NASA is testing the spacesuits worn by the first woman and next man to step on the moon – and has urged the public to pack their own suitcase for the trip.
The Artemis spacesuits are being tested underwater by NASA astronauts at the Johnson Space Center in Houston.
During the tests to assess the maneuverability of the suits, the astronauts plant a flag in the ground and take rock samples.
The space agency plans to land astronauts on the lunar surface in 2024 as part of its Artemis mission.
As part of preparations for its upcoming launch, NASA has asked the public to share pictures of the personal items they would be packing if they went to the moon.
This could include items like a bottle of tea, a pitcher plant, books, or even an instrument, but all of them need to fit in a tiny carry-on bag measuring 5 x 8 x 2 inches – the size of the astronauts who are allowed to take them to the ISS and possibly the moon.
NASA tested the new Artemis Moonwalk spacesuits underwater in Houston
The space agency plans to land astronauts on the lunar surface as part of the Artemis mission in 2024 – with the new Space Launch System rocket
XEMU: A PERSONAL SPACE FOR ASTRONAUTS
The next generation spacesuits being developed for Artemis missions are more "personal spaceships" than suits.
The new suit worn on Artemis missions is called the Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit, or xEMU for short.
It has a number of dust tolerant features to help prevent inhalation or contamination of the life support system of the suit or other spacecraft.
The suit is also designed to withstand extreme temperatures of minus 250 degrees Fahrenheit in the shade and up to 250 degrees in the sun.
It is designed to remove exhaled carbon dioxide and other toxic gases, odors and moisture.
Each suit is designed to allow easy communication and mobility.
It can bend, twist at the hips and knees, wander, and has flexible soles.
Each suit is individually designed by the astronaut who wears it.
Artemis will be the first crewed lunar mission since the Apollo missions, which took place between 1969 and 1972, but will go much further.
This includes building a lunar space station orbiting the moon and an eventual manned trip to Mars.
The US space agency has developed a new space suit that is lighter and more maneuverable than the one that Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin wore during the Apollo era.
The suit is known as the Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit, or xEMU, and effectively acts as a portable life support system.
The new suits look similar to the suits ISS astronauts wear for space walks, but allow Artemis crew members to do a lot more than their predecessors.
According to NASA, they are safer, more mobile, have better communication, can be customized, are individually adapted to the astronaut and tailored to the lunar south pole.
During the underwater tests at the Johnson Space Center, astronauts perform a variety of tasks, including taking samples of lunar regolites, examining a lunar lander, and planting an American flag.
"These early tests will help identify the best addition to the hardware development facilities and requirements for future Artemis training courses and missions," said Daren Welsh, Artemis Preparations Test Leader.
"At the same time, we will be able to gather valuable feedback on spacewalking tools and procedures that will help identify some of the objectives for the missions."
There are many fundamentals that teams need to consider and work through, such as: B. how the crew can safely walk up and down a ladder, how to swing a hammer safely and how to take successful walks on the moon in different light conditions.
The suit was designed as a "personal spaceship" for astronauts
To prepare for the moon, you have to learn to move around in the bulky spacesuits. The best way to do this is to get them underwater in a large pool with a simulated lunar environment
Practicing on earth helps, but the difference in gravity, pressure and environmental impact is difficult to reproduce on the ground.
Before the first woman and next man step onto the lunar South Pole in 2024, NASA will test the new suits and some of their components on the International Space Station in a space environment to confirm overall performance.
Astronauts will be launched aboard the Orion spacecraft for the moon, which will leave Earth on the massive Space Launch System (SLS) rocket currently under construction.
Only a handful of people will set foot on the moon – at least for some time – but NASA is giving people the opportunity to do so with their #NASAMoonKit campaign.
NASA astronauts on their way to the moon can take their own small selection of personal items with them for the week they spend on the surface.
"We're excited to see what you would pack for the ultimate adventure – a trip to the moon," said Bettina Inclán, Associate Administrator, Communications at NASA.
"At a time when many of us work, teach, or study from home, this is a unique opportunity to learn more about the Artemis program and join NASA as we move forward on humanity's next steps prepare the lunar surface. "
A large number of elements have already been shared by Twitter users with the hashtag #NASAMoonKit.
Only a handful of people will set foot on the moon – at least for some time – but NASA is giving people the opportunity to do so with their #NASAMoonKit campaign
The things people want to get on the moon range from simple ones – cameras and notebooks – to more elaborate ones, including musical instruments and a Nintendo Switch
They range from the sparse pockets with just a notebook, pencil and camera to a more extensive selection, including Harry Potter books and a teddy bear.
Twitter user Samyukta said she would take headphones, playing cards, a phone, watch, hairbands, cookies and stationary to the lunar surface.
Jack Phan said he would pack a Nintendo Switch, a face mask, a Roku box, musical instruments, and books on the lunar surface if he had the opportunity.
Items shared by Twitter users ranged from technical – including virtual reality headsets, microphones, and cellphones – to weird – including animals, masks, cables, and brushes
NASA is preparing for a "hot fire" test of its SLS rocket that will eventually take astronauts to the surface of the moon and eventually to the moon. The space agency shared their idea of a lunar kit
Preparations for the mission have intensified over the past 18 months. Companies have applied to build a lunar lander and tested all of the elements further.
Twelve men have run on the lunar surface so far
1 + 2. Apollo 11 – July 21, 1969
Neil Armstrong made history by being the first to walk on the moon.
Edwin & # 39; Buzz & # 39; Aldrin followed Neil Armstrong to the surface.
3 + 4. Apollo 12 – November 19 and 20, 1969
Pete Conrad and Alan Bean were the moon walkers on the Apollo 12 mission.
5 + 6. Apollo 14 – February 5, 1971
Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell who were part of the Apollo 14 mission.
7 + 8. Apollo 15 – July 31, 1971
David Scott and James Irwin landed on the moon and stayed for three days until August 2, 1971.
9 + 10. Apollo 16 – April 21, 1972
John Young and Charles Duke were the next men to walk on the moon.
11 + 12. Apollo 17 – December 11, 1972
The last people to walk on the moon were Eugene (Gene) Cernan and Harrison (Jack) Schmitt.
A lot is about sending people to the moon. There will be two test flights before landing in 2024 – Artemis 1 will be unscrewed in 2021 and Artemis 2 will do a moon flyby in 2023.
With Artemis 3, a crew will land on the lunar surface for the first time since 1972.
NASA recently released a written plan detailing its Artemis program, including the latest Phase 1 plans to land astronauts back on the moon within four years.
"With both party support from Congress, our 21st century foray to the moon is within America's reach," said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine.
“We are returning to the moon for scientific discovery, economic gain and inspiration for a new generation of explorers.
"While we are building a sustainable presence, we are also building impulses for these first human steps on the red planet."
The agency's powerful new rocket, Space Launch System (SLS) and Orion spacecraft are closer to their first integrated launch than ever before.
The spaceship is ready while the core stage and the four connected engines are going through a final series of tests, which this year will culminate in a critical "hot fire" test.
After a successful hot fire test, the core stage is delivered to the agency's Kennedy Space Center in Florida for integration into the spaceship.
NASA will jointly launch SLS and Orion on two flight tests around the moon to check performance, life support and communication skills.
The first Artemis astronauts to land on the moon will record the longest time on the moon at 6.5 days – easily beating the 3.1 days of Apollo 17 in 1972
Apollo 17 astronaut Gene Cernan prepares to collect samples. He was the last man to walk on the lunar surface
NASA astronauts will spend a week on the lunar surface when they return in 2024
Meanwhile, three US companies are offering the option to build the lander that will bring humans back to the surface of the moon: Blue Origin from Jeff Bezos, SpaceX from Elon Musk, and Dynetics from Alabama.
According to NASA's plan, Artemis 3 astronauts on the Orion spacecraft on the SLS will travel the 240,000 miles of lunar orbit – or the new lunar gate space station when it's ready – and then board a commercially built human landing system. that will transport them to the south pole of the moon.
On the moon, the astronauts will collect samples and conduct a series of scientific experiments within almost seven days.
They will return to lunar orbit on lander before finally returning to Earth aboard Orion.
NASA will gradually work towards missions to the lunar surface, with an unscrewed lunar fly, a manned orbit of the moon, and eventually landing in 2024
Artemis is the first crewed mission to the moon since Apollo – but it will go further than those first short jumps – including a lunar space station and a possible human journey to Mars
Astronauts will spend a full week on the moon in 2024, but this will increase dramatically over time, with the goal of having a permanent base on the natural satellite
SLS ROCKET IS THE BIGGEST ONE EVER MADE
The Space Launch System (SLS) is a rocket that NASA hopes will bring its astronauts back to the moon and beyond.
The rocket will have an initial lift configuration slated to launch in the mid-2020s, followed by improved "advanced lift capability" that can carry heavier payloads.
Initial lifting capability of the space launch system
– Maiden flight: mid-2020
– Height: 98 meters
– Elevator: 70 tons
– Weight: 2.5 million kilograms (5.5 million pounds)
Space Launch System Advanced lifting capability
– Maiden flight: Unknown
– Height: 117 meters
– Elevator: 130 tons
– Weight: 2.9 million kilograms (6.5 million pounds)
Work on the gateway is progressing quickly. NASA will integrate the first two components to be brought to market – the power and propulsion element and the outpost for housing and logistics – in 2023.
This foundation for the gateway can operate autonomously and conduct remote scientific experiments when astronauts are not on board.
While NASA has not yet made a final decision on whether to use the gateway for Artemis 3, Artemis 4 and above will send the crew aboard Orion to the dock at the gateway, where two crew members in orbit can stay aboard the spaceship, while two go to the surface.
Over time, the outpost will evolve, with new modules being added by international partners that will allow crew members to carry out ever longer lunar missions.
As outlined in the concept of the Agency for Sustainability of the Surface at the beginning of this year, a gradual build-up of the infrastructure on the surface will follow later in this decade, which will enable longer surface expeditions with more crew.
This concept requires an Artemis base camp that includes new rovers, energy systems, habitats and more on the surface for long-term exploration of the moon.
Throughout the Artemis program, robots and humans will search for and potentially extract resources like water that can be converted into other usable resources like oxygen and fuel.
By fine-tuning precision landing technologies and developing new mobility skills, astronauts will travel further and explore new regions of the moon.
NASA is ready to build and certify the first spacesuits for the first trip to the lunar surface in 2024 as part of the Artemis 3 mission.
According to Artemis 3, the agency plans to transfer responsibility for the production, assembly, testing, servicing and maintenance of the fleet of flight and training space suits and the associated hardware to a private US company.
This will then be part of all future missions to Mars as part of the Artemis Moon to Mars mission series through the mid-2030s.
NASA will land the first woman and the next man on the moon as part of the Artemis mission in 2024
Artemis was the twin sister of Apollo and goddess of the moon in Greek mythology.
NASA selected her to personalize her way back to the moon, which will see astronauts returning to the lunar surface by 2024 – including the first woman and the next man.
Artemis 1, formerly Exploration Mission-1, is the first in a series of increasingly complex missions that enable humans to explore the moon and Mars.
Artemis 1 will be the first integrated flight test of NASA's space exploration system: the Orion spacecraft, the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, and the ground systems at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Artemis 1 will be an unscrewed flight that forms a foundation for human space exploration, demonstrating our commitment and ability to extend human existence to the moon and beyond.
During this flight, the spaceship takes off with the world's most powerful rocket and flies further than any human-built spaceship has ever flown.
It will be 450,600 km from Earth, thousands of miles behind the moon, over the course of a three-week mission.
Artemis 1, formerly Exploration Mission-1, is the first in a series of increasingly complex missions that enable humans to explore the moon and Mars. This graphic explains the different phases of the mission
Orion will stay in space longer than any astronaut ship without docking with a space station and return home faster and hotter than ever.
With this first reconnaissance mission, NASA is taking the next steps in human exploration into space, where astronauts are building and testing the systems near the moon needed for lunar surface missions and explorations to other destinations further away from Earth, including Mars .
The crew will be put on a different flight path and Orion's critical systems will be tested with humans on board.
The SLS rocket will go from an initial configuration that can send more than 26 tons to the moon to a final configuration that can send at least 45 tons.
Orion, SLS and Kennedy’s ground systems will work together to meet the most demanding requirements for crew and cargo missions in space.
Finally, NASA is trying to establish a sustainable human presence on the moon by 2028 as a result of the Artemis mission.
The space agency hopes this colony will uncover new scientific discoveries, demonstrate new technological advances, and lay the groundwork for private corporations to build a lunar economy.
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