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Get up, Sir Hercule! Poirot actor David Suchet leads the star honor


His legion of fans will say it's a mystery why he had to wait so long.

Now, 74-year-old David Suchet, best known for playing Agatha Christie's Belgian detective Hercule Poirot, has recognized his five-decade career on stage and on screen with a knighthood.

The actor directs a long line of leading figures from the show business world featured in the Queen & # 39; s Birthday Honors. This includes TV chef Mary Berry, who said she was "absolutely overwhelmed" at becoming a lady.

Known for his role as Agatha Christie's Belgian detective Hercule Poirot, 74-year-old David Suchet has recognized his five decades of stage and screen career with a knighthood

TV chef Mary Berry enters the Queen's list of honor for her birthday

TV chef Mary Berry enters the Queen's list of honor for her birthday

Actress Maureen Lipman also receives condemnation for her work in showbizness

Actress Maureen Lipman also receives condemnation for her work in showbizness

Actress Maureen Lipman is also given a ladies' hood, while there is chivalry for Britain's first rock & # 39; n & # 39; roll star Tommy Steele and soap opera producer Phil Redmond. TV presenter Lorraine Kelly receives a CBE.

Speaking of his award for services to drama and charity, Sir David said: "I am very honored, privileged and grateful to the Queen, my country and my profession."

He joined the Royal Shakespeare Company in 1973 before making his West End debut in Separation in 1987. He starred in stage productions of Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? and the importance of being serious.

His numerous television appearances include roles in the ITV drama Henry VIII, a 2006 production of Dracula, Doctor Who and the recent BBC adaptation of Philip Pullman's His Dark Materials.

But Sir David – whose older brother is former television news presenter John Suchet – will forever be remembered for playing Poirot from 1989 to 2013. In 1991 he received a Bafta nomination for the role.

The pictured rapper Dizzee Rascall was awarded an MBE in the list of birthday honors

The pictured rapper Dizzee Rascall was awarded an MBE in the list of birthday honors

Pictured first British rock & # 39; n & # 39; roll star Tommy Steele was also knighted

Pictured first British rock & # 39; n & # 39; roll star Tommy Steele was also knighted

Professor Brian Cox, who once starred in D: Ream and later became famous for his work in astrophysics, was anointed with a CBE

Professor Brian Cox, who once starred in D: Ream and later became famous for his work in astrophysics, was anointed with a CBE

Another longtime TV star to be honored was former judge Dame Mary, 85, for Services to Broadcasting, Culinary Arts and Charity. She said of the award, “I am absolutely overwhelmed to receive this very great honor.

“I just wish my parents and brothers were here to share my joy, because my only success at school was just an O level – in cooking, of course! However, I am sure they will look down and smile … I will be celebrating with my husband and family very soon! "

Dame Mary, a graduate of Le Cordon Bleu culinary school, has had an impressive career for six decades.

Pictured Lorraine Kelly is also on the Queen's Honor Roll for her birthday

Pictured Lorraine Kelly is also on the Queen's Honor Roll for her birthday

She was a familiar face on television, hosting shows like Mary Berry Cooks and Marys Absolute Favorites, and has published nearly 70 books since her debut, Mary Berrys Cookbook, in 1970.

Dame Maureen's award makes her the first lady on Coronation Street, where she currently plays Evelyn Plummer.

The 74-year-old, recognized for her contributions to charity, entertainment and the arts, said, “I am proud to be honored by the Queen and the land I love for the work I love.

“My grandfather was given the freedom to live and work in the historic and welcoming city of Hull after escaping persecution in Russia.

Two generations later, the same town, his granddaughter, gave me a full scholarship to live and study theater, resulting in a rich and rewarding career. It's a wonderful reflection on what is, how to trust, this country's enduring generosity towards the immigrant. So, happy birthday, your Majesty, and thank you. "

Dame Maureen's 50-year résumé spans everything from a popular comedy twist in a BT commercial to a supporting role in the Oscar-winning drama The Pianist.

Sir Tommy, 83, often referred to as Britain's first teen idol after becoming famous in the 1950s, said he felt like he was in a "show business fairy tale" and added that the award was a "wonderful thing" be.

A native of Bermondsey, south London, Thomas Hicks first heard the music of Buddy Holly when a ship he served on docked in Virginia, USA, and fell in love with rock and roll.

MBE for fitness guru Joe Wicks

By Claire Ellicott, Political Correspondent for the Daily Mail

35-year-old fitness instructor Joe Wicks has been named an MBE for helping children stay active and mentally fit with online exercise classes during lockdown and for his charity efforts.

35-year-old fitness trainer Joe Wicks was named an MBE for helping children stay active and mentally fit with online exercise classes during lockdown and for his charity work

35-year-old fitness trainer Joe Wicks was named an MBE for helping children stay active and mentally fit with online exercise classes during lockdown and for his charitable causes

His YouTube workouts raised £ 580,000 for the NHS.

He said yesterday, "I can't quite believe it … Receiving this is just amazing. I'm so proud of the fact that I did something that helps so many people."

He thanked those who had participated in the workouts and made them "a special moment in my life".

Wicks set a Guinness world record for live streaming after one of its online classes attracted nearly a million viewers.

Fitness trainer Mr. Motivator – real name Derrick Evans, 67 – has also been appointed an MBE and said yesterday that he feels "blessed".

He became a household name with The Steelmen, who reached # 1 with Singing The Blues in 1956.

Lancashire-born Sir Phil, 71, is a television producer best known for his longtime youth shows Grange Hill and Hollyoaks and the Liverpool-based soap opera Brookside. He ran the independent production company Mersey Television for two decades.

Regarding the honor, he said, “I have always believed that you will get nowhere in life without the help of other people, and while this great honor came as a great surprise, it is also humbling, as I know many, many people to support such nominations . Thank you to everyone for helping me put that great smile on my face. "

Sir David Attenborough, 94, already had a knighthood – but is now also awarded the highly regarded Knight's Grand Cross in the Order of St. Michael and St. George for his contributions to television broadcasting and maintenance.

He said: "I am of course very honored that my work should have been recognized in this way."

60-year-old ITV presenter Miss Kelly, recognized for her contributions to broadcasting, journalism and charity, said, “This is an unexpected honor.

"I am very grateful and humble. Especially since I am in a far more deserving society – especially all those front workers who are real heroes."

Physicist and television presenter Professor Brian Cox, 52, actor Adrian Lester, 52, and singer Joan Armatrading, 69, also receive CBEs.

The TV writer Sally Wainwright, who is behind shows like Happy Valley, Last Tango in Halifax and Gentleman Jack, is awarded an OBE by the Electric Light Orchestra, as is the musician Jeff Lynne (72).

Rapper Dizzee Rascal (36), singer Mica Paris (51) and TV chef Ching-He Huang (42) received an MBE. ITV medical expert Dr. Hilary Jones, 67, said he felt "humbled and delighted" to be an MBE. He regularly presents health departments on ITV's Good Morning Britain and gives advice on coronavirus.

On the list of celebrities who helped in Covid-19's efforts is 30-year-old rapper Lady Leshurr, who after releasing a song earlier this year will receive the British Empire Medal (BEM), which reminds people to wash your hands.

She said, "I can't believe the Queen of England noticed and praised the Queen of Filth."

The novelist Susan Hill, known for her ghost story The Woman in Black, was awarded a ladies hood and joked that she had "caught up" with the friend Dame Judi Dench.

Dame Susan, 78, who also worked as a screenwriter for The Archers on Radio 4, said, "I was very surprised, but of course pleased too."

The co-author Bernardine Evaristo, whose novel Girl, Woman, Other won the Booker Prize last year, was awarded an OBE.

It's Marcus Rashford MBE! The Man Utd striker was recognized on the honor roll for working on feeding disadvantaged children … before calling on the prime minister to extend the free school lunch program

Marcus Rashford has urged the Prime Minister to do more to tackle child food poverty after becoming MBE on Queen's Birthday.

The Manchester United and England star has been recognized for his work in feeding disadvantaged children. This included Boris Johnson being forced to do a U-turn during the summer vacation that saw 1.3 million children receive free vouchers for school meals.

However, Rashford fears that an even bigger crisis looms – with the end of the government's vacation program, which threatens mass unemployment, which could leave families without food – and he wants Mr Johnson to extend the voucher system over the October halftime break.

Marcus Rashford (center) was awarded an MBE for his work on the nutrition of disadvantaged children

Marcus Rashford (center) was awarded an MBE for his work on the nutrition of disadvantaged children

After the news of his MBE broke, Rashford shared a picture on social media and read a newspaper

After the news of his MBE broke, Rashford shared a picture on social media and read a newspaper

"I am incredibly honored and humbled," said Rashford.

“As a young black man from Wythenshawe, I never thought I would accept an MBE, let alone an MBE at the age of 22.

“This is a very special moment for me and my family, but especially for my mother, who really deserves the honor.

“The fight to protect our most vulnerable children is far from over. I would be unfairly treating the families I have met and spoken to if I did not take this opportunity to respectfully urge the Prime Minister, who recommended me for this honor, to have our children with one during the October halftime Extension of support for the voucher program as the vacation program comes to an end and we face increased unemployment.

“It's just another sticking plaster, but one that leaves the parents of millions of children just one less worry.

“Let’s say together that no children in the UK should go to bed hungry. It is never the child's fault not to have access to food. & # 39;

Rashford's appeal came when it was found that 900,000 more children were registered for free school meals during the pandemic.

The Manchester United and England striker continues to urge the government on child poverty

The Manchester United and England striker continues to urge the government on child poverty

Attenborough's "racist" gong is being redesigned

The medal awarded to Sir David Attenborough yesterday was changed after complaining that the portrayal of a black man in chains crushed by a white angel was racist.

Sir David is to be named Knight's Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, a Knighthood of the Commonwealth personally made by the Queen.

The recipients receive a badge on which Archangel Michael traditionally tramples on the neck of a lying, dark-skinned man. It is supposed to represent the triumph of St. Michael over the devil.

The gong given to David Attenborough is changed to show an angel standing on a devil's neck

The gong given to David Attenborough is changed to show an angel standing on a devil's neck

In the previous version of the medal, a dark-skinned man was trampled

In the previous version of the medal, a dark-skinned man was trampled

The new version of the medal, which the devil has paler skin on, means Sir David and the royal family avoid major potential embarrassments.

The respected activist leads the new £ 50 million Earthshot environmental award announced by Prince William this week.

William's brother Harry claimed last week that there is still "structural racism" in the UK.

After the police murder of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, by police in the United States earlier this year, more than 20,000 people signed a petition calling for the Order of St. Michael and St. George Gong to be redesigned.

Critics said changing the devil's color didn't go far enough because it still resembled the murder of Mr. Floyd. In addition to the medal, Sir David as a Knight of the Knight's Cross – the highest of the three ranks of the order – is allowed to wear a separate golden star badge on a cape, which is worn on ceremonial occasions. This version shows Satan with strikingly black skin.

Sir Michael Palin, who received a similar award two years ago, said the image of black Satan was "inadequate and insensitive". Sir Patrick Allen, Governor General of Jamaica, said he would no longer wear the medal.

The Cabinet Office said yesterday that Sir David would receive a new style medal featuring a white Satan. A spokesman said all versions of the insignia had been changed, including the gold "star".

The archangel has also been redesigned, showing a slimmer waist and longer blonde hair. However, the Cabinet Office said this did not show that his gender had been changed to female.

Founded in 1818 by the future King George IV, the honor is primarily awarded for outstanding service to the Commonwealth.

A number of Royal Household employees were honored, including Prince Charles & # 39; longtime chauffeur, Princess Anne's waiting ladies, and a royal saddler and crockery maker.

More than 50 employees have been recognized for their services in the Royal Victorian Order, originally founded by Queen Victoria and used for outstanding personal service to the monarchy.

The Queen's Caretaker, Vice Admiral Anthony Johnstone-Burt, in charge of the operation of Buckingham Palace, and Jonathan Weatherby, Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot, were knighted. Leonora, Countess of Lichfield, Araminta Ritchie and Jane Holderness-Roddam, all the ladies waiting for Anne, have been appointed commanders of the Order.

Bella! Ruth Rogers from River Cafe is CBE

River Cafe owner Ruth Rogers has been named a CBE for culinary arts and charity services.

The 72-year-old American chef co-founded the Michelin-starred Italian restaurant in Hammersmith, west London, in 1987.

Jamie Oliver began his career at the fashion establishment, whose regulars include Gwyneth Paltrow, Nigella Lawson and Jemima Goldsmith.

River Cafe owner Ruth Rogers has been named a CBE for culinary arts and charity services

River Cafe owner Ruth Rogers has been named a CBE for culinary arts and charity services

Fashion designer Misha Nonoo, believed to have founded Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, is also a fan. Lady Rogers, pictured with her architect husband Lord Rogers, prepared dinner at Miss Nonoo's lavish wedding to oil tycoon Michael Hess attended by the Duke and Duchess of Sussex.

She has been involved with several charities, including StreetSmart for combating homelessness and the Refuge charity for domestic violence.

The chef, who received an MBE in hospitality services in 2009, told the Evening Standard in June that there had been no "silver lining" to ban.

Six government scientists received OBEs

Six government scientists have received OBEs – despite the possibility of their advice being challenged in any future investigation into the UK's virus response.

You were honored for your work during the crisis as part of the Emergency Scientific Advisory Group.

However, former Brexit secretary David Davis said honoring the Sage advisors was "unwise and premature" as an investigation may be underway. He added, "Your advice has been controversial and has sometimes changed and sometimes has been wrong."

Those getting gongs include Professor Calum Semple of Liverpool University, who said the virus was as deadly as Ebola – which has caused thousands of deaths across Africa.

Boris Johnson has committed to an independent investigation into how the pandemic is being dealt with. The cabinet office said the honors were recommended by an independent committee.

The multimillionaire Tory donor who hosted David Cameron's 50th birthday is knighted

A multimillionaire Tory donor who hosted David Cameron's 50th birthday party has been knighted.

Tony Gallagher, a real estate developer who has contributed more than £ 300,000 to the party since 2007, is honored for his "Land Development and Real Estate Services".

The businessman is part of the Chipping Norton set in the Cotswolds town of the former Prime Minister's old Oxfordshire constituency.

In 2016, he hosted a 50th birthday party for Mr. Cameron at Sarsden House, his country house near Chipping Norton. The two men reportedly met when Mr Cameron became the local MP.

The billionaire brothers who just bought the £ 6.8 billion Asda supermarket chain are both CBEs. Mohsin Issa, 49, and his brother Zuber, 48, who grew up in a row house in Blackburn, built their fortune by starting a global gasoline forecourt operator, Euro Garages.

Dispute over OBEs for wise experts: Several members of the government's scientific advisory board receive gongs in honor of the Queen – despite the possibility that their advice is subject to future investigation

By Claire Ellicott Political Correspondent for the Daily Mail and Jemma Carr for Mailonline

Several members of the government's Scientific Advisory Board have received gongs – despite the possibility that their advice may be the subject of future investigation.

Six confirmed members of SAGE (the Scientific Advisory Group on Emergencies) are to be named OBE in recognition of their work during the pandemic.

However, Tory MPs said the decision was "unwise and premature" as some of their advice had been controversial and could potentially be independently investigated in the future.

Boris Johnson has committed the UK government to an independent pandemic management investigation, reviewing decisions made by ministers and officials based on scientific advice.

Boris Johnson has committed the UK government to an independent investigation into how the pandemic is being dealt with

Boris Johnson has committed the UK government to an independent investigation into how the pandemic is being dealt with

In the latest UK coronavirus news:

  • Chancellor Rishi Sunak unveiled a local vacation program that covers two-thirds of workers' paychecks up to £ 2,100 a month for workers forced to cease work due to coronavirus restrictions.
  • Coronavirus infection rates are up to seven times higher in student areas than local authorities in England, test data shows, and in Fallowfield, Manchester, 5 percent of people tested positive in the first week of October.
  • Office for National Statistics data showed the UK economy grew just 2.1 percent in August, much less than analysts forecast and well below the 6.4 percent expansion recorded in July.
  • A dispute has broken out over PHE and Professor Whitty has given MPs "shady" data claiming that the coronavirus is spreading widespread in pubs and cafes after only affecting around 160 premises nationwide.
  • Shadow Chancellor Anneliese Dodds claimed that the Chancellor's employment promotion program forced companies to turn a coin about who stays and who goes because it is cheaper to employ a worker for the same hours.
  • London Mayor Sadiq Khan has warned the capital could face tighter restrictions as leafy Richmond becomes the hardest hit area. However, one report suggests that the city's R-rate is below 1.
  • Ministers are considering using a computer algorithm to create a "bespoke screening program" taking into account people's personal health and circumstances to determine whether they should be banned.
  • Former Tory Treasury Secretary Lord O & # 39; Neill called for "real decentralization" to improve the coronavirus response and a "bespoke" version of the vacation program.
  • Union leader Sir Keir Starmer, who wrote in the Daily Telegraph, said the government had "lost control of the virus" and urged ministers to "get a grip".

Former Brexit Secretary David Davis said: “It may well be that members of Sage deserve an honor at some point, but this is not the point for a variety of reasons.

“There could be a big investigation and it shouldn't be biased. Receiving an honor can also affect the way their advice is received.

“I think that's not wise, although it may not be wrong. Their advice has been controversial and has changed at times and has been wrong at times, although this is not surprising as it is difficult to respond to an unprecedented pandemic.

"That is reasonable, but it makes awarding an honor early unwise and premature."

Tory MP Sir Desmond Swayne said, “Sage members work very hard and they deserve it. What I would say is that it has to be a lot more representative than it is.

"While it would be grumpy to remove scientists from the list, when all of this comes home to sleep and the clue starts, I don't think an honor would save anyone."

Former Brexit Secretary David Davis said: "It may well be that members of Sage deserve an honor at some point, but this is not the point for various reasons."

Tory MP Sir Desmond Swayne said: “The members of Sage work very hard and they absolutely deserve it. What I would say is that it has to be way more representative than it is & # 39;

Former Brexit Secretary David Davis (left) said: "It may well be that members of Sage deserve an honor at some point, but that is not the point for a variety of reasons." Tory MP Sir Desmond Swayne (right) said: “The members of Sage work very hard and they absolutely deserve it. What I would say is that it has to be way more representative than it is & # 39;

Scientists have recommended closing pubs, maintaining the two-meter rule of social distancing, and tracking herd immunity – saying that Covid is just as deadly as Ebola.

OBE members include Professor Graham Medley, an infectious disease specialist at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Professor Medley, chair of the subgroup on pandemic models, suggested that herd immunity was the only solution to fighting the virus.

He told the BBC, "We have to create what we call herd immunity," which would require "a nice big epidemic".

OBE experts include Professor Graham Medley, an infectious disease specialist at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Professor Calum Semple, Professor of Child Health and Outbreak Medicine at the University of Liverpool, also receives a gong

OBE members include Professor Graham Medley (left), an infectious disease specialist at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Professor Calum Semple (right), Professor of Child Health and Outbreak Medicine at the University of Liverpool, also receives a gong

Professor Catherine Noakes, an expert on airborne infections at the University of Leeds, opposed the government's relaxation of the two-meter rule on social distancing

Professor Julia Gog, a math expert at Cambridge University, was honored for her contribution to science and her response to the virus

Professor Catherine Noakes (left), an airborne infection expert at the University of Leeds, opposed the government's easing of the two-meter rule on social distancing. Professor Julia Gog (right), math expert at the University of Cambridge, was honored for her contribution to science and her response to the virus.

Dr. James Rubin, a behavioral expert at King & # 39; s College London, is also a member of Sage, recognized for his contribution to public health during the pandemic

Professor Lucy Yardley, a health psychology expert at the University of Bristol and the University of Southampton, is also honored

Dr. James Rubin (left), a behavioral expert at King & # 39; s College London, is also a member of Sage, who was honored for his contribution to public health during the pandemic. Professor Lucy Yardley (right), a health psychology expert at the University of Bristol and the University of Southampton, is also honored

Who is SAGE expert Professor Graham Medley who warned the UK that there could soon be 100 coronavirus deaths a day?

Professor Graham Medley started working at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in 2015.

According to his online profile, his main focus is on the transmission dynamics of infectious diseases.

It states: “I am particularly interested in understanding how interventions to control infectious diseases are developed and how models relate to policy development.

"Die Interaktion der Übertragung mit gesellschaftlichen und politischen Prozessen ist für mich von besonderem Interesse und der Schwerpunkt meiner Arbeit auf HIV / AIDS."

Er war einer der ersten Wissenschaftler, der darauf bestand, dass Briten ihr Verhalten ändern müssen, um das Virus bereits im März zu kontrollieren.

Seitdem war er während der Pandemie sehr lautstark und kritisierte häufig die Reaktion der Regierung.

Im Juni schlug Professor Medley, der auch Vorsitzender des Pandemie-Modellierungskomitees SPI-M war, Boris Johnson und die Top-Minister zu und behaupteten, sie hätten die Bedrohung durch Covid-19 nicht ernst genommen, bis die Krise außer Kontrolle geriet.

Er sagte, Wissenschaftler hätten deutlich gemacht, dass das Virus "sehr viel Tod und Behinderung verursachen würde".

Aber er sprach von seiner Frustration darüber, dass hochrangige Politiker sich "so verhalten, dass dies nicht zu ernst ist".

Er sagte, die Warnungen seien im Februar gemacht worden, Wochen bevor der Ausbruch begann.

Und im September warnte Professor Medley, dass Großbritannien in drei bis vier Wochen täglich 100 Todesfälle durch Coronaviren erleiden könnte.

Er behauptete, die dreistellige Zahl sei "unvermeidlich", da das Virus für die Gemeinde weiterhin gefährlich sei.

Er kam zu der Zahl, bei der eine Virussterblichkeit von einem Prozent angenommen wurde und täglich 10.000 neue Infektionen gemeldet wurden.

Er sagte gegenüber BBC Radio 4: "Selbst wenn (die Sterblichkeitsrate) 0,8 Prozent beträgt, was meiner Meinung nach ein großer Erfolg in Bezug auf die Behandlung wäre, bedeutet dies immer noch, dass die Todesfälle zunehmen werden."

Untersuchungen legen nahe, dass bis zu 70 Prozent der Bevölkerung mit Coronavirus infiziert werden müssten, um eine Herdenimmunität zu erreichen.

Die Regierung schien das Prinzip zunächst zu übernehmen, bevor sie es ablehnte und behauptete, es sei nie eine Politik gewesen.

Im September warnte Professor Medle, dass Großbritannien in drei bis vier Wochen täglich 100 Todesfälle durch Coronaviren erleiden könnte.

Er behauptete, die dreistellige Zahl sei "unvermeidlich", da das Virus für die Gemeinde weiterhin gefährlich sei.

Er kam zu der Zahl, bei der eine Virussterblichkeit von einem Prozent angenommen wurde und täglich 10.000 neue Infektionen gemeldet wurden.

Er sagte gegenüber BBC Radio 4: "Selbst wenn (die Sterblichkeitsrate) 0,8 Prozent beträgt, was meiner Meinung nach ein großer Erfolg in Bezug auf die Behandlung wäre, bedeutet dies immer noch, dass die Todesfälle zunehmen werden."

Professor Calum Semple, Professor für Kindergesundheit und Ausbruchsmedizin an der Universität von Liverpool, forderte eine kurze nationale Sperrung, um die Ausbreitung des Virus zu verlangsamen.

Er sagte auch, dass das Virus genauso tödlich sei wie Ebola, das in ganz Afrika Tausende von Todesfällen verursacht habe, und kritisierte die Regierung für die Lockerung der Sperrung.

Professor Catherine Noakes, eine Expertin für Infektionen in der Luft an der Universität von Leeds, lehnte die Lockerung der Zwei-Meter-Regel zur sozialen Distanzierung durch die Regierung ab.

Sie sagte im Juni: "Es gibt zu viele Fälle in der Gemeinde, als dass wir in Betracht ziehen könnten, unter zwei Meter zu gehen."

Professor Julia Gog, Mathematikexpertin an der Universität von Cambridge, wurde für ihre Verdienste um die Wissenschaft und ihre Reaktion auf das Virus geehrt.

Dr. James Rubin, Verhaltensexperte am King's College London, ist ebenfalls Mitglied von Sage, der für seine Verdienste um die öffentliche Gesundheit während der Pandemie geehrt wurde.

Im April sagte Dr. Rubin, die britische Öffentlichkeit habe das Recht zu erfahren, wie die Minister beabsichtigen, die Sperrung des Coronavirus zu beenden.

Er sagte den Abgeordneten, dass Transparenz über den Weg zurück zum normalen Leben erforderlich sei, um das Vertrauen der Öffentlichkeit in die „schwierigen und kostspieligen“ sozialen Distanzierungsbeschränkungen aufrechtzuerhalten.

Er schlug vor, der Nation nicht klar zu machen, wie der Weg nach vorne zu Fehlschlägen führen könnte, da es "sehr wichtig ist, dass die Menschen ihre Erwartungen daran setzen".

Professor Lucy Yardley, eine Expertin für Gesundheitspsychologie an der University of Bristol und der University of Southampton, wird ebenfalls geehrt.

Erst letzten Monat kritisierte Professor Yardley die "Top-down-Regeln" der Regierung, die sich ständig ändern.

Sie sagte gegenüber der BBC: „Ich denke, es ist ein echtes Problem, dass Menschen versuchen, Top-Down-Regeln zu befolgen, die sich ständig ändern und an verschiedenen Orten und in verschiedenen Organisationen unterschiedlich sind.

"Wir brauchen weniger Regeln und mehr Zusammenarbeit, um in Ihrer individuellen Situation herauszufinden, wie Sie das Risiko für die Menschen um Sie herum am besten minimieren können."

Other scientific, pharmaceutical and health experts who have been called upon during the pandemic were also honoured for their role in the pandemic.

Professor Stephen Holgate from the University of Southampton, who developed a Covid treatment, receives a knighthood for services to medical research

Emma Walmsley, the chief executive officer of pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), which has played a key role in the drive for the vaccine, is also made a dame

Professor Stephen Holgate (left) from the University of Southampton, who developed a Covid treatment, receives a knighthood for services to medical research. Emma Walmsley (right), the chief executive officer of pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), which has played a key role in the drive for the vaccine, is also made a dame

Professor Stephen Holgate from the University of Southampton, who developed a Covid treatment, receives a knighthood for services to medical research.

Emma Walmsley, the chief executive officer of pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), which has played a key role in the drive for the vaccine, is also made a dame.

In April, Ms  Walmsley warned that no coronavirus vaccine will be ready to manufacture on a mass scale until late next year.

She said millions of doses would not be produced until the second half of 2021, 'if things go right'.

Tim Spector, professor of genetic epidemiology at King's College London, who leads the Covid Symptom Study (CSS) app with health-science company ZOE, is made OBE.

Dr George Kassianos, national immunisation lead for the Royal College of General Practitioners, is also being recognised for his efforts during the pandemic by being made CBE for services to travel medicine and general practice.

Former chief scientific adviser for Scotland Professor Muffy Calder, vice principal and head of the College of Science and Engineering at the University of Glasgow has been made a dame.

A Cabinet Office spokesman said: 'The independent Science and Technology Committee set a high bar for moving forward with recommendations at this time – and recognising that work in so many areas is on-going.

'The Committee looked for vital, often voluntary, contributions to the pandemic response with frontline impact, alongside extraordinary career wide contributions.'

Who are the six OBE-receiving members of the Government's SAGE committee and what did they say during the pandemic?

Professor Graham Medley

Professor Graham Medley, an infectious disease specialist at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, was one of the first scientists to insist Britons need to change their behaviour to control the virus back in March.

Professor Graham Medley, an infectious disease specialist at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, was one of the first scientists to insist Britons need to change their behaviour to control the virus back in March

Professor Graham Medley, an infectious disease specialist at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, was one of the first scientists to insist Britons need to change their behaviour to control the virus back in March

Speaking to  BBC Newsnight when Britain's death toll stood at just 10,  Professor Medley said it will be too late to start reacting when the death toll begins to soar – and people should take it seriously early on

He said said his ideal way to process the outbreak would be to quarantine all vulnerable people in the north of Scotland and push everyone else into Kent and 'have a nice big epidemic' there so people could get it over with and become immune to virus, then bring society back together.

Admitting that was not possible, he said slowing down the outbreak and spreading cases out over a long period of time would be the best way to handle it.

Professor Medley said herd immunity – letting people become infected so they are no longer vulnerable – was only viable path through the health emergency.

He said lockdown would not steer the country out of the pandemic – only prevent a short-term spread – but would bring the economy to its knees.

He also claimed mounting unemployment, domestic violence and burgeoning mental health issues could be widespread if the normal functioning of society remained paralysed.

And in May – ahead of the Government's plan to reopen schools one month later – Professor Medley said the UK government's scientific advice is made up of 'educated quesswork'.

In a recording obtained by the Daily Telegraph, he said: 'At the moment, we're having to do it by making educated guesswork, and institution and experience, rather than being able to do it in some kind of semi-formal way.

'But a half-good answer given before the decision is made is infinitely more useful than a perfect answer given after the decision is made.'

In June, Professor Medley – who was also the chair of pandemic modelling committee SPI-M – also slammed Boris Johnson and top ministers claiming they didn't take the threat of Covid-19 seriously until the crisis spiralled out of control.

He said scientists made it clear the virus 'was going to cause an awful lot of death and disability' early on.

But he spoke of his frustration at watching senior politicians 'behaving in a way that suggested this was not something that was too serious'.

In August, he said shutting pubs again to allow schools to reopen might be necessary as a 'trade-off' to stem a possible rise in coronavirus cases caused by 10 million children returning to the classroom.

He said most people would prioritise 'the health and wellbeing of children' over going to the pub.

In September,  Professor Medley warned that Britain could be struck with 100 coronavirus deaths a day in three to four weeks.

He claimed the triple-figure toll was 'inevitable' as the virus remains dangerous to the community.

He arrived at the figure assuming a virus death rate of one per cent and 10,000 new infections being reported every day.

He told BBC Radio 4: 'Even if (the death rate) is 0.8 per cent, which I think would be a great success in terms of treatment, it still means that we are going to see deaths increase.'

Professor Calum Semple

Professor Calum Semple is a Professor in Child Health and Outbreak Medicine at the University of Liverpool and a Consultant Respiratory Paediatrician at Alder Hey Children's Hospital.=

Professor Calum Semple is a Professor in Child Health and Outbreak Medicine at the University of Liverpool and a Consultant Respiratory Paediatrician at Alder Hey Children's Hospital.=

Professor Calum Semple is a Professor in Child Health and Outbreak Medicine at the University of Liverpool and a Consultant Respiratory Paediatrician at Alder Hey Children's Hospital.

Alongside his doctoral research in clinical virology, he was awarded with an NIHR National Clinician Scientist Award in 2002.

The academic, whose research area lies in bronchiolitis and influenza, is the Senior Clinical Editor of the journal Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses.

In 2016, Professor Semple was awarded with the Queen's Ebola Medal for Service in West Africa.

In April, Professor Semple urged Britons to get it their heads' just how lethal coronavirus is.

He said while coronavirus infects many more people than Ebola, they have similar fatality rates when the illnesses lead to hospitalisation.

He said at the time: 'It's a common misconception, even today, that Covid is just a bad dose of the flu.

'Coronavirus is a very serious disease, the crude hospital case fatality rate is of the same magnitude as Ebola.

'If you come into hospital with Covid disease and you're sick enough to be admitted – and you have to be pretty sick these days to be admitted – the crude case fatality rate is sitting somewhere between 35 to 40 per cent.

'That's the same case crude case fatality rate for someone admitted to hospital with Ebola. People need to hear this and get it their heads.

Around the same time that children were returning to School in September, Professor Semple reassured parents that their offspring will not be put in danger.

He said: 'Severe disease is rare and death is vanishingly rare.

'They should be confident that their children are not going to be put at direct harm by going back to school and we do know that they are harmed by being kept away from school because of the lack of educational opportunities, and that's affecting mental health.'

Professor Semple slammed Boris Johnson's 10pm curfew – which came into play last month – as not enough to curb the spread of the coronavirus.

He said the measures will 'have to go further' to halt Britain's rapidly growing outbreak.

And he said tougher restrictions are likely to be needed for the hospitality sector.

He told BBC Radio 4's Today programme: 'In time, it will probably have to go further than a 10pm curfew and table service only.'

He also warned that ministers may have to consider 'restricting inter-mingling between households'.

He said new measures needed could include keeping people away from the office.

Professor Semple added: 'I think the Rule of Six has been tried, it's not had time to kick in yet, but based on the numbers I'm seeing, it doesn't go far enough.

'The epidemiologists and scientists that I work with, and I'm not just talking about the ones on SAGE, I'd say there's hardly a cigarette paper's thickness between what we feel about this.

'The time to act is now, we are in a serious situation, and the numbers that are rising are tracking the current worst case scenario.'

This month, he recommended that a short national lockdown should be considered to slow the virus.

Professor Catherine Noakes

Professor Catherine Noakes is a chartered mechanical engineer whose research expertise lies in building physics and environmental engineering

Professor Catherine Noakes is a chartered mechanical engineer whose research expertise lies in building physics and environmental engineering

Professor Catherine Noakes is a chartered mechanical engineer whose research expertise lies in building physics and environmental engineering.

The academic graduated with a first class degree in Mathematical Engineering from the University of Leeds in 1996.

After completing her PHD, the professor joined the university's School of Civil Engineering in 2002 as a postdoctoral researcher and was appointed as a lecturer in 2007 and then promoted to Chair in 2014.

Professor Noakes, who was promoted to chairwoman in 2014, is a a member of the University Gender Oversight group.

In May, Professor Noakes told the Science and Technology Select Committee that there was very little evidence of outdoor transmission of the virus.

She added: 'The chances of you being able to inhale enough in an outdoor environment is very, very small.'

But she said that the two-mete rule was not over-precautionary because there was evidence of virus transmission within that distance.

Prof Noakes added: 'It may be over-precautionary but actually it's not, particularly when you are face to face with somebody.

'There's certainly evidence that people within two metres are able to be affected.'

Then in June, she said coronavirus transmission was still too high in Britain to relax the social distancing two-metre rule.

Professor Noakes, an expert on airborne infection at University of Leeds, told The Times: 'There are too many cases in the community for us to consider going below two metres.'

'There is transmission happening already, when we've been applying the (two-metre) distancing. If we reduce it, essentially, you double the risk.

'Where you have a poorly-ventilated room and someone is four metres away – if there's a high viral shedder in that room, that could cause an infection.'

Professor Julia Gog

A mathematician and Professor of Mathematical Biology at the university of Cambridge, Professor Julia Gog's specialist research is into infectious diseases like influenza

A mathematician and Professor of Mathematical Biology at the university of Cambridge, Professor Julia Gog's specialist research is into infectious diseases like influenza

A mathematician and Professor of Mathematical Biology at the university of Cambridge, Professor Julia Gog's specialist research is into infectious diseases like influenza.

Her work from years past may already have helped save lives by influencing the early focus on handwashing.

She was involved in a 2017 involving Cambridge and the BBC which simulated the spread of a virus if people carried on live as normal.

It found that the number of people who caught the virus within 100 days could be slashed from 42million to 21million if people washed their hands an extra five to 10 times a day.

Dr James Rubin

Dr James Rubin is an academic psychologist and Reader in the Psychology of Emerging Health Risks at King's College London.

His work tries to understand how people perceive potential health risks and how this can have an impact on their behaviour and wellbeing.

Dr James Rubin is an academic psychologist and Reader in the Psychology of Emerging Health Risks at King's College London

Dr James Rubin is an academic psychologist and Reader in the Psychology of Emerging Health Risks at King's College London

His research has led to him being invited to work with UK, EU and World Health Organisation bodies and also seen him work as an honorary non-medical consultant with the Emergency Response Department, Public Health England.

Professor Rubin has looked at the reactions displayed by humans to health risks including biological and chemical terrorism and the pandemic influenza.

In April, Dr Rubin said the British public has a right to know how ministers intend to end the coronavirus lockdown.

He told MPs transparency about the route back to normal life was needed in order to maintain public trust in the 'difficult and costly' social distancing restrictions.

He suggested a failure to be clear with the nation about the way forward risked backfiring because it is 'very important that people have their expectations set on this'.

Professor Lucy Yardley

Professor Lucy Yardley works as a professor of health psychology at both the University of Bristol and the University of Southampton

Professor Lucy Yardley works as a professor of health psychology at both the University of Bristol and the University of Southampton

Professor Lucy Yardley worked as a professor of health psychology at both the University of Bristol and the University of Southampton.

She studied for her undergraduate degree in psychology at the University of Southampton before going on to pursue a master of science in audiological science.

The professor is a National Institute for Health Research Senior Investigator and also a Director of the LifeGuide Research at the University of Southampton.

In 2010, she was awarded the title of Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences.

In May, Professor Yardley warned that people exposed to a higher dose of coronavirus are more likely to fall critically ill.

Shes said evidence shows 'viral load' plays a big role in how sick someone will become.

This explains why so many healthcare workers – who come into face-to-face contact with gravely ill patients – have fallen victim and died from the disease, she said.

In June, she suggested that Britons tracked down by contact tracers should be put up in quarantine hotels to clamp down on the tens of thousands of people flouting coronavirus self-isolation rules.

She warned the Government's Test and Trace programme could fail because of low compliance and suggested putting suspected cases in dedicated hotels where they are far more likely to comply, as has been done in South Korea, India and some parts of South America.

Just last month, Professor Yardley criticized the Government's 'top-down rules' that change 'all the time.

She told the BBC: 'I think it is a real problem that people are trying to follow top-down rules that are changing all the time and are different in different places and in different organisations.

'We need less rule following and more working together to work out, in your individual situation, what is the best way to minimise the risk to the people around you.'

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