The National Trust has come under fire after it published a list of nearly 100 properties under its management that have links to slavery and colonialism.
Members have threatened to terminate their membership and historians have accused the trust of being "unfair" after the homes of Winston Churchill and Rudyard Kipling were among the 93 properties.
The exam, released on Monday, accused the cultural heritage nonprofit of smearing key figures from British history.
Nearly 100 National Trust properties have ties to slavery and colonialism, including Sir Winston Churchill's former family home in Kent, Chartwell (above)
The National Trust said it did not want to censor the story but added that it had a duty to inform its visitors of the origins of its properties (above Churchill's former home, Chartwell).
Which properties have been put on the National Trust's "shame list"?
Anglesey Abbey, Blicking Hall, Felbrigg Hall, Hatfield Forest Shell House, Ickworth, Oxburgh Hall, Peckover House, Wimpole Hall
London and the South-East:
Ankerwycke, Ashdown House, Basildon Park, Bateman House, Bodiam Castle, Carlyle House, Chartwell, Clandon Park, Claremont, Cliveden, Gray Court, Ham House, Hatchlands Park, Hinton Ampner, Hughenden Mansion, Knole, Leith Hill Tower and Land, Morden Hall Park, Osterley Park and House, Owletts, Petworth, Polesden Lacey, Sheffield Park and Gardens, Stowe, Sutton House, West Wycombe Park
Belton House, Berrington Hall, Calke Abbey, Charlecote Park, Coughton Court, Croft Castle, Croome Court, Dudmaston, Hardwick Hall, Kedleston Hall, Lyveden, Shugborough, Sudbury Hall, Tattershall Castle
Allan Bank, Cragside, Dunham Massey, Fountains Abbey and Studley Royal, Hare Hill, Nostell, Nunnington Hall, Quarry Bank Mill, Rufford Old Hall, Seaton Delaval Hall, Speke Hall, Wallington Hall, Washington Old Hall, Wentworth Castle Gardens
Barrington Court, Bath Assembly Rooms, Buckland Abbey, Drogo Castle, Clevedon Court, Compton Castle and Greenway, Cotehele, Dyrham Park, Glastonbury Tor, Godolphin, Kingston Lacy and Corfe Castle, Lacock Abbey, Lanhydrock, Lundy, Newark Park, Saltram, Sherborne Park Estate, Shute Barton, Snowshill Manor, Stourhead, Trengwainton Garden, Tyntesfield Wales: Chirk Castle, Erddig, Paxtons Tower, Penrhyn Castle, Powis Castle, Tredegar House
Powis Castle in Mid Wales was included because of its ties to Robert Clive, known as the Clive of India.
The British officer for the East India Company played a key role in Britain's colonial dominance in India and amassed a large collection of Indian artifacts that are now housed in Powis.
Meanwhile, the meeting rooms in Bath were named because of the city's ties to the larger colonial and slave economies in the 18th century.
The survey also listed properties belonging to people who fought against the exploitation of colonial power and the slave trade.
Andrew Roberts, author of Churchill: Walking with Destiny, commented on Twitter: "The National Trust's recent foray into the wokery – the latest of many – is to blacklist its properties linked to colonialism and slavery ( mixing both very much) separating things) and betting Chartwell on it: sad and wrong. & # 39;
He later told the Telegraph: “It is a sign of how tragically ignorant the National Trust has become of mixing slavery with colonization, considering Britain's mutually beneficial relationship with its colonies – of which Churchill is proud was to devote his life – lasted long after. Slavery ended in 1833, 41 years before Churchill was born. & # 39;
In the meantime, Dr. Warren Dockter, a Churchill expert, told the paper: “I think it's unfair to put him with Clive of India.
"He was a die-hard imperialist, make no mistake, but he wasn't an Edward Colston or a slave trader."
The Trust has insisted that it does not want to censor the story, but that it has a duty to ensure that its supporters and visitors are informed about the origins of some of its properties.
Lucy Trimnell, a Conservative Somerset councilor, wrote online that she would be terminating her family's membership, adding that she cannot support "the naming and shame of innocent families who have put these properties in the care of the National Trust" .
The Trust said the year-long trial was ordered prior to protests against Black Lives Matters when a statue of Edward Colston was torn from a pedestal and dumped into a harbor in Bristol for his role in the city's slave trade.
It is also said that a working group of external specialists, chaired by Museum and Heritage Advisor Rita McLean, will advise and steer the Trust on this work over the coming months, and the Trust will also work with other National Trust organizations around the world. & # 39; to connect these stories globally & # 39 ;.
People went to Facebook and Twitter to beat up the National Trust for their colonial and slavery report
The National Trust, which has 5.6 million members and 500 historic sites across the UK, commissioned the report last September.
The audit contains details of the properties' links to slave traders, but also to families whose plantations performed slave labor and who received compensation after the slave trade was abolished.
29 trust properties have links to successful claims for damages, including Glastonbury Tor in Somerset and Blickling Hall in Norfolk.
The report also highlights figures involved in British colonial history, including author Kipling and historian Thomas Carlyle, whose former homes are now run by the Trust.
At Churchill's Kent home, Chartwell, the report draws on his leadership during the 1943 Bengal famine, his "exceptionally long, complex and controversial life" and his position as Secretary of State for the Colonies (1921-1922) as the reason Inclusion in the list.
You also note the fact that he was against India's independence.
Despite his opposition to slavery, poet William Wordsworth's home – Allan Bank in the Lake District – is included as his brother John commanded a ship for the East India Company in 1801 and directed two successful voyages to China.
Meanwhile, the report lists Bateman & # 39; s – the homeland of the author Rudyard Kipling – because "the British Empire was a central theme and context of its literary production".
The meeting rooms in Bath were named in the audit because of the city's links to the larger colonial and slave economies in the 18th century.
The meeting rooms in Bath (above) were named in the report because of the city's ties to the larger colonial and slave economies in the 18th century
Robert Clive, a British officer with the East India Company, played a key role in Britain's colonial dominance in India, collecting Indian artifacts housed at Powis Castle (above) in Wales
The charity is alleged to have smeared key figures from British history when the former family home of Churchill (left) and Powis Castle connected to Robert Clive (right) took the exam
Dr. Tarnya Cooper, curator and collections director for the National Trust, said the charity has a duty to research and share information.
She added, "A significant number of these (traits) in our care have links to colonization of different parts of the world and some to historical slavery."
John Orna-Ornstein, Director of Culture and Engagement for the National Trust added, “These stories are sometimes very painful and difficult to look at.
“They make us question our assumptions about the past, but they can also deepen and deepen our understanding of our economic status, remarkable heritage and the art, objects, places and spaces we have today and which we will cherish for future generations enrich."
The National Trust was asked for further comments.
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