American journalist who upheld the morale of fellow prisoners
James Foley, of Illinois, United States, was a journalist who first went missing in November 2012
James Foley of Illinois in the United States was a journalist who first went missing in November 2012.
He was taken hostage on the way to an internet café while reporting for GlobalPost at gunpoint by militants from the Jabhat al Nusra group in Taftanaz, northern Syria.
Jabhat al Nusra subsequently merged with ISIS – which did not exist in any similar form when Mr. Foley was acquired.
Mr Foley joined other European and British prisoners in ISIS prison and was eventually murdered by his kidnappers despite attempts to rescue him.
His fellow inmates spoke kindly of Foley, who called people "Bro" and who, despite the tight rations amounting to a cup of food a day, never argued about food shortages and often shared his portion and blanket.
Mr. Foley often tried to maintain the prisoners' morale, persuade them to play games and give lectures on their favorite subjects.
He even organized a "secret Santa Claus" for Christmas 2013 and encouraged hostages to make gifts out of whatever they could find.
ISIS posted his execution video, entitled "A Message to America", on social media as evidence of his death.
In written remarks prior to his murder, he knelt in an orange jump suit and said, “I wish I could have hope of freedom and see my family again.
& # 39; But the ship has sailed. All in all, I wish I wasn't American. & # 39;
"The guy lit a room": US freelance journalist, an avid rugby player
Steven Sotloff, 31, from Miami, who freelanced for contemporary and foreign policy magazines, disappeared in Syria in 2013
The 31-year-old US journalist Steven Sotloff disappeared in Syria in August 2013.
Mr Sotloff was not seen again until August 2014 when he appeared in a video posted online by ISIS showing James Foley's beheading.
In a second clip, released weeks later, entitled "A Second Message to America", Mr. Sotloff appeared in orange overalls before being beheaded by an Islamic state fighter.
The grandson of the Holocaust survivors, Mr. Sotloff, grew up in Miami before attending Kimball Union Academy boarding school in New Hampshire before studying at the University of Central Florida.
While at Kimball, Mr. Sotloff was an avid rugby player and when he joined UFC, he began working for the local student newspaper Central Florida Future.
He left this newspaper in 2005 and began pursuing his journalism dreams full time.
& # 39; The guy lit a room. He's always been so loyal to us, caring and a good friend, ”former roommate Josh Polsky told the New York Times.
"If you had to rely on anyone for anything, they would drop everything for you or anyone else on a dime."
Sotloff traveled to the Middle East as a freelance journalist and wrote reports from Bahrain, Egypt, Libya, Turkey and Syria.
He often had pieces in periodical and foreign policy magazines.
"A million people could have told him what he was doing was stupid as it seemed to us outsiders, but to him it was what he liked to do and you didn't want to stop him," said his friend Emerson Lotzia, said.
Steve said it was scary over there. It was dangerous. It wasn't safe to be there. He knew it. He kept going back. & # 39;
British taxi driver who volunteered to be a helper
Alan Henning, a father of two, was kidnapped on Boxing Day 2013 while helping Syrian refugees
Alan Henning, a father of two, was kidnapped on Boxing Day 2013 while helping Syrian refugees.
The Manchester taxi driver was held hostage until he was beheaded on video by Jihadi John in October 2014.
Before he was killed, Mr. Henning had to tell the camera that he was murdered in retaliation for Parliament's decision to attack ISIS.
The Salford native had seen the suffering firsthand during a life-changing visit to a refugee camp, which inspired him to help the innocent whose lives were shattered by the conflict.
After volunteering with a Muslim charity, the 47-year-old agreed to drive 3,000 miles in a convoy of old ambulances to support relief efforts and provide much-needed medical care for hospitals in the northern Syrian province of Idlib.
Known to friends and family as the "Gadget" for his love of technology, Mr Henning had washed cars in the UK to raise money for donations before leaving for his fourth visit to the country.
He was traveling with eight others from the Al-Fathiha Global charity who intended to deliver vital equipment, including NHS ambulances packed with baby milk, diapers, groceries and defibrillators, but was caught by ISIS on Boxing Day shortly after the 4,000-mile stretch -Extremists kidnapped trip to the city of Al-Dana.
As a fan of Phil Collins, whom he liked to play while driving, Mr. Henning was incredibly popular and during a trip insisted on sleeping in his ambulance instead of a hotel in order to save money so it could be donated to refugees instead.
Kasim Jameel, leader of the convoy Mr. Henning was traveling with when he was kidnapped, described his friend as a "great softie".
Dr. Shameela Islam-Zulfiqar, who was also in the convoy, said Mr. Henning was "remarkable".
"He's such a compassionate and selfless person," she said. “It just wasn't enough for Alan to sit back and just donate or raise awareness.
He had to get up and do something about what he had seen. Every time the convoys left, he longed to go. That really motivated him to see practically firsthand the difference he was making. & # 39;
Scottish father of two who has spent his career as a helper
David Haines, beheaded a week after Steven Sotloff, was the first British victim of Jihadi John
David Haines, beheaded a week after Steven Sotloff, was the first British victim of Jihadi John.
The father of two from Holderness, East Yorkshire, was taken hostage in March of this year while working for the ACTED charity in Syria.
He was captured near the Atmeh refugee camp within the Syrian border with Turkey.
Mr. Haines has spent his career helping to protect innocent civilians in developing countries.
For more than two decades, he traveled with aid organizations through Syria, Libya, the former Yugoslavia and South Sudan.
He devoted his life to promoting peace in places of violent conflict and overseeing projects to save civilians from landmines.
The 44-year-old has been described as a hero by his family, who was inspired by him to travel the world on other relief missions.
He had a teenage daughter in Scotland from a previous marriage to his first wife and a four year old daughter, Athea, in Croatia from his second wife.
Mr. Haines grew up in Perth, Scotland and studied at the Perth Academy before joining the military at the age of 17.
According to his online résumé, he served in the military for 11 years and held "various positions related to security and threat intelligence in different countries" between 1988 and 1999.
It was not stated what forces he served with, although his ISIS execution video claimed he was with the Royal Air Force.
His brother Mike later confirmed this and said he was an engineer.
26 year old helping refugees in Beirut
Peter Kassig, a 26-year-old from Indiana, was beheaded by ISIS executioner Jihadi John in November 2014
Peter Kassig, a 26-year-old from Indiana, founded a non-profit organization called Special Emergency Response and Assistance (SERA).
The Iraq war veteran, who lived in Beirut to help refugees from the Syrian crisis, was beheaded in November 2014 by ISIS executioner Jihadi John.
Mr Kassig wrote on his profile page on the fundraising website FundRazr that he had previously worked as a paramedic in a hospital in Tripoli, Lebanon.
He said, “When I first started this cause to help those in need, I was alone, but I saw firsthand the scarcity of resources and supplies for people living in Lebanon, Syria and the Turkey suffered the violence.
"The amount of feedback and support from people around the world has motivated me to organize and develop a platform that people can use to send donations to help keep my work going."
Kassig joined the US Army Rangers in 2006 and was posted to Iraq in 2007.
After a brief tour, he was honorably discharged on medical grounds and returned to the United States to study political science.
In 2010, however, he decided to take a break from his studies and began his certification as a paramedic.
He then decided to travel to Beirut to help those in need as a result of the Syrian crisis.
After a short time in the country, he founded his own aid group SERA.
Few details are publicly known about how Kassig was captured.
The 26-year-old humanitarian worker who said it was always light in the dark
Kayla Mueller, 26, was held as a sex slave by ISIS leader Abu Bakr al Baghdadi
Kayla Mueller, an American, was a humanitarian worker kidnapped and taken hostage in August 2013 after leaving a MSF hospital in Aleppo, Syria.
She was held as a sex slave by ISIS leader Abu Bakr al Baghdadi, who repeatedly raped her while in custody.
The fanatics reportedly demanded 5 million euros from Müller's family and told them that if they did not get money, they would send a picture of their body.
Kotey admitted to contacting her, adding, “I took an email from her myself. She was alone in a room no one would go into. & # 39;
Her death was reported in February 2015 and her name was used as a code word for the daring US raid in which she was once killed as a kidnapper.
Kayla's body was never found and her parents live in hopes that her remains will be recovered.
Mother Martha said: I want people to see the light in Kayla in such total darkness as she just said that there is always light.
"And I also want people to see that she even told people that where she was, maybe she should be there, this is where she should be all the time. She always wanted to help."
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