poses with a cigarette in the camera in this picture by US photographer Jamie Johnson
A young lad stands with his mouth covered in ice and a baby is bathing in a wash bowl in these photos taken by American photographer Jamie Johnson, who met an Irish travel community for five years
In a previous interview with Mail Online, Johnson said that after living with the travel community, she appeared to be a "very proud" group of people who are strong in their beliefs and commitment to family.
There are an estimated 25,000 travelers in Ireland with a cultural history dating back to pre-Celtic times.
An excerpt from the book explains the origins of traveler culture and its role in Irish society today.
"Travelers are members of a historically nomadic and uneducated ethnic minority that has existed on the edge of Ireland for centuries," the book says.
'Due to decades of pressure from the Irish authorities, travelers today typically live in houses in Irish cities, although some still' stop 'in caravans or other mobile structures for some or others (seasonal, either legal or illegal) for most of the year at locations with and without service on the urban periphery.
A group of young traveling boys are wrestling a pony to keep it from running away in this photo by US photographer Jamie Johnson
Four young traveling girls in glamorous attire pose for a photo by US photographer Jamie Johnson, who photographed the Irish community for five years
An older traveling girl decorates a younger girl in a trailer with this photo taken by US photographer Jamie Johnson while in Ireland
A teenage girl poses for a picture while another girl feeds a greyhound in this picture taken by US-based photographer Jamie Johnson who has won the trust of an Irish travel community
“Nevertheless, and because of the different cultural practices that the tradition of travel has spread over many generations, the term“ traveler ”applies even if the nomadic way of life has effectively been abandoned.
& # 39; The 2016 census for the Republic of Ireland documents a population of 30,987 Irish travelers, 0.7 percent of the total population. For generations, travelers have provided urban and rural populations with seasonal farm labor, horse trading, falcons, entertainment and blacksmithing.
“These functions had good value in a former Ireland, where rural communities were isolated and the use of urban space was less restricted.
“Contemporary travelers share a common ancestry and history and have discrete cultural practices: boundary rules against outsiders, strict gender roles, the desire to be mobile, an adaptive tradition of self-employment and participation in marginal jobs, a preference for the flexibility of the job over the job Security, a pattern of providing short-term labor according to market demands, adherence to Catholicism, which includes public demonstrations of religiosity, early school leaving, early marriage and substantial dowry payments to wealthy families, unique material and oral cultures, a tradition of meeting fellow travelers on certain major annual festivals and various rituals of death and purification. & # 39;
Many of the pictures were taken at the Ballinasloe Horse Fair and Festival which attracts travelers from all over Ireland and Europe to trade in puppies and horses.
A young lad with a blackened left eye poses for a photo by US photographer Jamie Johnson after winning the trust of an Irish travel community for five years
In this photo by American photographer Jamie Johnson, two young Irish travelers and a greyhound stand in front of a trailer
Two young Irish traveling girls pose in this photograph by American photographer Jamie Johnson, who has won the trust of a group of travel communities in Ireland for five years
A young Irish travel girl stares out a window in this picture by American photographer Jamie Johnson, who won the trust of a group of travel communities in Ireland for five years
The fair offers young travelers the opportunity to meet their future spouses. One photo shows two girls meticulously applying make-up to each other so that they look good in the event that they meet their future husband.
Jamie told Mail Online, “They hope to find good husbands for their daughters in their community to continue the travelers' traditions.
"This warm, generous, family-oriented community seeks a good life for their children and has high hopes for their community."
The photographer spent time getting to know the families and initially won his trust with "a few introductions and lots of smiles".
Four traveling toddlers look suspiciously into the camera as their mothers chat in the background in this photo by US photographer Jamie Johnson, who followed the church in Ireland for five years
A young traveling girl pats a horse in this photo, captured by US photographer Jamie Johnson. Owning horses is one of the last links to the nomadic way of life in the community
In this picture, a young traveling girl stands on the back of a trailer by American photographer Jamie Johnson, who met a group of Irish travelers over the course of five years
In this photo by American photographer Jamie Johnson, three Irish travel children are standing in front of a trailer
She spent some time shopping with the women and playing with the kids – and even let them try out their fancy cameras.
"The community works to continue their family culture and traditions through generations by sharing all of the wonderful stories of their grandparents 'and great-grandparents' travels," she said.
"They strive for equality and hope that the extreme prejudices they face will be eradicated for the next generation."
For more information about Jamie, please visit: www.jamiejohnsonphotography.com.
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