Pictures of the boat that ran aground off Mauritius in late July show the cargo ship completely torn in two days after Japanese rescue teams managed to pump the remaining oil out of the vehicle to remove another massive oil spill into the pristine one Prevent water.
Mauritian Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth confirmed Tuesday that all of the fuel had been pumped from the reservoirs of Japan's MW Wakashio, adding that there was about 100 tons left on board the ship elsewhere.
In the images published today, the hull of the boat is completely divided into two parts. It is not certain what date the pictures were taken.
The Mauritian government has been criticized for doing too little in the week following the ship's crash against the reef. According to SBSNews, it took the ship's owner – Japanese shipping company Nagashiki – three weeks to visit the scene.
In response to the company's late arrival, Greenpeace wrote: “There are still many questions unanswered. Why did your ship sail so dangerously close to the reef? Why have you done so little since the ship ran aground? What will you do to reduce the environmental damage and the pain and suffering of those who depend on it for a living? & # 39;
The government issued a statement yesterday evening demanding compensation from the shipowner for cleaning costs, loss and damage, as well as anyone whose livelihoods were affected by the spillage.
However, it was stressed that the Mauritian government will not take responsibility.
The shipowner promised to respond to requests for compensation for damage to marine life around Mauritius.
It comes after more than 1,000 tons of fuel spilled into the waters from MV Wakashio after it hit a coral reef off the island with 4,000 tons of fuel on July 25.
The ship, which has already dumped around 1,180 tons of fuel into the sea, started leaking oil into coral reefs, mangrove forests and protected wetlands last week. This was a major blow to the paradise island popular with honeymooners and other tourists.
On Wednesday, PM Pravind Jugnauth announced that all fuel has been pumped from the ship's reservoirs. Elsewhere on the boat, however, there were still around 160 tons of oil, which began to leak again on Friday and made the sea around the ship black again.
However, today Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth said: "All the fuel has been pumped from the reservoirs."
He added, “It was a race against the clock and I applaud the excellent work done to prevent further oil spill.
In the images released today, the hull of the MW Wakashio boat is completely divided into two parts. It is not certain what date the pictures were taken
In the images released today, the hull of the MW Wakashio boat is completely divided into two parts. It is not certain what date the pictures were taken
A devastating oil spill from the Japanese ship MV Wakashio, which ran aground two weeks ago on a reef off Mauritius, has spread 11.5 kilometers from the Blue Bay Marine Park to the tourist island of Ile aux Cerfs on the east coast of the island
More than 1,000 tons of fuel have entered the pristine waters of the island from MV Wakashio. There are fears that more could be spilled if the ship splits in half and another 1,800 remain in the ship
The Wakashio hit a coral reef off the island on July 25 with 4,000 tons of fuel, and around 1,180 tons of fuel spilled into the sea
A huge crack in the hull of the Japanese MV Wakashio
Fishermen and skippers maintain a makeshift oil well on the Mahebourg Waterfront in Riviere des Creoles, Mauritius today
Volunteers are preparing to place handcrafted oil barriers in the sea today at the Mahebourg Waterfront on the Riviere des Creoles in Mauritius
Who pays the bill?
A Japanese bulk carrier hit a coral reef off the island state of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean on July 25, spilling around 1,000 tons of heating oil and causing an "environmental emergency".
Scientists say the spill is the country's worst ecological disaster, killing wildlife and damaging pristine water that attracts tourists from around the world. The full effect is still unfolding. As residents try to mop up the oil spills, they see dead eels and fish swimming in the water while fuel-soaked seabirds hobble on land.
The legal implications are explained below.
THE SHIP AND THE OPERATOR
The ship is owned and operated by Nagashiki Shipping, a private company based in Okayama, Japan, which said Mauritius has applied for compensation. A statement said the cause of the accident is unknown and is being fully investigated.
MV Wakashio, a cape-sized bulk carrier nearly 300 meters long and used to transport iron ore, weighing around 200,000 tons, was built in 2007, which means that it should be double-shelled and better protected against breakage.
A worker extends his thick oil-covered arms to collect seaweed and straw mixed with leaked oil from MV Wakashio, a Japanese bulk carrier flying the Panama flag, after it ran aground off the southeast coast of Mauritius today
With a crew of 20 sailors, the Panama-flagged ship was on its way to Brazil to pick up iron ore, according to Mitsui OSK, who chartered the ship. The bulk carrier had dropped off a cargo in Tianjin, China, before it crossed the Indian Ocean.
The operator did not explain why he was sailing so close to the reef.
The ship carried around 3,800 tons of heating oil along with diesel to power its engines. One of his oil tanks, which contained around 1,000 tons of heating oil, burst after it ran aground.
The MV Wakashio passed an annual inspection in March without any problems, according to the Japanese inspection authority ClassNK.
Mauritian Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth said Wednesday that almost all of the remaining oil had been removed from the ship, confirming an earlier statement by Nagashiki that most of the oil still on board had been pumped out.
WHO IS RESPONSIBLE?
Under the 2001 International Convention on Civil Liability for Damage from Bunker Oil Pollution, known as the BUNKER Convention and administered by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) since it came into force in 2008, ship owners are responsible for damage caused by oil leaks . This means that Nagashiki and not Mitsui OSK is liable.
In a June 13 statement, Nagashiki said it would "handle claims for damages based on applicable law."
Akihiko Ono, executive vice president of Mitsui OSK Lines, has apologized for the spill, but a spokesman told Reuters that he was not responsible for the accident.
The amounts of compensation paid by shipowners are governed by the 1976 Convention on Limitation of Liability for Claims at Sea and a convention amended in 1996 and subsequently amended. The agreement also obliges the owners to ensure adequate insurance.
According to the Tokyo law firm Toda, Mauritius has ratified the 1976 version that capped payments at 2 billion yen ($ 18.7 million), while Japan signed the 1996 document with a 7 billion yen cap.
It is up to each court to decide on compensation, which applies in this case.
The Wakashio is insured with the Japan Club, the only organization in the country that provides protection and liability insurance for sea and coastal vessels. On Wednesday, a spokesman for Japan P&A said I said it was "trying to make internal estimates" of how much the cleanup would cost.
The Jugnauth government has said it does not have to provide an estimate either.
According to Koshiro Emura, an analyst at S&P Global Ratings, I could cover up to $ 1 billion as I can count on the support of more than a dozen other shipowner insurance unions around the world.
Removing the ship is delicate and will likely take months. France, which once ruled Mauritius as a colony, has announced that it will help with the cleanup, while Japan is dispatching experts.
The International Maritime Organization offers technical advice.
"The weather was calm and it helped with the pumping, it also prevented the boat from breaking apart, which is inevitable."
The oil spill has so far spread 11.5 kilometers from the Blue Bay Marine Park to the tourist island of Ile aux Cerfs on the east coast of Mauritius.
Mr Jugnauth said yesterday that although there has been no more spillage, large cracks have appeared on the hull, indicating it could break apart and more fuel could leak.
He said: & # 39; The salvage team observed several cracks in the ship's hull which means we are facing a very serious situation.
& # 39; We should prepare for a worst-case scenario. It is clear that the ship will fall apart at some point. & # 39;
Sunil Dowarkasing, environmental consultant and former MP in Mauritius, said: “The risk of the ship breaking in two is increasing by the hour.
& # 39; The cracks have now reached the base of the ship and there is still a lot of fuel on the ship.
Workers collect seaweed and straw mixed with spilled oil from the MV Wakashio, a Japanese bulk carrier flying the Panama flag, after it ran aground off the southeast coast of Mauritius today
Satellite images from August 12 show the MV Wakashio off the southeast coast of Mauritius after it crashed into a coral reef
A volunteer wears protective clothing to clean up the oil spilled from the bulk carrier MV Wakashio
Volunteers are setting up barrels at the Mahebourg Waterfront in Riviere des Creoles, Mauritius today to help clean up the oil spill
A man collects leaked oil on the Riviere des Creoles in Mauritius on Monday from the bulk carrier MV Wakashio, which is owned by a Japanese company but ran aground on a reef under the Panamanian flag
A volunteer is seen in the leaked oil from the bulk carrier MV Wakashio, owned by a Japanese company but running aground on a reef in Riviere des Creoles, Mauritius under the Panamanian flag on Monday
Workers cleared an oil-covered coastal area in Mahebourg, Mauritius, last week. There were still around 1,800 tons of fuel on board the fragile ship
This satellite image, made available by Maxar Technologies on Friday through 2020, shows an aerial photo of oil spilling from the MV Wakashio, a bulk carrier that recently ran aground off the southeast coast of Mauritius
A man shoveled oil from the MV Wakashio, owned by a Japanese company flying the Panamanian flag, which ran aground near the Blue Bay Marine Park off the coast of southeast Mauritius
On-site volunteers are making absorbent barriers out of straw that are filled in cloth sacks to contain oil from the MV Wakashio
The bulk carrier MV Wakashio on the Riviere des Creoles in Mauritius that ran aground on a reef is shown above
People scooped oil from the Panamanian flag ship MV Wakashio, owned by a Japanese company, which ran aground and caused oil spills near Blue Bay Marine Park in southeast Mauritius on Sunday
"Two ships are on their way to the construction site for fuel to be pumped into them, but it's very difficult."
"We expect the worst," added Jean Hugues Gardenne of the Mauritian Wildlife Foundation.
& # 39; The ship is showing really big, big cracks. We believe that it will split in two at any time, within two days at most. & # 39;
Thousands of volunteers, many of them smeared head to toe in black mud, have emerged on the coast since Friday, lining up miles of improvised floating barriers made of straw to hold the mud back.
Vashist Seegobin, professor of ecology and conservation at the University of Mauritius, said that although the amount of fuel seeping from the boat appeared to have slowed, "it is still leaking, we need to stay on alert."
A combined handout photo shows the waters near Pointe d & # 39; Esny before and after the oil leak from the bulk carrier MV Wakashio in Pointe d & # 39; Esny, Mauritius on August 1, 2020 and August 6, 2020 in these Copernicus Sentinel-2 images received by Reuters on August 9, 2020
A still from a drone video shows a cleaning crew working on the site of an oil spill after the bulk carrier MV Wakashio ran aground on a reef in Riviere des Creoles, Mauritius on Friday
Local volunteers clean up oil that was washed up on the beach by the MV Wakashio, a Japanese-owned Panama-flagged bulk carrier that recently ran aground off the southeast coast of Mauritius
Activists said dead eels were swimming in the water and dead starfish were marked by the sticky black liquid. Crabs and seabirds also die.
"We don't know what can happen to the boat further, it can crack more," said Yvan Luckhun, a clean-up volunteer.
The United Nations inter-agency team will "support efforts to reduce the effects of oil pollution on natural resources and the population," said a statement from the UN office in Mauritius.
Japan has deployed a team of six, including its coast guard, to help.
France has sent more than 20 tons of technical equipment – including 1.3 kilometers of oil boom, pumping equipment and protective gear – along with technical advisors from nearby Reunion, an island in the French Indian Ocean.
An undated flyer photo, provided by the Reunion Region Office in Mauritius, shows volunteers on site making absorbent straw barriers stuffed into cloth sacks to contain oil from the MV Wakashio
A photo from the Mauritian Wildlife Foundation Ministry shows oil leaking from the MV Wakashi
Local volunteers making absorbent barriers out of straw stuffed into cloth sacks to hold oil from the MV Wakashio, a Japanese-owned Panama-flagged bulk carrier that leaks oil when it recently aground off the southeast coast of Mauritius ran (issued on Monday).
The spill set the restoration of natural wildlife and flora in the lagoon back by two decades.
Conservation efforts began after the government banned sand harvesting in the area in 2000, said Vikash Tatayah, conservation director at the Mauritius Wildlife Foundation, a non-governmental organization.
The fragmentation of the oil in the ocean is expected to damage the corals as the heavier particles in the oil settle on them, he said, adding that government measures to prevent the disaster are also being examined.
"There is some anger and criticism from civil society that it may have taken the government too long to respond," said Tatayah.
Thousands of students, environmental activists and residents of Mauritius worked around the clock to reduce the damage on the island in the Indian Ocean
The Mahebourg waterfront has been completely smoothed with oil
A drone picture shows volunteers preparing to handle spilled oil from the bulk carrier MV Wakashio, which is owned by a Japanese company but ran aground on a reef on the Riviere des Creoles on the coast of Mahebourg in Mauritius under the Panamanian flag
A drone picture shows volunteers preparing to handle spilled oil from the bulk carrier MV Wakashio, which is owned by a Japanese company but ran aground on a reef under the Panamanian flag on Monday at Riviere des Creoles on the coast of Mahebourg, Mauritius
An aerial photo shows people who yesterday scooped leaked oil from the bulk carrier MV Wakashio, which ran aground on Bambous Virieux beach in southeast Mauritius
The ship was grounded for almost two weeks before oil leaked. There was no immediate comment from Mauritian government officials.
Der Wakashio hat im März ohne Probleme eine jährliche Inspektion bestanden, teilte die japanische Inspektionsstelle ClassNK mit.
Mitsui OSK Lines sagte in einer Erklärung: "Wir werden unser Möglichstes tun, um die Situation schnell zu lösen."
Es wurden keine Details angegeben. Das Unternehmen sagte, es habe sechs Mitarbeiter auf die Baustelle geschickt und erwäge, weitere zusammen mit Transportmitteln zu schicken.
Die Internationale Seeschifffahrtsorganisation erklärte, sie habe sich zusammengeschlossen, um die Verschüttung durch technische Beratung und Koordinierung der Reaktion zu bekämpfen.
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