ENTERTAINMENT

Coronavirus UK: The moment Boris Johnson lost his fight against lockdown


Important points about the COVID lockdown Mark 2

  • The restrictions start at midnight on Thursday morning and last until December 2nd.
  • People can only leave their home for certain reasons, such as: For example, to do important purchases, move around and work when they are unable to work from home.
  • Unnecessary stores are closed, although supermarkets do not have to close their aisles like in Wales.
  • Restaurants and bars will have to close unless they can provide take-away service.
  • Leisure centers, gyms, sports venues, hairdressers and beauty salons will have to close, although professional sports will continue.
  • Important companies that cannot work remotely, such as B. Construction companies should take safety precautions as before.
  • Places of worship can remain open for private prayers. Funerals are limited to close families only.
  • The vacation program will be extended during the blocking period and will not end tomorrow as originally planned.
  • Sports are allowed with no frequency limit, but organized sports – including outdoor activities such as golf – are not allowed.
  • When the lockdown expires, the Tiers system will be restored and questions remain about the metric used to determine whether restrictions can be lifted in areas.

It was when Rishi Sunak finally lost his battle to Matt Hancock and Michael Gove in an attempt to avert a crippling second national ban.

The almighty Covid Quad committee, which made all major strategic decisions during the pandemic, met in the cabinet office on Friday under the predictions of the SAGE committee of government scientific advisors on the end of the world.

Yesterday Johnson was forced to reveal the new lockdown at a hastily arranged press conference yesterday after sources reported the plans to the Daily Mail hours after the Quad Committee meeting.

The measures will take effect from Thursday morning through December 2 at midnight and close all but important shops, restaurants, pubs, hairdressers and leisure centers.

The vacation program, which pays workers 80% of their wages, is extended by one month and travel outside the UK is only allowed for “work”.

Mr Johnson said it was the only way to avert dire predictions of 85,000 deaths this winter that would force doctors to choose between saving Covid patients or those with other diseases.

& # 39; No prime minister in charge can ignore the message of these numbers. We have to be humble in the face of nature, ”he said.

On Friday, Boris Johnson, chairman of the Quad Committee meeting, fought a so-called "valiant struggle" to keep the country open, "argue with itself" and delivered many of his Chancellor's Hawk warnings about the economic carnage involved approve.

Every time Health Secretary Matt Hancock made his case for the lockdown, Mr. Gove had his support.

Both ministers were encouraged by France and Germany's move to lock them down completely. A source close to Mr. Sunak admits, “At that moment, we started losing the fight. We have lost our cover on the continent. & # 39;

The Prime Minister continued to support his Chancellor until Sir Simon Stevens, the head of the NHS, sentenced the country to another month in prison.

"I could have cried – it was so horrible," said an official gift when the quad – along with a total of 20 experts – heard that at the current rate of infection, hospitals in all parts of England would soon be overcrowded and the death toll is by Christmas between 3,000 and 4,000 per day.

& # 39; The Prime Minister received hard facts about real people in hospital beds and the debate was practically over. He was told how many hospital stays had already been burned into the projections due to the surge in infections. & # 39;

Some details were macabre: it was planned to store bodies in city ice rinks when the hospital burials were full. As was so often the case during the crisis, the emotional points of the “doves” overrode the Chancellor's fears about the economy.

A source said, "The scientists and Matt (Hancock) said the death rate will be worse than it was in April."

Last night, Mr Johnson announced that England would be plunged into a second national shutdown that is due to take effect from midnight Thursday through December 2nd.

P.People have to stay at home unless for specific reasons, e.g. For example, to go to school or college or to go to the supermarket while restaurants and non-essential shops are closed.

Childcare, early years facilities, schools, colleges and universities remain open and the Prime Minister explains to the press conference: "We cannot allow this virus to harm our children's future any more than it has before."

As England prepares for a second national ban:

  • Angry Tory MPs threatened to shoot down the prime minister's new closure in a crunch vote in the lower house.
  • Backbenchers accused Boris Johnson of being "thrown" into lockdown and compared Covid to "Suez";
  • Keir Starmer called for an immediate national lockdown as delaying until Thursday would cost lives;
  • Stunned hospital bosses warned new Covid-19 restrictions would spell the fate of the dying industry;
  • The UK recorded 326 deaths within 28 days of testing positive for Covid-19 and 21,915 laboratory confirmed cases.
  • The National Education Union called for schools and colleges to be closed as part of the lockdown.
  • The health minister said the government could only have predicted the need for a second "crystal ball" lockdown.
  • The SAGE advisor warned Covid-19 of turmoil in all age groups, and hospitals are at risk of being overrun.
  • The number of virus patients in the hospital has doubled in the past 14 days, with 10,708 patients treated.
  • According to the ONS, 50,000 people were infected with Covid-19 every day. 274 deaths were reported yesterday.
  • A survey by the anti-lockdown group Recovery found that more than 70 percent of people were more concerned about the effects of the lockdown than they were about catching Covid.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson received hard facts about real people in hospital beds and the debate was practically over

Heat maps were presented at the press conference, showing that the infections are spreading to older age groups

Heat maps were presented at the press conference, showing that the infections are spreading to older age groups

THREE CRUCIAL DAYS: HOW NO 10 WAS BEGUN IN THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE ENGLAND WIDE SHUTDOWN

Thursday October 29th

  • New study from Imperial College

A government-led study by Imperial College London is published which finds that nearly 100,000 people are infected with Covid-19 every day in the UK.

The REACT-1 project, which wiped tens of thousands of people each week, estimated that around 96,000 people were infected daily in England by October 25.

Older SAGE sources say it is "not too late to save Christmas" when a month-long lockdown is introduced.

They are calling for the closure of all pubs, restaurants and venues where households mix indoors.

  • France and Germany will be banned

French President Emmanuel Macron has announced a second national lockdown by the end of November.

Mr Macron says the new measures will only allow people to leave the house for significant work-related or medical reasons as of Friday.

Non-essential businesses like restaurants and bars will be closed, but schools and factories will remain open.

He said the country risks "being overwhelmed by a second wave that will undoubtedly be more difficult than the first".

Chancellor Angela Merkel has also announced a less strict “Lockdown Lite”, which, however, includes the closure of restaurants, fitness studios and theaters.

Friday October 30th

  • SAGE papers show that PM was warned of a serious situation two weeks prior to press conference # 10

The contributions will be published online from a SAGE meeting, which shows that advisors warned ministers on October 14th that the UK could be in a more serious situation than the scientists' worst case scenario.

They say "we are violating the number of infections and hospital admissions in the 'Reasonable Worst Case" planning scenario "and the outlook for the future spread of Covid-19 has been" worrying "if no action is taken.

The SAGE papers warn that, according to modeling, up to 74,000 people could be infected per day in England alone, well beyond the worst-case scenario.

  • England lockdown plans went to the mail

No10's plans to shut down England for at least a month are being passed on to the Daily Mail.

The mail learns that SAGE told ministers that Covid-19 is spreading "significantly" faster than even their original prediction of the "worst-case scenario".

Downing Street is angry at reading details of the lockdown in the first editions of the Saturday newspapers, hours after Boris Johnson, Rishi Sunak, Michael Gove and Matt Hancock made the decision.

It forces Mr Johnson to bring the measure forward Monday through Saturday evening, although many details are still being finalized.

The leak means the shutdown was on the front pages before the rest of the cabinet was informed.

Saturday October 31st

  • Probe in the cabinet

PM apologized to Conservative MPs and advised them that he will be launching an investigation to find the "culprit" who released details of the new lockdown prior to announcing it.

Mr Johnson sends a message to Conservative MPs on WhatsApp to apologize and warn that there are "no easy short-term options". "Folks – I'm so sorry you heard about it in the papers today," he wrote in a message seen by the PA News Agency.

"Let me assure you that the leak wasn't briefing # 10 and we have indeed opened an investigation to catch the culprit." I was hoping to make the announcement in Parliament on Monday, but to avoid further uncertainty, I will be holding a press conference on Downing Street tonight.

“My team will make sure that in the coming days you will have access to all the data and information from scientists you need. Please speak to your whip when you have something to feed.

“I assure you that we will do what we think is best for the country and ensure that the NHS is not overwhelmed in a way that could cost many thousands of lives.

“There is a clear way out, with better drugs and rapid tests – and the real prospect of a vaccine. Our country will recover well. But I'm afraid there are no easy short-term options. Best Boris. & # 39;

A Tory MP said many MPs were upset that newspapers learned of the lockdown before the Commons announced it.

No10 hastily organized a press conference for the Saturday after the information was released, amid indignation that the newspapers should learn of the new measures through leaks or official selective briefings.

PM has a cabinet meeting at 1:30 p.m. to work out plans for a new shutdown across England.

Downing Street announces a press conference at 4 p.m. This is pushed back to 5pm and 6.30pm.

PM, Chris Whitty and Patrick Vallance finally have their press conference around 7pm.

The decision was made to effectively remove the next month from the calendar – "Lose November to save December," said one official.

A source from the Treasury said: “France and Germany make it harder for us. The fear was that France and Germany will no longer be blocked by Christmas and that the people there will celebrate Christmas happily if we have to be blocked. & # 39;

Sources said last night the government was effectively "thrown" into the national lockdown by press reports. One with knowledge of the quad meeting said: "The Prime Minister was not completely overwhelmed – he hesitated and said we need to think more about it."

A government source said, “Scientists want to lock us up forever. Matt Hancock and DH (Department of Health) keep saying, "More and more bans, the numbers are terrible."

To show that lessons were learned from the initial lockdown, schools, universities, and kindergartens remained open, giving parents more freedom in their work. And to counter the growing public outrage, the lockdown would end on December 2nd – to "save" the festive season.

However, the hawks gathered behind the Chancellor are suspicious that the date may slip if the death rate is still high at the end of November – and fear a third lockdown could be imposed in January.

Ministers realized that Mr Johnson would face policy action after weeks of resistance after rejecting Sir Keir Starmer's request for a two-week lockdown nine days ago.

At the time, a government source described the Labor leader as a shameless opportunist playing political games in the midst of a global pandemic. He says he wants a national lockdown but refuses to vote for targeted restrictions in areas where they are most needed. & # 39;

It also represented a departure from Mr Johnson's coveted strategy of regional restrictions: in order to at least maintain the impression of continuity, it was agreed that regional disparities would return on December 2nd – but restrictions would be imposed as an incentive for "good behavior" in light of the the latest infection rates checked.

After the meeting ended, Mr Johnson decided to take the plans to the rest of the Cabinet yesterday during a phone call. The meeting was attended by Professor Chris Whitty, Chief Medical Officer of England, and Sir Patrick Vallance, Chief Scientific Adviser.

Ministers were shown evidence of rising infection rates across the country, and SPI-M, the forecasting group advising the government, predicted the NHS would exceed its bed capacity by Dec. 4 – even after the election process was abandoned – if none Action would be taken.

Modeling has also been presented to the cabinet that suggests the southwest could be where the north is in terms of infections by Nov. 27.

The Prime Minister planned to make a statement in front of Parliament tomorrow setting out the measures and subject to debate and vote to appease the rebellious Conservatives.

In the end – thanks to a mysterious leak – most of them first found out about it in the Saturday newspapers.

Last night, the prime minister effectively put the country back in first place when he unveiled a dramatic new national month-long lockdown to avoid "medical and moral disaster" – and ordered the public to stay home.

After weeks of insisting on sticking to local restrictions, he ended a humiliating U-turn by announcing blanket coronavirus restrictions in England at a press conference with Chris Whitty and Patrick Vallance.

Mr Johnson said the draconian measures, which will go into effect from midnight Thursday morning through December 2, are the only way to avert dismal saga predictions of 85,000 deaths this winter, well above the previous "reasonable worst case", and the NHS was previously overcrowded Christmas.

He said otherwise doctors would have to choose between rescuing Covid patients and those with other diseases. "No prime minister in charge can ignore the message of these numbers," said Johnson. "We have to be humble towards nature."

Mr Johnson pointed out that the action would not be the same as March as key sectors of the economy would be ordered to stay open, but said he had no illusions about how difficult it would be.

He stated that the vacation program will be extended for the period instead of ending tomorrow as originally planned. This could add another £ 7 billion to the Treasury Department's spiraling mountain of debt.

Mr Johnson also declined to rule out extending the measures beyond the proposed end date. When asked whether there would be enough time, the Prime Minister said: “I hope so. We have every reason to believe that it will. But we are driven by science. & # 39;

Reviving the government mantra of the height of the lockdown, Mr Johnson urged the public, "Stay home, protect the NHS and save lives."

But he tried to send a slightly more upbeat message, hoping the severity of the pressure meant families had the chance to be together for Christmas. "I am confident that by spring we will feel completely different and better," he added.

Brute pressure, dubbed "Tier 4" on the government scale, will result in the closure of non-essential shops in England, as well as bars and restaurants, despite the "absolutely devastating" impact on the already crippled hospitality sector.

Households are not allowed to mix indoors during the period and people are advised not to leave the house and travel abroad unless there are unavoidable reasons, such as: B. Jobs that cannot be done remotely or they need to play sports.

However, unlike the lockdown in March, schools and universities remain open – despite unions warning that they are key to spreading.

If the rules expire in early December, the Tiers system will be reapplied, raising questions about what metrics can be used to assess whether restrictions in an area can be relaxed.

West Yorkshire will not meet the highest Tier 3 restrictions as planned on Monday due to the new lockdown in England, the West Yorkshire Combined Authority said.

The hotel industry warned of a disaster and millions of job losses following news of the crackdown, despite the government's pledges to pump in more money.

Data from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) estimated that nearly 52,000 people contracted the virus every day, and one in 100 people in the country was infected with Covid-19 a week ago

Data from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) estimated that nearly 52,000 people contracted the virus every day, and one in 100 people in the country was infected with Covid-19 a week ago

Separate data from King & # 39; s College London predicted that around 32,000 cases occur daily in England and that infections are "steadily increasing" and "not getting out of hand".

Separate data from King & # 39; s College London predicted that around 32,000 cases occur daily in England and that infections are "steadily increasing" and "not getting out of hand".

Percentage change in coronavirus cases across England for the week ended October 25: The five local authorities that have seen the highest increase in infection rates are: Kingston upon Hull City, 92.81 percent; Derby, 91.84 percent; North Somerset, 82.99 percent; Medway, 77.17 percent; and Bath and North East Somerset 69.72 percent

Percentage change in coronavirus cases across England for the week ended October 25: The five local authorities that have seen the highest increase in infection rates are: Kingston upon Hull City, 92.81 percent; Derby, 91.84 percent; North Somerset, 82.99 percent; Medway, 77.17 percent; and Bath and North East Somerset 69.72 percent

Michael Gove

Matt Hancock

The Prime Minister's allies have suggested that ministers pushing for more closings – Health Secretary Matt Hancock and Prime Minister Michael Gove – had hoped to secure the new measures by passing them on

Previously, Mr Johnson had rejected the request for a 'breaker', the form of which had already been implemented in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, and instead extolled the merits of its 'tiered' system of local action.

But he sounded defiant and denied Labor's Sir Keir Starmer's allegations that his delay had cost lives, saying the policy was "right" before. "It is true that the course of the pandemic has changed," said Johnson.

Nicola Sturgeon made it clear that she did not intend to change her policy on the basis of the new regulations for England. She said, "We will base decisions here on circumstances – although what is happening across our line is clearly not irrelevant to our deliberations."

Surprise! Unions want to close schools

Britain's largest teachers union was deemed a "disgrace" last night after calling for schools and colleges to close during the month-long lockdown.

Boris Johnson earlier announced schools would remain open during the new embargo, but the National Education Union (NEW) said they were "a motor behind the transmission of viruses" and a "primary culprit" in the spread of Covid-19 .

She also called on the government to allow secondary school students to operate a rota model, where students are taught remotely for part of the time when the lockdown ends on December 2nd.

However, lead educator Professor Alan Smithers of Buckingham University said: “School closings on first lockdown have had a huge impact on children's learning and mental health. Fortunately, children who contract the virus seem little affected by it, so there is every reason to keep schools open. The NEU is extremely cautious and sees the balance between the security of people and the protection of the future of young people very wrongly. & # 39;

Chris McGovern, Chair of the Real Education Campaign, said: “The children most affected by the lockdown are less privileged. By calling for school closings, the NEU effectively promotes social division, which is quite shameful. & # 39;

The NEU was criticized earlier in the pandemic for resisting attempts to get kids back into classrooms before the summer vacation.

Kevin Courtney, the union's joint general secretary, said yesterday: “ONS data suggests schools are a motor for virus transmission. It would be self-destructive for the government to impose a national lockdown while ignoring the role of schools as the main culprit in the spread of the virus.

"Such a lockdown would cause pain for the entire community – but not be as effective as it could be if schools were involved."

Another 326 deaths in the UK have been reported – almost twice as many as last Saturday. However, the infections, which can more accurately reflect the current situation, fell five percent from the previous week to 21,915, which is a possible sign that the increase may already be slowing.

Hawkish Conservative Backbenchers are in danger of revolting in parliament if the measures come to a vote on Wednesday – the first time MPs have curbs before their introduction.

At his press conference, Mr Johnson insisted that the new national lockdown was not the same as the spring's “full lockdown”.

"We will get through this, but we have to act now to contain the surge this fall," he said.

“We're not going back to the full March and April lockdown. The measures I have described are less restrictive.

"But I'm afraid the basic message will be the same from Thursday: stay at home, protect the NHS and save lives."

Mr Johnson said the NHS overflow was "a medical and moral disaster beyond the gross loss of life".

He said, “Doctors and nurses have to decide which patients should be treated, who gets oxygen and who doesn't, who lives and who dies.

“Doctors and nurses would be forced to choose between rescuing Covid patients and non-Covid patients.

"The sheer weight of Covid demand would mean depriving tens of thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, if not millions of non-Covid patients of the care they need."

He added, "The risk is that for the first time in our lives the NHS won't be there for us."

In a plea for the public and Tory MPs to trust him, Mr. Johnson said, “We know the cost of these restrictions – the impact on jobs and livelihoods, as well as people's mental health. Nobody wants to enforce these measures. & # 39;

He thanked the people who had come to terms with local restrictions.

But he warned: "We have to be humble towards nature … the virus is spreading even faster than the reasonable worst-case scenario of our scientific advisors.

"If we don't act, we could see several thousand deaths a day in this country – a high point in mortality, unfortunately larger than the one we saw in April."

Mr Johnson said Christmas will likely be "very different" this year, but there might still be scope for families to spend it together.

“Christmas will be different this year, maybe very different. But it is my sincere hope and belief that if we take tough action now, we can enable families across the country to be together, ”he said.

Mr Johnson confirmed that the Westminster government was talking to the decentralized administrations in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland about "plans for Christmas and beyond".

This time, Mr. Johnson said education is protected: “We are not closing schools, it is very important that we keep schools open.

“We want to continue. People should of course work from home and we want to minimize contact. This is how the NHS can be protected. I am not going to pretend that these judgments are not incredibly difficult. We have to find the right balance. & # 39;

Vacation and mortgage vacation extended for second lock

The vacation program will be extended by another month during the England-wide lockdown, said Boris Johnson.

The Prime Minister announced that the huge bailout, where employees can receive up to 80 percent of their normal wages for hours not worked up to a maximum of £ 2,500 per month, will not end tomorrow as originally planned.

The cost of the move is not clear, but it could exceed £ 7 billion for the month.

The Treasury Department said the extension was more generous than the existing version, which was toned down this month, leaving companies to pay more of the bill.

Companies have the flexibility to return workers on leave to work part-time or full-time and are only asked to pay social security and employer pension contributions.

Officials said it only accounts for 5 percent of total employment costs on average.

The Job Support Scheme, which should have started November 1st, is suspended.

The mortgage leave scheme for those affected by the pandemic was also retained.

However, it does not appear that there is any change in the self-employed grants, which last until April, but at a lower level.

Bundeskanzler Rishi Sunak sagte: „Ich habe immer gesagt, dass wir alles tun werden, um die Situation zu verbessern. Jetzt, da die Beschränkungen immer strenger werden, unternehmen wir Schritte, um weitere finanzielle Unterstützung zum Schutz von Arbeitsplätzen und Unternehmen bereitzustellen. Diese Änderungen werden ein wichtiges Sicherheitsnetz für Menschen in ganz Großbritannien darstellen. & # 39;

Prof. Whitty sagte, die Anzahl der Menschen in NHS-Betten in England werde den Höhepunkt der ersten Welle ohne weitere Maßnahmen überschreiten.

Er sagte, dass die Prävalenz "in praktisch allen Teilen des Landes" gestiegen sei, abgesehen möglicherweise im Nordosten, wo strengere Maßnahmen getroffen würden und die Fälle nicht auf eine Altersgruppe beschränkt seien.

Über die Verwendung von NHS-Betten in England sagte er: „Derzeit kommt dies nur im Nordwesten dem Höhepunkt nahe, den wir zuvor hatten, aber er nimmt in jedem Bereich zu.

"Und wenn wir nichts tun, ist das unvermeidliche Ergebnis, dass diese Zahlen steigen und schließlich den Höchststand überschreiten, den wir im Frühjahr dieses Jahres gesehen haben."

Prof. Whitty wich aus, als er darauf drängte, ob die Regierung zu spät gehandelt habe.

„Es gibt im Grunde keine perfekte Zeit und es gibt keine guten Lösungen, alle Lösungen sind schlecht, und wir versuchen, die wenigsten – die am wenigsten schlechten – Lösungen zu einem Zeitpunkt zu haben, den Sie tatsächlich erreichen das Gleichgewicht, das zwischen all diesen Dingen hergestellt werden muss, über die die Minister Entscheidungen treffen müssen.

„In Bezug auf Feste, sei es Weihnachten oder eine andere religiöse Tradition, hätten wir mit diesen Maßnahmen eine viel bessere Chance, dies zu tun, als wenn diese Maßnahmen heute nicht ergriffen würden.

"Ich denke, lassen Sie uns sehen, wie das in den nächsten Wochen geht."

Zuvor hatte das Kabinett Beweise von der SPI-M-Gruppe erhalten, dass der NHS in der ersten Dezemberwoche seine normale Kapazität und seine Schwallbettkapazität überschreiten wird, sofern keine Maßnahmen ergriffen werden. Den Ministern wurde mitgeteilt, dass dies auch dann der Fall sein würde, wenn Wahloperationen verschoben oder abgesagt würden.

Das Kabinett wurde auch gewarnt, dass das Wachstum national ist, und während die Prävalenz in Teilen des Nordens am höchsten war, lag das R überall über dem kritischen Niveau von einem.

Die Verdopplungszeit im Südosten ist jetzt schneller als im Nordwesten, und der Südwesten könnte bis zum 27. November in derselben Position wie der Nordwesten sein.

Unter den neuen Einschränkungen wird den Menschen mitgeteilt, dass sie das Haus nur aus bestimmten Gründen verlassen können, z. B. um wichtige Einkäufe zu tätigen, sich im Freien zu bewegen und zu arbeiten, wenn sie nicht in der Lage sind, von zu Hause aus zu arbeiten.

Die Regierung betont jedoch, dass Unternehmen, die nicht remote operieren können, wie beispielsweise das Baugewerbe, wie bisher fortfahren sollten.

Internationale Reisen sind außerhalb der Grenzen, wenn nicht zu Arbeitszwecken, und Reisen innerhalb des Vereinigten Königreichs werden dringend empfohlen.

Restaurants und Bars dürfen nur einen Service zum Mitnehmen betreiben.

Es wird erwartet, dass die betroffenen Unternehmen mehr staatliche Unterstützung erhalten.

Sir Keir begrüßte die nationale Sperrung für England, sagte jedoch, dass dies "vor Wochen" hätte geschehen sollen, und warnte davor, dass die Verzögerung Leben kosten und die Beschränkungen länger anhalten werden.

Der Labour-Chef sagte gegenüber Reportern: „Alle sind besorgt über den Anstieg der Infektionen, die Krankenhauseinweisungen und die tragische Zahl der Todesfälle. Deshalb habe ich vor drei Wochen eine Unterbrechung gefordert.

Die Regierung lehnte dies erst jetzt vollständig ab, um das Gleiche anzukündigen.

Wie unterscheiden sich die Sperren in Großbritannien?

England

Ab Donnerstag schließen Pubs, Bars, Restaurants und nicht unbedingt benötigte Einzelhandelsgeschäfte bis zum 2. Dezember, und die Menschen werden aufgefordert, zu Hause zu bleiben, es sei denn, sie haben einen bestimmten Grund zu gehen, aber Schulen, Hochschulen und Kindergärten bleiben geöffnet.

People are allowed to do sports and socialize outside with their household or another person in public spaces, but not inside or in private gardens. They can travel to work when they cannot work from home.

Wales

All of Wales is currently on a 17-day "fire safety" lockdown that began on October 23rd and will last through November 9th.

People can only leave their homes for limited reasons and have to work from home whenever possible. Leisure, hospitality and tourism businesses, as well as community centers, libraries and recycling centers, are closed. Places of worship are closed except for funerals or wedding ceremonies.

Scotland

The majority of Scots will be placed in Level 3 of a new five-tier system as of Monday, the rest of the country in Level 1 or 2.

The central belt – including Edinburgh, Glasgow, Stirling and Falkirk – is complemented by Dundee and Ayrshire in Level 3.

Aberdeenshire, Aberdeen, Fife, the Borders, Dumfries and Galloway, Argyll and Bute, Perth and Kinross and Angus will be in Level 2.

Highland, Moray, Western Isles, Orkney and Shetland were rated as Level 1.

Levels 1, 2 and 3 are largely comparable to the tier system currently in force in England.

Nicola Sturgeon entschied sich dagegen, North und South Lanarkshire in Level 4 zu versetzen – was einer vollständigen Sperrung entspricht.

She has told the Scots not to go to England unless it is for "essential purposes".

Northern Ireland

Pubs and restaurants were closed for four weeks from October 16, except for food stalls and deliveries. The schools were closed for two weeks.

Retail stores and fitness studios for individual training will remain open.

People were told to work from home when unable to do so, and were told not to take unnecessary travel.

„Leider wird die Verzögerung jetzt kosten, die Sperrung wird länger sein, es wird schwieriger und es gibt menschliche Kosten, die sehr, sehr real sein werden.

"Nun, es ist nicht zu leugnen, dass diese Maßnahmen notwendig sind, und ich bin froh, dass die Regierung endlich die Entscheidung getroffen hat, die sie vor Wochen hätte treffen sollen."

Der Generaldirektor der britischen Handelskammern (BCC), Adam Marshall, sagte, die neuen Beschränkungen seien "ein verheerender Schlag für Unternehmen, die alles in ihrer Macht Stehende getan haben, um sich anzupassen und sicher zu arbeiten".

'Business and market confidence have been hit hard by the unclear, stop-start approach taken by governments across the UK over the past eight months, with little end in sight. Many firms are in a much weaker position now than at the start of the pandemic, making it far more challenging to survive extended closures or demand restrictions,' he said.

'The temporary extension of the furlough scheme will bring short-term relief to many firms, and responds to Chambers' call for business support to be commensurate with the scale of the restrictions imposed.

'The full financial support package for businesses facing hardship, whether through loss of demand or closure, must immediately be clarified and communicated.

Mr Johnson – who spoke to Sir Keir and Speaker Lindsay Hoyle before the announcement today – is set to make a statement to the Commons on Monday, before the crunch vote on Wednesday.

The careful choreography of the announcement was torn up after leaks overnight caused a storm, with Downing Street launching a hunt for the mole amid fresh evidence of Cabinet splits.

Mr Johnson has been thrashing out the changes in meetings with his core ministers leading the Covid response, Chancellor Rishi Sunak, Cabinet Office minister Michael Gove, and Health Secretary Matt Hancock.

But the plans descended into shambles after the shape of the proposals were leaked.

'The data is really bad. We're seeing coronavirus rising all over the country and hospitals are struggling to cope. There has been a shift in our position,' a government source told The Times.

Just yesterday, Foreign Minister Dominic Raab insisted that the government's battle plan for localized lockdowns was the right approach.

Scottish First Minister Ms Sturgeon said she would 'carefully consider the impact of today's announcement in England' but stressed 'we will continue to take decisions that reflect circumstances in Scotland'.

'We expect to have further discussion in the coming days about the scope of additional financial support being made available,' she said.

'A crucial point for us is whether support on the scale announced for English businesses is available for Scottish businesses now or if we needed to impose further restrictions later — or if it is only available if Scotland has a full lockdown at the same time as a lockdown in England.'

She added: 'People across Scotland have faced significant restrictions since late September as we work to stop the increase in Covid cases across the country. Prevalence of the virus is currently lower in Scotland than in other parts of the UK and there are some signs that those earlier restrictions may be starting to slow the rate of increase.'

Entertainment groups have warned of a 'huge void in financial support' after the Government announced the closure of venues as part of a month-long lockdown.

Pubs, bars, restaurants and non-essential retail will close across England from Thursday, Boris Johnson announced during a briefing.

Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden subsequently confirmed that TV and film production would be able to continue during the lockdown period.

'A devastating blow for industry': Business leaders despair at new restrictions and it say 'will be much harder to survive' – and plead with government to fix testing to avoid a THIRD lockdown

Boris Johnson's new raft of restrictions have dealt 'a devastating blow' to business communities, the head of British Chambers of Commerce has said.

Industry leaders insist it will now be 'much harder' for firms to survive, even as the much-trumpeted furlough scheme was extended for another month, and have pleaded with the government to fix testing to avoid a third lockdown.

After weeks insisting he is sticking to local restrictions, the PM completed a humiliating U-turn by announcing blanket coronavirus restrictions for England at a press conference alongside medical and science chiefs Chris Whitty and Patrick Vallance.

The draconian measures – being billed as 'Tier Four' on the government's sliding scale – come into force from midnight Thursday morning after bleak Sage modelling projected the virus could kill 85,000 this winter, far above the previous 'reasonable worst case'.

The brutal squeeze will see non-essential shops in England shut until December 2, as well as bars and restaurants despite the 'absolutely devastating' impact on the already crippled hospitality sector.

It emerged earlier this month that the UK economy grew by just 2.1 per cent in August as the recovery from the pandemic's impact stalled despite Rishi Sunak's Eat Out to Help Out scheme – down on the 6.4 per cent expansion recorded in July.

Mr Dowden said further details of how the lockdown would affect the arts and sports sectors would be announced in the coming days.

Writing on Twitter, he said: 'As the Prime Minister has just confirmed we will be taking additional restrictions from Thursday. We understand the anxiety & impact these will have, and will ensure they last not a day longer than necessary.

'The changes mean people should WFH where possible. But where this is not possible, travel to a place of work will be permitted – e.g. this includes (but not exhaustive) elite sport played behind closed doors, film & tv production, telecoms workers.

'We understand people will have a lot of questions and @DCMS officials & ministers will be working through these and detailed implications with sectors over the coming days.'

The Government is currently distributing a £1.57billion funding package to the arts, as well as further measures.

However, Michael Kill, chief executive of the Night Time Industries Association, said the announcement left the sector facing 'financial armageddon'.

He said: 'The announcement from the Prime Minister today will leave night time economy businesses facing a 'financial armageddon'. It is the most horrific of Halloweens.

'It's frightening to think that given the gravity of the situation, we are still being given limited communication, consultation or time to respond, or plan around these decisions.

'The entire night time economy consisting of thousands of businesses and hundreds of thousands of workers are suffering.

'Their plight is being made even worse by the huge void in financial support for the sector.

'Many of our businesses have experienced extreme financial hardship, been presented with unmanageable operational measures and have in some cases been forced into complete closure since March.'

Mark Davyd, chief executive of the Music Venue Trust, called on the Government to offer the live events industry further financial support.

He said: 'National lockdowns have been announced in France, Germany and the UK.

'In France, the government has announced it will cover 100 per cent of wages for people impacted by the required lockdown. In Germany, the government will cover 75 per cent of lost turnover.

'Across the country, grassroots music venues have been told to close from Thursday, but we have no similar commitment from the UK Government.

'We look forward to urgent details from ministers on the financial package that will protect businesses and livelihoods in this vital, world leading British industry.'

What you CAN and CAN'T do under new lockdown: Pubs, shops, restaurants, hairdressers and leisure centres will close – but construction sites stay OPEN

By Harry Howard for MailOnline

A new national lockdown across England means people will have to stay at home unless for specific reasons, e.g. B. to go to school or college or to the supermarket.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced the new measures at a press conference on Downing Street on Saturday.

He said the measures were necessary to avert dire predictions of 85,000 deaths this winter.

In the following, MailOnline describes the most important details of the new restrictions, according to which pubs, bars and restaurants have to be closed again.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced new lockdown measures at a press conference on Downing Street on Saturday

Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced new lockdown measures at a press conference on Downing Street on Saturday

When do the new rules come into force?

The new national lockdown runs from November 5th to December 2nd.

The lockdown will then be relaxed on a regional basis according to the latest coronavirus case data at that time.

Can i leave my home

Yes, but only for specific reasons like education, work when you can't work from home, and exercise that you can take as many times a day as you want.

Construction sites or production sites are examples of workplaces that employees still have to go to.

People can also leave their home to relax in their own household or alone with someone from another household (a “one plus one” rule).

Construction sites or manufacturing facilities are examples of jobs that employees have yet to go to, but in general, people are advised to work from home

Construction sites or manufacturing facilities are examples of jobs that employees have yet to go to, but in general, people are advised to work from home

Examples of recreation include meeting a friend in the park for a walk or sitting on a bench and having a sandwich.

People are not allowed to meet in houses and gardens, and golf clubs remain closed.

People can also leave the house to buy groceries and essentials, and to look after vulnerable people or volunteers.

Attending medical appointments is also permitted or may avoid injury or damage (e.g. for people suffering from domestic violence).

Support bladders stay in place and people can still meet in their bladder.

Children can move between their parents' homes when their parents are separated.

What will be closed?

Shops, leisure and entertainment options that are not absolutely necessary are closed.

Click and Collect can continue and important stores such as supermarkets remain open.

Bars, pubs and restaurants must remain closed except for delivery or takeaway services.

Hairdressers and beauty salons are closed.

Bars, pubs and restaurants must remain closed, except for delivery or takeaway services

Bars, pubs and restaurants must remain closed, except for delivery or takeaway services

Recreational facilities such as gyms and entertainment venues are closed

Hairdressers and beauty salons will also close, as they did during the first lockdown which began in March

Hairdressers and beauty salons will also close, as they did during the first lockdown which began in March

What if the last time I shielded?

Prime Minister Boris Johnson said people over 60 and those who are clinically at risk are urged to be extra careful to follow the rules and minimize contact with others.

Anyone officially notified to shield and not go to work for the last time is advised not to go to work this time.

However, formal shielding, such as that held during the March and April lockdown – where people were told not to leave the house for any reason – is not being introduced.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson said people over 60 and those who are clinically at risk are urged to be extra careful to follow the rules and minimize contact with others

Prime Minister Boris Johnson said people over 60 and those who are clinically at risk are urged to be extra careful to follow the rules and minimize contact with others

Should my children go to school or to daycare? Can you go to a playground?

Yes, schools, colleges and universities remain open.

Day mothers and kindergartens remain open and childcare bubbles, in which, for example, a grandparent offers childcare while one parent works, can continue.

After school and sports clubs are closed until December 2nd.

Playgrounds and parks remain open.

Schools, colleges and universities remain open. Day mothers and kindergartens remain open and childcare bubbles, in which, for example, a grandparent offers childcare while one parent works, can continue.

Can i go on vacation?

No, it is recommended that you only travel for essential reasons. People can travel to work.

Those already on vacation can return to the UK and airports and train stations will remain open.

What if I am already abroad?

Travelers do not have to return early from their travels.

Airlines are responsible under consumer law for bringing travelers home. However, flight schedules are being cut due to the drop in demand, which means that many people will be forced to change their travel dates.

It is recommended that you only travel for essential reasons. People can travel to work

It is recommended that you only travel for essential reasons. People can travel to work

Those already on vacation can return to the UK and airports and train stations will remain open

Those already on vacation can return to the UK and airports and train stations will remain open

I thought we could go to the Canary Islands?

It has been less than two weeks since the government lifted the quarantine requirement for people returning from the Spanish islands.

This resulted in airlines offering additional flights to handle the surge in bookings.

Will the travel corridors continue?

The Prime Minister made no mention of travel corridors in his press conference on Saturday night, which means people traveling from certain areas are likely to continue to be exempt from quarantine.

But the lock means that the number of travelers will still be reduced.

Will I get my money back if I have booked a vacation that I cannot continue?

If your flight has not yet been completed and your destination has not changed, you are not automatically entitled to a refund.

Due to the new restrictions, many planes are likely to be on the ground by Thursday, meaning people with existing bookings will receive a refund.

If I am eligible for a refund, how soon will I get my money?

UK consumers are protected under European law that they should receive a full cash refund within seven days for canceled flights and 14 days for package holidays that have not taken place.

But since the coronavirus outbreak, many people have struggled to get payouts from airlines and vacation companies.

This situation is likely to continue in the coming weeks.

Is there a vacation program?

Yes, vacation is 80 percent due for the duration of the package of tougher national measures.

Support will be available across the UK.

Business premises that have to close in England can receive a Local Restrictions Support Grant up to £ 3,000 per month.

Another £ 1.1 billion will be given to local authorities – split on a £ 20 per capita basis – for one-off payments to support businesses.

Is there any mortgage support?

Yes. Homeowners can take advantage of a mortgage payment vacation that was supposed to end on Saturday but has been extended.

Home sales are expected to be allowed to continue.

Can i go to church

The churches remain open to private prayers.

Funerals are limited to close family members only. It is currently unclear what rules apply to weddings.

The churches remain open to private prayers. Funerals are limited to close family members only. It is currently unclear what rules apply to weddings. Pictured: St. Bartholomew The Great Church in Smithfield, London

The churches remain open to private prayers. Funerals are limited to close family members only. It is currently unclear what rules apply to weddings. Pictured: St. Bartholomew The Great Church in Smithfield, London

Will the Premier League football games continue?

Yes. Boris Johnson said games would continue despite the restrictions.

What if i live in a lowercase area?

You need to keep following the rules as they apply across England.

Professor Chris Whitty said that many of the areas with lower case numbers have the highest rates of increaseHe also warned: 'Some areas including the South West are likely to get pressure on beds really relatively early because of the way the NHS is constructed in those areas.'

'This could be Boris Johnson's Suez': Tory civil war as anti-lockdown 'redwall' MPs accuse PM of being 'bounced' into shutdown and threaten to vote against move in Commons vote on Wednesday

By Jack Wright for MailOnline

Furious anti-lockdown Tory MPs last night accused Boris Johnson of allowing himself to be bounced into an England-wide shutdown after No10 binned its three-tier Covid-19 alert system.

Conservatives were outraged that plans to plunge the country into a second shutdown were leaked to the Saturday papers, including the Mail, before the Prime Minister's announcement in Parliament.

The Prime Minister's allies have suggested that ministers who are pushing for further shutdowns – Health Secretary Matt Hancock and senior minister Michael Gove – had hoped to secure the new measures by leaking them.

In a WhatsApp message seen by the PA news agency, Mr Johnson wrote to MPs to apologise to them and assure them that Downing Street had not informed journalists of the measures.

With MPs expected to vote on the measures on Wednesday, the Prime Minister will have to keep backbenchers, with a significant number of them highly sceptical of restrictions, on side.

But senior Tories are chomping at the bit over the new shutdown which they believe will leave the already-weak UK economy in tatters and potentially tear the Party apart.

Sir Robert Syms, an ex-Tory whip, suggested that No10 had not properly 'audited progress' made by the three-tier system which sees restrictions with varying degrees of severity placed on individual regions.

Desmond Swayne, the Conservative MP for New Forest West, described the move as 'disastrous' and accused Cabinet ministers of behaving like 'headless chickens'.

Meanwhile, Tory MPs told Matt Chorley of Times Radio that the Prime Minister is on 'borrowed time' and 'totally inept', while another reportedly said: 'I think it could be his Suez.'

It comes as Mr Johnson last night announced that England will be plunged into a second national shutdown, due to take effect from midnight on Thursday until December 2.

P.eople must stay at home unless for specific reasons, such as attending school or college, or going to the supermarket, while hospitality venues and non-essential shops will be shut.

Childcare, early years settings, schools, colleges and universities will remain open, with the Prime Minister telling the press conference: 'We cannot let this virus damage our children's futures even more than it has already'

As England braces for a second national lockdown:

  • Keir Starmer called for an immediate national lockdown as he said delaying until Thursday would cost lives;
  • Stunned hospital chiefs warned that new Covid-19 restrictions would spell doom for dying industry;
  • The UK recorded 326 deaths within 28 days of testing positive for Covid-19 and 21,915 lab-confirmed cases;
  • The National Education Union called for schools and colleges to be shut as part of the lockdown;
  • Health Minister said Government could only have predicted need for a second lockdown with 'crystal ball';
  • SAGE adviser warned Covid-19 is 'running riot' across all age groups and hospitals are at risk of being overrun;
  • Number of virus patients in hospital has doubled in the past fortnight, with 10,708 patients being treated;
  • ONS said 50,000 people were being infected with Covid-19 each day, with 274 deaths reported yesterday;
  • A poll by anti-lockdown group Recovery found that more than 70 per cent of people were more worried about the effect of lockdown than they were of catching Covid.
Furious anti-lockdown Tory MPs last night accused Boris Johnson of allowing himself to be bounced into an England-wide shutdown after No10 binned its three-tier Covid-19 alert system

Furious anti-lockdown Tory MPs last night accused Boris Johnson of allowing himself to be bounced into an England-wide shutdown after No10 binned its three-tier Covid-19 alert system

Lockdown sceptic Sir Graham Brady, Tory shop steward and chairman of the influential 1922 Committee of backbenchers, was silent on No10's announcement after the press conference. If Downing Street can persuade Sir Graham and Mr Baker to back the measure, any Tory revolt in the House of Commons next Wednesday is likely to be minimal and easily dealt with

Lockdown sceptic Sir Graham Brady, Tory shop steward and chairman of the influential 1922 Committee of backbenchers, was silent on No10's announcement after the press conference. If Downing Street can persuade Sir Graham and Mr Baker to back the measure, any Tory revolt in the House of Commons next Wednesday is likely to be minimal and easily dealt with

England's chief public health officials unveiled grim graphs that show how all models of the coronavirus second wave predict the number of deaths will exceed SAGE's 'worst cases scenario'. At the heart of the scientific data supporting Boris Johnson's decision to plunge England into a second lockdown was a graph comparing the predictions of a number of academic modelling groups including Imperial College. They show the number of deaths peaking at 4,000 deaths a day without intervention, their reasonable worst case scenario for the winter had predicted a maximum of around 800 deaths a day

England's chief public health officials unveiled grim graphs that show how all models of the coronavirus second wave predict the number of deaths will exceed SAGE's 'worst cases scenario'. At the heart of the scientific data supporting Boris Johnson's decision to plunge England into a second lockdown was a graph comparing the predictions of a number of academic modelling groups including Imperial College. They show the number of deaths peaking at 4,000 deaths a day without intervention, their reasonable worst case scenario for the winter had predicted a maximum of around 800 deaths a day

One said: 'Is this a deliberate destruction of the Tory Party? People only vote for us because they think we don't care, but are competent. Lose the competence and we're f****d. We've lost the competence. And we are f****d.'

However, senior ministers and MPs who have rejected calls for a second lockdown appear to have become persuaded by data showing that the NHS would be overwhelmed next month minus action.

THREE CRUCIAL DAYS: HOW No10 WAS BOUNCED INTO ANNOUNCING ENGLAND-WIDE SHUTDOWN

Thursday, October 29

  • New Imperial College study

A Government-led study by Imperial College London is published which states that nearly 100,000 people in the UK are getting infected with Covid-19 every day.

The REACT-1 project – which has been swabbing tens of thousands of people every week – estimated there were around 96,000 people getting infected every day in England by October 25.

Senior SAGE sources say it is 'not too late to save Christmas' if a month-long lockdown is introduced.

They are calling for the closure of all pubs and restaurants and venues where households mix indoors.

  • France and Germany go into lockdown

French President Emmanuel Macron announces a second national lockdown until the end of November.

Mr Macron says that under the new measures, starting on Friday, people would only be allowed to leave home for essential work or medical reasons.

Non-essential businesses, such as restaurants and bars, will close, but schools and factories will remain open.

He says the country risked being 'overwhelmed by a second wave that no doubt will be harder than the first'.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel also announces a 'lockdown lite' which  is less severe but includes the closure of restaurants, gyms and theatres.

Friday, October 30

  • SAGE papers show that PM was warned about serious situation two weeks before No10 press conference

Papers are released online from a SAGE meeting which show that advisers warned ministers on October 14 that the UK could be headed for a situation more serious than the scientists' 'worst case scenario'.

They say 'we are breaching the number of infections and hospital admissions in the Reasonable Worst Case planning scenario' and the outlook for Covid-19's future spread was 'concerning' if no action was taken.

The SAGE papers warn that modelling suggests up to 74,000 people a day could be becoming infected in England alone, far beyond the worst case scenario.

  • England lockdown plans leaked to the Mail

No10's plans to shut-down England for at least a month are leaked to the Daily Mail.

The Mail learns that SAGE told ministers Covid-19 is spreading 'significantly' faster than even their original 'worst-case scenario' prediction.

Downing Street is furious to read details of the lockdown in the first editions of the Saturday newspapers, hours after the decision had been taken by Boris Johnson, Rishi Sunak, Michael Gove and Matt Hancock.

It forces Mr Johnson to bring forward the announcement of the measure from Monday to Saturday night, despite many details still being finalised.

The leak means that the shutdown was on the front pages before the rest of the Cabinet had been told.

Saturday, October 31

  • Probe into Cabinet leak

PM apologises to Conservative MPs and tells them that he will launch an inquiry to find the 'culprit' who leaked details of the new lockdown before his announcement.

Mr Johnson sends a message to Conservative MPs on WhatsApp to apologise and warn there are 'no easy short term options'. 'Folks – so sorry that you've had to hear about all this from the newspapers today,' he writes in a message seen by the PA news agency.

'Let me assure you that the leak was not a no10 briefing and indeed we have launched an inquiry to catch the culprit. I had hoped to make the announcement in parliament on Monday but to avoid any further uncertainty I'll now do a press conference from Downing Street this evening.

'My team will make sure you have access to all the data and briefing from scientists you need in the coming days. Please speak to your whip if you have anything to feed in.

'I assure you we are doing what we believe is best for the country and to ensure that the NHS is not overwhelmed in a way that could cost many thousands of lives.

'There is a clear way out of this, with better medication and rapid testing – and the genuine prospect of a vaccine. Our country will recover well. But I am afraid there are no easy short term options. Best Boris.'

One Tory MP says numerous parliamentarians are angry that newspapers learned of the lockdown before a Commons announcement.

No10 hastily arranges a press conference for Saturday after the information became public, amid outrage that newspapers should learn of the new measures through leaks or official selective briefings.

PM holds a crunch Cabinet meeting at 1.30pm to thrash out plans for new England-wide shutdown.

Downing Street announces a press conference at 4pm. This is pushed back to 5pm and 6.30pm.

PM, Chris Whitty and Patrick Vallance eventually hold their press conference closer to 7pm.

It is thought they include Chancellor Rishi Sunak, who confirmed that the Treasury is extending furlough payments of 80 per cent of salaries for the month, and Home Secretary Priti Patel.

And rebel ringleader Steve Baker told Sky News: 'I would encourage all members of the public, and all members of Parliament, to listen extremely carefully to what the Prime Minister says today and over the coming days.'

Lockdown sceptic Sir Graham Brady, Tory shop steward and chairman of the influential 1922 Committee of backbenchers, was silent on No10's announcement after the press conference.

If Downing Street can persuade Sir Graham and Mr Baker to back the measure, any Tory revolt in the House of Commons next Wednesday is likely to be minimal and easily dealt with.

Sir Robert tweeted: 'I am open to more measures (but) we have a regional approach which we have not given time to work. If we need to tweak it, fine, let's measure what works and discard what does not. At the moment the Government is getting bounced into a change before we have audited progress.'

Mr Swayne said: 'Lockdowns make everyone poorer and poor people even poorer. I fear more people will die sooner than they would have as a consequence of the decision.

'In a bad flu season 80,000 people die, but we don't behave like headless chickens.'

Sir Charles Walker, the vice-chairman of the 1922 Committee, told the BBC: 'There has to be another way of doing this. If you want first world public services, you need a first world economy.

'Come Spring, we won't have a first world economy anymore. We won't be able to pay pensions, employ people, raise taxes, fund armies, fund police forces. Our hospitality industry will be finished. This is utterly catastrophic.'

The Prime Minister's allies have suggested that ministers who are pushing for further shutdowns – Health Secretary Matt Hancock and senior minister Michael Gove – had hoped to secure the new measures by leaking them.

At the heart of the scientific data supporting Mr Johnson's decision to plunge England into a second lockdown was a graph comparing the predictions of a number of academic modelling groups including Imperial College.

They show the number of deaths peaking at 4,000 deaths a day without intervention, their reasonable worst case scenario for the winter had predicted a maximum of around 800 deaths a day.

Speaking at a Downing Street press conference, Professor Chris Whitty and Sir Patrick Vallance said that England is currently experiencing 'around 50,000 new cases a day'.

Citing data from the Office for National Statistics, the Chief Medical Officer for England claimed the prevalence of this disease had increased extremely rapidly in recent weeks.

Prof. Whitty said the transmission rate was "very flat" in the spring and summer due to the work of everyone in the country before claiming that NHS England hospital stays are now increasing "exponentially".

He said that the number of people in hospital beds will exceed the peak of the first wave without further measures, adding that there is an increase in prevalence 'in virtually every part of the country', apart from possibly the North East where stricter measures are in place, and cases are not constrained to one age group.

The Chief Medical Officer for England said: “Right now this is only approaching the high point we had before in the North West, but it is increasing in every area. And if we don't do anything, the inevitable result is that those numbers will rise and eventually surpass the high we saw earlier this year. & # 39;

Sir Patrick, the UK's chief scientific adviser, then said that if cases keep rising, 'in terms of deaths over the winter, there's the potential for this to be twice as bad, or more, compared to the first wave'.

Most of SAGE's models predict and predict around 2,000 deaths from the virus every day in winter Hospital stays are expected to peak in mid-December, with deaths increasing until at least the end of December.

Meanwhile, a separate paper circulating in Whitehall warns that the NHS will not be able to admit more patients until Christmas, even if the Nightingale hospitals are in use.

This document, based on NHS England October 28 modeling, claims that the South West of England and the Midlands will be the first to run out of capacity within two weeks.

Mr Johnson said it would be a 'medical and moral disaster, beyond the raw loss of life' if the NHS was overrun, claiming: 'The sheer weight of Covid demand would mean depriving tens of thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, if not millions of non-Covid patients of the care they need.'

The Prime Minister described the pandemic as 'a constant struggle and a balance that any Government has to make between lives and livelihoods, and obviously lives must come first'.

He added: 'Yes it is true that the course of the pandemic has changed and it's also right that the Government should change and modulate its response in accordance, and I make absolutely no apologies for that.'

Cabinet sources released news of the impending month-long shutdown of Mail last night after government scientists warned Mr Johnson that Covid-19 cases in the UK are accelerating faster than their worst-case scenario of 85,000 coronavirus deaths this winter 1,000 deaths per day through December.

Another 326 deaths in the UK were reported today – almost twice as many as last Saturday. However, the infections, which can more accurately reflect the current situation, fell by five percent to 21,915 compared to the previous week.

This week, papers from a SAGE committee meeting showed that scientists warned ministers two weeks ago that Britain could be in a more serious situation than its worst predictions.

The October 14 document, published online, claimed "We are violating the number of infections and hospital admissions in the" Reasonable Worst Case "planning scenario" before adding that the prospects for the future spread of Covid-19 were "worrying", if no action was taken it was taken.

Sir Robert Syms

Desmond Swayne

Sir Robert Syms (left) suggested that No10 had not properly 'audited progress' made by the three-tier system which sees restrictions with varying degrees of severity placed on individual regions. Desmond Swayne (right), the Conservative MP for New Forest West, described the move as 'disastrous' and accused Cabinet ministers of behaving like 'headless chickens'

England's chief public health officials unveiled grim graphs that show how all models of the coronavirus second wave predict the number of deaths will exceed SAGE's 'worst cases scenario'. At the heart of the scientific data supporting Boris Johnson's decision to plunge England into a second lockdown was a graph comparing the predictions of a number of academic modelling groups including Imperial College. They show the number of deaths peaking at 4,000 deaths a day without intervention, their reasonable worst case scenario for the winter had predicted a maximum of around 800 deaths a day

England's chief public health officials unveiled grim graphs that show how all models of the coronavirus second wave predict the number of deaths will exceed SAGE's 'worst cases scenario'. At the heart of the scientific data supporting Boris Johnson's decision to plunge England into a second lockdown was a graph comparing the predictions of a number of academic modelling groups including Imperial College. They show the number of deaths peaking at 4,000 deaths a day without intervention, their reasonable worst case scenario for the winter had predicted a maximum of around 800 deaths a day

Another 326 deaths in the UK were reported today - almost twice as many as last Saturday. However, the infections, which can more accurately reflect the current situation, fell by five percent to 21,915 compared to the previous week

Another 326 deaths in the UK were reported today – almost twice as many as last Saturday. However, the infections, which can more accurately reflect the current situation, fell by five percent to 21,915 compared to the previous week

Key points in COVID lockdown Mark 2

  • Restrictions will start at midnight on Thursday morning and last until December 2.
  • People can only leave their homes for specific reasons, such as to do essential shopping, for outdoor exercise, and for work if they are unable to work from home.
  • Non-essential shops will be told to shut, although supermarkets do not need to close off aisles as has happened in Wales.
  • Restaurants and bars will be told to close unless they can operate a takeaway service.
  • Leisure centres, gyms, sporting venues, hairdressers and beauty parlours will have to close, although professional sport will continue.
  • Key businesses that cannot operate remotely – such as construction – should carry on as before with safety precautions.
  • Places of worship can stay open for private prayer. Funerals are limited to close family only.
  • The furlough scheme will be extended during the period of the lockdown, rather than ending tomorrow as originally planned.
  • Exercise is permitted with no limits on frequency, but organised sports – including outdoor activities such as golf – will not be permitted.
  • When the lockdown lapses the Tiers system will be reinstated, leaving questions about what metric will be used to decide whether areas can have restrictions eased.

According to briefings from consultants, they believe there is still time to save Christmas with a lockout period of at least a month that closes restaurants, pubs and all but essential stores.

The experts estimate that in the UK there will be 1,000 deaths per day and more than 85,000 deaths from coronavirus within a month. The SAGE papers from two weeks ago warned that the modeling suggests that up to 74,000 people per day could be infected in England alone, well beyond the worst-case scenario.

There is a lag of around three weeks between infections and deaths. The scientists told ministers that without further restrictions, the death toll will keep rising exponentially, and hospitals will be overwhelmed.

Separate Office for National Statistics (ONS) figures found daily coronavirus infections in England surged by 50 per cent last week. It was estimated that nearly 52,000 people contracted the virus every day, and one in 100 people in the country was infected with Covid-19 a week ago.

The weekly update is far lower than another government-funded study called REACT-1, which claimed that 96,000 new cases had emerged per day by October 25, bringing the current outbreak to first-wave levels.

However, yesterday, other researchers at King's College London predicted around 32,000 new symptomatic cases a day in England, claiming that infections are "steadily increasing" and "not getting out of hand".

The competing predictions have created confusion about how bad the current rate of coronavirus infection is. Professor Tim Spector, the epidemiologist behind the King's study, said the spread of Covid-19 currently appears 'steady' and may even be slowing in Scotland. The team estimated that Britain's cases are doubling once a month.

SAGE's worrying numbers back the prime minister's decision to announce a new national lockdown after his scientific advisors told him it was the only way to save Christmas.

SAGE – the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies, which is made up of senior scientists and disease experts -presented their analysis to the Government on October 14.

They warned: "In England we are violating the number of infections and hospital admissions in the planning scenario" Reasonable Worst Case ", which is based on Covid's winter planning strategy.

'The number of daily deaths is now in line with the levels in the Reasonable Worst Case and is almost certain to exceed this within the next two weeks.'

They added: 'There is complete consensus in SPI-M-O that the current outlook for the epidemic's trajectory is concerning, if there are no widespread decisive interventions or behavioural changes in the near term.'

The SAGE scientists did say that if the number of new infections were to fall in the 'very near future' then the reasonable worst case scenario may 'only continue for three to four weeks.'

However, they warned that if the 'R' rate were to remain above 1 then the epidemic 'will further diverge from the planning scenario.'

The government-funded REACT study at Imperial College London predicted the R rate had risen to 1.6 across England – the highest since the initial lockdown. It added it could be as high as 2.8 in London.

Boris Johnson effectively took the country back to square one last night as he unveiled a dramatic new national month-long lockdown to avoid a 'medical and moral disaster' - ordering the public to stay at home

Boris Johnson effectively took the country back to square one last night as he unveiled a dramatic new national month-long lockdown to avoid a 'medical and moral disaster' – ordering the public to stay at home

At the heart of the scientific data supporting Boris Johnson's decision to plunge England into a second lockdown was a graph comparing the predictions of a number of academic modelling groups including Imperial College

At the heart of the scientific data supporting Boris Johnson's decision to plunge England into a second lockdown was a graph comparing the predictions of a number of academic modelling groups including Imperial College

Data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimated almost 52,000 people were catching the virus every day and one in every 100 people in the country were infected with Covid-19 a week ago

Data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimated almost 52,000 people were catching the virus every day and one in every 100 people in the country were infected with Covid-19 a week ago

Separate data from King's College London predicted England has around 32,000 cases per day and claimed infections are rising 'steadily' and 'have not spiralled out of control'

Separate data from King's College London predicted England has around 32,000 cases per day and claimed infections are rising 'steadily' and 'have not spiralled out of control'

Sir Patrick Vallance, the UK's chief scientific adviser

Professor Chris Whitty, England's chief medical officer

England's chief public health officials unveiled grim graphs that show how all models of the coronavirus second wave predict the number of deaths will exceed SAGE's 'worst cases scenario'

When the R rate is above 1, an outbreak can grow exponentially. An R of 1.8 would mean on average every 10 people infected will infect 28 other people.

SAGE's latest official R rate estimates did claim the figure had dropped and estimated it stood between 1.1 and 1.3 both nationally and in London. Either way, there appears to be consensus that the infection rate remains above 1.

The committee had asked the government to follow in the footsteps of Germany and France by pulling into a full national shutdown "for at least a month" because they said the three-tier system had failed.

Experts claim the NHS could be overwhelmed "within weeks" without drastic measures to combat the spread of Covid-19, in a reiteration of the warnings issued in March to lock down the country.

Ministers fear that hospitals could fill up with rising coronavirus approvals. Without measures to contain the cases, it would be "impossible" for the health sector to handle this in the coming weeks, the scientists said.

Sir Jeremy Farrar, director of the Wellcome Trust, said: “Doctors and scientists agree that none of the current restrictions are enough to stop the virus from spreading.

“Without a change, the NHS would have been overwhelmed in weeks and it would have been difficult, if not impossible, to cope with the inevitable increase in care for people with Covid and non-Covid diseases during the winter months. There is absolutely no doubt that many more of us would have seen loved ones die, suffer from long-term Covid symptoms, or suffer from other illnesses.

"The only way to get things back to normal quickly is to get the virus under control as soon as possible."

Dr. Shaun Fitzgerald, visiting professor at the Royal Academy of Engineering at Cambridge University, added, “None of us want this at all. But there now seems to be no choice but to avoid thousands upon thousands dying and the healthcare system is so overcrowded that even non-Covid patients are seriously affected. & # 39;

Sir Keir Starmer says new national lockdown should start NOW, not on Thursday as Labour claims vindication on calling for circuit breaker two weeks ago

By Jack Wright for MailOnline

Sir Keir Starmer last night called for a second national lockdown to start immediately as the Labour Party claimed vindication for calling for a 'circuit-breaker' two weeks ago.

The Labour leader also indicated that his Party will back the Government in a vote on a new England-wide lockdown due to take place in the House of Commons next week.

He welcomed Prime Minister Boris Johnson's plans to plunge the country into a second shutdown, but told reporters that it should have happened 'weeks ago'.

Sir Keir had previously called on the Government to impose a 'circuit breaker' lockdown on the UK for two to three weeks, warning that 'sacrifices' would have to be made to suppress the virus.

Meanwhile, London Mayor Sadiq Khan tweeted that he was 'furious' that the Government had 'dithered and delayed', saying their 'indecision will have unimaginable consequences' for 'lives and livelihoods'.

And Leader of the Liberal Democrats Sir Ed Davey called the Tory Government 'an utter shambles', tweeting: 'Through dither and delay they have cost jobs and lives. PM must ensure people have the support they need through this lockdown – and start work on a UK wide plan for Christmas.'

Chancellor Rishi Sunak said the furlough scheme, which ended today, will be extended for a further month, with the Treasury covering 80 per cent of employees' wages to prevent further unemployment.

But Greater Manchester mayor Andy Burnham reacted angrily to this, with the Government having refused to grant the subsidy for the region as they battled over Tier 3 measures.

Mr Burnham said that 'when we asked you to do that for the lowest-paid people in the North, you refused', adding: 'People here will remember that.' Liverpool region mayor Steve Rotheram added: 'Now we know for sure that the Government thinks workers in the North were worth 13 per cent less than those in the South.'

It comes as the Prime Minister last night announced that England will be plunged into a second shutdown, due to take effect from midnight on Thursday until December 2.

As England braces for a second national lockdown:

  • The UK recorded 326 deaths within 28 days of testing positive for Covid-19 and 21,915 lab-confirmed cases;
  • The National Education Union called for schools and colleges to be shut as part of the lockdown;
  • Health Minister said Government could only have predicted need for a second lockdown with 'crystal ball';
  • SAGE adviser warned Covid-19 is 'running riot' across all age groups and hospitals are at risk of being overrun;
  • Number of virus patients in hospital has doubled in the past fortnight, with 10,708 patients being treated;
  • ONS said 50,000 people were being infected with Covid-19 each day, with 274 deaths reported yesterday;
  • A poll by anti-lockdown group Recovery found that more than 70 per cent of people were more worried about the effect of lockdown than they were of catching Covid.
Sir Keir Starmer last night called for a second national lockdown to start immediately as the Labour Party claimed vindication for calling for a 'circuit-breaker' two weeks ago. The Labour leader also indicated that his Party will back the Government in a vote on a new England-wide lockdown due to take place in the House of Commons next week

Sir Keir Starmer last night called for a second national lockdown to start immediately as the Labour Party claimed vindication for calling for a 'circuit-breaker' two weeks ago. The Labour leader also indicated that his Party will back the Government in a vote on a new England-wide lockdown due to take place in the House of Commons next week

London Mayor Sadiq Khan tweeted that he was 'furious' that the Government had 'dithered and delayed yet again'

London Mayor Sadiq Khan tweeted that he was 'furious' that the Government had 'dithered and delayed yet again'

Boris Johnson effectively took the country back to square one as he unveiled a new national month-long lockdown to avoid a 'medical and moral disaster' - ordering the public to stay at home until December 2

Boris Johnson effectively took the country back to square one as he unveiled a new national month-long lockdown to avoid a 'medical and moral disaster' – ordering the public to stay at home until December 2

Sir Keir told reporters: 'Everybody is concerned about the rise in infections, the hospital admissions and tragically the number of deaths. That's why three weeks ago, I called for circuit-break.

Key points in COVID lockdown Mark 2

  • Restrictions will start at midnight on Thursday morning and last until December 2.
  • People can only leave their homes for specific reasons, such as to do essential shopping, for outdoor exercise, and for work if they are unable to work from home.
  • Non-essential shops will be told to shut, although supermarkets do not need to close off aisles as has happened in Wales.
  • Restaurants and bars will be told to close unless they can operate a takeaway service.
  • Leisure centres, gyms, sporting venues, hairdressers and beauty parlours will have to close, although professional sport will continue.
  • Key businesses that cannot operate remotely – such as construction – should carry on as before with safety precautions.
  • Places of worship can stay open for private prayer. Funerals are limited to close family only.
  • The furlough scheme will be extended during the period of the lockdown, rather than ending tomorrow as originally planned.
  • Exercise is permitted with no limits on frequency, but organised sports – including outdoor activities such as golf – will not be permitted.
  • When the lockdown lapses the Tiers system will be reinstated, leaving questions about what metric will be used to decide whether areas can have restrictions eased.

'The Government completely rejected that only now to announce the self-same thing. Alas the delay now will cost, the lockdown will be longer, it'll be harder and there's a human cost which will be very, very real.

'Now, there's no denying these measures are necessary and I'm glad that the Government has finally taken the decision that it should have taken weeks ago.'

He indicated Labour will back the Government in a Commons vote on the shutdown, calling the measures 'necessary' but warning against further delay.

Asked about the restrictions not coming into force until Thursday, the Labour leader told reporters that they should be brought in 'swiftly'.  'The last thing we need is days before restrictions come in. If they're necessary, they're necessary now,' he added.

Sir Keir added it was unfair to pretend to the public that Christmas 'will be normal', telling reporters: 'This lockdown is going on to at least December 2, everybody's seen the figures, and, therefore, I don't think it's fair to pretend that Christmas is going to be normal in any sense of the word.

& # 39;I think we need to level with the public on that.

Responding to the No10 press conference, Mr Khan accused the Prime Minister of choosing to 'completely ignore the expert, scientific advice'.

'Acting early and decisively is the best way to control this virus, which is why I and many others urged the Government to listen to SAGE and introduce a short, national, circuit breaker weeks ago when it could have saved lives and done the least damage to our economy,' the Mayor of London tweeted.

'The Government's delay means that case numbers are now too high for a short, sharp, circuit breaker to be effective. This has left the Prime Minister with no choice but to introduce a longer national lockdown.

'It is absolutely imperative that the Government does not repeat its dithering when it comes to the additional economic support that will now clearly be needed.

'Ministers have a once-in-a-generation responsibility to provide whatever public funding is needed to prop up our economy and support businesses and jobs through this period of much tighter restrictions. The Chancellor needs to stand up urgently and say that he will do whatever it takes for as long as is needed.'

In his statement on the new lockdown measures in England, Mr Khan added: 'The Prime Minister has done the right thing by extending the furlough scheme which was due to end tomorrow – but he must immediately confirm that it will be at 80 per cent of wages for everyone who needs it.

'Government support must also include direct grants and loans for businesses in the sectors likely to be worst affected to be made available now.

'I would like to make a direct appeal to all Londoners as your Mayor: Thank you for the enormous sacrifices you have made over the last seven months. You may not agree with or like the Government's latest restrictions.

'However, we must all follow them. Please continue following the restrictions and public health guidance. We must act to protect each other.

Mr Khan accused the PM of 'completely ignor(ing) the expert, scientific advice'. 'Acting early and decisively is the best way to control this virus, which is why I and many others urged the Government to listen to SAGE and introduce a short, national, circuit breaker weeks ago when it could have saved lives and done the least damage to our economy,' he tweeted

Mr Khan accused the PM of 'completely ignor(ing) the expert, scientific advice'. 'Acting early and decisively is the best way to control this virus, which is why I and many others urged the Government to listen to SAGE and introduce a short, national, circuit breaker weeks ago when it could have saved lives and done the least damage to our economy,' he tweeted

Labour's shadow chancellor Anneliese Dodds blasted the Government's 'inexcusable' 'lack of clarity on support'

Labour's shadow chancellor Anneliese Dodds blasted the Government's 'inexcusable' 'lack of clarity on support'

'I know it won't be easy, but history tells us that Londoners always pull together in times of crisis. We must once again make huge collective sacrifices now in order to prevent even greater suffering later.

'I will continue to lobby the Government to finally sort out a fully functioning test and trace system and the financial support London needs. I promise you that our city will get through this together.'

Labour's shadow chancellor Anneliese Dodds blasted the Government's 'inexcusable' 'lack of clarity on support'.

She tweeted: 'Dither and delay has damaged public health. After the PM's speech, many will be wondering how they'll cope – from the self-employed to those on short contracts, and seeking work.'

Boris Johnson brings in the Army to help roll out 'rapid turnaround' tests for Covid for 'whole cities' within days

Boris Johnson will bring in the Army to help roll out 'rapid turnaround tests' which will see 'whole cities' able to tested for Covid within days.

The Prime Minister made the announcement at a Downing Street press conference this evening, as he plunged the nation back into a full lockdown until December 2.

Government scientific advisers have endorsed Mr Johnson's £100billion Operation Moonshot, which would see 10 million people tested a day regardless of whether they have symptoms, in a paper submitted to Downing St last month.

Population-wide testing has the ability to slash Covid-19's reproduction rate in half, the experts said.

Britain's overall R rate – the average number of people each Covid-19 patient infects – is estimated to be as high as 1.5, which has sparked the PM into launching fresh action.

Shadow Business Secretary Ed Miliband slammed the Prime Minister's 'terrible misjudgement' for having 'delayed necessary for so long'.

He tweeted: 'Vital now that businesses and workers are properly supported, yet total silence from government on support for the self-employed and grants for most businesses significantly less than in first lockdown.'

Meanwhile, the leader of Bradford Council said the announcement of new coronavirus measures is 'confusing' for West Yorkshire residents who had been preparing for Tier 3 restrictions on Monday.

Councillor Susan Hinchcliffe said she had been assured there would not be a national lockdown during discussions with the Government last week about West Yorkshire entering the very high level of measures.

Following the announcement of new national measures by the Prime Minister today, the West Yorkshire Combined Authority said the area would no longer enter Tier 3 on Monday as planned.

Ms Hinchcliffe said: 'I asked the Secretary of State twice last week whether the country was going into national lockdown and was told firmly no.

'This latest Government announcement, coming only two days after the announcement that Bradford and West Yorkshire was to enter Tier 3 very high restrictions, will understandably therefore be confusing for residents and businesses alike.

'All the Tier 3 regulations we briefed residents and businesses on on Friday are now irrelevant and we must wait for fresh information from Government on Monday.

'Just a couple of days ago Government were impressing upon us, as leaders in West Yorkshire, that the health emergency was very urgent.

'The new Tier 3 restrictions were therefore due to start Monday. Now we hear it's going to be national restrictions from Thursday.

'If it was urgent on Thursday, it's certainly urgent today and I would therefore make a plea to all residents and businesses to be extra careful from now on, don't wait until Thursday to exercise extra caution.'

'A devastating blow for industry': Business leaders despair at new restrictions and it say 'will be much harder to survive' – and plead with government to fix testing to avoid a THIRD lockdown

Boris Johnson's new raft of restrictions have dealt 'a devastating blow' to business communities, the head of British Chambers of Commerce has said.

Industry leaders insist it will now be 'much harder' for firms to survive, even as the much-trumpeted furlough scheme was extended for another month, and have pleaded with the government to fix testing to avoid a third lockdown.

After weeks insisting he is sticking to local restrictions, the PM completed a humiliating U-turn by announcing blanket coronavirus restrictions for England at a press conference alongside medical and science chiefs Chris Whitty and Patrick Vallance.

The draconian measures – being billed as 'Tier Four' on the government's sliding scale – come into force from midnight Thursday morning after bleak Sage modelling projected the virus could kill 85,000 this winter, far above the previous 'reasonable worst case'.

The brutal squeeze will see non-essential shops in England shut until December 2, as well as bars and restaurants despite the 'absolutely devastating' impact on the already crippled hospitality sector.

It emerged earlier this month that the UK economy grew by just 2.1 per cent in August as the recovery from the pandemic's impact stalled despite Rishi Sunak's Eat Out to Help Out scheme – down on the 6.4 per cent expansion recorded in July.

On Thursday, it was announced the two million residents in Leeds, Bradford, Calderdale, Wakefield and Kirklees would be subject to Tier 3 restrictions from Monday, after local authorities agreed a financial support package from the Government worth an additional £59.3million.

Ms Hinchcliffe urged residents to stay at home if they could, wash their hands and wear face coverings indoors ahead of the introduction of new measures next week. She added: 'The infection rate is extremely high and our hospitals are getting an increasing number of admissions.

'We are determined to work with our West Yorkshire partners to make sure we get the right support for our area so that we limit the damage these restrictions will cause for businesses and communities.'

The Prime Minister effectively took the country back to square one as he unveiled the new national lockdown to avoid a 'medical and moral disaster'.

After weeks insisting he is sticking to local restrictions, he completed a humiliating U-turn by announcing blanket restrictions for England at a press conference alongside Chris Whitty and Patrick Vallance.

Mr Johnson said the draconian measures – which come into force from midnight Thursday morning until December 2 – were the only way to avert bleak Sage predictions of 85,000 deaths this winter, far above the previous 'reasonable worst case'. He said otherwise doctors would have to choose between saving Covid sufferers and those with other illnesses.

The Prime Minister pointed out that the action was not the same as March as key sectors of the economy are under orders to stay open, but said he was 'under no illusions' about how tough it would be.

He declared that the furlough scheme will be extended for the period, rather than ending tomorrow as originally planned. He also refused to rule out extending the measures beyond the proposed end date. Asked if the time would be enough, the premier said: 'I hope so. We have every reason to believe it will be.'

Announcing the extension of furlough payments for the month of shutdown, Chancellor Rishi Sunak said: 'Over the past eight months of this crisis we have helped millions of people to continue to provide for their families. But now – along with many other countries around the world – we face a tough winter ahead.

'I have always said that we will do whatever it takes as the situation evolves. Now, as restrictions get tougher, we are taking steps to provide further financial support to protect jobs and businesses.

'These changes will provide a vital safety net for people across the UK.

North of the border, First Minister Nicola Sturgeon told Scots not to travel to England unless it is for 'essential purposes' as Mr Johnson announced a second national lockdown.

Miss Sturgeon said she and the Scottish Government will seek clarity over the furlough extension announced by Mr Johnson, adding such support would make an impact on decisions previously taken north of the border.

However, she said the devolved administration 'will take considered decisions based on what is right for Scotland'.

Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon, pictured here in the Scottish Parliament on Thursday, has urged Scots not to travel to England as it was announced England would go into a four-week lockdown next week until December 2

Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon, pictured here in the Scottish Parliament on Thursday, has urged Scots not to travel to England as it was announced England would go into a four-week lockdown next week until December 2

Travel firms warn of 'complete shutdown' across industry when England reenters shutdown

Travel firms have warned of a 'complete shutdown' across the industry when England goes back into lockdown next week.

Travel and overnight stays in the UK and abroad will be restricted when the 'stay home' instruction comes into effect nationwide again from Thursday.

According to Government guidance issued on Saturday night: 'This includes staying in a second home, if you own one, or staying with anyone you do not live with or are in a support bubble with.'

Mark Tanzer, chief executive of Abta, said the rules 'will mean a complete shutdown for travel businesses which have already been severely damaged by the pandemic', but added 'public health must come first'.

Budget airline easyJet has called for 'urgent' support for the sector, similar to that which has been provided to hospitality.

Chief executive Johan Lundgren said: 'Given the steps the Government has taken, which essentially prevents air travel in the UK, our call for sector specific support has never been more urgent.

'The Government has recognised the need to directly support the hospitality sector, where decisions have directly affected its ability to trade.

'The same principle needs to be applied to aviation. The Government's own statistics show that activity in aviation is already 90% down on pre-pandemic levels, yet to date the Government has still failed to provide any sector specific support.'

The sentiments were echoed by Airlines UK, which said: 'Aviation has been devastated by the pandemic, and has essentially never had the opportunity to recover.'

The trade body has called for 'a comprehensive restart package' for the industry.

It said in a statement: 'This needs to include immediate additional economic support for the winter and steps to support recovery, including urgent rollout of a testing regime, business rates relief for airports, and an emergency waiver of Air Passenger Duty that will be essential for enabling and stimulating international travel – absolutely vital for the UK economy – for as long as we are living with this virus.

'Hundreds of thousands of jobs and our economic recovery are on the line.'

Miss Sturgeon said the prevalence of the virus is lower in Scotland than in other parts of the UK, after stricter measures were introduced north of the border in September.

Those saw Scots barred from going into other people's homes, and the Scottish Government also acted to close bars and restaurants across the central belt in early October.

In Scotland, a new five-tier levels of restriction will come into effect on Monday – with Levels 1, 2 and 3 broadly comparable to the three tiers of restrictions currently in place in England.

In Level 3 areas – the second highest tier in the new Scottish system and which affects the central belt including Glasgow and Edinburgh, as well as Ayrshire and Dundee – people are urged not to go outside of their own local authority area.

In a series of tweets urging Scots to stick to the new rules, Ms Sturgeon also said people are being asked not to travel to or from England.

She said: 'People should not travel to or from Level 3 areas in Scotland and for now, we are asking people not to travel to or from England at all, except for essential purposes.'

With regards to the furlough extension announced by Johnson, Sturgeon said: 'We expect to have further discussion in the coming days about the scope of additional financial support being made available.

'A crucial point for us is whether support on the scale announced for English businesses is available for Scottish businesses now or if we needed to impose further restrictions later – or if it is only available if Scotland has a full lockdown at the same time as a lockdown in England.

'However, notwithstanding the above, today's developments should be a reminder to people across Scotland of the need to follow the rules and not to put their own twist on them.

'It is important we all comply with the rules in our area if we are to successfully suppress the virus, protect the NHS and keep as many businesses and services open.'

In another tweet responding to news the extension until December would be UK-wide, she said: 'This is good and expected. But a key question – is it only available during the period of English lockdown?

'Or will it be available in event a devolved gov thinks it necessary to have tougher restrictions at a later stage?'

Scottish Government ministers and SNP MPs have made repeated calls for furlough to be extended since Chancellor Rishi Sunak said in September the scheme would end this month.

Miss Sturgeon has also previously warned the new measures in Scotland represent the best chance of avoiding another national lockdown.

She added: 'People across Scotland have faced significant restrictions since late September as we work to stop the increase in Covid cases across the country.

'Prevalence of the virus is currently lower in Scotland than in other parts of the UK and there are some signs that those earlier restrictions may be starting to slow the rate of increase.

'We will not hesitate to increase the level of protection either locally or nationally if required. Our new levels approach – including a potential Level 4 – enables us to respond quickly and flexibly as required.

'We are also asking that people do not travel to England, or from England into Scotland unless absolutely essential, just as we are also asking people not to go to Northern Ireland or to Wales.'

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