The flag-covered coffin containing the remains of the late Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg arrived at the Supreme Court on Wednesday morning, where she will rest for two days in the place where she served for 27 years.
President Donald Trump will join the thousands of expected mourners as he pays his respects on Thursday.
Former President Bill Clinton, who appointed Ginsburg to the Supreme Court in 1993, visited her coffin with Hillary Clinton on Wednesday.
Thousands are expected in the Supreme Court building on Wednesday and Thursday when Ginsburg's coffin is out on the front steps to the public to pay tribute to the woman who has become a cultural icon.
And while she is honored in the court where she made history, the political battle for her replacement will take place across the street at the U.S. Capitol. President Trump will name his candidate as his successor on Saturday. The Democrats have vowed to do whatever they can to stop the nomination, arguing that the November election winner should make the pick, but their chances are slim as Republicans have lined up behind the president and are preparing to do so, with hearings continue to confirm.
Ginsburg's coffin, adorned with the American flag, arrived at the court at 9:30 a.m. and was carried up the courtyard steps and into the building for a ceremony with her family, former clerks and other judges.
"Ruth is gone and we are mourning," said Chief Justice John Roberts in his laudatory speech. "Of course she will continue to live in what she did to improve the law and the lives of all of us."
Before the arrival of their coffin, 120 of their former clerks stood in rows down the steps of the Supreme Court, dressed in black and with black face-covers in a picture of solemn mourning.
The staff formed an honor guard as her remains arrived at the building where she served and stood in silence as her coffin was carried up the steps and into the courtyard.
In his moving tribute, Roberts described Ginsburg's influence on American law and its inspiration for women, calling her a "rock star."
& # 39; It has been said that Ruth wanted to be an opera virtuoso but instead became a rock star. But she chose the law, which discriminated in law school and in the labor market because she was a woman. Ruth would become the leading lawyer fighting this discrimination in court. She found her stage right behind me in our courtroom, ”he said.
There she won famous victories that have helped bring our nation closer to equality before the law to the extent that women are the majority in law schools today, not just a handful. She later became a star on the bench she sat on for 27 years. Differing opinions will guide the court for decades. They are written with the pristine case of precision, ”he observed.
Her voice in court and in our conference room was low, but when she spoke, people were listening. Among the words that best describe Ruth, tough, brave, a fighter, a winner, but also thoughtful, careful, compassionate, honest. When it came to opera, insightful, passionate. When it came to sports, clueless, ”he added as people giggled.
He also noted that Ginsburg had friends across the political aisle, a high point on her trip to India with Justice Antonin Scalia, a Conservative member of the court who died in 2016, and remembered them riding an elephant together.
"In the photo, she's riding a dear friend, a friend with completely different views," said Roberts. "There is no indication in the photo that either of the two was ready to reject the other."
Mourners walk past the stairs of the Supreme Court, where Ruth Bader Ginsburg's coffin lies in peace. Your coffin will stay on the front stairs until Thursday
U.S. Supreme Court Police greet the coffin of the late Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg as she places her remains on the building's front steps for the public to see
Bill and Hillary Clinton pay their respects to the late Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Former President Bill Clinton, who appointed Ruth Bader Ginsburg to the Supreme Court, lays his hand on his heart as he pays his respects in the Supreme Court
Chief Justice John Roberts gave the eulogy for Ginsburg as her family and fellow judges honored her legacy
Ruth Bader Ginsburg was honored by her friends, family, former clerks and other judges in a ceremony in the Great Hall of the Supreme Court on Wednesday morning
Chief Justice John Roberts called Ginsburg a "rock star" in his laudation, in which he paid tribute to her status as a cultural icon and heroine of women
Ruth Bader Ginsburg's coffin with a flag arrives at the Supreme Court to lie in rest for two days after she died on Friday of complications from colon cancer
Your former clerks – 120 in total – are waiting for the coffin of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg to arrive at the Supreme Court
A mourner pays his respects to Ginsburg
: Frankie Frezzell (R), 2, and Lucille Wilson (L), 3, wait in line, dressed in Tribute Ginsburg with their characteristic white lace collar
Mourners, many of whom brought their children with them, wait in line to pay their respects to Ginsburg
Many people brought signs and flowers to go to the late Supreme Court Justice
Family members of Justice Ruth Bader – including Jane C. Ginsburg – wait for her coffin to arrive at court
Ginsburg's coffin arrives in the Great Hall of the Supreme Court, where a small group of family members and friends honored their heritage
Ruth Bader Ginsburg's coffin is carried into the Supreme Court building as her former clerks form an honor guard
Thousands of mourners are expected to pay tribute to Ginsburg, and the lines went down the street from the Supreme Court with the Capitol Dome in the distance
Mourners pay their respects to the late justice celebrated as a feminist icon
A woman pays tribute to Ginsburg as the public filed to pay their respects to the late justice system
People line up in socially distant rows to wait their turn to pay their respects to Ruth Bader Ginsburg
A 2016 portrait of Ginsburg by artist Constance P. Beaty was on view during the brief ceremony.
"Today we mourn the American heroine, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg," said Rabbi Lauren Holtzbatt.
Holtzbatt paid tribute to Ginsburg's status as an American feminist icon.
“To be born into the world that doesn't see you, that doesn't believe in your potential, that doesn't give you a path for opportunity or a clear path for education, and yet is able to see beyond the world you have are in the process of imagining that something can be different. That is the job of a prophet. And it is the rare prophetess who not only imagines a new world, but also makes this new world a reality in her life. This was the brilliance and vision of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, ”she said.
She praised Ginsburg as "a role model for women and girls of all ages who now know that no office is out of reach for their dreams: whether this should be at the highest court in our country or closer to home".
The entrance to the courtroom, as well as Ginsburg's chair and the seat on the bench next to Roberts, are draped in black, as has long been the case.
Her coffin rested on a Congress-loaned Lincoln catafalk that once contained the remains of President Abraham Lincoln.
After the private ceremony in the court, Ginsburg's coffin will be open to the public on Wednesday from 11 a.m. to 10 p.m. and on Thursday from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m.
Ginsburg will also be the first woman to lie in the U.S. Capitol in the state when her coffin is in Statutory Hall on Friday. She will be buried next week in Arlington National Cemetery, where her husband Marty Ginsburg lies at rest.
Since her death on Friday from colon cancer, thousands have placed flowers, notes, candles and cuddly toys on the court step to pay homage to a woman who rose to fame late in life and was known as the "notorious RBG" for her fiery dissidents.
Court officials removed her to make room for her coffin to arrive on Wednesday.
She was born in Brooklyn and was one of the few women in her class at Harvard Law. When her husband got a job in New York, she moved to Columbia Law and got her first degree in her class. She debated gender and justice issues in the Supreme Court before then-President Bill Clinton called her to the bank in 1993.
She became a vocal force with her dissidents and a cultural icon with her white lace collar on her black robe and oversized glasses.
A 2016 portrait of Ginsburg by artist Constance P. Beaty was on view during the brief ceremony
The judges of the Supreme Court and their spouses sit in front of the flag-adorned coffin of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg during the ceremony on Wednesday
Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh and his wife Ashley at the memorial service in Ginsburg
Judge Sonia Sotomayor stands during the memorial ceremony in Ginsburg
Flowers and other memorabilia have been left in front of the Supreme Court since Ginsburg's death on Friday
The lines of sorrow stretched from the Supreme Court building across the street to the U.S. Capitol
Ruth Bader Ginsburg's coffin will lie on the front steps of the Supreme Court building on Wednesday and Thursday for the public to pay tribute to the late justice
The Supreme Court Police begin to bring Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg to the steps of the Supreme Court. The steps of the courtyard line their former employees who acted as volunteer pallbearers prior to the ceremony
The former judicial clerks, who will serve as honorary pallbearers, lined up when Ginsburg's coffin arrived
Black-clad employees with black face masks watch Ginsburg's coffin arrive at the Supreme Court building
Members of a police honor guard of the Supreme Court position the flag-adorned coffin of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg under the portico at the top of the front stairs of the Supreme Court building
Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas and his wife Virginia Thomas watch Ginsburg's coffin arrive
Judge Stephen Breyer and his wife Joanna at the memorial service in Ginsburg
Judge Neil Gorsuch (left) and Judge Stephen Breyer (right) during the memorial service in Ginsburg
Chuck Schumer (L), Chairman of the Senate Minority, and Senator Bernie Sanders pay their respects to Ginsburg
Republican Senator Susan Collins from Maine comes to the Supreme Court to pay her respects
Many mourners wiped their tears as they paid their respects to Ginsburg
Members of the CASA, an advocacy group for Latinos and immigrants, hold up white roses in honor of Ginsburg
A sign that thanks Ginsburg for her commitment to equal rights
The portrait of Ruth Bader Ginsburg surrounded by flowers stood in the Great Hall of the Supreme Court
Lucille Wilson, 3, wears an RBG collar while waiting in line to see Ruth Bader Ginsburg's coffin
Two women come to pay their respects to Ginsburg, the advocate of women's rights, leader of the liberal bloc of the court and feminist icon who died last week at the age of 87
Thousands are expected to gather at the Supreme Court over the next two days
Bill and Hillary Clinton leave the Supreme Court after paying their respects to the late Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Ruth Bader Ginsburg died on Friday at the age of 87 from the aftermath of an ongoing battle with pancreatic cancer
Meanwhile, Trump said he would announce his nomination to replace Ginsburg on the pitch on Saturday at 5 p.m.
"I'm about to make a final decision," Trump told reporters in the White House on Tuesday evening.
Judge Amy Coney Barrett is said to be at the top of his shortlist with judge Barbara Lagoa in second place. Trump has vowed to choose a woman to replace Ginsburg, a feminist icon and liberal heroine.
Whoever he chooses is expected to move the court to the right with his decision.
Saturday's announcement will come just before the president leaves for Pennsylvania, where he will hold a rally in Middletown in the crucial 2020 battlefield state.
Given the proximity between the elections and the nomination process, the Supreme Court will most likely become a political hot potato in the president's race.
But Republican Senate Chairman Mitch McConnell wouldn't promise a pre-election vote on the nomination Tuesday.
McConnell said he would wait for the person to come out of the Senate Justice Committee hearings and then set the date for the Senate vote.
"If the nomination comes from the committee, I'll decide when and how to proceed," he said after the Republican Senate lunch on Capitol Hill Tuesday.
He would not address whether this vote would take place before or after November 3, when voters decide who will be the next President of the United States.
President Trump has been pushing for a vote on his candidate ahead of the general election, but McConnell could better judge the timing of helping his senators in tight re-election competitions who prefer to deal with the issue after voters have voted.
Timing in the Senate is also difficult. It would take less than 40 days before the election to complete the process, with most nominations taking at least 70 days. Traditionally, a candidate holds meetings with senators, has a ratification hearing that can last two or three days, must be elected from the committee, and then has the final vote in the Senate.
President Donald Trump will pay his respects to Ruth Bader Ginsburg on a visit to the Supreme Court on Thursday and will announce his candidates for the Supreme Court on Saturday at 5 p.m.
Republican Senate Chairman Mitch McConnell would not promise a pre-election vote on the appointment of President Donald Trump to the Supreme Court
Most Republican senators have said they support the president's right to move forward with a replacement for Ginsburg instead of waiting for the winner of the competition to name her replacement in November.
Senator Mitt Romney – the last remaining Republican – said he would back the president and vote for a candidate in an election year.
I intend to follow the Constitution and the precedent in considering the presidential candidate. If the candidate reaches the Senate, I intend to vote after qualification, ”Romney said in a statement Tuesday morning.
Trump praised Romney, whom he has beaten up in the past for voting for an impeachment article against him.
“He was very good today, I have to tell you he was good. Now I am happy. Thank you, Mitt, ”the president said at a rally in Pennsylvania Tuesday night.
The White House, meanwhile, would not concern itself with the timing of a Senate vote or if they thought they had enough votes to confirm the president's election. Während genügend republikanische Senatoren erklärt haben, dass sie die Weiterentwicklung des Nominierungsprozesses unterstützen, haben nicht alle versprochen, für den Kandidaten zu stimmen, der noch nicht benannt wurde.
"Wir gehen so vor, wie wir es immer getan haben, um eine verfassungskonforme Textualistin und Originalistin vorzulegen, von der wir glauben, dass das amerikanische Volk den Genehmigungsprozess schätzen und durchlaufen wird", sagte die Pressesprecherin des Weißen Hauses, Kayleigh McEnany, bei ihrer Pressekonferenz am Dienstag.
Und sie würde nicht ansprechen, wenn die Republikaner die 51 Stimmen hätten, die zur Bestätigung benötigt werden.
"Ich habe nicht mit ihm über die Stimmenzahl gesprochen", sagte sie über ihre Gespräche mit dem Präsidenten. "Wir glauben, dass die Republikaner vereint bleiben werden."
Präsident Donald Trump sagte, er werde seinen Kandidaten am Samstag im Weißen Haus beim Obersten Gerichtshof bekannt geben
Senator Mitt Romney – der letzte verbliebene Republikaner – sagte, er werde den Präsidenten unterstützen und in einem Wahljahr für einen Kandidaten des Obersten Gerichtshofs stimmen
Romney war die letzte Chance der Demokraten, einen republikanischen Senator abzuholen, um sie bei ihrem Bestreben zu unterstützen, Ginsburgs Gerichtssitz bis nach den Wahlen im November offen zu halten.
Selbst wenn Romney auf der Seite der Demokraten gestanden hätte, wären die Chancen, dass sie die Nominierung vom Senat fernhalten könnten, gering, da nur zwei andere republikanische Senatoren sagten, die Nominierung sollte warten. Insgesamt vier GOP-Gesetzgeber müssten überlaufen.
Romney, ein häufiger Kritiker von Präsident Trump, der für einen Artikel der Amtsenthebung gegen ihn gestimmt hat, sagte Reportern auf dem Capitol Hill, es gebe einen historischen Präzedenzfall dafür, dass eine Partei das Weiße Haus und den Senat kontrolliert, damit ihre Nominierungen bestätigt werden.
„Ich denke, es gibt eine gewisse Wahrnehmung seitens einiger Schriftsteller und anderer, dass das, was mit Merrick Garland und einigen anderen passiert ist, unfair war. Dem stimme ich nicht zu “, sagte er in Bezug auf Barack Obamas Kandidaten für den Obersten Gerichtshof 2016.
„Ich denke, in diesem Stadium ist es angebracht, die Verfassung und den Präzedenzfall zu betrachten, der seit Beginn der Geschichte unseres Landes existiert. Unter den Umständen, in denen ein Kandidat eines Präsidenten von einer anderen Partei als dem Senat stammt, bestätigt der Senat dies meistens nicht. Die Garland-Entscheidung stimmte also damit überein. Auf der anderen Seite, wenn es einen Kandidaten einer Partei gibt, die in derselben Partei wie der Senat ist, dann bestätigen sie dies normalerweise. Die Garland-Entscheidung stimmte also damit überein. Und die Entscheidung, jetzt mit Präsident Trumps Kandidat fortzufahren, steht auch im Einklang mit der Geschichte. Ich bin auf die Seite der Institution gekommen und habe einen Präzedenzfall geschaffen, als ich sie studiert habe. Und und traf die Entscheidung auf dieser Grundlage «, bemerkte er.
Er lehnte es ab zu sagen, ob er seine Meinung ändern würde, wenn der Demokrat Joe Biden die Novemberwahlen gewinnt.
„Ich werde nicht näher darauf eingehen, wer gewinnt und wer nicht. Es gibt viele Möglichkeiten, die wir durchgehen könnten. Ich habe darauf hingewiesen, dass ich beabsichtige, mit dem Betrachtungsprozess fortzufahren. Wenn ein Kandidat tatsächlich das Wort ergreift, werde ich auf der Grundlage der Qualifikationen dieses Kandidaten abstimmen “, sagte er.
Präsident Trump posiert im Juni 2017 vor den Richtern des Obersten Gerichtshofs: Von links sind die Associate Justices Elena Kagan, Samuel A. Alito Jr., Ruth Bader Ginsburg und Anthony Kennedy, Chief Justice John Roberts Jr., der Präsident der Associate Justices Neil Gorsuch, Clarence Thomas, Stephen G. Breyer und Sonia Sotomayor
Obwohl Trump seine Wahl nicht vor Gericht gestellt hat, scheint der Nominierungsprozess mit genügend republikanischen Senatoren an Bord abgeschlossen zu sein, um sicherzustellen, dass der Kandidat eine Stimme im Senat erhält.
Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Lindsey Graham said Trump 'has the votes' to confirm his pick after two key Republican senators said they would back the president.
He said the timing of the confirmation vote was up to McConnell but he's confident the Judiciary panel could hold the hearings it needed in time for a vote before Election Day.
'I'll leave it up to Mitch. I'm confident we can have a hearing that will allow the nominee to be submitted to the floor before Election Day. Following the precedents of the Senate, I think we can do that. I'll tell you more about the hearing when we get a nomination Saturday, if that's when it is,' Graham told reporters on Capitol Hill Tuesday.
And he shrugged off the request of some senators to skip the confirmation hearings, which could become contentious amid Democratic objections over holding them in an election year instead of waiting to see who wins the White House in November.
'I think it's important to the country to have a hearing,' he said.
Graham is a part of a group of Republican senators pushing to hold the vote before the November 3 election.
'We've got the votes to confirm Justice Ginsburg's replacement before the election. We're going to move forward in the committee, we're going to report the nomination out of the committee to the floor of the United States Senate so we can vote before the election. Now, that's the constitutional process,' he told Fox News' Sean Hannity on Monday night.
Graham is one of many Republican senators who did not back then President Barack Obama's nomination to the Supreme Court in the 2016 election year but said they would back Trump's pick in this election year.
'I want you to use my words against me. If there's a Republican president in 2016 and a vacancy occurs in the last year of the first term, you can say Lindsey Graham said let's let the next president, whoever it might be, make that nomination,' the senator said four years ago when arguing against the Garland nomination.
Graham said his stance changed after the heated confirmation process for Trump's last nominee, Brett Kavanaugh.
'They said they tried to destroy Brett Kavanaugh so they could fill the seat – they were dumb enough to say that. I've seen this movie before. It's not going to work, it didn't work with Kavanaugh,' he told Fox News.
Graham's confident statements came after Iowa Sen Chuck Grassley, the former Judiciary Committee chair, and Colorado Sen Cory Gardner confirmed that they will back a hearing for Trump's nominee.
South Carolina Sen Lindsey Graham expressed confidence in Trump's chances of rushing through a Supreme Court pick in an interview with Fox News on Monday
President Trump's chances of confirming a nominee were boosted after Iowa Sen Chuck Grassley (left) and Colorado Sen Cory Gardner (right) confirmed that they will back a vote in an election year
It had been speculated that Grassley could try to block the nomination process because he'd previously opposed filling Supreme Court vacancies during an election year.
'The Constitution gives the Senate that authority, and the American people's voices in the most recent election couldn't be clearer,' Grassley said in a statement.
Grassley was chairman of the Judiciary Committee when Republicans blocked Obama's pick in 2016, when he joined McConnell in arguing that it was best to let voters decide who should fill the Supreme Court seat.
The senator maintained that stance as recently as this summer, telling reporters that he would still hold that position if he were chairman. But now he says he supports the president.
Gardner's stance was also in question because he faces a tough re-election race in his home state, and some thought he could side with Democrats to boost his standing among moderate voters.
But Gardner said: 'When a President exercises constitutional authority to nominate a judge for the Supreme Court vacancy, the Senate must decide how to best fulfill its constitutional duty of advice and consent.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell vowed on the Senate floor Monday there will be a vote on President Trump's Supreme Court pick this year
'I have and will continue to support judicial nominees who will protect our Constitution, not legislate from the bench, and uphold the law. Should a qualified nominee who meets this criteria be put forward, I will vote to confirm.'
The news of both senators preparing to back Trump came as a blow to the Democrats fighting to block Trump and McConnell's plans to rush the court appointment.
The nomination will come just six weeks before the election and has sparked fierce debate, particularly after Ginsburg – a beloved liberal icon – made her last wishes known.
Ginsburg, who died Friday from complications from colon cancer, dictated a statement to her granddaughter Clara Spera before her death, saying: 'My most fervent wish is that I will not be replaced until a new president is installed.'
Democrats have used her statement and Republican actions in 2016 – when they wouldn't move forward with Obama's nomination of Merrick Garland to the Supreme Court, citing election year politics – as the basis of their argument for holding off on confirming a new judge.
The Republican argument at the time was that the position should not be filled until a new president was elected by the American people – a standard set by the Republicans that the Democrats now argue the party must continue to honor.
Two GOP senators – Lisa Murkowski and Susan Collins – have said the nomination should wait until after the November 3 election.
Trump criticized both of them for their stance. Collins, notably, did not rule out voting for the president's nominee if it came to the floor this year. She is in a tough re-election campaign. Murkowski doesn't face voters again until 2022.
Republican Senator Ted Cruz defended his colleagues' decision to support Trump's nomination after failing to support Obama's.
'Everybody has changed their position,' the GOP senator from Texas told CBS' 'This Morning.'
'Every Democrat has flipped,' he added. 'There's a reason for that. Both sides believe something fundamentally different about Supreme Court justices. The Democrats and Joe Biden have promised to nominate liberal activist judges.'
He noted Republicans – both President Trump and Senate Republicans – ran for office promising to name conservative judges to the courts, adding that since the GOP kept control of the Senate in the 2018 midterms, voters gave them the nod of approval to confirm a justice.
'President Trump ran promising to nominate principled constitutionalists to the court. The American people elected him.The American people elected a Republican majority three times in 2014, 2016, 2018. The Republican majority in the Senate ran promising to confirm constitutionalist judges,' Cruz said.
Two GOP senators – Lisa Murkowski (left) and Susan Collins (right) – said the new Supreme Court nominee should be named after the election
Judge Amy Coney Barrett (left) has reportedly emerged as Trump's top choice to replace Ginsburg, sources say – and Barbara Lagoa (right) is a 'distant second'
Republican Senator Ted Cruz defended his colleagues' decision to support President Donald Trump's Supreme Court nominee
Many Republicans senators have said they support voting on President Donald Trump's Supreme Court nominee in an election year after refusing to back then President Barack Obama's nominee in 2016
Republican Senate Leader Mitch McConnell, in March 2016, refused to bring President Barack Obama's Supreme Court nominee Merrick Garland (above) to the Senate floor for a vote
In March 2016, Obama nominated Judge Merrick Garland,a moderate jurist, to fill the vacancy left by the death of Justice Antonin Scalia.
But McConnell refused to bring Garland's nomination to the Senate floor, saying the winner of the November election should get to pick the next justice even though the contest was eight months away.
Now McConnell and most of his Republican senators say they will back Trump's nominee, noting the circumstances are different from four years ago since their party controls both the White House and the Senate.
'We're going to vote on this nomination on this floor,' McConnell said Monday in a Senate floor speech.
Unfazed by the intense pressure to delay the nomination process, Trump has said he is 'strongly considering' five candidates to replace Ginsburg, with Barrett emerging as a favorite.
Trump met with Barrett, a judge on the Seventh Circuit and mother of seven who adopted two children from Haiti, at the White House on Monday.
Bloomberg reported that the president is 'leaning toward' Barrett for the nomination but is also planning to meet with another contender, Lagoa, sometime this week.
Sources told the outlet that Lagoa, a judge on the US Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit and former justice on the Florida Supreme Court, is the only other person being seriously considered for the job, but she is a 'distant second' to Barrett.
Who is Amy Coney Barrett?
On Saturday afternoon, Trump named Amy Coney Barrett, 48, of the Chicago-based 7th Circuit and Barbara Lagoa, 52, of the Atlanta-based 11th Circuit as possible nominees.
Emerging as the favorite is Barrett, 48, a mother of seven children, including two adopted from Haiti and one with special needs.
Her involvement in a cult-like Catholic group where members are assigned a 'handmaiden' has caused concern in Barret's nomination to other courts and is set to come under fierce review again if she is Trump's pick.
The group was the one which helped inspire 'The Handmaids Tale', book's author Margaret Atwood has said.
Barrett emerges now as a front runner after she was already shortlisted for the nomination in 2018 which eventually went to Brett Kavanaugh.
Trump called the federal appellate court judge 'very highly respected' when questioned about her Saturday.
Born in New Orleans in 1972, she was the first and only woman to occupy an Indiana seat on the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals.
Married to Jesse M. Barrett, a partner at SouthBank Legal in South Bend and former Assistant United States Attorney for the Northern District of Indiana, the couple have five biological and two adopted children.
Their youngest biological child has Down Syndrome.
Friends say she is a devoted mother – and say with just an hour to go until she was voted into the 7th District Court of Appeals by the U.S. Senate in 2017, Barrett was outside trick-or-treating with her kids.
Barrett's strong Christian ideology makes her a favorite of the right but her involvement in a religious group sometimes branded as a 'cult' is set to be harshly criticized.
In 2017, her affiliation to the small, tightly knit Christian group called People of Praise caused concern while she was a nominee for a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.
The New York Times reported that the practices of the group would surprise even other Catholics with members of the group swearing a lifelong oath of loyalty, called a covenant, to one another.
They are also assigned and held accountable to a personal adviser, known until recently as a 'head' for men and a 'handmaid' for women and believe in prophecy, speaking in tongues and divine healings.
Members are also encouraged to confess personal sins, financial information and other sensitive disclosures to these advisors.
Advisors are allowed to report these admissions to group leadership if necessary, according to an account of one former member.
The organization itself says that the term 'handmaid' was a reference to Jesus's mother Mary's description of herself as a 'handmaid of the Lord.'
They said they recently stopped using the term due to cultural shifts and now use the name 'women leaders.'
The group deems that husbands are the heads of their wives and should take authority over the family while 'the heads and handmaids give direction on important decisions, including whom to date or marry, where to live, whether to take a job or buy a home, and how to raise children,' the Times reported.
Unmarried members are placed living with married couples members often look to buy or rent homes near other members.
Founded in 1971, People of Praise was part of the era's 'great emergence of lay ministries and lay movements in the Catholic Church,' founder Bishop Peter Smith told the Catholic News Agency.
Beginning with just 29 members, it now has an estimated 2,000.
According to CNA, some former members of the People of Praise allege that leaders exerted undue influence over family decision-making, or pressured the children of members to commit to the group.
At least 10 members of Barrett's family, not including their children, also belong to the group.
Barrett's father, Mike Coney, serves on the People of Praise's powerful 11-member board of governors, described as the group's 'highest authority.'
Her mother Linda served as a handmaiden.
The group's ultra-conservative religious tenets helped spur author Margaret Atwood to publish The Handmaid's Tale, a story about a religious takeover of the U.S. government, according to a 1986 interview with the writer.
The book has since been made into a hit TV series.
According to legal experts, loyalty oaths such at the one Barrett would have taken to People of Praise could raise legitimate questions about a judicial nominee's independence and impartiality.
'These groups can become so absorbing that it's difficult for a person to retain individual judgment,' said Sarah Barringer Gordon, a professor of constitutional law and history at the University of Pennsylvania.
'I don't think it's discriminatory or hostile to religion to want to learn more' about her relationship with the group.
'We don't try to control people,' said Craig S. Lent. 'And there's never any guarantee that the leader is always right. You have to discern and act in the Lord.
'If and when members hold political offices, or judicial offices, or administrative offices, we would certainly not tell them how to discharge their responsibilities.'
During her professional career, Barrett spent two decades as a law professor at the University of Notre Dame, from which she holds her bachelor's and law degrees.
She was named 'Distinguished Professor of the Year' three separate years, a title decided by students.
A former clerk for late Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, she was nominated by Trump to serve on the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in 2017 and confirmed in a 55-43 vote by the Senate later that year.
At the time, three Democratic senators supported her nomination: Joe Donnelly (Ind.), who subsequently lost his 2018 reelection bid, Tim Kaine (Va.) and Joe Manchin (W.Va.), according to the Hill.
She was backed by every GOP senator at the time, but she did not disclose her relationship with People of Praise which led to later criticism of her appointment.
Barret is well-regarded by the religious right because of this devout faith.
Yet these beliefs are certain to cause problems with her conformation and stand in opposition to the beliefs of Ginsburg, who she would be replacing.
Axios reported in 2019 that Trump told aides he was 'saving' Barrett to replace Ginsburg.
Her deep Catholic faith was cited by Democrats as a large disadvantage during her 2017 confirmation hearing for a seat on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit.
'If you're asking whether I take my faith seriously and I'm a faithful Catholic, I am,' Barrett responded during that hearing, 'although I would stress that my personal church affiliation or my religious belief would not bear in the discharge of my duties as a judge.'
Republicans now believe that she performed well in her defense during this hearing, leaving her potentially capable of doing the same if facing the Senate Judiciary Committee.
She is a former member of the Notre Dame's 'Faculty for Life' and in 2015 signed a letter to the Catholic Church affirming the 'teachings of the Church as truth.'
Among those teachings were the 'value of human life from conception to natural death' and marriage-family values 'founded on the indissoluble commitment of a man and a woman'.
She has previously written that Supreme Court precedents are not sacrosanct. Liberals have taken these comments as a threat to the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision legalizing abortion nationwide.
Barrett wrote that she agrees 'with those who say that a justice's duty is to the Constitution and that it is thus more legitimate for her to enforce her best understanding of the Constitution rather than a precedent she thinks clearly in conflict with it'.
Among the other statements that have cause concern for liberal are her declaration that ObamaCare's birth control mandate is 'grave violation of religious freedom.'
LGBTQ organizations also voiced their concern about her when she was first named on the shortlist.
She has also sided with Trump on immigration.
In a case from June 2020, IndyStar reports that she was the sole voice on a three-judge panel that supported allowing federal enforcement of Trump's public charge immigration law in Illinois,
The law would have prevented immigrants from getting legal residency in the United States if they rely on public benefits like food stamps or housing vouchers.
Who is Barbara Lagoa?
Barbara Lagoa , 52, was named by Trump as one of his potential nominees to the Supreme Court.
A Cuban American who parents fled to the U.S., Lagoa was born in Miami in 1967. She grew up in the largely Cuban American city of Hialeah.
According to the Tampa Bay Times, her parents fled Cuba over five decades ago when Fidel Castro's Communist dictatorship took over.
During the 2019 news conference in Miami announcing her appointment to the Supreme Court, she told the crowd that her father had to give up his 'dream of becoming a lawyer' because of Castro.
If nominated to the nation's high court by Trump and confirmed by the Senate, the mother of three daughters would be the second Latino justice to ever serve.
She served on the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for less than a year after being appointed by Trump and confirmed by the Senate on an 80-15 vote
Prior to that she also spent less than a year in her previous position as the first Latina and Cuban American to serve on the Florida Supreme Court.
Lagoa is considered a protégé of Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis, a close Trump ally.
Her position in crucial swing state Florida could help Trump politically.
Last week, she voted in the majority in a ruling that barred hundreds of thousands of Florida felons who have served their time from voting unless they pay fees and fines owed to the state.
This decision could have a major impact on the presidential race as Florida is often won by a candidate by only razor-thin margins.
'Florida's felon re-enfranchisement scheme is constitutional,' Lagoa wrote in a 20-page concurrence, according to USA Today.
'It falls to the citizens of the state of Florida and their elected state legislators, not to federal judges, to make any additional changes to it.'
In 2000 Lagoa was one of a dozen mostly pro bono lawyers who represented the Miami family of Elián González, a Cuban citizen who became embroiled in a heated international custody and immigration controversy.
In 2016 while in the Florida Third District Court of Appeal, she wrote an opinion reversing the conviction of Adonis Losada, a former Univision comic actor sentenced to 153 years in prison for collecting child porn.
She ruled that a Miami-Dade judge erred in not allowing Losada to defend himself at trial.
That same month she became unpopular with free press advocates when she was one of three judges who allowed a Miami judge to close a courtroom to the public for a key hearing in a high-profile murder case.
They ruled that publicity surrounding the machete murder of a student in Homestead might unfairly sway jurors at a future trial.
Lagoa is a graduate of Florida International University and Columbia University Law.
She is is a member of the conservative Federalist Society, which stresses that judges should 'say what the law is, not what it should be.'
She is married to lawyer Paul C. Huck Jr., and her father-in-law is United States District Judge Paul Huck.
WHO IS ALLISON JONES RUSHING?
At 38-years-old, Judge Allison Jones Rushing is the youngest woman Trump is considering to become a Supreme Court Justice.
The only other potential nominee younger than Rushing is Kentucky Attorney General Daniel Cameron, who is 34. But President Donald Trump vowed to nominate a woman to fill Ruth Bader Ginsburg's seat, meaning Rushing is effectively the youngest potential nominee.
Trump told Fox & Friends he want to nominate someone young 'because they're there for a long time.'
Rushing in from North Carolina and graduated magna cum laude Duke University School if Law in 2007, where she served as executive editor of the Duke Law Journal.
She formerly worked at Williams and Connolly and now serves as judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth District.
She clerked from 2007-2008 for then-Judge Neil Gorsuch, who went on to become a Supreme Court Justice by Trump's nomination. And also clerked for Justice Clarence Thomas during the 2010–2011 term.
In March 2019, Rushing was confirmed as a federal judge after being nominated by Trump.
During the confirmation proceedings, Rushing was asked about her ties to Alliance Defending Freedom (ADF) – which is a conservative Christian group she interned for in 2005 while in law school.
ADF has received harsh criticism for opposing LGBT rights and had been labeled a 'hate group' by some. But Rushing said 'Hate is wrong, and it should have no place in our society. In my experience with ADF, I have not witnessed anyone expressing or advocating hate.'
WHO IS KATE TODD?
Donald Trump listed former White House Associate Counsel Kate Todd, 45, as one of his potential nominees for the open Supreme Court seat.
Todd currently teaches law of federal courts at George Washington University Law School and serves as a public member of the Administrative Conference of the United States.
She is also a contributor for the Federalist Society, where a group of conservatives and libertarians advocates for an originalist interpretation of the Constitution
Following the president's vow over the weekend to nominate a female for Ruth Bader Ginsburg's seat, a person familiar with the process said the White House has included Todd on a list of top four picks.
While serving in the White House, Todd helped vet federal judges for nomination and advised the president and his staff on a wide range of legal and constitutional issues.
Todd graduated magna cum laude from Harvard Law School where she was also executive editor of the Harvard Law Review.
She clerked for Justice Clarence Thomas – who was nominated by George H.W. Bush and is currently the only black Supreme Court Justice – and for Judge J. Michael Luttig of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.
Kate Comerford Todd is the former senior vice president and chief counsel for the U.S. Chamber Litigation Center – the litigation arm of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
She also was a partner in the appellate, litigation, and communications practices of Wiley, Rein & Fielding in Washington D.C. where she represented businesses in federal and state litigation and regulatory matters.
Todd lives in Virginia with her husband and their four children.
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