President Donald Trump, who tested positive for the coronavirus early Friday, is leaving the White House for the Walter Reed Military Medical Center, it was announced on Friday evening.
He will stay there for a few days where the White House said he will work while he undergoes tests.
Trump was treated with a "cocktail" of antibodies produced by Regeneron for COVID-19, his doctor said on Friday. He is "tired" but otherwise in a good mood, as is First Lady Melania Trump.
"President Trump is still in good spirits, has mild symptoms and has worked all day," said press secretary Kayleigh McEnany in a statement.
Out of caution and on the recommendation of his doctor and medical experts, the President will be working in the President's offices of Walter Reed for the next few days.
"President Trump appreciates the support for both him and the first lady," added McEnany.
Trump and Melania announced that they tested positive in the early hours of Friday, hours after he returned from a fundraiser at his New Jersey golf club, where he was believed to have come into contact with at least 100 people. It raised $ 5 million for its campaign that has now canceled all future events in light of the president's diagnosis.
On Friday afternoon, Trump's doctor released a statement that he had been "infused" with the antibodies – which are known to help COVID patients recover faster "without incident". He was also given zinc, vitamin D, famotidine, melatonin, and a daily aspirin. NBC cites unknown sources according to which the president also has a low temperature. Melania has a slight cough and headache. The two are quarantined in the White House.
Regeneron's shares rose after the post-trading announcement.
Trump hasn't tweeted since 1:00 a.m. Friday when he revealed the diagnosis and was last seen in person on Thursday night when he came back from the fundraiser. He was due to be on a conference call with governors at 12:15 p.m. but was replaced by Vice President Mike Pence, who tested negative.
A White House pool reporter said, “An additional pool traveled to the Walter Reed Military Medical Center prior to the President's visit today. This information was previously not reportable. & # 39;
Pence told governors that Trump asked him to take his place because he tested positive but failed to elaborate on the president's condition.
Joe Biden, 77, and wife Jill tested negative. The President's 14-year-old son, Barron, Ivanka and Jared Kushner, as well as Vice President Mike Pence and House Spokeswoman Nancy Pelosi also tested negative.
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The White House doctor shared details of the treatment Trump received Friday afternoon. Trump was given Regeneron's "antibody cocktail," which is known to help COVID patients recover faster. Melania has a cough and a headache
President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump, pictured Tuesday, suffer from "mild symptoms" after being diagnosed with COVID-19. You are being quarantined in the White House
Last photo before diagnosis: Donald Trump returns to the White House from his Marine One helicopter on Thursday afternoon, hours before it was revealed that he and the First Lady had tested positive for Covid-19. He had taken part in a fundraiser in New Jersey
Hope Hicks hours before her diagnosis: Hope Hicks, far right, is pictured boarding Marine One on Wednesday. The President was also on board alongside Stephen Miller, second from right, Jared Kushner, center. Her coronavirus diagnosis was announced the next day. You were on your way to Minnesota when this photo was taken. She felt uncomfortable on the way back
WHAT IS REGENERON'S ANTIBODY COCKTAIL?
Regeneron's drug cocktail REGN-COV2 contains an antibody that the company made from mice and another that was isolated from a recovered COVID-19 patient. Any of these antibodies can help neutralize the coronavirus.
The company's latest data from ongoing studies shows the drug reduced the viral load of patients who were not hospitalized and cut their recovery times by nearly half.
But it is very much an experimental treatment, and the data announced earlier this week is the first to be published from the study.
Two patients treated with the antibody cocktail had "adverse events" – adverse side effects. One of these was a "serious" adverse event, but Regeneron did not reveal any details about what happened to the patient who received a low dose of the drug.
REGN-COV2 is a duo of therapeutics in a class of drugs known as monoclonal antibodies (hence the differentiation of REGN-COV2 as a "polyclonal antibody"), which are antibody clones that target a specific antigen.
In Grand Rapids, Michigan, Biden said he and Jill were praying for the Trumps – wearing a mask to speak during a break from previous exercises.
"My wife Jill and I pray that they will recover quickly and fully," he said at a campaign rally with union workers that had been relocated outside and had limited attendance.
'This is not a question of politics. It is an invigorating reminder to all of us that we are taking this virus seriously. It means wearing a mask in public and encouraging others to do it.
"We as a nation must be able to deal better with this pandemic."
He added, “For all who are struggling, including the First Family, my prayers are with you.
My prayers are with those who have died – 207,000 I think today. & # 39;
At the end of his speech, Biden said: "May God protect the First Family and every family that has to do with this virus."
Sources cited by the New York Times say the president was lazy on his way back from the New Jersey event on Thursday and fell asleep on Air Force One on Wednesday night returning from a rally in Minnesota – something extremely for the US What is unusual is the energetic president who usually spends his time on the plane watching TV and tweeting.
The Minnesota rally was also only half the length of his other rallies. Air Force One is now being thoroughly cleaned.
White House Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany said it was safe for the president to attend Thursday's fundraiser.
Regeneron's shares rose on Friday following the announcement in over-the-counter trading
There is now speculation that the suprespreader event may have been Trump's announcement of Supreme Court nominee Amy Coney Barrett on Saturday.
& # 39; It was considered safe for the President to go. He was socially distant.
It was an outdoor event and was considered safe by White House operations, ”she told White House reporters on Friday.
Trump is 74 years old and technically obese at 244 pounds and 6 feet 3, which puts him at greater risk of serious complications from the virus.
His chief of staff said on Friday that he was "in a good mood" and that he was not only "on duty now, but that he would remain on duty".
By Friday afternoon, less than 24 hours since the Trumps announced their diagnoses;
- The president hadn't addressed the nation or spoken publicly since his 1 a.m. tweet announcing his diagnosis
- The Cleveland Clinic, where the debate took place on Tuesday night, traced eleven cases to the event. It is unclear who these people are
- Amy Coney Barrett, several people who attended the announcement of Trump's Supreme Court nomination, had tested positive for COVID-19
- Air Force One was thoroughly cleaned after it was found that Hope Hicks, who only traveled by plane on Tuesday and Wednesday, tested positive
- Supreme Court staff tested; It is unclear whether judges were examined
- Barron Trump, Ivanka, Jared Kushner, Mike Pence, Joe, and Jill Biden had all tested negative
- It was alleged that Trump came into contact with 100 people on Thursday afternoon at a fundraiser in Bedminster, New Jersey, even after experiencing symptoms such as lethargy and exhaustion
- He decided to continue the fundraiser that raised $ 5 million for his campaign
People who attended the fundraiser said he was healthy. He spoke to supporters for 15 minutes and then asked questions for an hour.
Melania tweeted on Friday that she too had "mild symptoms" but felt "good".
Trump hasn't tweeted since 12:54 p.m. Friday when he announced his diagnosis
There are questions about when White House staff learned that Hope Hicks – one of Trump's most trusted aides – tested positive, when Trump found out about it, and why he still went to the fundraiser with that knowledge.
& # 39; We said, "How does this guy do this? Look at this guy's stamina."
"I can't tell you how healthy he looked. I'm sure this will come and go," comedian and radio host Joe Piscopo told North Jersey.com.
John Sette, former Morris County's Republican Committee chairman, told Politico, “At first he looked 100 percent normal.
& # 39; He spoke 100 percent normally. He spoke for about 15 minutes and asked questions for an hour.
Joe Biden, 77, and his wife Jill both tested negative
White House chief of staff, Mark Meadows, told reporters Friday that they discovered that Hicks tested positive Thursday afternoon as the president prepared to travel to the fundraiser at his golf club around 1 p.m. Bloomberg claims the president learned of Hick's diagnosis hours earlier.
Meadows said they "pulled" Marine One, which they believed had been in close contact with Hicks, in order to limit the spread, but they allowed the president to go anyway, despite traveling with Hicks on Air Force One was on Tuesday and Wednesday and had worked with her much of the past week.
Biden wished Trump and Melania a speedy recovery in a tweet, as did his run mate Kamala Harris, who tested negative.
If Trump falls seriously ill, there are constitutional procedures in place that would allow Vice President Mike Pence to temporarily take power just weeks before the November 3rd election.
But if Trump has mild or no symptoms, the president could tout his recovery as evidence that the virus poses a less serious threat than many believe.
WH's chief of staff, Mark Meadows, told reporters at the White House Friday morning, "His first question to me was," How's the economy doing? How are the business talks going on Capitol Hill? "
Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden spoke with a mask on Friday in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He said he and Jill were praying for the Trumps
Attendees at Thursday's event in Bedminster were asked to do COVID tests before being allowed access. Trump was not pictured at the event but was seen on Marine One (right).
Part of the event took place outdoors. Trump spoke on a podium (left) with the President's seal. But then he should have gone inside. One participant (right) said she was sitting across from him in the club
“The American people can be assured that we have a president who is not only on duty, but will stay on duty.
“He's in the residence now. In truth, he is probably criticizing the way I answer these questions. & # 39;
A timetable for the President's trip
Saturday, September 26th: Trump announces his election to the Supreme Court in the White House, then travels with aides like Hope Hicks to a rally in Pennsylvania.
Sunday September 27th: The President plays golf in Virginia, holds a press conference in the White House briefing room, and hosts a reception for Gold Star families.
Monday, September 28th: Trump gives a press conference and inspects pickup vehicles on the White House lawn.
Tuesday, September 29th: Hicks is on Air Force One with the President and Melania for the first presidential debate in Cleveland. Hicks leaves the jet without a mask.
The President plays with Joe Biden in a chaotic debate. Members of the Trump family do not wear masks during the debate, which is against the rules of the venue.
Wednesday, September 30th: Hicks travels with Marine One and Air Force One to a rally in Minnesota on Wednesday.
It is believed that she felt bad on the way back and was quarantined on the presidential plane to get home.
Thursday, October: Hicks tests positive.
White House aides are notified and are pulling people from Air Force One who had been in contact with her but let Trump go to the NJ event anyway.
Trump went to the event where the NY Times claims he came into contact with 100 people.
Then he returned to the WH where he was "sluggish" and tested positive.
Friday, October 2nd:
A political rally in Sanford, Florida is canceled.
There were two parts; He spoke outside of the club and then to people inside who had paid to be there.
Hicks tested positive Thursday after feeling uncomfortable on Wednesday night returning from a rally in Minnesota with Air Force One.
Meadows confirmed that the White House learned of Hick's diagnosis Thursday and that they "pulled" the people off Marine One because they might have come into contact with her.
The president left anyway. He was accompanied by Judd Deere and John McEntee. It is unclear if any of them were tested.
"With regards to Hope Hicks, we found that just as Marine One took off yesterday, we actually pulled some of the people who were traveling with it," Meadows said Friday.
These people include Dan Scavino, director of social media, and Kayleigh McEnany, white house press secretary, who have both tested negative since then.
The President was on the plane with Hicks on Wednesday night, but she kept a safe distance from him and others when she developed symptoms.
She was quarantined by others on the plane and her diagnosis was confirmed Thursday, according to an administrative official.
Trump then continued his schedule on Thursday, traveling to and from his golf resort in Bedminster, New Jersey to attend two campaign events.
He flew back to the White House Thursday night when it was publicly confirmed that Hicks had the virus. Hours later, Trump and Melania shared their own diagnoses on social media.
First Lady Melania, 50, tweeted: & # 39; As too many Americans have done this year, @potus & I are being quarantined at home after testing positive for COVID-19.
& # 39; We're feeling good and I've postponed all upcoming engagements.
"Please make sure you are safe and we will all get through this together."
The White House had previously distributed a schedule for Friday that indicated he was planning to hold a fundraiser at his Washington, DC hotel and a political rally in Sanford, Florida. That has since been canceled.
The second presidential debate on October 15 is also dubious.
Biden tweeted Friday, “Jill and I send our thoughts to President Trump and First Lady Melania Trump for a speedy recovery.
"We will continue to pray for the health and safety of the president and his family."
White House chief of staff, Mark Meadows, spoke to reporters outside the White House Friday, insisting that Trump was in "good spirits" and would continue to be able to serve as president
The superspreader event? As of Friday, four people who tested positive for the coronavirus were identified in the White House announcement on Saturday via Amy Coney Barrett, the Supreme Court nominee for President Trump
New York Governor Andrew Cuomo, one of Trump's greatest opponents and critics, issued a statement expressing his concern.
Who contacted Trumpf and who among them is infected
Hope Hicks, Adviser to the President – POSITIVE
Jared Kushner and Ivanka Trump – NEGATIVE
Barron Trump – NEGATIVE
Ivanka Trump & Jared Kushner – NEGATIVE
Tiffany Trump – NEGATIVE
Eric Trump, Lara Trump – NEGATIVE
Donald Trump Jr., Kimberly Guilfoyle – NEGATIVE
Vice President Mike Pence – NEGATIVE
Joe Biden and Jill Biden – NEGATIVE
Dan Scavino, Social Media Director – NEGATIVE
RNC Chair Ronna McDaniel – POSITIVE
Mark Meadows, White House Chief of Staff – NEGATIVE
Kayleigh McEnany, Press Officer – NEGATIVE
Amy Coney Barrett, Supreme Court Candidate – NEGATIVE (She had the virus in the summer)
Rev. John Jenkins, President of Notre Dame, who attended the announcement of the SCOTUS candidate on Saturday – POSITIVE
Mike Lee, Republican Senator from Utah who attended the SCOTUS nominee announcement Saturday – POSITIVE
John McEntee, Director of Human Resources for the President of the White House – UNKNOWN
Rudy Giuliani, personal lawyer. Giuliani had spent the weekend at the White House preparing the debates – UNKNOWN
Bill Stepien, Campaign Manager – UNKNOWN
Mitch McConnell – UNKNOWN
Lindsey Graham – UNKNOWN
Robert Ford, Abbott Laboratories CEO, who was at the White House on Monday – UNKNOWN
Admiral Brett Geroir, Assistant Secretary for Health and Human Services – UNKNOWN
Alex Azar, HHS Secretary – UNKNOWN
“My thoughts are with President Trump and the First Lady and I wish them a full and speedy recovery. This virus is malicious and spreads easily. Wear a mask. Let's all take care of each other, ”he said.
The markets reacted badly after Trump's diagnosis today. Stock futures lost 1.9 percent versus the S&P 500 while oil prices also slipped. The most important European stock markets also started trading on Friday. The London FTSE 100 and the Frankfurt DAX 30 both fell by more than one percent.
"To say that this could potentially be a big deal is an understatement," the Dutch Rabobank said in a comment.
"Anyway, now everything is taking a back seat to the incredible recent twist in this US election campaign."
Scott Gottlieb, former FDA commissioner, said it was unlikely that Hicks was the source as Trump would not have shown symptoms once she infected him on Wednesday.
It's more likely they were exposed by another source both days earlier, he said.
The President received reassuring words from Dr. Scott Atlas, a key advisor on coronavirus whose influence on the president was among leading government scientists including CDC chief Dr. Robert Redfield and Dr. Anthony Fauci, raised the alarm.
Atlas told Fox News that he expects Trump and the First Lady to make a "full, full and speedy recovery."
& # 39; There is no need to panic. It's no surprise that people get the infection even with precautionary measures. I expect a full and complete and speedy restoration of normalcy after his necessary detention. I assume that it is back on the road and in full swing, ”he said.
Atlas, who does not treat Trump as his doctor, also vouched for Trump's health.
He called Trump a "super strong man" and said he had "never seen anyone with more energy and strength, at any age, especially his age".
In a letter to McEnany, White House Doctor Sean Conley said medical professionals would be vigilant about the president's health. Since 1am on Friday when the diagnoses surfaced;
"The President and First Lady are fine at this point, and they plan to stay home at the White House during their recovery," said Dr. Conley.
“The White House medical team and I will be vigilant, and I appreciate the support of some of the greatest medical professionals and institutions in our country.
"Rest assured, I expect the President to continue his duties uninterruptedly during recovery and I will keep you informed of future developments."
Vice President Pence said, “Karen and I send our love and prayers to our dear friends, President Donald Trump and (First Lady) Melania Trump.
“We join millions across America and pray for their full and speedy recovery.
The White House Doctor, Dr. Sean Conley, sent a letter to Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany saying that the President and First Lady are fine and they promise to keep a vigilant watch.
How does CORONAVIRUS progress and when is it life-threatening?
By Natalie Rahhal, US health editor
Most people who become infected with coronavirus develop symptoms between two and 14 days after infection, and symptoms remain mild for the first few days.
When COVID-19 becomes severe, patients worsen between the fifth and tenth days of the illness.
During this time, patients – especially older patients like Trump or those with underlying conditions like high blood pressure or diabetes – can develop breathing problems that can lead to shortness of breath if the virus attacks the lungs and oxygen levels drop.
It remains unclear when Trump was actually infected and showed signs of COVID-19. Hope Hicks was at Air Force One without a mask with the president on Tuesday. She started feeling sick on Wednesday and Trump went "lazy" Thursday before testing positive.
Coronavirus symptoms can appear similar to other respiratory infections.
Many patients, like President Trump, first notice that they are tired. You can develop a dry, persistent cough and cause a fever.
Symptoms are common, like the flu, and can include headache, shortness of breath, and body pain.
The CDC added a loss of smell or taste as a tell-tale sign of coronavirus in the summer, and recent research suggests these may be earlier, more reliable indicators of COVID-19 than a cough.
But we now know that, although coronavirus spreads like other respiratory infections – mainly transmitted when people inhale droplets expelled by someone with the virus – affects many parts of the body, including the cardiovascular and digestive systems as well Brain.
Daher sind nicht alle ersten Symptome der Atemwege wie Atemnot oder Husten.
Wissenschaftler am King's College London haben COVID-19 in sechs verschiedene "Typen" unterteilt, mit Fortschritten von leichten oder mittelschweren Krankheiten bis hin zu schweren:
- („Grippeähnlich“ ohne Fieber): Kopfschmerzen, Geruchsverlust, Muskelschmerzen, Husten, Halsschmerzen, Brustschmerzen, kein Fieber.
- („Grippeähnlich“ mit Fieber): Kopfschmerzen, Geruchsverlust, Husten, Halsschmerzen, Heiserkeit, Fieber, Appetitlosigkeit.
- (Magen-Darm): Kopfschmerzen, Geruchsverlust, Appetitlosigkeit, Durchfall, Halsschmerzen, Brustschmerzen, kein Husten.
- (schwere Stufe eins, Müdigkeit): Kopfschmerzen, Geruchsverlust, Husten, Fieber, Heiserkeit, Brustschmerzen, Müdigkeit.
- (schwere Stufe zwei, Verwirrung): Kopfschmerzen, Geruchsverlust, Appetitlosigkeit, Husten, Fieber, Heiserkeit, Halsschmerzen, Brustschmerzen, Müdigkeit, Verwirrtheit, Muskelschmerzen.
- (schwere Stufe drei, Bauch- und Atemwege): Kopfschmerzen, Geruchsverlust, Appetitlosigkeit, Husten, Fieber, Heiserkeit, Halsschmerzen, Brustschmerzen, Müdigkeit, Verwirrtheit, Muskelschmerzen, Atemnot, Durchfall, Bauchschmerzen.
Ein entscheidendes Zeichen für die Umstellung des Coronavirus von leicht auf schwer ist der Rückgang des Blutsauerstoffgehalts.
Normale Blutsauerstoffwerte werden mit einem Pulsoximeter zwischen 95 und 100 Prozent gemessen.
Alles darunter ist ein besorgniserregendes Zeichen. Niedrige Blutsauerstoffwerte gehen normalerweise mit Atemnot und Brustschmerzen einher, aber viele Ärzte haben berichtet, dass COVID-19-Patienten trotz gefährlich niedriger Blutsauerstoffwerte nicht betroffen zu sein scheinen – sprechen, SMS schreiben und in ihren Krankenhausbetten sitzen.
Eine Entzündung ist auch ein entscheidender Faktor für die Schwere der COVID-19-Infektion.
Während das Immunsystem versucht, sich gegen das Coronavirus zu verteidigen, kann der Körper von Zytokinen überschwemmt werden, Immunzellen, die durcheinander geraten und gefährliche Entzündungen verursachen können.
Dies stellt eine besondere Bedrohung für Menschen dar, die übergewichtig sind oder unter gesundheitlichen Problemen leiden, da sie ein höheres Entzündungsniveau aufweisen.
Einige Ärzte verwenden auch Blutuntersuchungen, um hohe D-Dimerspiegel festzustellen, die auf ein hohes Risiko für Blutgerinnsel hinweisen und auf schweres COVID-19 hinweisen können.
Menschen über 65 werden krank genug, um etwa fünfmal so oft wegen Coronavirus ins Krankenhaus eingeliefert zu werden wie Menschen in den Zwanzigern, und es ist 90-mal wahrscheinlicher, an der Infektion zu sterben. Männer sind auch für 70 Prozent der US-COVID-19-Todesfälle verantwortlich.
Patienten, die nicht schwer krank werden, erholen sich in der Regel innerhalb einer Woche bis zu 10 Tagen nach ihren ersten Symptomen.
Nach dieser Phase der Besserung weist die CDC darauf hin, dass Menschen 10 Tage nach Beginn ihrer Symptome und nach 24 Stunden ohne Fieber wahrscheinlich keine Infektionen mehr haben.
"Gott segne Sie, Präsident Trump, und unsere wundervolle First Lady Melania."
Der britische Premierminister Boris Johnson, der im April eine Angst vor dem Virus überlebt hatte, sandte dem Präsidenten und der First Lady auf Twitter seine besten Wünsche und sagte: "Ich hoffe, beide haben eine baldige Genesung von Coronavirus."
Trumps Verbündeter Benjamin Netanyahu, der Premierminister Israels, sagte: "Wie Millionen von Israelis denken Sara und ich an Präsident Donald Trump und First Lady Melania Trump und wünschen unseren Freunden eine vollständige und schnelle Genesung."
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyeusus, der Chef der WHO, der sich wegen der Behandlung der Pandemie durch Trump mit Trump gestritten hat, sandte dem Präsidenten ebenfalls seine besten Wünsche für eine "vollständige und rasche Genesung".
Trump hat der WHO vorgeworfen, zu nahe an China zu sein, und Anfang dieses Jahres angekündigt, dass die USA die Finanzierung des in Genf ansässigen Gremiums kürzen würden.
News of Trump's infection has turned attention to Hope Hicks and her travel schedule after the White House aide first felt poorly on the way back from Wednesday's rally in Minnesota.
Along with the trip to Minnesota, Hicks had been aboard Air Force One to fly to Tuesday night's first presidential debate in Cleveland, Ohio.
She was spotted by DailyMail.com getting off Air Force One in the city without her mask.
On Tuesday, she was seen in a car without her mask with White House senior adviser Stephen Miller and campaign adviser Jason Miller. She is said to have worn a mask with Trump on Marine One.
Hicks also traveled with the president to a rally in Pennsylvania last Saturday where she was seen maskless and clapping to the Village People's YMCA.
Before announcing his positive test, Trump tweeted to say he and Melania were in quarantine while they awaited their results because of Hicks's diagnosis.
'Hope Hicks, who has been working so hard without even taking a small break, has just tested positive for Covid 19. Terrible!,' the president said.
Speaking to Fox News host Sean Hannity on Thursday, the president described the 31-year-old Hicks as a 'very warm person' and suggested she got close to supporters and contracted the virus.
'She's fantastic and she's done a great job,' Trump said.
'But it's very, very hard when you are with people from the military and from law enforcement and they come over to you and they, they want to hug you and they want to kiss you, because we really have done a good job for them. And you get close and things happen,' the president added.
Trump said he was 'surprised' to hear that Hicks, who previously served as White House communications director and re-joined the administration this year ahead of the election, tested positive.
'She wears a mask a lot, but she tested positive,' the president said.
Typically, according to the CDC, a person develops symptoms five days after being infected, but symptoms can appear as early as two days after infection or as late as 14 days after infection, and the time range can vary.
All the attendees at the Cleveland debate were tested beforehand, while the former vice president's wife Jill Biden kept her mask on throughout, unlike members of the Trump family.
The second debate on October 15 is now in jeopardy. Trump could be out of quarantine in 10 days if he shows no symptoms, but if he develops symptoms he would have to isolate for longer.
In addition, the October 7 vice-presidential debate between Mike Pence and Kamala Harris also appears in doubt, because Pence will have to isolate if he has been in contact with the president.
On Thursday evening, before Trump revealed he had tested positive, Biden berated the president for 'doing everything he can to distract' from his 'failed Covid-19 response'.
In pre-taped remarks to the Al Smith charity dinner, Trump told guests on Thursday night that 'the end of the pandemic is in sight'.
'Through advances in treatment, we have reduced the fatality rate by 85 percent since just April. We are on track to develop and distribute a vaccine before the end of the year, and maybe substantially before,' Trump claimed.
Biden has held a consistent lead in the polls, prompting Trump into an ever-more aggressive schedule of campaign rallies around the country.
Hicks becomes the latest in Trump's circle to contract the virus after National Security Adviser Robert O'Brien and White House coronavirus task force spokeswoman Katie Miller.
Hicks is one of the president's most trusted and longest-serving aides, having worked as spokesperson for his 2016 campaign.
She originally served as White House as communications director, and re-joined the administration this year as an adviser ahead of the election.
White House spokesman Judd Deere had earlier said: 'The president takes the health and safety of himself and everyone who works in support of him and the American people very seriously.
WEDNESDAY: The crowd cheers as Air Force One arrives with President Donald Trump at Duluth International Airport on Wednesday. Hicks had joined the president on the trip and felt poorly on the way home, according to reports
WEDNESDAY: President Trump throws hats to supporters after speaking at a campaign rally at Duluth International Airport
TUESDAY: Members of the Trump family including (from left) Eric, Ivanka, Tiffany and Donald Jr took their masks off during the debate in Cleveland on Tuesday night. The Cleveland Clinic asked everyone to wear masks. Biden's family complied but Trump's did not
TUESDAY: Hope Hicks was spotted getting off Air Force One in Cleveland on Tuesday without her mask ahead of the first presidential debate in the city
TUESDAY: Donald Trump Jr. and Kimberly Guilfoyle walk across the tarmac to board Air Force One at Andrews Air Force Base before flying to Cleveland for the first presidential debate Tuesday alongside Hicks
Dow shrugs off Trump's COVID-19 diagnosis
The Dow shrugged off Trump's COVID-19 diagnosis on Friday after an initial slump, and was just 100 points beneath Thursday's close by lunchtime.
Trump announced his diagnosis at 12.54am on Twitter.
Wall Street's main indexes tumbled at the open on Friday with the Dow dropping 280 points after President Donald Trump tested positive for COVID-19 weeks before the election.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 280.51 points, or 1.01 percent, at the open to 27,536.39. The S&P 500 opened lower by 41.86 points, or 1.24 percent, at 3,338.94, while the Nasdaq Composite dropped 243.98 points, or 2.15 percent, to 11,082.53 at the opening bell.
But by 2pm on Friday, the Dow had recovered to just 100 points beneath Thursday's close.
The Dow had mostly recovered on Friday after an initial slump when Trump tweeted his diagnosis
& # 39; White House Operations is working with the President's Doctor and the White House Military Office to ensure all plans and procedures incorporate current CDC guidelines and best practices to address Covid-19 exposure in both complexes limit travel as much as possible even in complex situations. & # 39;
Deere didn't mention Hicks by name.
Multiple White House staffers have tested positive for the virus, including Pence's press secretary Katie Miller, national security adviser Robert O'Brien, and one of the president's personal valets.
Kimberly Guilfoyle, who is dating Trump's oldest son, Donald Trump J., tested positive in South Dakota before an Independence Day fireworks show at Mount Rushmore.
After earlier cases close to the president, the White House instituted a daily testing regimen for the president's senior aides.
On May 11, a memo to the president's staff told them to wear face coverings, and discouraged unnecessary visits from other parts of the White House complex to the West Wing area.
'Common sense has finally prevailed,' one senior administration official said at the time.
It is not known why the president's test took so long to come back or whether he was tested Wednesday evening when Hicks first began displaying symptoms.
While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that people who have been in close contact with a virus patient quarantine for 14 days, White House staffers are considered essential workers.
CDC's guidelines for exposed essential workers allows them to return to work if they take precautions, including taking their temperature before going into work, wearing a mask at all times and practicing social distancing.
Trump, the White House and his campaign have flouted other CDC guidelines and recommendations from public health officials, and largely refused to wear masks or practice social distancing.
Instead, Trump has continued to hold campaign rallies that draw thousands of supporters.
By contrast, Biden is running a deliberately low-key campaign with social distancing at most events, no large gatherings, and conspicuous use of his mask.
Still, Trump has consistently played down concerns about being personally vulnerable to contracting COVID-19. 'I felt no vulnerability whatsoever,' he told reporters back in May.
Trump mocked Biden at Tuesday's debate for wearing 'the biggest mask I've ever seen', while pulling a face covering out of his pocket and saying he wears one when needed.
The president had previously mocked Biden for wearing a mask in May, saying it was 'very unusual' to wear a mask outside and accusing a reporter of trying to be 'politically correct' by wearing one himself.
Biden called Trump a 'fool' in response, saying in an interview that 'this macho stuff' was costing lives.
Trump previously said he 'did not want to give the press the pleasure' of seeing him with a mask, while saying he had worn one away from the cameras.
He added that he could not see himself greeting 'presidents, prime ministers, dictators, kings, queens' while wearing a mask.
But the president finally changed his tone in July, saying it was 'patriotic' to wear a mask.
Melania had let Americans see her in a face mask as long ago as April while urging people to take the health regulations 'seriously'.
'As the CDC studies the spread of Covid-19, they recommend people wear cloth face coverings in public settings when social distancing can be hard to do,' Melania said on April 9.
Trump also sparked outrage and ridicule after suggesting in April that people could inject themselves with disinfectant to fend off the virus, which would be extremely dangerous.
'Then I see the disinfectant which knocks it out in a minute. One minute. And is there a way we can do something like that, by injection inside for almost a cleaning? Because you see it gets in the lungs and it does a tremendous number on the lungs, so it'd be interesting to check that,' he said.
SATURDAY: Trump announces his Supreme Court nominee, Amy Coney Barrett (right), who subsequently had unmasked meetings with Republican senators during the week
SATURDAY: From left, White House director of social media Dan Scavino, Counselor to the President Hope Hicks, special assistant to the President and White House trip director William Russell, and director of the White House personnel John McEntee listen as President Donald Trump speaks during a campaign rally at Harrisburg International Airport, Saturday
SEPTEMBER 14: Hope Hicks sitting at close quarters with Donald Trump aboard Marine One, although wearing a mask
Early in the pandemic, Trump played down the dangers – saying in January that 'we have it totally under control' and in February that 'it's going to disappear'.
Discussing the virus in an interview with Bob Woodward on March 19, Trump admitted that 'I always wanted to play it down' – despite having previously told Woodward that the disease was 'deadly stuff'.
VP Pence would take power under 25th amendment if Trump becomes incapacitated
President Trump could potentially be forced to relinquish executive control to Vice President Mike Pence or be replaced on the GOP ticket altogether, if he becomes incapacitated from Covid-19.
Trump is 74 years old, which puts him at higher risk of serious complications from virus.
With the presidential election 32 days away, the positive result means the government may have to consider contingency plans in line with the Constitution should Trump become too ill to go through with the race.
The 25th Amendment states that the vice president should replace the commander-in-chief in the event he or she is unable to continue the term.
After Vice President Pence, the next in line is the Speaker of the House, in this case Nancy Pelosi.
The president can also transfer power temporarily if he is incapacitated, before resuming his duties when he is able to. This has happened occasionally during scheduled surgeries for Presidents Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush.
However, the looming election further complicates the matter, as the Democratic and Republican national committees could also pick a replacement to run on their party's ticket if the nominee were to withdraw.
The committee could choose to nominate the vice presidential candidate, or another member of their party.
The selection process would depend on the parties' respective bylaws.
Under this scenario, all 168 members of the RNC would have to meet to vote on Trump's replacement.
The rules require all members – three from each state and three from six territories – to cast the same number of votes they were entitled to cast the national convention.
If members of a given state fail to unanimously agree on the casting of votes, they would then divide it equally and cast a third of those votes.
That scenario, although hypothetical, would be the first of its kind since no presidential candidate of either party has ever died or withdrawn before an election.
Those comments sparked anger when they were revealed last month, with Biden accusing Trump of a 'life and death betrayal'.
The virus has killed more than 200,000 Americans and infected more than 7 million nationwide.
While there is currently no evidence that Trump is seriously ill, the positive test also raises questions about what would happen if he were to become incapacitated due to illness.
The Constitution's 25th Amendment spells out the procedures under which a president can declare themselves 'unable to discharge the powers and duties' of the presidency.
If he were to make that call, Trump would transmit a written note to the Senate president pro tempore, Republican Sen. Chuck Grassley of Iowa, and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif. Pence would serve as acting president until Trump transmitted 'a written declaration to the contrary.'
This has happened occasionally, with Ronald Reagan briefly putting George H.W. Bush in charge during surgery in 1985, before George W. Bush temporarily transferred powers to Dick Cheney during colonoscopies in 2002 and 2007.
These were all brief, scheduled transfers of power and came nowhere near a re-election campaign.
There is also a second, never-used option: the vice president and a majority of either the Cabinet or another body established by law, can declare the president unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, in which case Pence would 'immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President' until Trump could provide a written declaration to the contrary.
Trump's infection has also led to suggestions that the election could be delayed, but this is highly unlikely because voting is already underway.
While the Constitution does not specify an election date, moving the poll would require an act of Congress including support from the Democratic-controlled House of Representatives.
And regardless of the election date, Trump's term ends on January 20.
If no president or vice president is elected by then, others in the line of succession would take over – although Pelosi might also be without a job if the House elections were delayed too.
Trump joins UK prime minister Boris Johnson and Brazil's president Jair Bolsonaro as the most high-profile leaders to contract the disease.
Johnson, who was 55 at the time, spent an alarming three nights in intensive care at a London hospital before eventually recovering, while 65-year-old Bolsonaro rode out the infection at home.
When Johnson was ill, UK foreign secretary Dominic Raab deputised for him although the nature of his constitutional powers was not fully clear.
The White House offered to supply medicine for Johnson's treatment, as did the Chinese government, but London said the PM was receiving the best possible care from Britain's National Health Service.
Johnson has blamed his experience on being overweight, and his scare has prompted him to launch a crackdown on unhealthy eating.
Bolsonaro, a former army captain who has described the virus as a 'little flu', had long played down the risks and predicted that he would easily survive an infection with Covid-19.
Germany's Angela Merkel, 66, self-isolated after a doctor who gave her a jab tested positive, and Canada's Justin Trudeau, 48, worked from home after his wife fell ill.
How 74-year-old Trump's risk of hospitalization is five times greater than someone who contracts COVID in their 20s and he has a 90 times greater risk of death, according to CDC
At 74 years old, the president is five times more likely to be hospitalized from the virus and 90 times more likely to die than a patient in their 20s, CDC figures show.
Trump and his wife Melania confirmed they had both tested positive for coronavirus early Friday, just hours after top White House aide Hope Hicks was confirmed to have contracted the virus.
Trump and Hicks traveled together on Air Force One multiple times over the last week, including to attend the shambolic opening presidential debate against Joe Biden on Tuesday night.
But while Hicks at 31 years old is considered a low risk patient, at 74 years of age, Trump faces a much higher chance of being hospitalized with the virus, and falling victim to its harshest symptoms.
According to CDC statistics, patients between the ages of 65 and 74 are five times more likely to be hospitalized with COVID-19 than someone aged 18 to 29.
Patients of Trump's age also have a 90 times greater risk of death in comparison to their younger counterparts.
According to CDC statistics, patients between the ages of 65 and 74 are five times more likely to be hospitalized with COVID-19 than someone aged 18 to 29. Patients in the elder category are also 90 times more likely to die in comparison to their younger counterparts
For every 1,000 people in their mid-seventies or older who are infected by COVID-19, around 116 will die – a fatality rate of 8.6 percent.
Trends in coronavirus deaths have been clear since early in the pandemic, with studies determining that age is by far the strongest predictor of an infected person’s risk of dying.
Henrik Salje, an infectious-disease epidemiologist at the University of Cambridge, UK, said ‘age cannot explain everything’, as gender is also said to be a strong risk factor – with men twice as likely to die from the virus than women.
Salje’s conclusions are supported by figures from the World Health Organization which said 1.7 percent of women who catch the virus will die compared to 2.8 percent of men, even though neither sex is more likely to catch it.
Underlying health conditions and health issues, such as diabetes and obesity, also have a significant impact on how severe a case of COVID-19 might be.
The CDC warned earlier this year that anyone considered 'severely obese' may raise risk of a severe reaction to COVID-19.
Following his annual physical this year, Trump’s physician Dr. Sean Conley said Trump was 6 feet, 3 inches tall and 244 pounds.
Trump, who was 73 at the time, had gained one pound since his last examination in 2019. It also showed the president's cholesterol level had slightly improved to 167 from 196 the year before.
Officially, Trump’s height and weight would equate to a body mass index (BMI) of 30.4 – a fraction over the 30.0 level to be considered obese in the lowest of three tiers.
His previous doctor, Ronny Jackson, said in 2018 that Trump's 'overall health is excellent (but) … he would benefit from a diet that is lower in fat and carbohydrates and from a routine exercise regiment.'
Trump, the oldest president to ever take office, doesn't drink alcohol or smoke. However, he is known to enjoy fast food, steaks and ice cream, while golfing is his primary source of exercise.