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Labor Keir Starmer is calling for an immediate nationwide breaker shutdown


Keir Starmer urged the UK to plunge into a nationwide "breaker" as soon as possible when he accused Boris Johnson of losing control of the coronavirus pandemic.

The Labor leader said a full shutdown of two to three weeks could be scheduled over mid-term to minimize disruption, but warned that "sacrifices" would have to be made.

He said such an extreme measure was necessary to bring the second wave of Covid-19 back under control.

In a televised press conference tonight, Sir Keir attacked the Prime Minister over senior scientific advisors to Sage when yesterday he introduced a new three-tier lockdown system that did not go as far as his experts asked him three weeks ago.

“There is no more time to give the prime minister the benefit of the doubt. The government's plan just isn't working. Another course is needed, ”said the opposition leader.

“That's why, as recommended by Sages, I ask for a two to three week round trip in England.

'A temporary set of clear and effective restrictions designed to lower the R-rate and reverse the trend towards infection and hospital admissions.

& # 39; This wouldn't mean closing schools. But if that is imminent … it can be set to run over halfway to minimize glitches. & # 39;

It is because the UK recorded more than 100 coronavirus deaths today for the first time in four months, as officials announced 143 more victims.

Health Department statistics show the dire milestone has not been hit since June 17, when 110 laboratory-confirmed deaths were added to the list.

For comparison: 76 deaths were recorded last Tuesday and 50 deaths yesterday. However, on Mondays, the number of deaths may be affected by a delay in recording over the weekend.

Separate data today showed that the number of deaths from Covid-19 in England and Wales rose for the fourth straight week, with the disease being mentioned on 321 death certificates in the week ended October 2.

However, the same data from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) shows that only one person under 30 has died since August.

Health chiefs recorded a further 17,234 cases today, an increase of 18.5 percent from last Tuesday's level (14,542). Only 13,972 other positive tests were added to the list yesterday.

In a message to the Prime Minister, Sir Keir Starmer said, “You know science supports this approach. They know that the restrictions you put in place are not enough.

“They know that an interruption is needed now to get this virus under control. You can't always delay this and come back to the House of Commons every few weeks with a different plan that doesn't work.

& # 39; So act now. Break the cycle. If you do, you will have the vote in the House of Commons – I can assure you. You don't have to weigh your party's needs against the national interest. & # 39;

He later told reporters that if the virus is not controlled, the economic damage will be greater than a brief shutdown of the circuit breaker having to be ramped up and ramped up in the coming weeks because it won't work – will be far worse for the economy. & # 39;

In other coronavirus news today:

  • The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, warned it was "inevitable". London will face a second tier lockdown this week as he admitted that every district should face the same coronavirus restrictions.
  • A poll found that the British don't believe Boris JohnsonThe new "three-step" lockdown goes far enough, despite the fact that millions face tougher curbs.
  • Tory MPs are set to start another revolt tonight over the unpopular 10 p.m. curfew in the pub – but ministers were embroiled in a dirty trickery after trying to kill them by finalizing a scheduled vote on whether that Law forcing drinking holes to be closed early ;;
  • Health Secretary Helen Whately told MPs today that rRelatives of nursing home residents will be treated as key workers and tested weekly for Covid-19 for safe visits as part of a new study.
  • Nicola Stör trolled Mr. Johnson of his extraordinary spit with SAGE today, which boasts that its circuit breaker lockout is based on scientific advice;
  • Bolton West Tory MP Chris Green resigned as parliamentary private secretary because of the new lockdown, saying, "I believe the cure is worse than the disease."

The Labor chief said a full shutdown of two to three weeks could occur over halfway to minimize disruption but warned that "sacrifices" would have to be made

An extraordinary dispute between ministers and SAGE emerged when Boris Johnson (pictured today with Rishi Sunak) rallied his cabinet to discuss the crisis and infections threatened to spiral out of control

The UK records more than 100 Covid-19 deaths for the first time in FOUR MONTHS as officials announce 143 more victims and 17,234 cases

The UK today recorded more than 100 coronavirus deaths for the first time in four months, as officials announced 143 more victims.

Health Department statistics show the dire milestone has not been hit since June 17, when 110 laboratory-confirmed deaths were added to the list. For comparison: 76 deaths were recorded last Tuesday and 50 deaths yesterday. However, on Mondays, the number of deaths may be affected by a delay in recording over the weekend.

Separate data today showed that the number of deaths from Covid-19 in England and Wales rose for the fourth straight week, with the disease being mentioned on 321 death certificates in the week ended October 2. The same data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) shows that only one person under the age of 30 has died since August.

Health chiefs recorded a further 17,234 cases today, an increase of 18.5 percent from last Tuesday's level (14,542). Only 13,972 other positive tests were added to the list yesterday.

Sir Keir said schools would not have to close, but the mix of households would be restricted, pubs, bars and restaurants would be closed and non-essential offices would have to be closed.

The Labor leader said: “Breaking the circuit would require significant sacrifices across the country.

& # 39; It would only mean essential work and travel. That anyone who can work from home should do so. Non-essential offices should be closed.

“Mixing households should be limited to one household, with the exception of those who have created support bubbles.

“And all the pubs, bars and restaurants would be closed for two to three weeks – but to make up for the fact that no business is lost due to the sacrifices we all have to make. This should also mean that the UK Parliament is switching to remote working. "

Meanwhile, the senior minister admitted the lockdown "probably" needs to be tougher after it was revealed last night that Sage had asked Mr Johnson to institute a national lockdown – but chose to water down his proposals to avoid economic damage to avoid.

Housing Secretary Robert Jenrick admitted the government was ready to "go further" after the Prime Minister unveiled his new "three-tier" system of local restrictions – but only putting Merseyside in the toughest category, pubs and bars Bars are closed.

Mr Jenrick pointed to high rates of infection in areas such as Greater Manchester and Nottingham and urged local leaders to agree on terms for Tier 2 advancement.

But he rejected claims that the government was not "robust" enough after bomb documents that slipped out last night showed that their own scientific advisors wanted much more dramatic measures.

It followed that Mr Johnson convened his cabinet to discuss the crisis and infections threatened to spiral out of control again.

London banned as "one city": Sadiq Khan says Tier 2 restrictions are "inevitable"

London Mayor Sadiq Khan today warned it was "inevitable" that London would fall into a second tier lockdown this week as he admitted that he would like every district to be subject to the same coronavirus restrictions.

The UK capital is currently classified as a "medium risk zone" under the government's three tier system of local alerts for England and should remain there when restrictions come into effect tomorrow.

But the Mayor warned today that London will "inevitably" be moved up "this week," causing alarm bells among hospitality bosses who fear their businesses could go on the wall if they close a second time.

Mr Khan said the city would cross a "trigger point" for entry into Tier 2 restrictions in the "next few days" and insisted that London move to higher restrictions overall despite floating rates across the capital.

The tightening of restrictions that would prohibit various households from mixing indoors is likely to give the hospitality industry a hammer blow. Hoteliers, restaurateurs and landlords warn that their venues will perish if people are prevented from socializing in pubs. Bars or restaurants.

"All of the indicators I have, hospital admissions, intensive care unit occupancy, the number of elderly people with cases, the prevalence of the disease, and the positivity are all going in the wrong direction," Khan said.

"That said, I'm afraid it is inevitable that London has crossed a stage two trigger over the next few days."

“We are very interested in becoming one as we can see the complexity and confusion caused by some districts with additional restrictions and other districts with fewer restrictions. A lot of Londoners work in one part of the city, live in another part of the city, study in another part of the city, go to a restaurant in another part of the city, so we're really interested in going as a city. & # 39;

Downing Street hasn't ruled out moving London to Tier Two. The Prime Minister's official spokesman said: “There is a process in place to see if further action is needed in any part of the country and I do not think it appropriate to anticipate this.

& # 39; We look at a variety of different data and seek advice from the Joint Biosecurity Center and local health authorities. Therefore, we not only examine the infection rates, but also the rate of positive tests, admission to hospitals and admission to intensive care units.

"We continue to closely monitor the data in all parts of England and I think we have shown that we have not hesitated to act if it is judged that additional action is needed."

It comes as hospitality chiefs warned that London's hotels, pubs and restaurants could be "decimated" by new coronavirus restrictions if the capital is plunged into a second stage lockdown.

The Prime Minister defiantly insisted at a # 10 press conference last night that he had no intention of putting pressure on Britain that would "rock" the economy.

But within a few hours, the minutes of a September 21 SAGE meeting were released, showing exactly what the key group was proposing. The timing of the government landfill – which was inconsistent with the usual release schedule for Friday – sparked speculation ministers trying to bury the news.

A shortlist of options was presented, including banning all indoor contact, closing bars, restaurants, cafes, gyms and hairdressers.

At the top of the list was the recommendation for a two- or three-week lockdown with draconian measures similar to those imposed earlier in the pandemic.

"If this were as strict and well respected as the restrictions in late May, it could bring the epidemic back by about 28 days or more," the dossier said.

The crack had been seen at the meeting on Downing Street when Chief Medical Officer Chris Whitty warned that the toughest Tier 3 curbs in the new regime would not be "enough" to control the virus.

He urged the local authorities to use the "flexibility" of the agreements to take even stricter measures.

Labor accused the government of disregarding their own mantra of following science, while SAGE members broke cover to complain about the new restrictions that had come too late.

But in a round of interviews this morning, Mr Jenrick said ministers needed to find a "balance". "We probably have to go further," he said. "But we want to shape these steps together between us and the local government."

The Sept. 21 SAGE logs stated that the virus was "increasing across the country in all age groups" and could double every seven days.

"A package of interventions will be required to reverse this exponential increase in cases," the document says.

At the top of the list was a brief embargo, known as a "breaker" to bring incidence to a low level, followed by advice to work from home for those who can.

Third on the list was "Prohibiting all intra-home contact with members of other households (other than members of a support bubble)," and fourth was closing all bars, restaurants, cafes, gyms and personal services such as hairdressers.

The last measure on the list was that all university and college tuition "must be online unless in-person tuition is strictly necessary".

Attendees at the September 21 meeting, held through Zoom, included Government Scientific Advisor Sir Patrick Vallance and Prof. Whitty.

The document states that both local and national measures are required and it adds: "Measures should not be applied in an overly specific geographical area".

The following day, Mr Johnson announced a 10pm curfew on pubs across England and urged people to work from home if possible.

However, it fell far short of SAGE's advice.

Since then, Nicola Sturgeon has introduced a “breaker” in Scotland, with sweeping restrictions on household mixing and a ban on alcohol in bars.

When asked if the answer was sufficient, Professor Calum Semple of the University of Liverpool told BBC Radio 4 today: "I'm getting difficult and I say no, I think we're a little late to respond".

Chief Medical Officer Christ Whitty (left) and Chief Scientific Officer Sir Patrick Vallance (right) were in the cabinet this morning amid rumors of a ministerial split

Chief Medical Officer Christ Whitty (left) and Chief Scientific Officer Sir Patrick Vallance (right) were in the cabinet this morning amid rumors of a ministerial split

A shortlist of options was presented in the bombshell minutes of a SAGE meeting, including a national breaker lockout that bans all indoor contact and closes bars, restaurants, cafes, gyms and hairdressers

A shortlist of options was presented in the bombshell minutes of a SAGE meeting, including a national breaker lockout that bans all indoor contact and closes bars, restaurants, cafes, gyms and hairdressers

Number 10's chief advisor, Dominic Cummings (now with colleague Cleo Watson) has resumed his signature scruffy style after a brief makeover

Number 10's chief advisor, Dominic Cummings (now with colleague Cleo Watson) has resumed his signature scruffy style after a brief makeover

How England is collapsing in new levels of COVID

ANIMAL THREE – VERY HIGH RISK

Liverpool City Region

Liverpool, Knowsley, Wirral, St. Helens, Sefton, Halton

TIER TWO – HIGH RISK

Cheshire

Cheshire West and Chester, Cheshire East

Greater Manchester

Manchester, Bolton, buried, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan, Salford, Rochdale, Oldham,

Warrington

Derbyshire

High Peak – the wards of Tintwistle, Padfield, Dinting, St. Johns – Old Glossop, Whitfield, Simmondley, Gamesley, Howard Town, Hadfield South, Hadfield North

Lancashire

Lancashire, Blackpool, Preston, Blackburn with Darwen, Burnley

West Yorkshire

Leeds, Bradford, Kirklees, Calderdale, South Wakefield

Yorkshire

Barnsley, Rotherham, Doncaster, Sheffield

Northeast

Newcastle, South Tyneside, North Tyneside, Gateshead, Sunderland, Durham, Northumberland

Tees Valley

Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland, Stockton-on-Tees, Darlington, Hartlepool

West Midlands

Birmingham, Sandwell, Solihull, Wolverhampton, Walsall

Leicester

Leicester, Oadby and Wigston

Nottingham

Nottinghamshire, Nottingham City

TIER ONE – MEDIUM RISK

Rest of england

“The breakout is a bit like a supertanker. You brake, but it takes a long time to see the effect,” he added.

Andrew Hayward, a professor of infectious disease epidemiology at University College London and another SAGE member, said he didn't think the restrictions included in Tier 3 would cause the R-rate to drop below one.

"I find it very disappointing that we had clear advice – we had to act decisively a few weeks ago," he said today.

“And since then we've only sent back the students, introduced the rule of six, advised people to work from home if possible, but didn't really encourage it, and closed the pubs an hour earlier.

"So it's not really surprising that we are continuing to see large increases in cases and that those increases are being seen across the country."

He added, "I think it is clear that even with the 'very high' constraints – the so-called ones – these are not enough to bring R below one."

The extraordinary conflict came after the Prime Minister announced that Liverpool would be the first company to be classified in the "very high risk" category. This means pubs are closed and households are not allowed to mix indoors or in gardens.

However, Prof. Whitty said he was "not confident" that the new measures would contain the tide, as the UK recorded another 13,972 Covid cases on Monday – up 11 percent last Monday.

Prof. Whitty added, “The idea that we can do this without causing harm is an illusion. It is a balancing act between two damages: harm to society and the economy on the one hand and harm to health on the other. & # 39;

Speaking to the nation alongside Chancellor Rishi Sunak and Prof. Whitty, Mr Johnson said the other options are to let the virus rip or destroy the economy.

A huge chunk of land, including Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and the Northeast, is facing Tier Two curbs, which are expected to be covered by the top two levels starting tomorrow.

Mr Johnson said the rising numbers in these areas "are flashing like warning messages on the dashboard of a passenger jet and we must act now," but he ruled out the "extreme route" of a full national lockdown.

But Prof. Whitty indicated unrest within the scientific community about the chances of the action.

"I am very confident that the measures currently in place will help slow the virus down, and these measures will help to slow it down further," he said.

“I am not confident, and neither is anyone confident, that if we were to do the absolute base case and nothing more, the tier three suggestions for the highest rates would be enough to get over it.

The British say Boris Johnson's "three tier" local lockdown is NOT enough to control the coronavirus

A quick YouGov poll found that 40 percent wanted stricter measures than the prime minister unveiled yesterday, compared to just 19 percent who believed they had struck the right balance

A quick YouGov poll found that 40 percent wanted stricter measures than the prime minister unveiled yesterday, compared to just 19 percent who believed they had struck the right balance

The British don't believe Boris Johnson's new "three-step" ban goes far enough, despite millions facing tougher curbs.

A quick YouGov poll found that 40 percent wanted stricter measures than the prime minister unveiled yesterday, compared to just 19 percent who believed they had struck the right balance.

Another 15 percent say the process is too harsh.

It is alarming to Downing Street that the public has little confidence in the government's handling of the crisis. 64 percent complain that there is no clear plan. Only 20 percent trusted Mr. Johnson's strategy.

The statement even applied to Tory voters. 45 percent said the prime minister had no plan, while 37 percent were in favor.

Most of the research was carried out before the extraordinary split between ministers and SAGE experts emerged over the scope of measures to combat the coronavirus outbreak.

It comes despite warnings that a draconian lockdown could destroy the economy and raise millions of unemployed and still employed people.

“Because of this, at the third level, there is a lot of flexibility for the local authorities, led by their public health directors, to expand this area so that they can go well beyond the absolute base.

& # 39; The base will not be enough. I think that is clearly the professional point of view … but there are additional things that can be done within this guide. & # 39;

John Edmunds, a member of SAGE, spoke to Radio 4 shortly before the September 21 meeting.

He said at the time, “I think we have to take tough measures.

“And it's really important that we use it asap because if we don't, the epidemic will double and then it will double again, and then it will double again and so on until we take the tough measures take place.

"And I think I suspect we will take very tough measures across the UK at some point, but it will be too late again."

Jonathan Ashworth, Secretary of Health for Shadow, said the revelations in the SAGE newspaper were "alarming".

"The fact that the Prime Minister decided to make it public an hour after his press conference is further evidence that he is treating the British people with contempt," he said.

& # 39; Labor earlier warned that the restrictions announced by the Prime Minister may not be enough.

"The government now urgently needs to explain why it has ignored its own scientists and what it will do to take control of the virus."

Mr Ashworth said this morning, “If we have to put more restrictions in place to fight this virus, unfortunately we have to. So I support the decision made yesterday to close pubs and bars on Merseyside.

"I think the government should have gone further yesterday because we have to reduce social mixing given the spread of the virus in parts of the country."

The Scientific Advisory Group on Emergencies (Sage) had proposed a national ban between two and three weeks immediately to stop the rapid spread of the virus.

Mr. Jenrick insisted that the government was "sure" listening to scientists and that the government had taken "robust" action.

"As always, we have listened to this advice and taken action, but these are balanced judgments," he told BBC Breakfast.

“We also need to balance this against the economic, job and livelihood effects, on education, which we have made a priority, and any other unintended consequences of action, be it on people's mental health , other illnesses or elective surgery that could be delayed or canceled as a result.

Deputy Chief Medical Officer Jonathan Van-Tam presented the government's latest assessment of the COVID situation using diagrams at a briefing today

Deputy Chief Medical Officer Jonathan Van-Tam presented the government's latest assessment of the COVID situation using diagrams at a briefing today

The Prime Minister made a brave face as he strolled with Mr. Sunak to the cabinet meeting at the Foreign Office today

The Prime Minister made a brave face as he strolled with Mr. Sunak to the cabinet meeting at the Foreign Office today

Wise experts say Test and Trace has a "marginal" impact on fighting the virus

Sage experts say Test and Trace has a "marginal" impact on fighting the virus because the system does not test or track enough people.

The £ 12 billion program will "keep falling" if it doesn't grow with the epidemic, the scientific advisory group warned in documents released Monday.

Boris Johnson has promised that the program will be "globally successful" while experts and politicians see it as an important way to reduce the severity of the restrictions imposed during the crisis.

"The relatively low level of commitment to the system … coupled with test delays and likely poor self-isolating stickiness rates suggest that this system has little impact on broadcasts right now," they write.

"Unless the system grows at the rate of the epidemic and people are supported so they can stick to self-isolation, the effects of Test, Trace and Isolate are likely to continue to decrease in the future."

Criticism, voiced in a summary of a review of action on September 21, will put pressure on Baroness Harding, the Conservative Peer in charge of Test and Trace.

Jonathan Ashworth, Secretary of Health for Shadow, said: “This is further evidence that government incompetence is hindering our response to a second wave.

'Sage has essentially confirmed that Test and Trace are not working adequately as we've been warning for months.

"Ministers need to get the tests under control so we can take control of the virus."

The program's success only appears to have deteriorated since the Sage document was written.

Last week's numbers showed NHS Test And Trace in England had its worst week for the percentage of contacts it successfully traced.

Only 68.6% of the close contacts of people who tested positive for Covid-19 were reached in the week ended September 30, the lowest weekly percentage since the program began.

"We have a balanced view of what was required at that moment and that's how we will continue to act."

He suggested that Greater Manchester and Nottingham were other areas that could soon enter Tier 3, although he said there were "no plans" for it to happen this week.

As of 5:00 p.m. Wednesday, people in Tier 3 Liverpool are only allowed to leave the area for important trips such as work, education or health and must return before the end of the day – although the rules are more guidelines than legally enforced. They cannot mix with other households in gardens, but in public spaces outside, which are subject to the rule of six.

Restaurants are allowed to open, but only in accordance with the curfew, and can serve alcohol as long as someone is eating a “substantial” meal, as stated in No. 10.

Sources insisted this couldn't be just a snack like a packet of chips.

But Mr Jenrick suggested this morning that a pie could meet the criteria – as long as it is served with chips or a salad.

When businesses are forced to close, the government pays two-thirds of each employee's salary, up to a maximum of £ 2,100 per month. Mr Johnson said the total assistance offered would be around £ 1 billion.

Liverpool is the only area in the top tier so far and the city is going beyond the basic restrictions by closing leisure centers, gyms, betting shops and casinos. Mr Johnson indicated last night that other hotspots were resisting and wiped out that it would be "unforgivable" not to consent to the raids.

Tier Two includes Greater Manchester, which was rescued from the tallest curbs after frantic lobbying by Mayor Andy Burnham and local MPs, as well as the North East, West Midlands, Nottingham and Leicester.

Mr Burnham said this morning that he believes a nationwide "breaker" would be more effective than local curbs for mixing pubs and households.

London is not expected to be in Tier 2 immediately, but a spokeswoman for Sadiq Khan warned it could happen "this week" after a conference call with district leaders. "Londoners should understand that this can change very quickly – possibly even this week," said the spokeswoman.

Some places, like Oldham and Warrington, will actually relax their restrictions as households cannot mix in gardens right now.

Mr Johnson made it clear that he is not currently considering a full lockdown – and hoped that Christmas could still be saved if people followed the rules.

"I think a lot of people would think it's extreme and do a lot of additional damage to our economy," he said.

"We don't want to go this extreme way now."

Mr Johnson said he couldn't support the other side of the argument of failing to take action to stop the virus since "all math is brutal, it would lead to too many deaths".

Millions of people are covered by the two higher levels of risk in the new system of government, while the rest of England is subject to bars and restaurants curfew after the 6pm and 10pm curfew

Millions of people are covered by the two higher levels of risk in the new system of government, while the rest of England is subject to bars and restaurants curfew after the 6pm and 10pm curfew

He said, “We will do our best to make sure that life is as normal as possible again this Christmas.

"But unfortunately that will depend on our success in fighting this virus and our ability as a country to implement the package of measures."

Mr Johnson listed advice and rules about social distancing and testing.

"All of these basic things are important if we are to get out of this and allow people to have something like a normal Christmas," he added.

In a barely veiled threat to local leaders resisting raids, Mr Johnson said, “We are ready to work with local government at all levels, but as a national government we need to be clear about our main mission, to live save and to protect the NHS we will do whatever we think necessary over the next days and weeks.

What is a circuit breaker interlock and is it effective?

Two-week breakers would be temporarily harsh restrictions across the country to quell the virus before being lifted for some time and reintroduced if necessary.

Measures could include inter-household social bans, closing hospitality and leisure facilities such as bars and restaurants, or restricting their opening hours.

However, schools and offices are unlikely to close for the time being.

This form of lockdown was first proposed by Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, which he implemented in April.

He closed all workplaces except those deemed essential and restricted public spaces and restaurants.

The idea is seen as a "last line of defense" in England last week, according to Health Secretary Matt Hancock, with preference given to "local action".

North of the border in Scotland, a circuit breaker was seen as a temporary solution.

Starting October 9, pubs and bars in the central belt were banned from serving alcohol indoors for 16 days and they had to be closed until 6 p.m.

In large areas north of the border, restaurants are advised to close completely.

However, there is some debate about the implications of such a move, with some asking what happens once the circuit breaker lockout is complete.

A breaker was high on the list of coronavirus interventions recommended by expert advisors to the government over the past month.

A September 21 Sage document released just hours after the Prime Minister announced yesterday his three-tier system of alert levels for England states that a package of interventions will be required to deal with the exponential rise in cases to reverse.

At the top of the list is a breaker, a brief lockout to bring the incidence to a low level, followed by the advice to work from home for anyone who can.

Attendees at the September 21 meeting, held through Zoom, included Government Scientific Advisor Sir Patrick Vallance and Chief Medical Officer Professor Chris Whitty.

The document states that both local and national measures are required and it adds: "Measures should not be applied in an overly specific geographical area".

A separate Sage document dated September 21, examining the efficacy and harms of non-pharmaceutical interventions, states that a circuit breaker reintroduced for two to three weeks should drop R below one.

In a break of fourteen days, two weeks of growth could be exchanged for two weeks of transmission decay, provided the measures were followed well and the contacts before or after the break did not increase any further.

“If this were as strict and well respected as the restrictions in late May, it could bring the epidemic back by about 28 days or more.

The amount of time saved depends heavily on how fast the epidemic is growing. The faster the growth or stricter measures, the more time is gained.

“If the regulations and behavior were to revert to the values ​​before the circuit was broken, the exponential growth would pick up again, but from a significantly lower level than would have been the case without the break.

“The harmful effects would be maximized if it coincided with the school holidays.

"Multiple interruptions may be required to keep the incidence low," the document said.

About "Breakers", UCL health psychology professor Robert West, who is a member of Sage's behavioral subgroup, told Sky News, "The key here is whatever you call it … there's an absolutely pressing need." Introducing stricter distancing rules to keep people away from each other in situations where the virus can transmit.

“If we hadn't done it a few weeks ago when we could possibly have had a breaker for two to three weeks, we have to do it now – something like that – and it may have to be longer.

“And the longer we leave it, the harder it gets and the longer it has to be. Wir haben dies bereits im März gesehen, als wir eine viel längere Sperrung hatten, als wir es hätten tun können, wenn wir so früh darauf eingegangen wären.

"Die Sache mit Pandemien ist, dass man früh handeln muss und hart handeln muss, denn je länger man es verlässt, desto schlimmer wird es."

Am Montagabend warnte der Weise Wissenschaftler Professor Calum Semple, dass die vom Premierminister angekündigten neuen Beschränkungen zu spät gekommen seien und innerhalb weniger Wochen ein Leistungsschalter benötigt werden könnte.

Auf die Frage, ob die für London angekündigte Reaktion für die Bedrohung ausreicht, sagte der Wissenschaftler der Universität Liverpool gegenüber dem Premierminister von BBC Radio 4: "Ich werde schwierig und sage nein, ich denke, wir sind etwas spät dran, um zu reagieren."

Er sagte, es gebe eine Verzögerung von drei bis vier Wochen, bevor Interventionen Vorteile in Krankenhäusern sehen.

"Ich und andere Leute, die sich vor drei bis vier Wochen für recht strenge strenge lokale Interventionen ausgesprochen haben, befürchten jetzt, dass wir uns jetzt an einem anderen Ort befinden", sagte er.

„Und dass wir in wenigen Wochen vielleicht einen viel festeren Eingriff brauchen, den sogenannten Leistungsschalter.

"Der Ausbruch ist ein bisschen wie bei einem Supertanker. Sie bremsen, aber es dauert lange, bis Sie den Effekt sehen."

Gemeindesekretär Robert Jenrick sagte heute, die Regierung habe "robuste Maßnahmen" ergriffen, obwohl sie beschuldigt wurde, ihre eigenen Wissenschaftler wegen einer "Leistungsschalter" -Sperre für England ignoriert zu haben.

Herr Jenrick sagte, dies beinhaltete die Einführung der Regel der Ausgangssperre für Pubs und Restaurants um sechs und 22 Uhr, aber die Regierung habe auch einen „ausgewogenen“ Ansatz für die Situation gewählt.

Herr Jenrick sagte gegenüber BBC Breakfast: „Wir haben diesen Rat wie immer angehört und Maßnahmen ergriffen, aber dies sind ausgewogene Urteile.

„Wir müssen dies auch gegen die Auswirkungen auf die Wirtschaft, die Arbeitsplätze und den Lebensunterhalt der Menschen, auf die Bildung, die wir zu einer Priorität gemacht haben, und auf alle anderen unbeabsichtigten Folgen von Maßnahmen abwägen, sei es auf die psychische Gesundheit der Menschen, auf andere Krankheiten oder elektive Operation, die dadurch verzögert oder abgebrochen werden könnte.

"Wir haben eine ausgewogene Sicht auf das, was in diesem Moment erforderlich war, und so werden wir uns auch weiterhin verhalten."

Obwohl es sich um die Wiedereinführung von Freiheitsbeschränkungen handelt, gaben fast zwei Drittel der Öffentlichkeit an, dass sie eine Abschaltung nach schottischem Vorbild unterstützen würden.

Eine exklusive Umfrage für MailOnline in der vergangenen Woche ergab starke Unterstützung für einen "kurzen, scharfen Schock" harter Beschränkungen im ganzen Land, um die Übertragungsketten zu durchbrechen.

Die Umfrage von Redfield & Wilton ergab, dass 63 Prozent eine vorübergehende Niederschlagung in ganz Großbritannien befürworten würden – darunter 33 Prozent, die angaben, sie würden nachdrücklich unterstützt.

Im Gegensatz dazu sagten nur 13 Prozent der 3.000 Befragten, sie wären gegen den Umzug.

"Wenn wir keine Einigung erzielen können, ist es eindeutig die Pflicht der nationalen Regierung, die notwendigen Maßnahmen zum Schutz der Öffentlichkeit und der öffentlichen Gesundheit zu ergreifen, und wir werden es tun."

Er wies auch die Kritik zurück, dass die Sperrung zu früh gelockert worden sei.

„Das akzeptiere ich überhaupt nicht. Ich denke, der Unterschied zwischen diesem Anfall der Pandemie und dem ersten besteht darin, wie viel lokaler er ist “, sagte er.

"Und wir haben dann in jeder Phase und auf der Grundlage der wissenschaftlichen Beratung Maßnahmen auf nationaler Basis ergriffen."

Prof. Whitty last month defended apocalyptic warnings from himself and senior scientific advisor Sir Patrick Vallance, suggesting that the daily cases could now reach 50,000.

"If we hadn't done all the things everyone is doing right now, if there wasn't a real attempt in every company to be Covid-safe and limit the amount of transmission, if people hadn't seen fewer people at the rates we are Seeing in these graphs would be much higher in my opinion, ”he said.

"What we can see is that we have to go further or these rates will continue to rise inexorably."

Herr Sunak betonte, der "umfassende Plan" der britischen Regierung werde Arbeitsplätze und Unternehmen über den Winter schützen und "keine Lücke in der Unterstützung" gewährleisten.

Er bot auch zusätzliche 1,3 Milliarden Pfund für schottische, walisische und nordirische Verwaltungen an, "wenn sie sich für etwas Ähnliches entscheiden".

Er sagte, dass das bestehende Urlaubsprogramm diesen Monat bestehen bleibt und das Job-Support-Programm ab November verfügbar sein wird, um weitere sechs Monate zu laufen.

"Dieses nationale Programm wird den Menschen überall, wo sie leben und welche Arbeit sie tun, gleichermaßen zugute kommen", sagte er.

Unternehmen, die gesetzlich verpflichtet sind, in England zu schließen, können Bargeldzuschüsse in Höhe von bis zu 3.000 GBP pro Monat beantragen, die niemals zurückgezahlt werden müssen.

In einer früheren Erklärung vor den Commons sagte Herr Johnson, dass die Todesfälle der Abgeordneten bereits steigen.

"Die kommenden Wochen und Monate werden weiterhin schwierig sein und die Leistungsfähigkeit dieses Landes auf die Probe stellen", sagte er.

But he emphasized: "Retail, schools and universities remain open."

Die Zahl der Fälle hat sich in den letzten drei Wochen vervierfacht. Inzwischen sind mehr Menschen mit Covid im Krankenhaus als zu dem Zeitpunkt, als wir am 23. März gesperrt wurden, und die Zahl der Todesfälle steigt bereits. & # 39;

Mr Johnson said the R-value is already being suppressed to "well below" its natural level by government restrictions.

But he said it was necessary to "go further" without imposing a complete lockdown that "would destroy our lives and our society".

"Over the past few months we've worked with local executives to address local spikes with targeted restrictions. However, this local approach has inevitably resulted in different rules in different parts of the country that are now complex to understand and enforce," said Johnson.

He added: “We are now going to simplify and standardize our local rules by introducing a three-tier system of local Covid alarm levels in England, which is set to medium, high and very high.

& # 39; The medium alert will cover most of the country and will consist of the current national measures, including the rule of six and the hospitality closing at 10pm.

& # 39; The high alert level reflects the current interventions in many local areas.

“This is primarily aimed at reducing household-to-household transmission by preventing any inter-household mixing or indoor support bubbles.

"In these areas, the rule of six continues to apply outdoors, where it is more difficult for the virus to spread in public spaces and private gardens."

He said local authorities in England will receive around £ 1 billion in "new financial aid".

"For very high areas, we will continue to provide financial support for local testing and tracing, as well as local enforcement – and support from the armed forces, not for enforcement, but to support local services if the region so desires," he said .

The prime minister said an agreement had been reached with leaders in Merseyside and said that she would be on a very high level of alert from Wednesday – with the closure of gyms, leisure centers, betting shops, adult game centers and casinos.

Mr Johnson said: “Engagement with other executives in the North West, North East, Yorkshire and Humber continues.

"I know how difficult it is, they like us, like everyone in this house, has very real dilemmas, but we can't let the NHS fall over when lives are at stake."

He urged local authorities to "work with us on these difficult but necessary actions in the areas that are considered very high" in order to get more support, adding: "I believe it would be unforgivable not to act and hope that rapid progress can be made. " in the coming days. & # 39;

The rules will be set in the House of Commons tonight and voted tomorrow, added Mr Johnson, before insisting that the measures be subject to "ongoing" review.

But the Prime Minister faced strong Tory opposition to the announcements.

Der Bürgermeister von West Midlands, Andy Street, sagte, er sei "enttäuscht", dass die Region in die zweite Reihe eingestuft worden sei, und behauptete, die Regierung habe die Ansichten der lokalen Führer ignoriert.

In the House of Commons, the Prime Minister has been repeatedly asked to review the 10 p.m. curfew and trust people to exercise their own common sense rather than restrict their freedom.

Mr Street said the stricter measures for Birmingham and the West Midlands were "neither what the regional leaders supported nor what I believed after extensive discussions over the past few days".

He added: “The main change between our current restrictions and the new restrictions announced today is the ban on mixing households in restaurants.

"This is something that recent local epidemiology does not support and I am disappointed that the government is pushing this forward despite the shared view of local leaders."

In Parliament, Sir Graham Brady, chairman of the influential Tory Committee in 1922, asked how Mr Johnson would prevent local restrictions from becoming a "permanent state".

Mr Johnson insisted that the measures be "continuously reviewed".

Tory MP Philip Davies urged Mr Johnson "to put their trust in the British people to act responsibly" rather than "a constant blizzard of arbitrary rules designed only to collapse the economy and destroy businesses and jobs".

Mr Johnson replied, "The best decision that individuals can make for themselves, their families and for communities is to follow the directions, wash hands, face and room, protect the NHS and save lives."

REMEMBRANCE SUNDAY EXEMPT FROM RULES

Gatherings to commemorate Remembrance Sunday are on a list of general exceptions in relation to gatherings in the legislation for the 'very high' tier.

The regulations say that those attending the Remembrance Sunday gathering should be limited to people there as part of their work, those providing voluntary services in connection with the event, members of the armed forces, veterans of the armed forces or their representatives or carers, and spectators who participate in the gathering alone or as a member of a qualifying group.

Conservative Mark Pawsey (rugby) said the 10pm curfew resulted in many people "leaving the pub to go to a store to get some alcohol, often with their friends to have a drink at home." ".

And former minister Tobias Ellwood called for a review of the curfew "as urgent as possible".

Mr. Johnson replied, “Unfortunately we have to limit the total volume of broadcasts that takes place in our society. It's an obvious place to make a change, that's what we do. & # 39;

Earlier, deputy chief medical officer Jonathan Van-Tam and NHS medical director Stephen Powis were sent out to 'roll the pitch' by setting out their grim assessment of the situation.

They told a briefing in Downing Street that the number of patients in hospital was now higher than before the blanket lockdown was imposed in March – and could be above the previous peak within four weeks. Nightingale hospitals in the worst hit areas are reopening on a large scale.

Professor Van-Tam also sent the clear message that the surge in cases was more of a "nationwide phenomenon" than just in the north, spreading from younger people to the more vulnerable older generation.

Prof. Powis said the hope that the elderly could be isolated from the rise in infections turned out to be "wishful thinking".

Mr Johnson is furious today when he finally reveals the government's lockdown on coronavirus – and ministers warn it could last until Christmas.

PM faces Tory backlash over lockdown push

Boris Johnson faced Tory criticism as he set out his three-tier approach to coronavirus restrictions.

Der Bürgermeister von West Midlands, Andy Street, sagte, er sei "enttäuscht", dass die Region in die zweite Reihe eingestuft worden sei, und behauptete, die Regierung habe die Ansichten der lokalen Führer ignoriert.

In the House of Commons, the Prime Minister has been repeatedly asked to review the 10 p.m. curfew and trust people to exercise their own common sense rather than restrict their freedom.

Mr Street said the stricter measures for Birmingham and the West Midlands were "neither what the regional leaders supported nor what I believed after extensive discussions over the past few days".

He added: “The main change between our current restrictions and the new restrictions announced today is the ban on mixing households in restaurants.

"This is something that recent local epidemiology does not support and I am disappointed that the government is pushing this forward despite the shared view of local leaders."

In Parliament, Sir Graham Brady, chairman of the influential Tory Committee in 1922, asked how Mr Johnson would prevent local restrictions from becoming a "permanent state".

Mr Johnson insisted that the measures be "continuously reviewed".

Tory MP Philip Davies urged Mr Johnson "to put their trust in the British people to act responsibly" rather than "a constant blizzard of arbitrary rules designed only to collapse the economy and destroy businesses and jobs".

Mr Johnson held an emergency Cobra meeting this morning to finalize the plan after a weekend of hectic discussions with politicians and scientists. He'll face questions at a press conference # 10 tonight.

The prime minister defies the wrath of local leaders and Tory MPs to push the new system forward as he struggles desperately to handle the growing cases.

The row over the details – which will be voted on in the House of Commons tomorrow – went on the wire as politicians tried to get more money out of the government.

Commenting on Briefing # 10 this morning, Professor Powis said: “It is clear that hospital admissions are rising fastest in the areas of the country where infection rates are highest, particularly in the northwest.

"In those over 65 – especially those over 85 – the number of people being hospitalized is increasing sharply. The claim that older people can somehow be shielded from risk is wishful thinking."

Prof. Van-Tam used a series of diagrams to emphasize his concerns about the snowball situation.

"It changed in a matter of days and that is clearly a concern of mine," he said. "There is the spread from these younger age groups to the over 60 age group in the northwest and northeast, and there are rates of change in the same places but also extending a little further south."

The experts revealed that temporary Nightingale hospitals in Manchester, Sunderland and Harrogate could be reopened to help with the spike in Covid-19 cases.

Prof. Powis said there would also be more tests of health workers in hotspot areas.

He said: “To protect our employees and our patients, we will – with tests from the Test and Trace service – introduce regular tests for employees in these risk areas, even if they have no symptoms.

“This will help us keep staff and patients as safe as possible in these hospitals.

Second, we asked the Nightingale hospitals in Manchester, Sunderland and Harrogate to prepare for this next phase.

"You are asked to mobilize in the next few weeks to be able to admit patients if necessary."

Pubs threaten the SAE ministers over curbs

The UK hotel industry is challenging the government lockdown restrictions to halt their plans to close pubs and other venues to combat the surge in coronavirus cases.

The Night Time Industries Association (NTIA) announced late Sunday that the industry has taken legal action to prevent lockdown measures from being imposed.

The judicial review will argue that there is no evidence to suggest that eateries contributed to the spread of COVID-19.

"The industry has no choice but to legally challenge the government's so-called 'common sense' narrative to implement further restrictions in the north of England," said Michael Kill, CEO of NTIA, in an email.

"These new measures will have catastrophic effects on night sales and will be exacerbated by an inadequate financial support package," the statement said.

It will be up to the local doctors to decide whether to use it for Covid patients or to provide additional capacity to maintain services for people without coronavirus.

Prof. Van-Tam warned that due to the increase in cases and the delay between infection and serious illness, additional deaths have already been “burned in”.

"We have already made additional hospital admissions with the cases we are aware of, and unfortunately we have also burned in additional deaths that are now due to infections that have already occurred," he said.

He said the problem was "nationwide" and not just a problem for northern England.

On a slide shown during the briefing about rising rates in the south of England, he said: “You have now worried me that I may have presented a bipolar picture, that Covid-19 is a problem in the north and not a problem in the north is the south.

“On the contrary, this time the epidemic increased significantly earlier in the north of England than in the first wave, and this is almost certainly due to the fact that the disease level never increases in the north and certainly in the north-west.

“But pretty much every area in the UK is now seeing an increase in the rate of infection, and this expanded brown map that I showed you, from the Joint Biosecurity Center, makes that absolutely clear.

"This is a nationwide phenomenon as interest rates move upwards across the UK."

When asked about the transmission of the disease in the hospitality industry, the doctor said, “We know that the virus lives off what we like best, namely human contact

Medics alerted the south to curbs because the COVID surge is NOT limited to the north

Government advisors today alerted the south of new lockdown restrictions and warned that the problems were not limited to the north.

Prof. Jonathan Van-Tam said the increase in the north so far was partly due to the fact that cases there weren't that low in the summer.

He insisted the surge was a "nationwide phenomenon" and said additional deaths had already been "burned in" due to the delay between infection and serious illness.

"We have already made additional hospital admissions with the cases we are aware of, and unfortunately we have also burned in additional deaths that are now due to infections that have already occurred," he said.

He said the problem was "nationwide" and not just a problem for northern England.

On a slide shown earlier in the discussion about rising rates in the south of England, he said: “You have now worried me that I may have presented a bipolar picture that Covid-19 is a problem in the north and not a problem in the south.

“On the contrary, this time the epidemic increased significantly earlier in the north of England than in the first wave, and this is almost certainly due to the fact that the disease level never increases in the north and certainly in the north-west.

“But pretty much every area in the UK is now seeing an increase in the rate of infection, and this expanded brown map that I showed you, from the Joint Biosecurity Center, makes that absolutely clear.

"This is a nationwide phenomenon as interest rates move upwards across the UK."

"We have increasing evidence that screaming and singing act as pressure points on the virus to further expel virus-laden particles and therefore make transmission more intense."

Despite the spike that coincided with the return of schools, Prof. Van-Tam said they didn't seem to be the driver of the spike.

“If you carefully break down salami infection data across school age groups, you actually see a very small increase in infection rates up to around the age of 16 and a slight increase in 17-18 year olds as we dive into that age group … Of really quite intense transmission, ”he said.

“The evidence that there is significant transmission in schools is not really confirmed by the increased infection rates, and we already know that children are not drivers of infection and that they spread in the community as we do for influenza, for example. & # 39;

Despite the claim that the three-tier system was part of an effort to simplify the rules across England, they are allowed to differ slightly within the very high risk area.

Areas like Manchester were fighting desperately to be kept out of the toughest category.

Greater Manchester Mayor Andy Burnham tweeted that he was "glad the government listened" and that he had avoided subjecting the region to the harshest lockdown measures.

He added, “But any restrictions will result in trade losses for businesses and challenges for councils. The Prime Minister must give full financial support to all restricted areas. Everything else will level them out. & # 39;

Oldham West and Royton MP Jim McMahon also welcomed the news.

& # 39; Pubs serving food stay open. Oldham will be removed from its extended lockdown measures and * finally * brought into line with GM, ”he wrote.

Labor Frontbench colleague Lisa Nandy complained about being banned from meeting with Health Secretary Matt Hancock in Greater Manchester despite her constituency being in the area. "I suppose that's because they don't know where Wigan is," she snapped.

There was speculation that London would immediately move into the second stage, which would mean still tighter limits on household socialization. This is not happening yet, however, as Mr Khan is at odds with some members of the government who want a city-to-city approach, not London-to-London.

Sunak is pouring £ 1.5 billion into UK councils to help them cope with the new rules

Local councils are set to receive £ 1.5 billion in fresh money to deal with the latest coronavirus restrictions, Rishi Sunak said tonight as he also offered cash grants to businesses in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

The free-spending chancellor was out with Boris Johnson at a live television news conference tonight when the prime minister warned the UK could not ignore "flashing warnings" about growing coronavirus cases.

Millions of people will be deeper into the lockdown in the north-west and north-east of England this week despite fears for thousands of jobs, particularly in the hospitality industry.

Mr Sunak tried to sweeten the lockdown medicine by pledging more money to local authorities, which will play an increasing role in establishing and enforcing the lockdown in their area.

He said: “For local authorities entering Stage Three, we are providing up to £ 0.5 billion to fund activities such as enforcement, compliance and contact tracing.

"And to protect vital services, we are giving all local authorities around £ 1 billion in additional funding on top of the £ 3.7 billion we have been providing since March."

The measures will initially be carried out four weeks before a review, but Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden suggested this morning that they are expected to stay in place until Christmas.

A disgruntled Tory MP for a seat in the north told MailOnline, "I won't be walking around his house on December 25th."

They added, "It will be very frustrating when pubs close with 48 hours notice." Why not focus on the elderly and vulnerable and save jobs and lives? & # 39;

Another MP from an affected region complained that the government was "walking around like headless chickens".

Tier 2 does not allow households to mix indoors, similar to what is already the case in Middlesbrough and Hartlepool, while Tier One complies with the rules currently in force across England.

In a round of interviews this morning, Mr Dowden said strict new coronavirus restrictions could be required until after Christmas.

Mr Dowden told Sky News, “If these measures are successful, we hope to get areas out of these high restrictions.

“This is to make sure we have the virus under control so that after Christmas we will be in the position where it is under control.

"In fact, I hope it will be sooner."

Mr Dowden denied the government was panicking over rising cases and the imposition of knee-jerk curbs.

& # 39; We're certainly not in a panic. We are taking sensible and proportionate action because we can see that the risk is falling by the wayside, ”he told BBC Radio 4's Today program.

'Unfortunately, it is the case that the number of deaths tends to lag behind the number of infections. If you look at the leading indicators – both the number of infections and now, unfortunately, the number of people in hospitals with Covid – they all point to a rapidly increasing disease. The way is very clear. & # 39;

Doctors are better placed to save lives this time

Doctors are now in a "better position" to treat Covid-19 than they were in March and April, says a senior NHS official

British doctors are able to treat Covid-19 better than they were in March and April, according to one of the top NHS officials.

Professor Stephen Powis, the medical director of NHS England, told the television briefing on Downing Street that the nation "clearly has learned many things from that first wave".

He said, "We have learned better treatments for patients and dexamethasone … we have learned that it reduces the number of deaths."

Dexamethasone was added to doctors' arsenal for the treatment of coronavirus in June after Oxford University researchers demonstrated it can help critically ill patients.

The cheap and widely available steroid, believed to cost £ 5 per patient, saves lives by calming the immune system.

Medical advice says that it should only be given in "severe and critical" cases, as milder infections could make the disease worse by impairing the body's ability to fight it off.

Professor Powis's claims come after separate data showed today that the coronavirus's chances of surviving a serious illness have increased significantly since the pandemic began.

The proportion of patients who die in intensive care units in hospitals has fallen from around 30 percent to less than 20 percent since April.

Even more noticeable is the decline in the mortality rate in relation to all hospitalized patients – from 6 percent at its peak to around 2 percent.

Mr Dowden said the case for new hospitality restrictions had been supported by the government’s key scientific advisor, Sir Patrick Vallance.

“We know that hospitality brings challenges – for example, the obvious point that you can't wear a mask when you sit down and eat, that you are in frequent contact (with people) you don't normally meet, and we know that the virus thrives on this kind of social interaction. & # 39;

Following the Cobra meeting this morning, Welsh Prime Minister Mark Drakeford expressed "profound disappointment at the inadequate proposals for travel restrictions in areas of high infection in England".

In a statement, the Welsh government said it would "meet with great dismay" in many parts of Wales where infection rates are lower.

"He also called for more clarity on the metrics used to divide areas into each level and agreed with other decentralized executives that the Treasury's proposals for financial assistance, while welcome, did not go far enough to protect the worst-paid workers." said a spokesman.

Vaughan Gething, der Gesundheitsminister von Wales, sagte auf einer Pressekonferenz: „Ich und der Erste Minister treffen uns heute wieder, aber wir sind beide sehr enttäuscht, dass der Premierminister immer noch einen Ansatz verfolgt, bei dem es nur Leitlinien dafür gibt, ob Menschen sollten oder sollten nicht aus stark infizierten Gebieten reisen.

"This is not just a problem for Wales, it is a problem for the whole of Britain. Areas with lower prevalence in England will be affected as well as areas with lower prevalence in Wales."

"We know that coronavirus cases have already been imported from contact with some of these high prevalence areas in England."

Mr Gething said the Welsh government, which has been considering imposing quarantine restrictions on people coming to Wales from areas of the UK with high levels of coronavirus, will meet and "make decisions" later on Monday.

Ms Sturgeon said she was putting together a Scottish version of the steps and would try to align as closely as possible with the rest of the UK.

"At a strategic level, we will try to coordinate as closely as possible with the other British nations. I think it is important and it makes sense to try," she said.

"However, I would like to emphasize that operational decisions about which levels can apply in which parts of our nations are to be made at a distributed level for each of us."

Sturgeon applauds the "good" compliance with their "breaker" lockout

Nicola Sturgeon insisted that compliance with her circuit breaker ban was "good" over the weekend.

Pubs and restaurants in Scotland's central belt have been closed, while elsewhere alcohol is only served outdoors.

Speaking at the Scottish Government's daily meeting in Edinburgh, Ms. Sturgeon said: “The early anecdotal evidence we received from the police suggests that compliance with the new rules and the rules in general has been good.

& # 39; That's encouraging – these new restrictions are really tough on everyone, and they're tough on businesses, especially in the hospitality industry.

"Nobody is unaware of this, but they are vital to curb the increase in cases, bring them back under control and of course contain the increase in hospital admissions and diseases that we have seen."

Ms. Sturgeon said the Scottish government wants to ensure long-term suppression of the virus, given the two weeks of measures in place.

Ms. Sturgeon insisted that compliance with her breaker lockout over the weekend was "good".

Pubs and restaurants in Scotland's central belt have been closed, while elsewhere alcohol is only served outdoors.

Speaking at the Scottish Government's daily meeting in Edinburgh, Ms. Sturgeon said: “The early anecdotal evidence we received from the police suggests that compliance with the new rules and the rules in general has been good.

& # 39; That's encouraging – these new restrictions are really tough on everyone, and they're tough on businesses, especially in the hospitality industry.

"Nobody is unaware of this, but they are vital to curb the increase in cases, bring them back under control and of course contain the increase in hospital admissions and diseases that we have seen."

Ms. Sturgeon said the Scottish government wants to ensure long-term suppression of the virus, given the two weeks of measures in place.

The upcoming clampdown is viewed as a "game of chance" to avoid having to implement a Scottish-style national lockdown for circuit breakers in the mid-October.

Dr. Margaret Harris of the World Health Organization said the UK is now fourth in the world in terms of the surge in Covid-19 cases.

She told BBC Radio 4's World At One: “You are certainly not alone.

& # 39; We're seeing very, very large outbreaks around the world – just last week India led the number of new cases, 504,000, followed by the US with 327,000, and then Brazil.

"But the UK is number four and we are seeing the number of cases changing more and more, particularly in Europe, in more and more countries."

Asked how the UK compared to other European nations, Dr Harris said: 'The UK recorded 110,827 to us last week and France reported 110,065 – you're essentially on parity with France at the moment.

& # 39; Russia, like Spain, has had a large number, but we are seeing upward trends in many countries in Europe, particularly France and Spain, but also Italy and other Eastern European countries.

Earlier, Steve Rotheram, Liverpool City Region Mayor, said discussions about new measures had been going on "all night".

Mr Rotheram made it clear that his main aim was to get more money and hit Manchester Mayor Andy Burnham – usually a close ally – for "yelling at the wind".

"We are trying to see if we can get support and the support package for the businesses in our metropolitan area that will be affected by the government's decision," said Rotheram.

When Prof. Van-Tam arrived at number 10 this morning, he pulled out his passport from an otherwise empty briefcase

When Prof. Van-Tam arrived at number 10 this morning, he pulled out his passport from an otherwise empty briefcase

Prof. Van-Tam warned that the recent surge in cases has already "burned in" more deaths and hospitalizations

Prof. Van-Tam warned that the recent surge in cases has already "burned in" more deaths and hospitalizations

Covid-19 cases less than HALF Patrick Vallance and Chris Whitty's Doomsday prediction of 50,000 by tomorrow

The British coronavirus crisis has fallen far short of the government's forecast of the end of the world of 50,000 cases per day by tomorrow, as figures show.

Sir Patrick Vallance and Professor Chris Whitty, the country's key scientific and medical officers, made the dire forecast last month when they urged the British to stick to new barriers as cases rise.

Bei der Pressekonferenz im Downing Street TV am 22. September – als es jeden Tag etwa 4.000 Infektionen gab – warnten sie, dass sich die Fallzahlen jede Woche weiter verdoppeln könnten.

Sir Patrick sagte: "Wenn, und das ist ein ziemlich großes Wenn, aber wenn das unvermindert weitergeht und dies alle sieben Tage verdoppelt, würden Sie Mitte Oktober pro Tag etwa 50.000 Fälle haben."

Die jüngsten Zahlen, die gestern veröffentlicht wurden, zeigen jedoch, dass die wahre Flugbahn des Virus weit hinter dem Weltuntergangsszenario zurückgeblieben ist. Das Gesundheitsministerium verzeichnete 12.872 positive Tests.

Die Covid-19-Fallzahlen sind an Wochenenden aufgrund einer Aufzeichnungsverzögerung immer niedriger, was bedeutet, dass die tatsächliche Anzahl der Infektionen am Sonntag wahrscheinlich etwas höher sein wird.

Nach den deprimierenden Schätzungen der Regierung im letzten Monat hätten die Infektionen jedoch über 40.000 liegen müssen. Und die Fälle müssen innerhalb der nächsten 24 Stunden um 37.128 steigen, damit die Vorhersagen von Sir Patrick und Professor Whitty wahr werden.

Die Berater warnten auch davor, dass die Zahl der Todesfälle bald über 200 steigen könnte, aber gestern gab es 65 Opfer – nicht einmal ein Drittel der September-Prognose.

»Uns wurde gesagt, wir würden in die dritte Stufe gehen, ohne Wenn und Aber. Wir können entweder Energie dafür aufwenden oder versuchen, ein besseres Angebot zu bekommen.

"Manche Leute schreien gern den Wind an, aber wenn sie die Windrichtung nicht ändern können, ist es wichtig, die Menschen vor seinen Auswirkungen zu schützen."

Liverpool Mayor Joe Anderson tweeted to say he found out "no but" about what would be imposed on his city.

"Let's make it clear that after ignoring my appeals for over a month, the government is now blaming us and imposing a 'dictation lockdown' without a full financial package and support for companies we are downgrading from moving forward ", he said.

"We will continue to advocate our local businesses."

Politiker aus Manchester appellierten an die Minister, nicht alle Pubs und Restaurants in der Stadt zu schließen und ihnen stattdessen die Befugnis zu erteilen, nur diejenigen zu schließen, die nicht den Sicherheitsbeschränkungen für Coronaviren entsprechen.

Der Vorsitzende des Stadtrats, Sir Richard Leese, sagte, sie hätten den Fall vertreten, dass Greater Manchester in Tier 2 eingestuft werden sollte, anstatt Pubs und Bars zu schließen.

'Sie konnten uns keine Daten zeigen, die Bars und Pubs in Greater Manchester mit der Übertragung des Covid-19-Virus verbinden. Sie konnten keine Beweise dafür liefern, dass die Schließung funktionieren wird “, sagte er gegenüber der Sendung Today von BBC Radio 4.

"Wir haben weitaus detailliertere Daten, die von unseren eigenen Direktoren für öffentliche Gesundheit gesammelt wurden und die zeigen, dass es keinen besonderen Zusammenhang zwischen Bars und Restaurants und der Übertragung von Covid gibt."

Die Schattengeschäftsministerin und die Abgeordnete von Manchester Central, Lucy Powell, forderten die Regierung auf, Beweise dafür zu veröffentlichen, dass Gaststätten wie Pubs mit einem hohen Risiko für die Übertragung von Coronaviren verbunden sind.

Sie twitterte: „Regierung und Wissenschaftler haben diese Beweise immer noch nicht vorgelegt. Das große Problem für sie ist, dass die lokalen Führungskräfte dieselben Daten haben (tatsächlich bessere Daten für ihre Gebiete) und wissen, dass die Einstellungen zur Bewirtung einen sehr geringen Anteil an der Übertragung von Infektionen ausmachen. & # 39;

Sir Richard Leese, Vorsitzender des Stadtrats von Manchester, sagte, dass die örtlichen Beamten noch mit der Regierung darüber diskutieren, welche Beschränkungen in der Region gelten sollten.

Er sagte, sie hätten den Fall vertreten, dass Greater Manchester eher in Tier 2 als in das strengere Tier 3 eingestuft werden sollte, was bedeuten könnte, dass Pubs und Bars geschlossen werden.

'Sie konnten uns keine Daten zeigen, die Bars und Pubs in Greater Manchester mit der Übertragung des Covid-19-Virus verbinden. Sie konnten keine Beweise dafür liefern, dass die Schließung funktionieren wird “, sagte er gegenüber der Sendung Today von BBC Radio 4.

"Wir haben weitaus detailliertere Daten, die von unseren eigenen Direktoren für öffentliche Gesundheit gesammelt wurden und die zeigen, dass es keinen besonderen Zusammenhang zwischen Bars und Restaurants und der Übertragung von Covid gibt."

Liverpool had the second highest rate of infection in England in the 14 days leading up to October 4, with 4,593 confirmed cases (928.2 per 100,000 people). The neighboring borough of Knowsley had the worst rate with 1,412 cases and an infection rate of 944.

A Downing Street spokesman said: 'Our primary focus has always been to protect lives and livelihoods while controlling the spread of the virus and these measures will help achieve that aim.

'We must do everything we can to protect the NHS and make sure it can continue to deliver the essential services that so many people rely on.

'This is a critical juncture and it is absolutely vital that everyone follows the clear guidance we have set out to help contain the virus.'

Revellers leave the pubs after closing time in Liverpool city centre after enjoying the last weekend before COVID restrictions are expected to force pubs and bars close in the area

Revellers leave the pubs after closing time in Liverpool city centre after enjoying the last weekend before COVID restrictions are expected to force pubs and bars close in the area

Number 10 stressed the extent of discussions with local leaders over the weekend following criticism from some Northern authorities and mayors that not enough consultation had taken place since the Covid crisis began.

Downing Street said senior Number 10 advisers and Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick held discussions local authority chiefs and mayors from 'the highest areas of concern'.

The local authorities also expressed concern about the impact of harsher restrictions on their own finances, with the statement saying they are existing 'hand to mouth'.

It said: '(We) are currently unable to plan for the medium or long-term.

'A clearer funding settlement must be achieved that enables us to forward plan, continue to deliver essential public services, avoid large scale redundancies for Local Authority key workers and set a budget for next year with confidence.

'Therefore, we are seeking assurance from Treasury that, in coming to that national position, no local authorities placed on Tier 3 measures will be put in a position where they are unable to balance their budget this year or cannot set a legal budget next year.

'In this respect we have agreed that a further discussion with Treasury will take place on this matter.'

Life in three-tier Britain: All your questions answered on restrictions for Medium, High and Very High risk areas

The Prime Minister today divide the country into 'medium', 'high' or 'very high' coronavirus alert sectors amid a tightening of lockdown rules that could last until Christmas.

The three-tier system comes after a 9.3 percent increase in cases on the previous week, with parts of northern England having the worst rates of infection.

Deputy Chief Medical Officer Jonathan Van-Tam and NHS Medical Director Stephen Powis reported in a meeting on Downing Street this morning that the number of patients in the hospital was now higher than it was before the flat-rate ban was imposed in March – and over the previous high could be four weeks.

Professor Van-Tam also delivered a strong message that the surge in cases was spreading from younger people to the more vulnerable old generation.

And Prof. Powys said the hope that the elderly could be isolated from the rise in infections turned out to be "wishful thinking."

Here MailOnline outlines what the tiers mean and who they could affect:

TIER ONE

Tier 1 restrictions are believed to mirror those already in place across England.

These include the rule of six, a curfew at 10 p.m., group sports that can only be played outdoors, and a maximum of 15 guests at wedding ceremonies.

TIER TWO

Tier two restrictions are expected to be similar to rules currently in place in Middlesbrough and Hartlepool, where indoor mixing of households is prohibited.

Two households may be allowed to meet in a private garden, as long as the rule of six and social distancing are followed.

TIER THREE

Locals will only be allowed out of their areas for essential travel such as work, education or health, and must return before the end of the day.

Overnight stays by those from outside of these 'high risk' areas will also be banned, The Sun reports.

Households are expected to be told not to mix either indoors or outdoors.

From 5pm on Wednesday, hundreds of pubs in the northwest will be closed, The Telegraph reports.

Restaurants will be limited to takeaway services only, the BBC says, and bookies, casinos, gyms, beauty salons and hairdressers could all be shut.

It is believed that these measures will be imposed for four weeks before they are reviewed.

If a company closes due to tier three restrictions, the government will pay two-thirds of each employee's salary, up to a maximum of £ 2,100 per month as determined by Rishi Sunak last Thursday.

WHO GOES INTO THE THREE BARRIER?

The Government has not yet confirmed revealed which areas will go into the strictest lockdown.

But politicians inLiverpool said they expected to be put in Tier Three, subject to the most draconian restrictions, including shutting pubs and banning households from mixing from 5pm on Wednesday.

Other parts of the North West including Manchester could follow. Dr Jane Eddleston, medical lead in Greater Manchester, told the briefing: 'The North West has about 40 per cent of all Covid cases at the moment and this is proving very challenging for us.

'Within Greater Manchester, we have seen a threefold increase in the number of patients admitted to intensive care in the last five weeks and an eightfold increase in the number of patients admitted to our hospitals.

'The situation at the moment is that 30 per cent of our critical care beds are taken up with patients with Covid and this is starting to impact on the services we provide for other patients.'

The decision is based on the infection rate.

Nottingham is a leader in England. In the seven days ending October 8, 2,763 new cases were registered – that's 830.0 cases per 100,000 people.

That's a huge jump from 314.5 per 100,000 in the seven days leading up to October 1.

Nottingham City Council expects a local lockdown to be imposed on Monday. City councils in the area urge residents not to mingle with people outside their households or bubbles.

Knowsley has the second highest rate, up from 485.9 to 669.5, with 1,010 new cases.

Neighboring Liverpool ranks third, where the rate rose from 504.4 to 598.5 with 2,981 new cases.

Other areas that are seeing large jumps in their 7-day rates that can lead to restrictions are West Lancashire (from 217.8 to 398.1 with 455 new cases); Exeter (from 229.8 to 380.5 with 500 new cases); Blackburn with Darwen (from 208.4 to 355.4 with 532 new cases); and Broxtowe (from 115.8 to 265.7 with 303 new cases).

WHAT HAPPENS NEXT?

The Prime Minister chaired a meeting of the Government's COBR committee this morning to finalise the scheme, and will give a statement in the Commons at around 3.30pm

In a statement today, seven local leaders from Merseyside including Metro mayor Steve Rotheram and Liverpool City mayor Joe Anderson said they had been told pubs, bars, betting shops, casinos, adult gaming centres and gyms would all have to close.

They said that they had made clear the support on offer – including the job support scheme announced by Chancellor Rishi Sunak for the Government to pay up to two thirds of the salaries of staff in businesses ordered to close – was inadequate.

Mr Rotheram said there was little they could do to challenge the decision, but that discussions had been continuing through the night on an improved support package.

'We were told we were going into Tier 3, no ifs, no buts. We can either expend energy on that or we can try and get a better deal,' he told the BBC Radio 4 Today programme.

"Manche Leute schreien gern den Wind an, aber wenn sie die Windrichtung nicht ändern können, ist es wichtig, die Menschen vor seinen Auswirkungen zu schützen."

Mr Anderson said on Twitter that leaders had been told restaurants would not have to close under the new restrictions.

He said: 'To be clear the Government agreed with CA leaders and me that restaurants can continue to stay open across the city and region till 10.30 pm.'

In Manchester, City Council leader Sir Richard Leese said local leaders were still in discussions with the Government as to what restrictions should apply in the area.

Despite high levels of infections, he said they had made the case that Greater Manchester should be placed in Tier 2 as there was little evidence that pubs and bars had been responsible for the spread of the disease in the area.

'Sie konnten uns keine Daten zeigen, die Bars und Pubs in Greater Manchester mit der Übertragung des Covid-19-Virus verbinden. They have not been able to provide any evidence that closing them down will work,' he told the Today programme.

"Wir haben weitaus detailliertere Daten, die von unseren eigenen Direktoren für öffentliche Gesundheit gesammelt wurden und die zeigen, dass es keinen besonderen Zusammenhang zwischen Bars und Restaurants und der Übertragung von Covid gibt."

This evening Mr Johnson will host a press conference at Downing Street where he will be joined by Chancellor Rishi Sunak and England's chief medical officer Professor Chris Whitty.

Downing Street said MPs will be asked to debate and vote on the three-tier measures next week.

WHAT WAS THE ANSWER?

Many of the local political leaders in the areas likely to face the harshest restrictions were in discussions with the Government over the extent of the lockdown and financial support available.

Fear that Rishi Sunak's Job Support Scheme (JSS) upgrade announced last week will not be enough to cover 67 percent of wages, and want something closer to the 80 percent that will be paid out through the soon-to-end vacation program.

Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden denied that ministers had been 'panicked' into imposing economically damaging new measures at a time when deaths from Covid-19 were relatively low compared to the start of the pandemic.

While he said that he hoped controls would be able to be eased, he acknowledged that they may be required to remain in place until Christmas and beyond.

'The purpose of doing this is to ensure we get the virus under control so by the time that we get through to after Christmas we are in that position where it is under control,' he told Sky News.

"In fact, I hope it will be sooner."

St Helens Council leader David Baines said the level of restrictions and the detail of businesses which would be forced to close were 'not up for negotiation' with the Government.

In a statement, he said: 'Government had decided this already and were adamant that they wanted to keep education, retail and the majority of workplaces open, giving us the indication that all other settings were chosen for closure by default.

'There is no scientific evidence we have been given that shows the areas told to close are a higher risk than others.

'We still do not know the full list of businesses and settings that will be told to close.

'It was suggested in one call with senior Government officials at the weekend that pubs that serve ''substantial meals'' may be allowed to stay open, but I can't confirm this.'

He said leaders had asked for details on the thresholds for each tier but no details had been given so far.

Meanwhile, Greater Manchester Nightly Economic Advisor Sacha Lord has opened a lawsuit to question the hospitality and entertainment lockdown.

Mr Dowden made it clear that the government would oppose any legal action and insisted that ministers be assisted by Chief Scientific Advisor Sir Patrick Vallance.

“We know that hospitality brings challenges – for example the obvious point that you can't wear a mask when you sit and eat, that you are often in contact with people you don't normally meet, and we know that The Virus lives from this kind of social interaction, ”he told BBC Radio 4 Today.

He said the government must act now to get clear evidence that the disease is on the rise again.

Sage experts recommended 'circuit-breaker' national lockdown last month – but were overruled by Boris Johnson, papers reveal

A circuit-breaker was at the top of a shortlist of coronavirus interventions recommended to the Government by expert advisers last month, documents show.

A meeting of the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (Sage) also agreed that all university teaching should be online unless face-to-face teaching is 'absolutely essential'.

The Sage document, dated September 21 and released just hours after the Prime Minister announced his three-tier system of alert levels for England, said a package of interventions will be needed to reverse the exponential rise in cases.

'Single interventions by themselves are unlikely to be able to bring R below one (high confidence),' the document said, before setting out a shortlist of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) that should be considered for 'immediate' introduction.

Top of the list is a circuit-breaker, a short period of lockdown, 'to return incidence to low levels', followed by advice to work from home for all those that can.

Third on the list was 'banning all contact within the home with members of other households (except members of a support bubble)', and fourth was the closure of all bars, restaurants, cafes, indoor gyms, and personal services such as hairdressers.

The final measure on the list was that all university and college teaching 'to be online unless face-to-face teaching is absolutely essential'.

Attendees of the September 21 meeting, held via Zoom, included the Government's chief scientific adviser Sir Patrick Vallance and chief medical officer Professor Chris Whitty.

The document says that both local and national measures are needed, adding: 'Measures should not be applied in too specific a geographical area.'

A separate Sage document, also dated September 21, looking at the effectiveness and harms of non-pharmaceutical interventions, said a circuit-breaker reintroduced for two to three weeks should act to reduce R below one.

'Over a fortnight's 'break', two weeks of growth could be exchanged for two weeks of decay in transmission, assuming good adherence to measures, and no additional increase in contacts before of after the break.

'If this were as strict and well-adhered to as the restrictions in late May, this could put the epidemic back by approximately 28 days or more.

'The amount of 'time gained' is highly dependent on how quickly the epidemic is growing – the faster the growth or stricter the measures introduced, the more time gained.

'If regulations and behaviour then returned to pre-circuit break levels, there would be a return to exponential growth, but from a significantly lower level than would have been the case without the break.

'The deleterious impact would be maximised if they coincided with school holidays.

'Multiple circuit-breaks might be necessary to maintain low levels of incidence,' the document said.

On Monday evening, Sage scientist Professor Calum Semple warned the new restrictions announced by the PM had come too late and a 'circuit-breaker' could be needed within weeks.

Asked if the level of response announced for London is sufficient for the threat, the University of Liverpool academic told BBC Radio 4's PM: 'I'm going to be difficult and say no, I think we're a little late to react.'

He said there is a three-to-four-week delay before interventions see benefits in hospitals.

'I and other people who were advocating for quite stringent severe local interventions where necessary three to four weeks ago, our fear is now that we're in another place now,' he said.

'And that we're going to need a much firmer intervention perhaps, the so-called circuit-breaker, in the matter of weeks.

'The outbreak is a bit like a super-tanker, you put the brakes on but it takes a long time before you see the effect.'

Responding to the Sage documents, shadow health secretary Jonathan Ashworth, said: 'The revelations in this paper are alarming.

'The fact that the Prime Minister chose to publish it an hour after his press conference is yet more evidence that he is treating the British people with contempt.

'Labour warned earlier that the restrictions announced by the Prime Minister may not be sufficient.

'The Government now needs to urgently explain why it ignored its own scientists and what it will be doing to get control of the virus.'

Graph by graph: What the data presented today REALLY show

'Second peak' of cases since the summer – but not comparable to April

Professor Jonathan Van-Tam, England's deputy chief medical officer, held a televised briefing today to warn that hospital admissions and deaths from Covid-19 will rise in the next few weeks

Professor Jonathan Van-Tam, England's deputy chief medical officer, held a televised briefing today to warn that hospital admissions and deaths from Covid-19 will rise in the next few weeks

The first graph presented by the deputy chief medical officer Professor Jonathan Van-Tam was the familiar day-by-day count of positive coronavirus tests over time.

It shows a dramatic spike in cases in September and October after a lull in the summer, which illustrates that the virus is rebounding in the UK.

Department of Health testing data shows that in the last week of July, when the virus appeared to have been driven into submission over the summer, there were an average of 753 people diagnosed with Covid-19 each day.

The daily cases hit a low point of 352 on July 6, when there were fewer cases than at any time since the public testing system was set up.

By the September 24, however, the average number of daily infections had surged to 4,964 per day and, now in the second week of October, there have been more than 12,000 cases every day for the last nine days straight.

However the Government graph, Dr Van-Tam admitted, is an 'apples and pears comparison' and it could be misleading if looked at over the entire year.

It makes the spike in cases now appear larger than the one that sent the country into lockdown in the spring, which is inaccurate.

The first hump of cases, seen in March, April and May, happened at a time when there was no public testing system for many weeks and, when one was set up, it managed fewer than 30,000 tests per day until the end of April.

This meant criteria for tests had to be stricter and they picked up on the most seriously ill patients, not people who only had mild illnesses.

By comparison, there are now around 230,000 tests done per day, the vast majority of which are negative.

Dr Van-Tam said: 'Comparing (the first peak) with the second peak, please bear in mind that this is an apples and pears comparison based on case numbers, because our testing capacity in the spring was very much lower than it is now.

'But the key point is that having had a rather flat summer with very low amounts of Covid-positive patients in the UK, you can see that from early September there has been a marked peak.'

This slide shows how the number of positive coronavirus tests has spiked in the UK since a lull in the summer. The second spike is not comparable to the first because so many more tests are being done now than they were then

This slide shows how the number of positive coronavirus tests has spiked in the UK since a lull in the summer. The second spike is not comparable to the first because so many more tests are being done now than they were then

Outbreak focused in the North of England but 'extending south'

Dr Van-Tam presented a series of maps which show how the second wave of coronavirus is focused in the North of England.

This backs up what official data has been showing for weeks and makes clear that the worst-affected parts of the country are in the region around Manchester and Liverpool, as well as Newcastle and Sunderland.

Darker patches on the map illustrate higher numbers of Covid-19 cases per person (purple map) and outbreaks that are growing more quickly week by week (brown map).

Dr Van-Tam said: 'There are now very dark areas in the North West of England, in the North East of England and, really, a confluent dark purple colour across the northern part of the UK, extending down into the West Midlands and the East Midlands.'

He added: 'Of rather more concern (statistics on the brown map) indicate the latest data on where things are heating up…

'You can see that the reach of the dark brown colours is further south into a greater land mass across England and, in fact, I received these slides this morning – I showed very similar data to MPs in the House of Lords on Friday and the brown chart had not extended that far south.

'So it has changed in a matter of just a few days and that is clearly a matter of concern to me.'

Weekly Public Health England data showed on Friday that 18 out of the 19 areas with a coronavirus infection rate of more than 250 cases per 100,000 people (0.25 per cent) are in the North of the country, with the exception only of Nottingham.

The vast majority of areas with local lockdown rules are in the North and there are no regional restrictions further south than the Midlands.

Knowsley in Merseyside was the worst-affected area by Friday, October 9, with 557 cases of Covid-19 for every 100,000 people – meaning one in every 180 people is infected.

This was followed by Manchester (532 per 100,000), Liverpool (517) and Newcastle (475).

The fastest rate of growth in the first week of October was seen in Nottingham, where cases surged almost seven-fold from 62 per 100,000 to 424 in a week, making it the fifth worst hit place in the country.

There were also fast rises of more than triple in areas outside of the Northern hot spot, including Devon, Suffolk, Torbay, Brighton and Richmond upon Thames.

Mapped coronavirus infection rates show that cases are concentrated in the North of England but the outbreak is 'extending' south, Professor Van-Tam said. (Pictured: Areas with the darkest patches are the worst-affected. Purple map, left, shows the number of coronavirus cases per 100,000. Brown map, right, shows the change in the infection rate between the last week of September and first week of October)

Mapped coronavirus infection rates show that cases are concentrated in the North of England but the outbreak is 'extending' south, Professor Van-Tam said. (Pictured: Areas with the darkest patches are the worst-affected. Purple map, left, shows the number of coronavirus cases per 100,000. Brown map, right, shows the change in the infection rate between the last week of September and first week of October)

Cases highest among teens and 20s but leaking into older at-risk groups

Separate maps and heat charts presented by Dr Van-Tam showed how cases are rising in elderly people in areas that have bad outbreaks.

Throughout the second wave the resurging cases have been pinned on young people, with infection rates highest in people in their 20s, followed by teenagers.

Much of the rise in cases has come after students returned to school and university, and student areas are seeing up to seven times as many people getting infected as other parts of the country.

To begin with rising infections among young people were not a huge concern because they are significantly less likely to die from Covid-19, and young schoolchildren did not seem to be experiencing more cases.

But in the worst-hit areas – as chief medical officer Professor Chris Whitty warned would happen in the last TV briefing – infections have now crept into older groups.

Dr Van-Tam said today: Our resurgence of cases this autumn has been mainly in adults aged 20 to 29 years of age and that is absolutely true.'

Showing maps plotting cases of specifically people aged 60 and over, the deputy chief medical officer explained: 'You can see that there is the spread from those younger age groups into the 60-plus age group in the North West and the North East and there are rates of change in the same place, but also extending a little futher south.

'This is again of significant concern… because, of course, the elderly suffer a much worse course with Covid-19. They are admitted to hospital for longer periods and they are more difficult to save.'

Last week's PHE report showed that infection rates are highest in 10 to 19-year-olds – at 237 cases per 100,000 people – followed by 20 to 29-year-olds (200).

They are markedly lower in the older age groups, with rates of 62 for those in their 60s, 39 per 100,000 for people in their 70s and 53 for the 80+ group.

Cases are rising among the at-risk over-60s in areas that have bad outbreaks, top medics warned, meaning hospital admissions will rise in those areas. The same trend is likely to continue across the whole country, they said (Pictured: Areas with the darkest patches are the worst-affected. Purple map, left, shows the number of coronavirus cases per 100,000. Brown map, right, shows the change in the infection rate between the last week of September and first week of October)

Cases are rising among the at-risk over-60s in areas that have bad outbreaks, top medics warned, meaning hospital admissions will rise in those areas. The same trend is likely to continue across the whole country, they said (Pictured: Areas with the darkest patches are the worst-affected. Purple map, left, shows the number of coronavirus cases per 100,000. Brown map, right, shows the change in the infection rate between the last week of September and first week of October)

However, although these age groups have lower rates they have risen at approximately the same pace as younger people.

Rates may be lower because elderly people are more aware about the personal risks they face and more likely to keep social distancing and shield themselves at home.

In the month up to October 4, the infection rate in people in their 60s more than tripled from 21 cases per 100,000 to 62.

This 199 per cent increase was close to the 221 per cent rise seen in the 20 to 29 age group, where the infection rate rose from 62 to 199.5 during the same time frame.

While rising cases in the under-30s may not directly increase the death toll, it is dragging up case rates in the elderly, data shows, which will inevitably lead to fatalities.

In a series of heat charts, Dr Van-Tam explained that although in the North West cases appeared to be growing only among 16 to 29-year-olds in early September, they quickly spread to older, more at-risk age groups.

This heat map illustrates how infection rates have changed in different age groups since the start of September. Age groups are listed horizontally with the oldest at the top for each region, while the dates run across the bottom. The darkening of a box shows infections are increasing. As the dark boxes move higher towards the top of the graph, it means cases are increasing among at-risk older age groups

This heat map illustrates how infection rates have changed in different age groups since the start of September. Age groups are listed horizontally with the oldest at the top for each region, while the dates run across the bottom. The darkening of a box shows infections are increasing. As the dark boxes move higher towards the top of the graph, it means cases are increasing among at-risk older age groups

The trend was most obvious in the North West, Professor Van-Tam pointed out, where most of the infections (dark orange boxes) were concentrated in younger groups (lower rows) in early September, but have since moved higher up meaning older people are getting infected

The trend was most obvious in the North West, Professor Van-Tam pointed out, where most of the infections (dark orange boxes) were concentrated in younger groups (lower rows) in early September, but have since moved higher up meaning older people are getting infected

The diagonal line broadly shows that the infection rates seen in younger people at the start of September are now happening in older groups, meaning hospital admissions and deaths are likely to increase

The diagonal line broadly shows that the infection rates seen in younger people at the start of September are now happening in older groups, meaning hospital admissions and deaths are likely to increase

More patients in hospital than before first lockdown, and admissions rising

Professor Stephen Powis, the medical director for NHS England, flanked Dr Van-Tam this morning to warn the public that hospital admissions are rising.

There are more people in hospital now, Professor Powis said, than there were before Britain went into lockdown in the spring.

Statistics show there were 3,097 patients in hospitals in England with coronavirus on March 23, the day Boris Johnson made his landmark address to the nation.

This number was surpassed on Saturday, when the number of people on wards hit 3,225, and it is now at least 3,451.

The rate of increase in March was immense, however – the number of patients tripled in just one week to 10,767 on March 30.

At the current rate of rise, according to Government figures, it took three weeks for the number of patients in hospital to treble, from 1,141 on September 20.

Daily admissions are significantly lower now than they were then, but are rising as case numbers continue to go up around the UK.

There are an average of 487 admissions per day in England at the moment, compared to around 1,049 daily in the first week of lockdown and more than 2,700 at the peak.

Professor Powis said: 'You will see, since the beginning of September, paralleling that rise in infection in the community… we are starting to see an increased rise in hospital cases.

'It is clear that hospital admissions are rising fastest in those areas of the country where infection rates are highest… particularly the North West, where you can see that hospital cases are accelerating the fastest and are at the highest.'

The hospitalisation graphs show that, although cases are high in young people and low among the elderly, the opposite is true of hospital cases.

In the week to October 4 there were nearly 40 over-85s admitted to hospital every day with Covid-19, compared to an average of fewer than five under-65s.

As well as a clear age divide, there is a regional divide in hospitalisations that is not seen in the graphs.

Of the 3,451 hospital patients recorded yesterday, 2,132 are in the North West and North East & Yorkshire regions alone (62 per cent).

In the week to October 4 there were nearly 40 over-85s admitted to hospital every day with Covid-19, compared to an average of fewer than five under-65s

In the week to October 4 there were nearly 40 over-85s admitted to hospital every day with Covid-19, compared to an average of fewer than five under-65s

NHS England's medical director Professor Stephen Powis said: 'It is clear that hospital admissions are rising fastest in those areas of the country where infection rates are highest... particularly the North West, where you can see that hospital cases are accelerating the fastest and are at the highest'

NHS England's medical director Professor Stephen Powis said: 'It is clear that hospital admissions are rising fastest in those areas of the country where infection rates are highest… particularly the North West, where you can see that hospital cases are accelerating the fastest and are at the highest'

Hospital cases are currently concentrated in the North of England where daily admissions are higher than the national average, this graph shows. Separate Government data shows that of the 3,451 hospital patients recorded yesterday, 2,132 are in the North West and North East & Yorkshire regions alone (62 per cent)

Hospital cases are currently concentrated in the North of England where daily admissions are higher than the national average, this graph shows. Separate Government data shows that of the 3,451 hospital patients recorded yesterday, 2,132 are in the North West and North East & Yorkshire regions alone (62 per cent)

Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Trust currently has the highest number of coronavirus patients of any hospital in England, data shows

Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Trust currently has the highest number of coronavirus patients of any hospital in England, data shows

Time lags mean hospital cases and deaths now relate to a time with fewer cases; both will rise in coming weeks

While warning about rising numbers of people being admitted to hospital with Covid-19, the chief medics stressed the point that there is a lag in the records.

On average it takes a severely ill coronavirus patient around seven to 10 days to become sick enough with coronavirus to need hospital care.

Once they are in hospital, they usually spend between five and 23 days on wards until they recover enough to go home or die. Some patients stay for longer, while others recover or die faster than the average period.

Around one in three people admitted to hospital with Covid-19 have died with the disease so far in England.

The time delays mean it can take a month or more between someone catching the virus and then dying, so the surging number of cases now (an average 14,000 diagnosed per day, plus others that do not get tested) may not lead to an obvious increase in deaths until mid-November.

'I want to be very clear with you that, as patients become ill with Covid-19, they don't immediately go into hospital,' said Professor Van-Tam.

'And they don't die in hospital the moment they arrive. Unfortunately, some die – but not immediately.

"The point I want to make here is that there is a delay between cases and when hospital admissions go up and when deaths go up."

He added, "Hospital admissions we actually have now in relation to a time when there were fewer cases of Covid-19 and what I'm trying to say here is that we've already baked additional ones with the cases we know of have hospital admissions and unfortunately we also burned in additional deaths that are now due to infections that have already occurred. & # 39;

On average it takes a severely ill coronavirus patient around seven to 10 days to become sick enough with coronavirus to need hospital care. Once they are in hospital, they usually spend between five and 23 days on wards until they recover enough to go home or die. Some patients stay for longer, while others recover or die faster than the average period

On average it takes a severely ill coronavirus patient around seven to 10 days to become sick enough with coronavirus to need hospital care. Once they are in hospital, they usually spend between five and 23 days on wards until they recover enough to go home or die. Some patients stay for longer, while others recover or die faster than the average period

Risk of coronavirus death in hospital is FALLING: Treatment helps intensive care fatalities drop to 20%, new figures reveal

The chances of survival of the coronavirus after a serious illness have increased significantly since the pandemic began, data shows.

Scientists say that with improved treatment, the death rate among the most critically ill patients has fallen by nearly a third since the peak.

The numbers were also supported by broader tests that found a greater number of less serious cases.

The proportion of patients who die in intensive care units in hospitals has fallen from around 30 percent to less than 20 percent since April.

Even more noticeable is the decline in the mortality rate in relation to all hospitalized patients – from 6 percent at its peak to around 2 percent.

The proportion of patients who die in intensive care units in hospitals has fallen from around 30 percent to less than 20 percent since April. The fall in the death rate as a proportion of all patients admitted to hospital is even more striking – plummeting from 6 per cent at the peak to around 2 per cent now

The proportion of patients who die in intensive care units in hospitals has fallen from around 30 percent to less than 20 percent since April. The fall in the death rate as a proportion of all patients admitted to hospital is even more striking – plummeting from 6 per cent at the peak to around 2 per cent now

Professor Peter Horby has welcomed the "good news" that the proportion of Covid 19 patients who die in hospital has fallen dramatically since April

Professor Peter Horby has welcomed the "good news" that the proportion of Covid 19 patients who die in hospital has fallen dramatically since April

Professor Peter Horby, a member of the Government's Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies, welcomed the 'good news' amid rising case numbers.

He said increased testing and tracing capabilities combined with a 'much better understanding of the disease' has led to death rates among the sickest dropping to a less than a fifth.

'What's great to see is that it is the risk of death in hospitalised patients is coming down,' he told the BBC's Andrew Marr Show.

Government data shows that the North West, North East and Yorkshire are the only regions where the number of people being hospitalized has increased steadily and sharply (line charts show daily hospital admissions between April and October).

Government data shows that the North West, North East and Yorkshire are the only regions where the number of people being hospitalized has increased steadily and sharply (line charts show daily hospital admissions between April and October).

'It was pretty high at about 25 to 30 per cent in the last wave. And although the data are preliminary, it looks like it's coming down and may be below 20 per cent so that's something that is good news.'

Experts agree that treatment breakthroughs have had the biggest impact on the death rate of people with coronavirus.

Dexamethasone, a widely used steroid that costs around 50p a day, was found to cut deaths by a third in the sickest patients.

The antiviral drug Remdesivir, originally developed to fight Ebola, has also been found to improve recovery time in sick patients.

Every eighth Londoner is immune to coronavirus: up to 13% of the capital's residents now have Covid antibodies – while other regions only account for 1%

London could be protected from the worst second wave of coronavirus as one in eight people in the capital developed antibodies.

There is growing optimism that the number of cases in Britain's largest city is not rising rapidly, as a higher percentage of residents have become immune to the virus than any other region.

Current data from Public Health England show a prevalence of SARS-Cov-2 antibodies in blood donors of up to 13.4 percent.

The numbers from London contrast with the rest of the country, with the North East and Yorkshire having a prevalence of 3.9 percent and the South West region having a prevalence of 3.5 percent.

And in the northwest, which was largely locally locked last month, the prevalence in the latest numbers was 6.8 percent, suggesting that more people have produced antibodies due to the high rates of infection in the area.

The rate of antibodies in the population varies over time, and government advisors believe that up to 20 percent of the capital's residents could be immune to the virus, according to the Sunday Times.

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