The UK's green energy revolution could cost up to £ 8,000 per home, according to climate change experts.
The nation was pushed in a report by the Climate Change Committee to reduce CO2 emissions more drastically over the next 15 years.
People should be encouraged to reduce the amount of meat and dairy products they eat by a fifth over the next decade, and new fossil fuel cars – including hybrids – should stop by 2032.
The sale of gas boilers should also be banned until 2033, while people should limit flying to curb greenhouse gas emissions in the aviation industry.
What does the report require:
- Ban on the sale of oil boilers until 2028 and gas boilers until 2033;
- A ban on fossil fuel cars – including hybrids – by 2033;
- Stop expanding UK airport capacity and collect a frequent flyer levy.
- So that people can reduce the amount of meat and dairy products by a fifth;
- It has also been proposed to almost quadruple the tree planting to 50,000 hectares per year.
Experts say the measures are among what the UK needs to meet its recommended target of 78 percent reductions in emissions by 2035 from 1990 levels, as part of the sixth "carbon budget" that measures climate change in 2033 until 2037.
This means a significant increase in ambition in the UK climate effort. The new target for 2035 is almost as tough as the previous long-term target of 80 percent cuts by 2050, which was in place before the net-zero law was passed in June 2019.
However, the report suggests that reducing household emissions could be possible by 2050 cost up to £ 10,000 per home.
This is reportedly the average bill to insulate homes and install low-carbon heating.
The Climate Change Committee says the treasury will need to find £ 3-4 billion a year to help low-income households transition if they are to meet their goals.
Chancellor Richi Sunak announced earlier this year that it would be spending £ 1 billion on a program to improve energy efficiency in schools, hospitals and other public buildings. However, at the time, critics said his budget had not gone far enough.
Committee Chair Lord Deben said: "This is the right carbon budget for Britain at the right time".
Climate Committee Chair Lord Deben said: “This is the right carbon budget for the UK at the right time.
"We are genuinely enthusiastic about making our recommendations to the government as we know that the UK's crucial zero-carbon transition will bring real benefits to our employees and businesses while making the fundamental changes needed to protect our planet."
Contain flights and limit airPorts
According to the report, aviation emissions represented 7% of UK greenhouse gas emissions in 2018 – an 88% increase from 1990.
However, the report estimates that the UK has seen greenhouse gas emissions decrease by at least 60% since 2019 as the Covid pandemic ground planes and halted international travel.
It is highlighted that given the pre-pandemic passenger numbers expected to return in 2024, the pandemic provides an opportunity to explore ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the future.
Among the report's proposals to prevent the situation from deteriorating, they warn that the UK airport's capacity can only be increased Any expansion – as at Heathrow – is offset by capacity reductions in other parts of the UK.
It also outlines the hope that hybrid electric aircraft will be introduced to reduce CO2 emissions, while sustainable aviation fuels such as biofuels and synthetic jet fuels could supplant current use of fossil jet fuels.
A frequent flyer tax is also discussed in the route map to reduce CO2 emissions. In their "very optimistic" scenario for reducing emissions, flights from Great Britain must be reduced by 15 percent compared to 2018.
Reducing car usage
Car sharing, working from home, increasing the use of e-bikes and walking are among the proposals to reduce the number of kilometers people are expected to drive by a third in 2050.
According to the report, the increasing use of internet shopping has also contributed to the reduction of CO2 emissions, so that this "continuing trend" could also contribute to reducing road emissions.
These “societal changes” were recommended in the report as they were made possible by “technological changes” such as the increased availability of IT that enables people to work remotely.
Reducing the speed limit could also help cut CO2 emissions, the report said.
"Reducing the speed can also improve fuel efficiency," the committee writes. & # 39; Driving at 70 mph instead of 80 mph can save you up to 25% less fuel, while limiting your speed to 60 mph can save another 15%.
"We estimate that fully enforcing speed limits of 100 km / h could reduce overall fuel consumption by 2%, while reducing those limits to 100 km / h could reduce fuel consumption by 7%."
However, the most important recommendations from the report of the Climate Protection Committee include suggestions for improving vehicle efficiency in order to help reduce CO2 emissions.
It also went so far as to propose a ban on fossil fuel cars – including hybrids – by 2033.
"In order to achieve decarbonisation of land transport, the industry must switch to vehicles that do not cause tailpipe emissions," the report said.
It highlighted how cars account for 61% of emissions from land transport, which covers roads, public transport and the rail network.
Last month it was announced that no new gasoline and diesel cars and vans would be sold until 2030.
However, the committee said that hybrid cars that are partially electric but still have an engine should be included in this step from 2032.
Gas boiler sales should be banned by 2033, according to a report by climate experts, as the UK is urged to cut CO2 emissions more drastically over the next 15 years
Ban on the sale of gas boilers
According to the report, more action is needed by 2035 to change the way Brits eat, travel and heat their homes.
This included calling for a ban on new oil boilers by 2028 and gas boilers by 2033.
The Climate Change Committee has called for newly installed boilers to be "hydrogen ready" by 2025, which could make them around £ 100 more expensive.
Hydrogen and heat pumps have both been touted as low-carbon alternatives.
However, problems with these heat sources have been addressed by Dr. Matt Lipson, General Manager of Energy Systems Catapult & # 39; s Consumer Insight.
He told BBC Radio 4: "The downside is that there is currently no (hydrogen) supplier. So if you want to do this this winter you might be in trouble."
However, The Times reported that reducing household emissions was possible by 2050 cost up to £ 8,000 per home.
This includes around £ 2,000 for insulation and £ 6,000 for installing alternatives to gas boilers such as electric heat pumps.
Dr. Lipson added: "If we look at national costs, the best option seems to be a mixture of solutions – unfortunately there is no silver bullet."
"Of course, the price of a planet we can all live on isn't free, but I think it's probably worth the bill."
"We have to take a differentiated approach and make different decisions for different locations."
Chris Stark, the CCC's managing director, said, "I think a lot of this should come from households, especially those who can afford it, but there will be some households that we should protect from these costs."
Dr. Jonathan Marshall, Head of Analysis at the Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit, said: “The request for time for gas boilers will be an important step in the UK's journey to becoming a climate neutral nation and an opportunity for families across the country to take action their carbon footprints. & # 39;
Britain should cut its meat and milk consumption by a fifth by the end of the decade to tackle climate change, government advisors have called (stock photo)
£ 40bn for UK greenwire
Power giants, accused of profiting from unfair and inflated energy costs, are said to have spent £ 40 billion on "Greenwire" in the UK.
The industry regulator Ofgem outlined plans such as connecting wind farms to the national grid in order to achieve the government's goal of zero CO2 emissions by 2050.
They also put a limit on how much of the cost can be reimbursed through customer bills – and utilities should cut it by £ 10 a year over the next five years.
Charity Citizens Advice said businesses over the past five years have benefited from unfair profit margins that have allowed them to raise £ 7.5 billion at the expense of high pressure customers.
Eat less meat
The report calls on ordinary people, not just the government, to change their lives for the future of the planet.
The report found that reducing the number of animals would help reduce the greenhouse gases associated with global warming.
According to his analysis, agricultural emissions represented 10% of UK greenhouse gas emissions in 2018, compared to 7% in 1990.
It suggests that families should move away from meat and dairy products to reduce animal numbers by choosing "plant-based options" – and one day even meat grown in a laboratory.
This could start with the public sector having to include vegetarian options in all canteens in order to change behavior, the committee said in its “route map” to decarbonise the country.
The report says that modeling by Oxford University experts meeting government targets requires an average meat consumption reduction of around 89% for beef, 66% for pork, and 63% for lamb, and a 20% reduction in dairy products would. & # 39;
It adds, "Consuming a plant-based diet can reduce non-communicable diseases like diabetes, heart disease, and a number of diet-related cancers, which in turn can lower the risk of developing serious complications from COVID-19."
Government advisors also suggested that the UK should cut its meat and milk consumption by a fifth by the end of the decade in an effort to tackle climate change.
The ranching section of the report also noted that increasing the frequency with which farmers milk their dairy cows from two to three times a day could also help reduce emissions.
"More milking increases the cow's nitrogen utilization, which leads to a decrease in nitrogen excretion," the report said.
In his response to the report, Neil Shand of the National Beef Association said: "The UK meat industry has been criticized a lot about its environmental impact."
Richard Lister, chairman of the National Pig Association, added, "In discussions about climate change, there has been a strong bias towards meat."
The report feeds into the government's five-year “carbon budgets” designed to help the UK meet its long-term legally binding goal of reducing overall climate pollution to zero or “net zero” by 2050.
Measures to meet the climate goals include making the electricity system carbon-free by 2035, with offshore wind playing an important role in producing hydrogen to replace gas, creating new forests, curbing flight growth and making homes greener.
To reduce our emissions, the report suggests almost quadrupling tree planting to 50,000 hectares per year.
Another 2 billion trees need to be planted, while the forest areas need to grow by around 40%.
This will remove CO2 from the air and bring greater environmental benefits, the report said.
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