The teacher, who was beheaded by a suspected Islamist terrorist for showing his class caricatures mocking the prophet Mohammed, was identified as Samuel Paty
The Islamist terrorist, who beheaded a teacher for showing a class of cartoons by the Prophet Mohammed, asked students to point out the teacher he was targeting, a French anti-terrorist prosecutor revealed today.
Jean-François Ricard reported at a press conference that 18-year-old Russian-born Aboulakh Anzorov posted a photo of the history teacher's body on Twitter after he beheaded the father of a Samuel Paty, 47.
He added that the suspect had been granted A 10-year refugee residency permit in March, unknown to intelligence services, was armed with a knife and an airsoft gun that fires plastic pellets.
Mr Paty had received threats after showing naked a Charlie Hebdo cartoon of the Prophet to a free speech class about 10 days ago.
The teacher invited Muslim students to leave the room before showing the cartoon. Muslims believe that any portrayal of the Prophet is blasphemous.
A father of a 13-year-old middle-class high school student in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine told Reuters that Mr Paty had told Muslim students to leave because the cartoon was likely to offend.
However, one student accidentally stayed behind and later told her Muslim parents. They filed a complaint against the teacher and met with Mr. Paty, the school principal, and an officer from the Education Department.
Brahim Chnina who said his The daughter was in class branding Mr. Paty a thug in a video posted to Twitter sometime last week. There he asked the community to complain about his behavior.
The video caused outrage in the community and was shared by a mosque in Pantin, a Paris suburb. Days later, Mr. Paty was stabbed and beheaded at Conflans-Sainte-Honorine 25 miles northwest of Paris.
Witnesses said they heard Chechen-born attacker Anzorov shout "Allahu Akbar" – Arabic for God is greatest – before he was shot by police about 600 meters before the murder.
French counterterrorism prosecutors said they treated the attack as "a terrorist organization-related murder".
Nine people were arrested, including the parents of a child at school who had signaled their opposition to Mr Paty's decision to show the cartoon, a court source said.
Four people were initially arrested by the police for the murder, but five new people detained for questioning are members of Anzorov's social circle, including his grandparents, parents and 17-year-old brother.
Yesterday's terrorist attack came while Emmanuel Macron was working on a bill against Islamic radicals that authorities claim are creating a parallel society outside of French values.
France has the largest Muslim population in Western Europe with up to five million members.
The French President denounced a so-called "Islamist terrorist attack" and claimed: "One of our compatriots was murdered today for teaching freedom to believe or not to believe."
Muslim parents, including Brahim Chnina (right), had insulted Mr. Paty (left) 's decision to display his class cartoons of the Prophet, calling him a "thug in a video shared online by a mosque a few days before his murder "branded
A picture of a dead body in the middle of the street was shared online before French counterterrorism prosecutors confirmed they were investigating an attack that beheaded a man on the outskirts of Paris
Police arrived to try to arrest the 18-year-old suspect, who is suspected of beheading a middle school teacher on Friday. French officers pointed their firearms in the street at the suspect, who was not in the video
Anti-terrorist prosecutor Jean-Francois Ricard, wearing a face mask, speaks today during a press conference
French President Emmanuel Macron denounced a so-called "Islamist terrorist attack", claiming: "One of our compatriots was murdered today for teaching freedom to believe or not to believe." He said the attack should not split France because the extremists want it to be. We must all stand together as citizens
Teachers come to put flowers in front of Bois d & # 39; Aulne Middle School to show their respect after a teacher is murdered
Teachers come to put flowers in front of Bois d & # 39; Aulne Middle School to show their respect after a teacher is murdered
A poster with the words "I am Samuel" and flowers were in front of the school where the murdered history teacher Samuel Paty worked
After the attack in the Paris suburb of Conflans St Honorine, people gather in front of the Bois d & # 39; Aulne College
Mayor Laurent Brosse (second from left) and the deputy mayors applaud outside the school where a teacher worked
The killer fled to the nearby town of Eragny-sur-Oise (picture), about three kilometers from the alleged beheading, where he refused to surrender and was shot by police
Mr. Macron added, “It was no accident that the terrorist killed a teacher because he wanted to kill the republic and its values. Enlightenment is the opportunity to make our children, wherever they come from, whatever they believe, whether they believe or not, regardless of their religion, to make them free citizens.
& # 39; This fight is ours and is existential. You will fail. Obscurantism and the violence that goes with it will not win. They won't part us. They are looking for that and we have to stand together. & # 39;
Prime Minister Jean Castex wrote on Twitter today: “The republic has been hit in the heart by Islamist terrorism through one of its defenders.
“In solidarity with its teachers, the state will react with the greatest determination so that the republic and its citizens can live freely! We will never give up. Never before. & # 39;
Education Minister Jean-Michel Blanquer spoke to teachers, students and their parents in the country, saying that Paty was killed by the enemies of freedom. "The republic will never, never, never back down when faced with terror and intimidation," he said in a recorded statement.
Laurent Brosse, Mayor of Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, said: "We will recover thanks to our spirit of solidarity."
The hashtag #JeSuisSamuel (I am Samuel) was a trend on social media, as was #JeSuisCharlie's call for solidarity after the Charlie Hebdo attack in 2015.
The French parliament suspended the debate on Friday after the news of the beheading. Session President Hugues Renson was visibly moved and described the attack as "hideous".
MEPs stood up when Renson said, "On behalf of all of us, I want to honor the memory of Mr Paty." Education Minister Jean-Michel Blanquer tweeted: "The republic is under attack."
Legislators and teachers' unions welcomed the murdered teacher's courage to face challenging taboos in French society. Freedom of expression is a central principle of democracy.
Jean-Remi Girard, president of the National Union of School Teachers, told BFM TV that children need to understand that blasphemy can shock but is legal.
Youngsters arriving to lay flowers in front of the Bois d & # 39; Aulne middle school to pay their respects after the murder of Mr Party
French police officers stood guard and held firearms at the end of the street where a teenage boy suspected of beheading a middle school history teacher was previously shot after he refused to surrender
A police source said the scene was cordoned off and a bomb disposal unit was dropped on suspicion of the presence of an explosive vest
French police gather outside a middle school in a Paris suburb on Friday night after a history teacher was beheaded
French President Emmanuel Macron arrives to attend the scene of the knife stab in the Paris suburb of Conflans-Sainte-Honorine
Sophie Vénétitay, deputy head of the SNES-FSU teachers' union, said: "He was murdered for doing his job of teaching critical thinking." She said Mr. Paty is a history and geography teacher in charge of "moral and civic education".
"In that capacity, he taught a lesson on freedom of expression with the Mohammed cartoons," she said.
Thibault Humbert, Mayor of the nearby suburb of Éragny-sur-Oise, said: “This was an exceptionally violent and terrible attack. The police must be commended for intervening so quickly. "
Other politicians lined up to express their horror at the murder. Xavier Bertrand, center-right president of the Hauts-de-France region, said: “Islamist barbarism has targeted one of the symbols of the republic: the school. The terrorists want to silence us to bring us to our knees.
France's litany of deadly attacks
- Two people were stabbed and wounded in Paris 25th of September This year near the former offices of the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, where Islamic militants carried out a fatal attack in 2015. A man from Pakistan was arrested for the attack.
- 3rd October 2019 – Mickael Harpon, a 45-year-old IT specialist with security clearance for work at Paris Police Headquarters, killed three police officers and a civilian employee before he was shot by police. He had converted to Islam about 10 years earlier.
- 23 March 2018 – A rifleman kills three people in southwest France after holding up a car, shooting at the police, taking hostages in a supermarket and yelling "Allahu Akbar". Security forces storm the building and kill him.
- July 26, 2016 – Two attackers kill a priest and severely wound another hostage in a church in northern France before being shot by French police. Francois Hollande, who was France's president at the time, said the two hostage-takers had pledged allegiance to the Islamic State.
- July 14, 2016 – An armed man drives a heavy truck into a crowd celebrating Bastille Day in the French city of Nice. An attack alleged by the Islamic State killed 86 people and injured others. The attacker is identified as a French born in Tunisia.
- June 14, 2016 – A Frenchman of Moroccan origin stabs a police commander in front of his house in a Paris suburb and kills his partner, who also worked for the police. The attacker told police negotiators during a siege that he was responding to an appeal from the Islamic State.
- November 13, 2015 – Paris is rocked by multiple near-simultaneous firearm strikes on entertainment venues in the city, killing 130 people and injuring 368. The Islamic State says it is responsible for the attacks. Two of the 10 known perpetrators were Belgian citizens and three other French.
- 7th to 9th January 2015 – Two militant Islamists break into an editorial meeting of the satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo on January 7th and rake it with bullets, killing 12 people. Another militant killed a policewoman the next day and took hostages in a supermarket on January 9th. Four people are killed before the police shoot him.
"They should know that we will not bow down, they will never forbid us to read, write, draw, think, teach."
Marine Le Pen of the National Rally said, “A teacher was beheaded for showing Charlie Hebdo cartoons. We are in France with this unbearable barbarism. Islamism is waging war against us: we have to force them out of our country. & # 39;
Jean-Luc Mélenchon, leader of the extreme left party, Unbowed France, said: “Terrible crime in Conflans! In fact, the assassin takes himself for the god he claims to be following. He pollutes religion. And he inflicts hell on us having to live with murderers like him. & # 39;
Local lawmaker Antoine Savignat said: "If we can't talk about the Charlie Hebdo cartoons in school, we get rejected … In France, the land of freedom of expression, this can't happen."
Parents of students put flowers at the school gate. Some said their children were upset. “(My daughter) is torn to pieces and terrorized by the violence of such an act. How will I explain the unthinkable to her? & # 39; said a father.
Muslim leaders condemned the killing, which many public figures perceived as an attack on the very essence of French statehood and its values of secularism, freedom of religion and freedom of expression.
Tareq Oubrou, the imam of a Bordeaux mosque, said of the murder: "It is not a civilization that kills an innocent person, it is barbarism."
A police source said the scene was cordoned off and a bomb disposal unit was dropped on suspicion of the presence of an explosive vest.
"(The attacker) is believed to have a Chechen background," said an investigative source, referring to the Republic of the Russian Federation.
Thousands of battle-hardened Chechen refugees, including many devout Muslims, came to France in the early 2000s after two bloody wars against Russia.
A total of around 30,000 Chechens fled to France, many of whom relocated to the suburbs of large cities such as Paris.
France has seen occasional violence in recent months involving its Chechen community – in the Dijon region, in the Mediterranean city of Nice and in the western city of Saint-Dizier – which is believed to be linked to local criminal activity.
It was not known what connection the attacker might have with the teacher or whether he had accomplices.
Police arrived at the scene Friday after receiving a call about a suspect loitering near the school, a police source said. There they found the dead man and saw nearby the suspect armed with a knife-like weapon who threatened them when they tried to arrest him.
They opened fire and seriously injured him, the source said. The man later died of his injuries, a court source said.
The attack follows a terrorism investigation launched in Paris last month after two news agency employees were stabbed to death outside the former offices of Charlie Hebdo – the magazine that murdered employees in 2015 after publishing cartoons featuring the Prophet was mocked.
Those on trial are between 29 and 68 years old and charged with providing logistics, including cash, weapons and vehicles, to the terrorists.
Paris-born brothers Said and Cherif Kouachi murdered 12 people using Kalashnikovs in Charlie Hebdo's offices before escaping in a stolen car and later being killed by police.
Samuel Paty was a school teacher who made parents angry by showing the students cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad
Pictured: the armed police stand near a police car on the outskirts of Paris where the attack took place. The first bloodbath took place on Friday in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, a suburb about 40 km from the center of the French capital
Pictured: Other emergency services gather after the attack and the subsequent gunfire
A third terrorist, Amedy Coulibaly, shot dead four shoppers and a policewoman in a kosher supermarket during three days of slaughter before he was also killed.
Charlie Hebdo is now producing its magazine in a top secret location and in September republished the controversial cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad that sparked outrage in the Muslim world.
There have been a number of bomb, weapon and knife attacks carried out by Islamic state and al-Qaeda activists in France since early 2015
The deadliest terrorist attack ever in the country occurred in November 2015, when 130 people were killed in Paris. Suicide bombers who pledged their allegiance to ISIS targeted the Stade de France, cafes, restaurants and the music venue Bataclan, where 90 people died.
Earlier this year, two Paris-born armed men associated with al-Qaida broke into the offices of satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, leaving 17 people inside and three outside dead.
In July 2016, 86 people were killed and more than 400 injured when a 19-ton truck was deliberately driven into the crowd on the beach promenade in Nice, southern France.
It turned out that the terrorist was a Tunisian immigrant who was shot by police. That same month, two Isis terrorists murdered an 86-year-old Catholic priest during a church service in Normandy.
There were frequent knife attacks on the forces of law and order, resulting in the death of the police on duty.
In October last year, a radicalized computer worker working in the Paris prefecture in central Paris stabbed four of his colleagues. The attacker – who was also shot dead – turned out to be a Muslim convert who kept extremist al-Qaeda and Islamic state literature and pictures on his computer.
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