The flag-covered coffin containing the remains of the late Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg arrived at the Supreme Court on Wednesday morning, where she will rest for two days in the place where she served for 27 years.
President Donald Trump will join the thousands of expected mourners as he pays his respects on Thursday.
Former President Bill Clinton, who appointed Ginsburg to the Supreme Court in 1993, visited her coffin with Hillary Clinton on Wednesday.
Thousands are expected in the Supreme Court building on Wednesday and Thursday when Ginsburg's coffin is out on the front steps to the public to pay tribute to the woman who has become a cultural icon.
And while she is honored in the court where she made history, the political battle for her replacement will take place across the street at the U.S. Capitol. President Trump will name his candidate as his successor on Saturday. Democrats have vowed to do whatever they can to hold off the nomination, arguing that the November election winner should make the pick, but their chances are slim as Republicans have lined up behind the president and are preparing to do so, with hearings continue to confirm.
Ginsburg's coffin, adorned with the American flag, arrived at the court at 9:30 a.m. and was carried up the courtyard steps and into the building for a ceremony with her family, former clerks and other judges.
"Ruth is gone and we are in mourning," said Chief Justice John Roberts in his laudatory speech. "Of course she will continue to live in what she did to improve the law and the lives of all of us."
Before the arrival of their coffin, 120 of their former clerks stood in rows down the steps of the Supreme Court, dressed in black and with black face-covers in a picture of solemn mourning.
The staff formed an honor guard as her remains arrived at the building where she served and stood in silence as her coffin was carried up the steps and into the courtyard.
In his moving tribute, Roberts described Ginsburg's influence on American law and its inspiration for women, calling her a "rock star."
& # 39; It has been said that Ruth wanted to be an opera virtuoso but instead became a rock star. But she chose the law, which discriminated in law school and in the labor market because she was a woman. Ruth would become the leading lawyer fighting this discrimination in court. She found her stage right behind me in our courtroom, ”he said.
There she won famous victories that have helped bring our nation closer to equality before the law in that women are the majority in law schools today, not just a handful. She later became a star on the bench she sat on for 27 years. Differing opinions will guide the court for decades. They are written with the pristine case of precision, ”he observed.
Her voice in court and in our conference room was low, but when she spoke, people were listening. Among the words that best describe Ruth, tough, brave, a fighter, a winner, but also thoughtful, careful, compassionate, honest. When it came to opera, insightful, passionate. When it came to sports, clueless, ”he added as people giggled.
He also noted that Ginsburg had friends across the political gang, a highlight of her trip to India with Justice Antonin Scalia, a Conservative member of the court who died in 2016, and remembered them riding an elephant together.
"In the photo, she's riding a dear friend, a friend with completely different views," said Roberts. "There is no indication in the photo that either of the two was ready to reject the other."
Mourners walk past the stairs of the Supreme Court, where Ruth Bader Ginsburg's coffin lies in peace. Your coffin will stay on the front steps until Thursday
U.S. Supreme Court Police greet the coffin of the late Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg as she places her remains on the building's front steps for the public to see
Bill and Hillary Clinton pay their respects to the late Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Former President Bill Clinton, who appointed Ruth Bader Ginsburg to the Supreme Court, lays his hand on his heart as he pays his respects in the Supreme Court
Chief Justice John Roberts gave the eulogy for Ginsburg as her family and fellow judges honored her legacy
Ruth Bader Ginsburg was honored by her friends, family, former clerks and other judges in a ceremony in the Great Hall of the Supreme Court on Wednesday morning
Chief Justice John Roberts called Ginsburg a "rock star" in his laudation, in which he paid tribute to her status as a cultural icon and heroine of women
Ruth Bader Ginsburg's coffin with a flag arrives at the Supreme Court to lie in rest for two days after she died on Friday of complications from colon cancer
Your former clerks – 120 in total – are waiting for the coffin of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg to arrive at the Supreme Court
: Frankie Frezzell (R), 2, and Lucille Wilson (L), 3, wait in line, dressed in Tribute Ginsburg with their characteristic white lace collar
Mourners, many of whom brought their children with them, wait in line to pay their respects to Ginsburg
Many people brought signs and flowers to go to the late Supreme Court Justice
Family members of Justice Ruth Bader – including Jane C. Ginsburg – wait for her coffin to arrive at court
Ginsburg's coffin arrives in the Great Hall of the Supreme Court, where a small group of family members and friends honored their heritage
Ruth Bader Ginsburg's coffin is carried into the Supreme Court building as her former clerks form an honor guard
Thousands of mourners are expected to pay tribute to Ginsburg, and the lines went down the street from the Supreme Court with the Capitol Dome in the distance
Mourners pay their respects to the late justice celebrated as a feminist icon
A woman pays tribute to Ginsburg as the public filed to pay their respects to the late justice system
People line up in socially distant rows to wait their turn to pay their respects to Ruth Bader Ginsburg
A 2016 portrait of Ginsburg by artist Constance P. Beaty was on view during the brief ceremony.
"Today we mourn the American heroine, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg," said Rabbi Lauren Holtzbatt.
Holtzbatt paid tribute to Ginsburg's status as an American feminist icon.
“To be born into the world that doesn't see you, that doesn't believe in your potential, that doesn't give you a path for opportunity or a clear path for education, and yet is able to see beyond the world you have are in the process of imagining that something can be different. That is the job of a prophet. And it is the rare prophetess who not only imagines a new world, but also makes this new world a reality in her life. This was the brilliance and vision of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, ”she said.
She praised Ginsburg as "a role model for women and girls of all ages who now know that no office is out of reach for their dreams: whether it should be at the highest court in our country or closer to home".
The entrance to the courtroom, as well as Ginsburg's chair and the seat on the bench next to Roberts, are draped in black, as has long been the case.
Her coffin rested on a Congress-loaned Lincoln catafalk that once contained the remains of President Abraham Lincoln.
After the private ceremony in the court, Ginsburg's coffin will be open to the public on Wednesday from 11 a.m. to 10 p.m. and on Thursday from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m.
Ginsburg will also be the first woman to lie in the U.S. Capitol in the state when her coffin is in Statutory Hall on Friday. She will be buried next week in Arlington National Cemetery, where her husband Marty Ginsburg lies at rest.
Since her death on Friday from colon cancer, thousands have placed flowers, notes, candles and cuddly toys on the court step to pay homage to a woman who rose to fame late in life and was known as the "notorious RBG" for her fiery dissidents.
Court officials removed her to make room for her coffin to arrive on Wednesday.
She was born in Brooklyn and was one of the few women in her class at Harvard Law. When her husband got a job in New York, she moved to Columbia Law and got her first degree in her class. She debated gender and justice issues in the Supreme Court before then-President Bill Clinton called her to the bank in 1993.
She became a vocal force with her dissidents and a cultural icon with her white lace collar on her black robe and oversized glasses.
A 2016 portrait of Ginsburg by artist Constance P. Beaty was on view during the brief ceremony
The judges of the Supreme Court and their spouses sit in front of the flag-adorned coffin of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg during the ceremony on Wednesday
Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh and his wife Ashley at the memorial service in Ginsburg
Judge Sonia Sotomayor stands during the memorial ceremony in Ginsburg
Flowers and other memorabilia have been left in front of the Supreme Court since Ginsburg's death on Friday
The lines of sorrow stretched from the Supreme Court building across the street to the U.S. Capitol
Ruth Bader Ginsburg's coffin will lie on the front steps of the Supreme Court building on Wednesday and Thursday for the public to pay tribute to the late justice
The Supreme Court Police begin to bring Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg to the steps of the Supreme Court. The steps of the courtyard line their former employees who acted as volunteer pallbearers prior to the ceremony
The former judicial clerks, who will serve as honorary pallbearers, lined up when Ginsburg's coffin arrived
Black-clad employees with black face masks watch Ginsburg's coffin arrive at the Supreme Court building
Members of a police honor guard of the Supreme Court of Justice position the Ruth Bader Ginsburg judiciary's coffin decorated with flags under the portico at the top of the front steps of the Supreme Court building
Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas and his wife Virginia Thomas watch Ginsburg's coffin arrive
Judge Stephen Breyer and his wife Joanna at the memorial service in Ginsburg
Judge Neil Gorsuch (left) and Judge Stephen Breyer (right) during the memorial service in Ginsburg
Chuck Schumer (L), Chairman of the Senate Minority, and Senator Bernie Sanders pay their respects to Ginsburg
Republican Senator Susan Collins from Maine comes to the Supreme Court to pay her respects
Many mourners wiped their tears as they paid their respects to Ginsburg
Members of CASA, an advocacy group for Latinos and immigrants, hold up white roses in honor of Ginsburg
A sign that thanks Ginsburg for her commitment to equal rights
The portrait of Ruth Bader Ginsburg surrounded by flowers stood in the Great Hall of the Supreme Court
Lucille Wilson, 3, wears an RBG collar while waiting in line to see Ruth Bader Ginsburg's coffin
Two women come to pay their respects to Ginsburg, the advocate of women's rights, leader of the liberal bloc of the court and feminist icon who died last week at the age of 87
Thousands are expected to gather at the Supreme Court over the next two days
Bill and Hillary Clinton leave the Supreme Court after paying their respects to the late Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Ruth Bader Ginsburg died on Friday at the age of 87 from the aftermath of an ongoing battle with pancreatic cancer
Meanwhile, Trump said he would announce his nomination to replace Ginsburg on the pitch on Saturday at 5 p.m.
"I'm about to make a final decision," Trump told reporters in the White House on Tuesday evening.
Judge Amy Coney Barrett is said to be at the top of his shortlist with judge Barbara Lagoa in second place. Trump has vowed to choose a woman to replace Ginsburg, a feminist icon and liberal heroine.
Whoever he chooses is expected to move the court to the right with his decision.
Saturday's announcement will come just before the president leaves for Pennsylvania, where he will hold a rally in Middletown in the crucial 2020 battlefield state.
Given the proximity between the elections and the nomination process, the Supreme Court will most likely become a political hot potato in the president's race.
But Republican Senate Chairman Mitch McConnell wouldn't promise a pre-election vote on the nomination Tuesday.
McConnell said he would wait for the person to come out of the Senate Justice Committee hearings and then set the date for the Senate vote.
"If the nomination comes from the committee, I'll decide when and how to go about it," he said after the Republican Senate lunch on Capitol Hill Tuesday.
He would not address whether that vote would take place before or after November 3, when voters decide who will be the next President of the United States.
President Trump has been pushing for a vote on his candidate ahead of the general election, but McConnell could better judge the timing of helping his Senators in tight re-election competitions, who would rather deal with the issue after voters have voted .
Timing in the Senate is also difficult. It would take less than 40 days before the election to complete the process, with most nominations taking at least 70 days. Traditionally, a candidate holds meetings with senators, has a confirmation hearing that can last two or three days, must be elected from the committee, and then has the final vote in the Senate.
President Donald Trump will pay his respects to Ruth Bader Ginsburg on a visit to the Supreme Court on Thursday and will announce his candidates for the Supreme Court on Saturday at 5 p.m.
Republican Senate Chairman Mitch McConnell would not promise a pre-election vote on the appointment of President Donald Trump to the Supreme Court
Most Republican senators have said they support the president's right to move forward with a replacement for Ginsburg instead of waiting for the winner of the competition to name her replacement in November.
Senator Mitt Romney – the last remaining Republican – said he would back the president and vote for a candidate in an election year.
I intend to follow the Constitution and the precedent in considering the presidential candidate. If the candidate reaches the Senate, I intend to vote on qualification, ”Romney said in a statement Tuesday morning.
Trump praised Romney, whom he beat up in the past for voting for an impeachment article against him.
“He was very good today, I have to tell you he was good. Now I am happy. Thank you, Mitt, ”the president said at a rally in Pennsylvania Tuesday night.
The White House, meanwhile, would not concern itself with the timing of a Senate vote or if they felt they had enough votes to confirm the president's election. While enough Republican senators have said they will support the further nomination process, not all have promised to vote for the candidate who has not yet been named.
"We are proceeding, as we have always done, to produce a constitutional textualist and originalist who we believe the American people will appreciate and go through the approval process," White House press secretary Kayleigh McEnany told her Press conference on Tuesday.
And she wouldn't appeal if Republicans had the 51 votes needed to confirm it.
"I didn't talk to him about the number of votes," she said of her conversations with the president. "We believe Republicans will stay united."
President Donald Trump said he would announce his candidate to the Supreme Court in the White House on Saturday
Senator Mitt Romney – the last remaining Republican – said he would back the president and vote for a Supreme Court candidate in an election year
Romney was the Democrats' last chance to pick up a Republican Senator to aid them in their quest to keep Ginsburg's court seat open until after the November election.
Even if Romney had sided with the Democrats, the chances that they could keep the Senate nomination off would be slim, as only two other Republican senators said the nomination should wait. A total of four GOP legislators would have to overflow.
Romney, a frequent critic of President Trump who voted for an impeachment article against him, told reporters on Capitol Hill that there was historical precedent for a party to control the White House and Senate in order for their nominations to be confirmed .
“I think there is some perception from some writers and others that what happened to Merrick Garland and a few others was unfair. I don't agree, ”he said of Barack Obama's 2016 Supreme Court nominee.
“I think at this stage it is appropriate to look at the Constitution and the precedent that has existed since the beginning of our country's history. Most of the time, in circumstances where a presidential candidate comes from a party other than the Senate, the Senate does not confirm it. So the Garland decision was consistent with that. On the other hand, if there is a candidate from a party that is in the same party as the Senate, then they usually approve it. So the Garland decision was consistent with that. And the decision to move on to President Trump's candidate now is also in line with history. I got on the institution's side and set a precedent while studying it. And made the decision based on that, ”he observed.
He declined to say if he would change his mind if Democrat Joe Biden wins the November election.
“I'm not going to go into who wins and who doesn't. There are many options we could go through. I indicated that I intend to continue with the viewing process. If a candidate actually takes the floor, I will vote based on that candidate's qualifications, ”he said.
President Trump poses before the Supreme Court justices in June 2017: From left are Associate Justices Elena Kagan, Samuel A. Alito Jr., Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Anthony Kennedy, Chief Justice John Roberts Jr., President of Associate Justices Neil Gorsuch , Clarence Thomas, Stephen G. Breyer, and Sonia Sotomayor
Although Trump did not put his election on trial, with enough Republican Senators on board, the nomination process appears to be complete to ensure the candidate gets a vote in the Senate.
Lindsey Graham, chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, said Trump had "the votes" to confirm his election after two key Republican senators announced their support for the president.
He said the timing of the confirmatory vote was up to McConnell, but was confident the judicial panel could hold the hearings needed to vote before election day.
“I'll leave it to Mitch. I am confident that we can have a hearing where the candidate can speak before election day. I think we can do that according to Senate precedents. I'll tell you more about the hearing when we get a nomination on Saturday, if that is the case, ”Graham told reporters on Capitol Hill on Tuesday.
And he shrugged off requests from some senators to skip the confirmation hearings, which could be controversial given Democratic objections to holding an election year, instead of waiting to see who wins the White House in November.
"I think it is important for the country to have a hearing," he said.
Graham is part of a group of Republican Senators who are pushing for the vote to be held before the November 3rd election.
“We have the votes to confirm the replacement of Justice Ginsburg before the election. We will move forward in committee and report the committee nomination to the United States Senate so we can vote before the election. This is the constitutional process, ”he told Fox News, Sean Hannity on Monday night.
Graham is one of many Republican senators who back then did not support President Barack Obama's nomination to the Supreme Court in the 2016 election year but said they would support Trump's election that election year.
“I want you to use my words against me. If there is a Republican president in 2016 and there is a vacancy in the final year of the first term, it can be said that Lindsey Graham said we should have the next president, whoever it is, make that nomination, ”the Senator said four years ago when he argued against the Garland nomination.
Graham said his stance changed after the heated verification process for Trump's final candidate, Brett Kavanaugh.
They said they tried to destroy Brett Kavanaugh so they could fill the space – they were stupid enough to say that. I've seen this movie before. It won't work, it didn't work with Kavanaugh, ”he told Fox News.
Graham's confident statements came after Iowa Sen. Chuck Grassley, former Justice Committee chair, and Colorado Sen. Cory Gardner confirmed they would support a hearing for Trump's candidates.
Sen Lindsey Graham of South Carolina expressed confidence in an interview with Fox News Monday that Trump has a chance to rush through a Supreme Court decision
President Trump's chances of validating a candidate were increased after Iowa Sen. Chuck Grassley (left) and Colorado Sen. Cory Gardner (right) confirmed they would support a vote in an election year
It has been speculated that Grassley might be trying to block the nomination process because he had previously spoken out against filling positions on the Supreme Court during an election year.
"The Constitution gives the Senate that authority, and the votes of the American people in the last election couldn't be clearer," Grassley said in a statement.
Grassley was Chairman of the Judiciary Committee when the Republicans blocked Obama's 2016 election when he and McConnell argued that it was best to let voters decide who should occupy the Supreme Court seat.
The senator maintained that stance later this summer, telling reporters that he would still hold that position if he were chairman. But now he says he supports the president.
Gardner's stance was also questionable as he faces a tough re-election race in his home state and some thought he could side with the Democrats to build his standing among moderate voters.
But Gardner said, “When a president exercises the constitutional power to appoint a judge to serve on the Supreme Court, the Senate must decide how best to perform its constitutional deliberation and approval.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell swore in the Senate Monday that President Trump's Supreme Court election will be voted on this year
“I have, and will continue to support, judicial candidates who protect our constitution, don't make laws from the bank, and comply with the law. If a qualified candidate is proposed who meets these criteria, I will vote to confirm. & # 39;
The news of both senators preparing to back Trump was a blow to the Democrats, who struggled to block Trump and McConnell's plans to expedite court appointments.
The nomination will come just six weeks before the election and has sparked heated debates, especially after Ginsburg – a beloved liberal icon – made her final wishes known.
Ginsburg, who died on Friday of complications from colon cancer, dictated a statement to her granddaughter Clara Spera before her death: "My deepest wish is that I will not be replaced until a new president is appointed."
Democrats have used their statement and Republican actions in 2016 – when they refused to advance Obama's appointment of Merrick Garland to the Supreme Court, citing election year politics – as the basis of their argument to withhold confirmation of a new judge.
The Republican argument at the time was that the position should not be filled until a new president is elected by the American people – a standard set by the Republicans that the Democrats now argue that the party must continue to honor.
Two GOP senators – Lisa Murkowski and Susan Collins – have said the nomination should wait until after the November 3rd election.
Trump criticized both of them for their stance. Collins in particular did not rule out voting for the president's candidate when it came to the floor this year. She is in a tough re-election campaign. Murkowski will not be in front of the voters again until 2022.
Republican Senator Ted Cruz defended his colleagues' decision to support Trump's nomination after failing to support Obama's.
"Everyone has changed their position," the Texas GOP senator told CBS.
"Every Democrat turned around," he added. “There's a reason for that. Both sides believe in the Supreme Court justices fundamentally different. The Democrats and Joe Biden have promised to appoint liberal activists. & # 39;
Noting that Republicans – both President Trump and Senate Republicans – were running for office and pledging to appoint Conservative judges in court, he added that voters gave them approval to affirm a justice as the 2018 GOP passed the Retained control of the Senate.
President Trump promised to bring constitutionalists in principle to justice. The American people voted for him.The American people elected a Republican majority three times in 2014, 2016, and 2018. The Republican majority in the Senate pledged to confirm constitutional judges, ”said Cruz.
Two GOP senators – Lisa Murkowski (left) and Susan Collins (right) – said the new candidate for the Supreme Court should be named after the election
Judge Amy Coney Barrett (left) has reportedly turned out to be Trump's first choice for Ginsburg – and Barbara Lagoa (right) is a "distant second".
Republican Senator Ted Cruz defended his colleagues' decision to support President Donald Trump's Supreme Court candidate
Many Republican senators have said they support the vote on President Donald Trump's Supreme Court candidate in an election year after refusing to support President Barack Obama's candidate in 2016
Republican Senate Chairman Mitch McConnell declined to put President Barack Obama's Supreme Court candidate Merrick Garland (above) to the Senate to vote in March 2016
In March 2016, Obama appointed moderate lawyer Judge Merrick Garland to fill the post vacated by the death of Justice Antonin Scalia.
But McConnell refused to bring Garland's nomination to the Senate, saying the November election winner should vote for the nearest judiciary, even though the contest was eight months away.
Now McConnell and most of his Republican Senators say they will support Trump's candidates, noting that circumstances are different than four years ago, with their party controlling both the White House and the Senate.
"We're going to vote on this nomination on this floor," McConnell said in a speech in the Senate on Monday.
Undeterred by heavy pressure to delay the nomination process, Trump said he is strongly considering five candidates to replace Ginsburg, with Barrett emerging as the favorite.
Trump met with Barrett, a Seventh Circuit judge and mother of seven who adopted two children from Haiti, at the White House on Monday.
Bloomberg reported that the president is leaning toward Barrett for the nomination, but also plans to meet with another contender, Lagoa, sometime this week.
Sources told the outlet that Lagoa, a U.S. appeals court judge for the 11th Circuit and former Florida Supreme Court judge, is the only other person seriously considered for the job but she is a "distant one." Second "according to Barrett.
Who Is Amy Coney Barrett?
On Saturday afternoon, Trump named Amy Coney Barrett (48) from the 7th Circuit in Chicago and Barbara Lagoa (52) from the 11th Circuit in Atlanta as possible nominees.
The favorite is Barrett, 48, mother of seven, including two adopted from Haiti and one with special needs.
Her involvement in a cult Catholic group in which members are assigned a “maid” has raised concern about Barret's nomination for other courts and will be vigorously re-examined if she is Trump's election.
The group was the one that helped inspire "The Handmaids Tale," said the book's author Margaret Atwood.
Barrett is now the front runner, having been shortlisted for the 2018 nomination, which eventually went to Brett Kavanaugh.
Trump called the judge on the federal appeals court "very highly regarded" when questioned about her Saturday.
Born in New Orleans in 1972, she was the first and only woman to hold a seat in Indiana on the Seventh Court of Appeal.
The couple is married to Jesse M. Barrett, a partner at SouthBank Legal in South Bend and a former United States Assistant Attorney for Northern Indiana. It has five birth children and two adopted children.
Your youngest child has Down syndrome.
Friends say she's a devoted mom – and say Barrett only has an hour left before she was elected 7th District Court of Appeals by the U.S. Senate in 2017.
Barrett's strong Christian ideology makes her a right-wing favorite, but her involvement in a religious group sometimes referred to as a "cult" has come under severe criticism.
In 2017, her membership of the small, close-knit Christian group People of Praise caused concern when she was nominated for a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.
The New York Times reported that the group's practices would surprise even other Catholics when members of the group swore a lifelong oath of loyalty, a covenant, to one another.
You will also be assigned and held accountable to a personal advisor, known until recently as the "head" for men and "maid" for women, who believes in prophecy, speaks in tongues, and divine healings.
Members are also asked to confess to these advisors personal sins, financial information, and other sensitive information.
According to a former member, consultants may report these approvals to the group management if necessary.
The organization itself says the term "handmaid" was a reference to the description of Jesus' mother Mary as "the Lord's handmaid".
They said that they recently stopped using the term due to cultural changes and are now using the name "female leaders."
The group believes that husbands are the heads of their wives and should take authority over the family while the heads and maids make important decisions, including who to date or marry, where to live, whether to get a job or buy a house and how to raise children, ”reported the Times.
Unmarried members live with married couples. Members often look for homes near other members to buy or rent.
People of Praise was founded in 1971 and was part of the "great emergence of lay ministries and lay movements in the Catholic Church," founder Bishop Peter Smith told the Catholic News Agency.
Starting with just 29 members, it now has an estimated 2,000.
According to the CNA, some former People of Praise members allege that the leaders exercised undue influence over family decision-making or pressured members' children to join the group.
At least 10 members of Barrett's family, including their children, are also in the group.
Barrett's father, Mike Coney, is a member of the People of Praise's powerful eleven-member Board of Governors, known as the group's "highest authority".
Her mother Linda served as a maid.
The group's ultra-conservative religious tenets helped author Margaret Atwood publish The Handmaid & # 39; s Tale, a story about a religious takeover of U.S. government, according to a 1986 interview with the writer.
The book has since become a successful TV series.
According to legal experts, oaths of allegiance to Barrett's People of Praise could raise legitimate questions about the independence and impartiality of a judiciary.
"These groups can get so exciting that it can be difficult for a person to exercise individual judgment," said Sarah Barringer Gordon, professor of constitutional law and history at the University of Pennsylvania.
"I don't think it is discriminatory or religiously hostile to want to know more about your relationship with the group."
"We're not trying to control people," said Craig S. Lent. “And there is no guarantee that the leader will always be right. You have to know and act in the Lord.
"If and when members hold political, judicial or administrative offices, we certainly wouldn't tell them how to fulfill their responsibilities."
During her professional career, Barrett spent two decades as a law professor at the University of Notre Dame, from which she earned her bachelor's and law degrees.
She was named Distinguished Professor of the Year for three years, a title set by the students.
As a former clerk for the late Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, she was nominated by Trump as a member of the 7th Court of Appeals in 2017 and later that year confirmed by the Senate with 55 votes to 43.
At the time, three Democratic Senators backed her nomination: Joe Donnelly (Ind.), Who later lost his re-election bid for 2018, Tim Kaine (Va.) And Joe Manchin (W.Va.), according to Hill.
She was supported by every GOP senator at the time, but did not reveal her relationship with People of Praise, which led to later criticism of her appointment.
Barret is highly valued by religious law because of this pious belief.
However, these beliefs are sure to cause problems with their conformation and are in conflict with the Ginsburg beliefs that they would replace.
Axios reported in 2019 that Trump aides said he would "save" Barrett to replace Ginsburg.
Her deep Catholic faith was cited as a major disadvantage by the Democrats during their 2017 retrial for a seat in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit.
"If you ask whether I take my faith seriously and am a devoted Catholic, I am," Barrett replied during that hearing, "although I would like to stress that my personal church affiliation or religious belief would not affect the dismissal." my duties as a judge. & # 39;
Republicans now believe she did well in her defense during that hearing, so she may be able to do the same when faced with the Senate Judiciary Committee.
She is a former member of the "Faculty of Life" of Notre Dame and in 2015 signed a letter to the Catholic Church affirming the "teachings of the Church as truth".
These teachings included the "value of human life from conception to natural death" and the values of marriage and the family based on the indissoluble commitment of a man and a woman.
She previously wrote that Supreme Court precedents are not sacrosanct. The Liberals have viewed these comments as a threat to Roe v. Wade of 1973, which legalized abortion nationwide.
Barrett wrote that she "agrees with those who say that there is a judicial duty to the Constitution and that it is therefore more legitimate for them to enforce their best understanding of the Constitution than a precedent which they clearly see in conflict with it" .
Other statements of concern for Liberals include their statement that ObamaCare's birth control mandate is "a grave violation of religious freedom."
LGBTQ organizations also expressed their concern about her when she was first shortlisted.
She has also sided with Trump.
In a June 2020 case, IndyStar reports that she was the only vote on a three-judge panel that helped the federal government enforce Trump's public immigration law in Illinois.
The law would have prevented immigrants from obtaining legal residence in the United States if they had to rely on public benefits such as grocery stamps or residential vouchers.
Who is Barbara Lagoa?
52-year-old Barbara Lagoa was named by Trump as one of his potential candidates for the Supreme Court.
Lagoa, a Cuban American whose parents fled to the United States, was born in Miami in 1967. She grew up in the largely Cuban-American city of Hialeah.
According to the Tampa Bay Times, her parents fled Cuba over five decades ago when the communist dictatorship of Fidel Castro took power.
During the 2019 Miami press conference announcing her Supreme Court nomination, she told the crowd that her father would have to give up his "dream of becoming a lawyer" because of Castro.
If Trump's mother of three daughters were nominated to the nation's Supreme Court and ratified by the Senate, she would be the second Latino judiciary to ever serve.
She served on the 11th U.S. Court of Appeals for less than a year after being appointed by Trump and upheld by the Senate with 80-15 votes
Prior to this, she served in her previous position as the first Latina and Cuban American woman on the Florida Supreme Court for less than a year.
Lagoa is considered the protégé of Florida Governor Ron DeSantis, a close ally of Trump.
Your position in the decisive swing state of Florida could help Trump politically.
Last week, she voted by a majority in a ruling that will exclude hundreds of thousands of Florida criminals who have served their time from voting unless they pay fees and fines owed to the state.
This decision could have a big impact on the presidential race, as Florida is often won by a candidate with razor-thin margins.
"Florida's re-enfranchisement program for offenders is constitutional," wrote Lagoa in a 20-page correspondence, according to USA Today.
"It is up to Florida citizens and their elected lawmakers, not federal judges, to make additional changes to it."
In 2000, Lagoa was one of a dozen mostly honorary attorneys who represented the Miami family of Elián González, a Cuban national embroiled in a heated international custody and immigration controversy.
In 2016, she wrote a statement in the Florida Third District Court of Appeals reversing the conviction of Adonis Losada, a former Univision comic actor who was sentenced to 153 years in prison for collecting child pornography.
She ruled that a Miami-Dade judge wrongly refused to allow Losada to defend himself in court.
That same month, she became unpopular with free press advocates when she was one of three judges to allow a Miami judge to close a courtroom to the public for an important hearing in a high-profile murder case.
They ruled that public relations related to the machete murder of a student in Homestead could unfairly influence the jury at a future trial.
Lagoa is a graduate of Florida International University and Columbia University Law.
She is a member of the conservative Federal Society, which insists that judges "should say what the law is, not what it should be".
She is married to attorney Paul C. Huck Jr. and her father-in-law is US District Judge Paul Huck.
WHO IS ALLISON JONES RUSHING?
At 38, Judge Allison Jones Rushing is the youngest woman Trump is considering serving as a Supreme Court Justice.
The only other potential candidate younger than Rushing is Kentucky Attorney General Daniel Cameron, 34. However, President Donald Trump promised to nominate a woman to fill Ruth Bader Ginsburg's seat, meaning Rushing is practically the youngest potential candidate.
Trump told Fox & Friends he wanted to nominate someone "because he's been around for a long time".
I rushed in from North Carolina and graduated from Magna cum Laude Duke University School if Law In 2007 she was editor-in-chief of Duke Law Journal.
She previously worked for Williams and Connolly and is now a U.S. District Court of Appeals judge.
From 2007 to 2008 she worked as a clerk for then Judge Neil Gorsuch, who became a Supreme Court judge through Trump's nomination. He also worked for Clarence Thomas Justice during the 2010–2011 term.
In March 2019, Rushing was confirmed as a federal judge after being nominated by Trump.
During the verification process, Rushing was asked about her connections with Alliance Defending Freedom (ADF) – a conservative Christian group she interned with while studying law in 2005.
ADF has been harshly criticized for speaking out against LGBT rights and has been labeled a "hate group" by some. But Rushing said, “Hate is wrong and should have no place in our society. In my experience with ADF, I have not seen anyone express or advocate hatred. & # 39;
WHO IS KATE TODD?
Donald Trump named former White House Associate Counsel Kate Todd, 45, as one of his potential candidates for the open seat of the Supreme Court.
Todd currently teaches law in federal courts at George Washington University Law School and is a public member of the United States Administrative Conference.
She is also a member of the Federal Society, in which a group of conservatives and libertarians advocate an originalist interpretation of the constitution
After the president's vow over the weekend to nominate a woman for Ruth Bader Ginsburg's seat, a person familiar with the process said the White House had placed Todd on a list of the top four candidates.
While serving in the White House, Todd helped review federal judges for nominations and advised the President and his staff on a variety of legal and constitutional issues.
Todd graduated magna cum laude from Harvard Law School, where she was also the Editor-in-Chief of the Harvard Law Review.
She worked for Justice Clarence Thomas – that of George H.W. Bush and is currently the only black Supreme Court Justice – and for Judge J. Michael Luttig of the United States Court of Appeals for the fourth circuit.
Kate Comerford Todd is the former Senior Vice President and Chief Counsel of the US Chamber Litigation Center – the litigation arm of the US Chamber of Commerce.
She was also an associate in the appointment, litigation, and communications practices of Wiley, Rein & Fielding in Washington DC, where she advised companies in federal and state litigation and regulatory matters.
Todd lives in Virginia with her husband and four children.
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