Pathogen-blocking eye protection may be required to completely prevent coronavirus infection, said leading US infectious disease expert Dr. Anthony Fauci.
"If you have safety glasses or eye protection, you should use it," said Dr. Fauci on Wednesday in an Instagram live interview with ABC News.
Coronavirus is primarily contagious due to breath droplets that are expelled when you cough or sneeze. However, increasing evidence suggests that fine aerosols that only arise from regular speaking or breathing may also spread the disease.
These particles can also get into the eyes, although this is not such a dominant route of infection.
Public health experts – perhaps most prominent Dr. Fauci themselves – have tirelessly advocated wearing universal masks, but have struggled to persuade Americans to use facial masks.
The virus is still widespread in many U.S. states and shows no signs of weakening, even though President Trump is pressing for companies and schools to reopen, and experts like Dr. Fauci drives to promote more – not less – protective gear.
Dr. Anthony Fauci suggested wearing goggles or face protection during an Instagram live interview on Wednesday to fully protect yourself against coronaviruses (image).
In addition to wearing masks, one of the most important public health officials' recommendations is that people wash their hands and avoid touching their faces.
That includes the eyes.
When viral particles get on your hands, they don't infect you through your skin. However, if you touch your nose, mouth, or eyes, the virus can enter cells that it can enter.
"If you really want perfect protection (you need protection) of your mucosal surfaces – you have mucosal surfaces in your mouth, nose, but also in your eyes," said Dr. Fauci.
Mucosal surfaces are all that are coated with cell types that form mucus, a thick, slippery liquid that lines and protects certain parts of the body.
Mucus helps remove pathogens like SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, and contains immune cells, including B cells and antibodies.
Goggles can keep virus particles out of the eyes that have mucosal surfaces – tissues coated with slippery mucus – that allow the virus to penetrate the body. Pictured: A man wears glasses while taking the subway in New York City
While not as tightly sealed, face shields can also help keep viruses out of your eyes, nose, and mouth
However, we have no natural antibodies to the new and unknown SARS-CoV-2, so the mucus is less able to neutralize the virus.
And the tissues covered by the mucus are necessarily permeable to enable their functions, including mucus secretion, and to facilitate their sensory functions such as breathing through the nose and seeing through the eyes.
When the mucus fails, viruses have a simple entry point into the inside of the body, where they can safely kidnap and multiply the energy production of our cells.
Doctors have noticed the presence of coronavirus in the eyes. In fact, red or pink eyes became a recognizable sign of the infection as the pandemic spread earlier this year.
This has alerted doctors and scientists to the coronavirus' ability to infect eyes through our natural tears.
"In theory, you should protect all mucosal surfaces, so if you have goggles or eye protection, you should use them," said Dr. Fauci.
He noted that it is not an official or universal recommendation, but that protecting your eyes will deny the virus another way to infect you.
Dr. Fauci also discussed the role of aerosols – a fine mist that can linger and move through the air – in the transmission of corona viruses.
"We don't know the relative role of aerosol (transmission) … we can assume that it does matter a Roll, ”he said.
Such tiny particles can probably get through the face covering without a perfectly sealed N95 mask. So far, however, they do not appear to be the main cause of infections.
"It doesn't mean we shouldn't stick to universal masks," said Dr. Fauci relentlessly.
Nancy Pelosi ORDER masks to be worn in-house after Republican lawmakers tested positive for coronavirus
The spokeswoman for the house, Nancy Pelosi, announced on Wednesday evening on the floor of the house that from now on masks will have to be worn in the chamber and rule breakers will be kicked out by the non-commissioned officer.
"Members and staff must wear masks in the hall of the house at all times, except that members can temporarily remove their masks when they are recognized," Pelosi announced using the official name for the chamber of the house.
Pelosi introduces stricter rules after Rep. Louis Gohmert, a Texas Republican, tested positive for the corona virus, prompting at least one senior government official, Attorney General Bill Barr, to get tested because he may have been exposed.
The California Democrat said members should not enter the chamber of the house without a mask. "Masks are available at the entry points for any member who forgets to bring one with them," she said.
Politico broke the story and reported Wednesday morning that Gohmert had tested positive with President Donald Trump at the White House while preparing for a planned trip to Texas.
Gohmert regularly refused to wear a mask and was discovered on Tuesday He roamed the Capitol corridors and the Justice Committee hearing room before Barr testified without a mask on his face.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi announced Wednesday night on the House floor that members would have to wear masks in the House Chamber from now on after Rep. Louie Gohmert tested positive for the coronavirus
MP Louis Gohmert, who is regularly seen on Capitol Hill without a mask, tested positive for the corona virus, Politico reported for the first time. Gohmert's case was found because he was examined in the White House so he could travel to Texas with President Trump on Wednesday
America's Grim New Milestone: Country Exceeds 150,000 COVID 19 Deaths
On Wednesday afternoon, Johns Hopkins University confirmed that 150,034 Americans have now died from the highly contagious virus. More than half a dozen states have had the highest daily deaths in the past 24 hours.
American citizens now account for almost a quarter of the 662,577 coronavirus deaths registered worldwide.
No other country reports nearly as many coronavirus deaths as the United States. 88,539 people died in Brazil, while 46,046 died in the United Kingdom.
Italy and Spain, both severely hit by the coronavirus in April and May, have reported fewer than 36,000 deaths after their death rate has declined sharply due to strict instructions for staying at home.
The situation is different in the USA, where the mortality rate continues to rise even though the country is in its fifth month fighting the pandemic.
The number of deaths has increased by more than 10,000 since July 17. This is the fastest death rate increase from 100,000 to 110,000 deaths within eleven days in early June since the beginning of the United States.
On Tuesday, seven states – Florida, California, Texas, North Carolina, Arkansas, Oregon and Montana – reported a record increase in their deaths.
A California nurse takes care of a COVID-19 patient on Tuesday in the intensive care unit of the El Centro Regional Medical Center in the southeastern state
Texas leads the nation with nearly 4,000 deaths this month, followed by Florida with 2,690 and California with 2,500.
While deaths rose rapidly in these three states in July, New York and New Jersey still lead the nation in terms of total deaths and deaths per capita.
Although deaths are increasing in the United States, they remain well below April's levels, when an average of 2,000 people died per day from the virus.
Health experts have indicated that the death toll may not be as high this time, possibly because much of the current cases are younger people who are less likely to die, and because progress has been made in treating and understanding the virus.
Deaths are a lagging indicator and may continue to increase weeks after new infections decline. Coronavirus death usually occurs several weeks after a person's first infection.
Meanwhile, Texas – the second largest state – added more than 6,000 new cases on Monday, increasing the total to 401,477.
Only three other states – California, Florida and New York – have more than 400,000 cases in total.
Twenty Harvard and MIT scientists have been tacitly producing a coronavirus vaccine for months and testing it on themselves
A group of 20 Harvard and MIT scientists and volunteers mixed and tested quiet coronavirus vaccines in a private laboratory and tested them on themselves, but still has to find out whether they are effective or not.
The group's efforts have nothing to do with the FDA or the government. You worked in a Boston laboratory to try to develop a safe and effective vaccine like hundreds of others around the world.
They have yet to publish results or explain whether any of the volunteers have ever tested positive for COVID-19.
The group claims it is legal because people mix the ingredients at home after receiving them in dispensing packages and because no money changes hands.
The group, called Rapid Deployment Vaccine Collaborative or Radvac, was founded in March. It is headed by Preston Estep, a scientist with a PhD in genetics from Harvard, who said he was alarmed by the government's schedule to produce a vaccine in 12 to 18 months. He wondered if they could develop their own privately with readily available ingredients.
The group includes George Church, a prominent geneticist who hasn't left home for five months and who says the world underestimates the disease.
Most of those involved did not want to be named, but in an interview with Technology Review Church said he thought the vaccine could work.
Preston Estep (L) and George Church (R) in 2018. They are among the scientists who took the vaccine, and Estep, who decided to develop his own vaccine when the government announced its 18-month schedule in March announced
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