Coronavirus UK stages: Michael Gove wades into the "Scotch Egg & # 39; Substantial Meal & # 39;

Today, a dispute has deepened over whether a Scottish egg can be classified as an "essential meal" under the rules that only allow alcohol to be served with food from tomorrow.

Cabinet Secretary Michael Gove told LBC two Scottish eggs would be "a starter" 24 hours after Environment Secretary George Eustice said one was a significant meal.

Mr Gove reiterated his stance on LBC in a second interview on Good Morning Britain – before tracing ITV News and then saying, "A Scottish egg is an essential meal."

The confusion comes after the government said that people moving to Stage Two starting tomorrow will need to have a "full meal" before they can buy a beer.

The law states that a large meal "is likely to be served as breakfast, main lunch or main dinner or as the main course of such a meal".

Some pubs have now launched new menus, one of which offers a "Boris Menu" for £ 1.99 – while Wetherspoon has launched a new range of breakfast muffins.

Today at around 7:55 am, LBC's Nick Ferrari asked Mr. Gove, “Do you classify a Scottish egg as an essential meal? There seems to be some debate about this. & # 39;

Mr Gove replied, “A couple of Scottish eggs are a starter for me, but I recognize there is one… with a pickle on the side… but there is, to be taken seriously, a well-understood definition of what an essential meal is is.

A number has broken out on whether a Scottish egg can be classified as an "essential meal".

Kings Head in Gosfield, Essex offers £ 1.99 plates on a & # 39; Boris Menu & # 39; like a hot dog and chips. baked beans on toast with cheese; and cheeseburgers and fries

Kings Head in Gosfield, Essex offers £ 1.99 plates on a & # 39; Boris Menu & # 39; like a hot dog and chips. baked beans on toast with cheese; and cheeseburgers and fries

“If you bring your nephews and nieces, sons and daughters, who are 16 and 17 years old, to the pub, they can have an alcoholic drink, provided it contains a substantial meal. So it's already a legal definition. & # 39;

Then, at 8:40 am, Good Morning UK host Piers Morgan asked Mr Gove if a Scottish egg was an essential meal.

Mr. Gove replied, “It's probably a start for me, but the broader and more serious point we need to make is that there are sensible rules of hospitality to protect us all.

He later added, "I made a joking remark that my own fondness for a hearty meal might be more than just a Scottish egg, but that's because I'm a hearty trencherman."

7.55 am: Michael Gove told LBC: "A couple of Scottish eggs are a starter for me."

7.55 am: Michael Gove told LBC: "A couple of Scottish eggs are a starter for me."

8:40 am: Mr Gove says to Good Morning Britain: "For me it is probably a start."

8:40 am: Mr Gove says to Good Morning Britain: "For me it is probably a start."

9.25 a.m.: Cabinet Secretary Gove told ITV News: "A Scottish egg is an important meal."

9.25 a.m.: Cabinet Secretary Gove told ITV News: "A Scottish egg is an important meal."

But at 9.25am he had told ITV News in a third interview: “A Scottish egg is an important meal. I would definitely mock a couple of scotch eggs myself if I had the chance, but I realize it's an extensive meal. & # 39;

George Eustice's family farm in Cornwall sells (you guessed it) Scottish eggs

George Eustice's family farm is known for its Scottish eggs.

Trevaskis Farm near Camborne has a farm shop, restaurant and butcher. It also grows its own crops, fruits, and vegetables

Mr. Eustice's family had farmed in West Cornwall for six generations.

The website says the bakery specializes in donuts, quiches, pork pies, scotch eggs, and our popular sausage rolls.

Boris Johnson spokesman, asked about Mr Eustice's comments last night, would not confirm if the fried sausage and egg snack would count.

The landlords accused the government of "not clarifying" the essential eating rule.

An Essex pub has launched a new simplified menu for £ 1.99 so customers can enjoy alcoholic beverages without having to spend a lot of money or have a large meal.

The Kings Head in Gosfield is called "The Boris Menu" and serves plates like a hot dog and chips. baked beans on toast with cheese; and cheeseburgers and fries.

38-year-old pub owner Matthew Arnold told Essex Live, “Every time a new regulation is put in place, pubs spend a lot of time and money.

"It's the frustration that started the menu idea initially at the same time it was serving customers who don't necessarily want a large and expensive meal every time they visit us."

Meanwhile, ahead of tomorrow's reopening, the pub chain Wetherspoon has launched a new breakfast menu that includes a muffin range and brings the price of coffee and tea down to 99p.

Customers can choose from four new breakfast muffins – egg and bacon; Egg and sausage; Breakfast (with bacon and sausage); and egg and cheese.

The pub chain Wetherspoon has launched a new breakfast menu with a muffin range before it reopens tomorrow. The Egg Sausage Muffin will be priced at £ 2.39 each

The pub chain Wetherspoon has launched a new breakfast menu with a muffin range before it reopens tomorrow. The Egg Sausage Muffin will be priced at £ 2.39 each

London and Liverpool are ranked Tier 2, while only the Isle of Wight, Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly are on the bottom tier

London and Liverpool are ranked Tier 2, while only the Isle of Wight, Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly are on the bottom tier

Nearly 750 of the company's 875 pubs serve the egg and cheese muffin for £ 1.99, the egg and bacon muffin and egg sausage muffin for £ 2.39 each and the breakfast muffin for £ 2.59.

What is a Scottish egg and where does the name come from?

The history of the Scottish eggs is controversial – as is the name itself.

Some say they were invented as travel snacks for bus passengers in the 18th century by London grocers Fortnum & Mason.

However, others say they were developed by Scottish farmers who raised pigs and chickens.

A boiled egg, wrapped in sausage meat, dipped in breadcrumbs and deep-fried – it couldn't sound more Scottish if tried.

However, according to food historian Alan Davidson, the Scottish egg actually originated in India – brought by returning soldiers of the British Empire.

It is a descendant of the Indian dish Nargisi Kofta, which is made from eggs coated with ground lamb and cooked in curry tomatoes.

It was not until the early 19th century that the first written reference to Scottish eggs – with the recommendation to eat them hot with sauce – appeared in the Cook's and Housewife's Handbook, believed to be written by Ivanhoe author Sir Walter Scott. Some have said they should have been called Scott's Eggs.

Others claim the delicacy came from Whitby Bay, North Yorkshire, where fish paste was used in place of sausage.

At the time they were called "Scottie's Eggs" because the shop was called William J Scott & Sons.

It could also come from the word scotching, a loose culinary term associated with ground beef.

The founder and chairman of Wetherspoon, Tim Martin, said: "We are constantly striving to offer our customers excellent quality, selection and excellent value for money. This new range of breakfast muffins complements our already huge range of breakfast menus."

Jonathan Neame, manager of Shepherd Neame Brewery in Faversham, Kent, told BBC Radio 4's Today program: “Landlords are confused and consider them completely unfair and disproportionate.

“These are real people with real life who have difficulty putting food on the table and are worried about work and their lives. They cannot understand why they did everything they could to follow the rules so carefully when they were opened that they are now singled out and directed towards unfair treatment.

“If we lose our pubs, we lose the soul of our communities. I can't understand why a village pub 100 miles away has to be shut down in an outbreak. The communities around them do not understand the licensees, and neither do the licensees. & # 39;

Celebrity Chef Tom Kerridge added, “There are many landlords who can't understand why people can go to a theater or movie theater and have a drink, but are unable to be with their friends in a socially remote and Covid-safe environment sit.

“So much money has been spent across the hospitality industry putting together PPE and making places Covid-proof, but now they are at the point where they are about to close.

"Without further government support, this is a position where pubs will struggle."

Yesterday, Mr Eustice confirmed that customers do not have to go home once they have finished their drink.

More than 57 percent of the English population will be in the second tier, with pubs being severely restricted.

In the harder third tier, which affects more than 41 percent of the population, pubs and restaurants can only be operated for take-away or delivery.

The Environment Minister said the “substantial meals” provision in stage two was “very well understood by the restaurant trade”.

He told LBC Radio yesterday, “I think a Scottish egg would probably be considered an essential meal if there was table service. Often it might be a starter, but yes, I think it would. & # 39;

Regarding the 'substantial eating' rule, Mr Eustice said, 'The proof was that some of the challenges we had with pubs were large groups of people gathering and in fact not maintaining social distance, just drinking .

How a Scottish Egg is an Essential Meal … but Fewer in Calories than a Sausage Roll, which it isn't!

Government rules about what and what is not an essential meal have created widespread confusion and ridicule.

It turned out today that a Scottish egg is allowed, even though it contains only 265 kcal calories, 16.8 g carbohydrates, 11.1 g protein and 16.5 g fat.

But compare that to a sausage roll that contains 408 kcal calories, 30.7 g carbohydrates, 10.1 g protein and 26.7 g fat.

Another product that is viewed as a bar snack rather than an essential meal is a pork pie, which is also more filling than a scotch egg. It contains 361 kcal calories, 24.9 g carbohydrates, 12.2 g protein and 23.2 g fat.

An egg sandwich with cucumber and beetroot is 446 kcal, while almost exactly the same without cucumber or beetroot is 296 kcal.

The cucumbers and beetroot are important after the Timmis v Millman case in 1965, which found that sandwiches eaten in a pub are a "table dish" because they are "supported by the cucumbers and beetroot" .


Calories: 265 kcal

Carbohydrates: 16.8 g

Protein 11.1 g

Fat: 16.5 g


Calories: 1,478 kcal

Carbohydrates: 179.4 g

Protein: 39.9 g

Fat: 76.6 g


Calories: 446 kcal

Carbohydrates: 67.4 g

Protein: 19.3 g

Fat: 11 g


Calories: 408 kcal

Carbohydrates: 30.7 g

Protein: 10.1 g

Fat: 26.7 g


Calories: 361 kcal

Carbohydrates: 24.9 g

Protein: 12.2 g

Fat: 23.2 g


Calories: 296 kcal

Carbohydrates: 25.9 g

Protein: 17.3 g

Fat: 11 g

"It was more likely that they would distance themselves socially, sit down and eat something."

What does the law say about pubs serving a "substantial meal"?

Health (Coronavirus, COVID-19 Local Alert) (Very High) (England) 2020

Obligation to close down businesses that sell alcohol for consumption on the premises 16.

  • (1) A person responsible for conducting a business in a public house, bar, or other business that sells alcohol for consumption on the premises shall cease doing that business unless paragraph ( 2) applies.
  • (2) This paragraph applies if alcohol is only served as part of a table meal on the premises for consumption and the meal can be expected to be served as a main lunch or dinner or as a main course at either such meal.
  • (3) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) –
  • (a) Alcohol sold by a hotel or other accommodation as part of room service is not considered to be sold for consumption on its premises.
  • (b) An area adjacent to the business premises where seating is provided to customers of the business (whether or not they are from the business) or where customers gather to drink outside of the business is part of the business to deal with from this business.
  • (4) For the purposes of this paragraph, a "table meal" means a meal eaten by a person seated at a table or counter or other structure that serves the purposes of a table and is not used for serving refreshments for consumption by persons who are not seated at a table or structure that serves the purposes of a table.

He also admitted that the rules put forward by ministers are neither “perfectly fair” nor consistent.

“The actions we take are about breaking the infection cycle, and that doesn't mean every rule we put in place and every requirement we make on people is perfectly consistent, or even perfectly fair can be viewed – in fact will not be, ”he said.

He also said customers don't have to go home after the last sip of their meal, but warned, "You can't sit at a table and order drinks all night."

Mr Eustice's views on the Scottish egg are not the first time a minister has created confusion about what constitutes an essential meal.

Prior to England's national lockdown, Community Secretary Robert Jenrick suggested that a Cornish pasty would count – but only when served with chips or salad.

"If you'd expect you to go to this restaurant or pub and have a Cornish pasty with french fries or a side salad or whatever with it, that's a normal meal," he said.

When asked about Mr Eustice's comments yesterday, Downing Street insisted that the concept of a "substantial meal" was well understood in the hospitality industry, without saying whether it included a Scottish egg.

The Prime Minister's official spokesman refused to explain the difference between a "bar snack" and a meal.

Urged when asked whether the rules allow pints to be served alongside sausage rolls, pork pies, or a ploughman's lunch, he said, “I am obviously not going to go into every possible meal.

"But we knew it: bar snacks don't count as an essential meal, but what to do is an established practice in the hospitality industry."

Dawn Hopkins, owner and landlord of the Rose Inn in Norwich, was no wiser.

"There is no clarity," she said. “I think we would get clarity if we could understand what it means to limit people to one essential meal. If there was clarity about what it was about, that would be helpful.

"It's up to everyone's interpretation and nobody really knows what to do. Nobody knows if they'll serve a Scottish egg as an essential meal when they get in trouble."

Would you like a beer? You need to buy a meal or a starter of fries – not just chips … but a Scottish egg too

The government has been accused of having reconciled itself according to the "substantial meal" rule.

As a rule of thumb, any bar snack or starter counts – as long as it comes with french fries and / or salad – with the exception of a scotch egg, which is fine on its own.

Pubs can stay open in areas according to the strictest rules – but only if they serve meals to customers with their drinks. Those who only sell alcohol must close under "Tier 3" or offer a take-away service.

An essential meal is loosely defined as something that is served as the main breakfast, lunch, or dinner.

Here's what we know about what is and is not classified as an essential meal:

Scottish Egg – YES

George Eustice said the snack would be an "essential meal" under the rules, which from Wednesday only allows alcohol to be served with food in Tier 2 areas.

He told LBC Radio, “I think a Scottish egg would likely be considered an essential meal if there was table service. Often this may be as a starter, but yes, I think it would & # 39 ;.

Pie – NO

In October, community secretary Robert Jenrick suggested that a Cornish pasty served with chips or salad count – not alone.

"If you'd expect you to go to this restaurant or pub and have a Cornish pasty with french fries or a side salad or whatever with it, that's a normal meal," he said.

Sausage rolls and pork pies – NO

There is growing debate over whether pork patties and sausage rolls should be treated like a scotch. But unfortunately they won't for the time being.

The Local Government Association recently said, “It is difficult to argue that a single sausage roll or snack pork pie is a main meal, while when served topped with side dishes such as vegetables, lettuce and potatoes, it can be considered essential. & # 39;

Sandwich – NO

Sandwiches are also banned – unless they are served with at least cucumber, beetroot or lettuce "to justify that it is a table dish and not just a bar snack," the legislation says.

Sausages on a stick – YES

The 1955 Solomon v Green High Court case plays a central role in this matter in which the High Court ruled that sausages on sticks were an "essential meal".

Chips and Chips – NO

Guests need to eat “hearty meals” rather than chips, nuts, or other snacks like a bowl of french fries.

Pizza – YES

Initially, pubs and restaurants were warned that pizzas had to be sold whole rather than slices to make up an "essential meal".

Police told a bar in Manchester to stop serving individual slices of 22-inch pizza – before the force slacked off.

What do Tiers mean to me, when do the restrictions change … and what about Christmas? Essential questions and answers about what life will be like after the lockdown on December 2nd

Almost all parts of England will face tough coronavirus restrictions, with a ban on indoor mixing and restrictions on hospitality starting Wednesday.

Much of the Midlands, Northeast and Northwest are in the most restrictive tier three, but London and much of the south will be in the second tier.

Around 23.3 million people will face the strictest restrictions, while 32 million people will be in the second stage after the national lockdown is complete.

In the second tier, the restrictions mean a ban on households mixing indoors and in pubs and restaurants that can only sell alcohol with a "substantial meal".

Tier 3 measures mean a ban on mixing households, except in certain circumstances such as in parks, with restaurants that are restricted to takeaway or delivery.

Here MailOnline answers some of the most important questions about the new system, for which slightly different rules apply than for the levels defined before the second blocking:

How do I find out which level I am at?

The government launched a zip code checker last week but later removed the feature after it kept failing when people tried to use it.

Instead, you can scroll down to see a list of the levels two and three areas. The only areas in Tier 1 are Cornwall, the Isle of Wight and the Isles of Scilly.

When do the restrictions take effect?

The UK national lockdown ends next Wednesday December 2nd at 00:01 a.m., and the new tier restrictions will come into effect at that time.

How often are tier placements checked?

Levels are reviewed every two weeks, with the first review taking place on December 16. However, Health Secretary Matt Hancock has indicated that this could change to be checked weekly instead.


What does "tier two" mean?

This means the area is on high alert for coronavirus. The government states that it has "higher or rapidly increasing levels of infection that require some additional restrictions".

Can I see my friends or family inside?

No, unless they are in your household. You can't get in touch with anyone who you don't live with or who isn't in your support bubble, be it at home or in a public place

Can I see my friends and family outdoors, including in gardens?

Yes, with restrictions. You cannot socialize outside in a group of more than six people, not even in a garden or public space. This is known as the "Rule of Six".

Can i go to the pub?

Yes, with restrictions. You can only be in a pub with your own household and are only allowed to serve alcohol with "large meals".

You can go outside a pub with members of other households within the “six rule”, but the same rules apply to alcohol.

What is an Essential Meal?

There have been some doubts about the exact definition, and housing clerk Robert Jenrick suggested last month that a Cornish pasty would only fall under the rules if it was put on a plate of salad or french fries.

The generally accepted definition is that it has to be a real meal and not chips, nuts or other snacks.

Can i go to a restaurant?

Yes, with the same restrictions as above on where you can sit with members of other households.

Can I go to the bar in a pub or restaurant?

No. Hospitality businesses that sell food or beverages for consumption on their premises are only required to offer table service in premises where alcohol is sold.

Are nightclubs opening again?

No, night clubs are still closed by law.

Is the curfew for pubs and restaurants still in place?

Yes, but it was put back an hour. Now the catering facilities have to close between 23:00 and 05:00 and no longer take orders after 22:00.

Are there any exceptions to the curfew?

Yes, restaurants in airports, ports, transport services and motorway service stations are exempt from the curfew.

Can you get something to take away after 10 p.m.?

Yes. Hospitality companies and event venues that sell food and beverages for consumption outside of their premises can also do so after 10:00 p.m., provided this is done via a delivery service, click-and-collect or drive-through.

Are other companies also under curfew?

Yes, casinos, cinemas, theaters, museums, bowling alleys, arcades, fairs, theme parks, adventure parks and bingo halls are closed at 11 p.m.

Are there exceptions for cinemas and theaters with late shows?

Yes. Cinemas, theaters, and concert halls can remain open after 11 p.m. to complete shows that start before 10 p.m.

Are there new capacity rules for the audience at events?

Yes. Public participation in outdoor and indoor events is permitted, whichever is lower: 50 percent capacity or either 2,000 people outdoors or 1,000 people indoors

The City of London is haunted this morning. The capital will be in Tier 2 next week

The City of London is haunted this morning. The capital will be in Tier 2 next week

Can i watch live sports?

Yes. Public participation in spectator sports and business events can resume inside and outside. This is subject to social contact rules and is limited to the lower capacity: 50 percent capacity or either 2,000 people outdoors or 1,000 people indoors.

Can i go to church

Yes. Places of worship are open, but you cannot interact with people outside of your household or support bubbles while you are in the house unless a legal exception applies.

Are Weddings Back?

Yes. Weddings can be held with a limited number of participants – 15 people can attend wedding ceremonies and receptions.

Are funerals still allowed?

Yes. Now 30 people can attend funeral ceremonies, and 15 people can attend associated memorial services such as guarding or setting stones.

Can organized sport continue?

Yes. Organized outdoor sports as well as physical activity and exercise classes can continue.

What about organized indoor sports?

Yes, with restrictions. Organized indoor sports, exercise and exercise classes are only allowed if it is possible for people not to mix with people they do not live with (or with whom they share a support bubble).

There are exceptions for indoor disabled sports, sports for educational purposes, and supervised sports and physical activity for children under the age of 18 that can be done with a mix of larger groups.

Will gyms be open?


Are there any travel restrictions?

Yes. The government says you can travel to venues or facilities that are open, but "should aim to reduce the number of trips you make where possible".

Do the rules change when you travel to a first tier area?

No. If you live in a second-level area, you must continue to follow the second-level rules when traveling to a first-level area.

What if you go to a third level area?

The government advises people to avoid traveling to or staying overnight in third tier areas "except when necessary," e.g. B. for work, education, youth welfare, medical treatment or for care duties.

It adds that humans can travel through a Tier 3 area as part of a longer trip.

What rules do you follow when switching between levels?

You must follow the rules of the level you are in or the level you are attending – whichever is higher.

Can you go abroad

Yes, with exceptions. For information on international travel, see the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office travel advice for your destination and the list of travel corridors.

Which areas are in stage two?

Auf der Website der Regierung finden Sie eine vollständige Liste der Bereiche der zweiten Stufe.

Östlich von England

  • Bedfordshire und Milton Keynes
  • Cambridgeshire, einschließlich Peterborough
  • Essex, Thurrock und Southend on Sea
  • Hertfordshire
  • Norfolk
  • Suffolk


  • alle 32 Bezirke plus die City of London


  • Bracknell Wald
  • Brighton und Hove
  • Buckinghamshire
  • East Sussex
  • Hampshire (außer der Isle of Wight), Portsmouth und Southampton
  • Oxfordshire
  • lesen
  • Surrey
  • West Berkshire
  • West Sussex
  • Windsor und Maidenhead
  • Wokingham


  • Cumbria
  • Liverpool City Region
  • Warrington und Cheshire


  • Bath und North East Somerset
  • Bournemouth, Christchurch und Poole
  • Devon
  • Dorset
  • Gloucestershire
  • South Somerset, Somerset West und Taunton, Mendip und Sedgemoor
  • Wiltshire und Swindon
  • West Midlands
  • Herefordshire
  • Shropshire und Telford & Wrekin
  • Worcestershire
  • Yorkshire
  • North Yorkshire
  • York

East Midlands

  • Northamptonshire
  • Rutland


Was bedeutet "Tier drei"?

Dies ist eine "sehr hohe" Alarmstufe – die höchste des dreistufigen Systems – für Gebiete mit einer sehr hohen oder sehr schnell ansteigenden Infektionsrate, in denen strengere Beschränkungen bestehen.

Kann ich meine Freunde oder Familie drinnen sehen?

Nein, es sei denn, sie befinden sich im selben Haushalt. Die Regeln hierfür sind in Stufe zwei dieselben.

Kann ich meine Freunde und Familie im Freien sehen?

Ja, aber nicht in privaten Gärten. Sie können nur in Gruppen von bis zu sechs Personen in anderen öffentlichen Bereichen im Freien, einschließlich Parks, Stränden, öffentlich zugänglichen Landschaften, einem öffentlichen Garten, einem Gelände eines Kulturerbes oder einer Burg oder einer Sportanlage, Kontakte knüpfen.

Die Leute waren letzte Woche in Leeds, bevor die Stadt am Mittwoch nach der Sperrung in die dritte Stufe eintritt

Die Leute waren letzte Woche in Leeds, bevor die Stadt am Mittwoch nach der Sperrung in die dritte Stufe eintritt

Kann ich in die Kneipe oder ins Restaurant gehen?

Nein. Diese müssen alle gesetzlich geschlossen sein, außer zum Mitnehmen.

Kann ich ein Essen zum Mitnehmen bekommen?

Yes. Gastgewerbeeinrichtungen wie Pubs, Cafés und Restaurants können den Verkauf per Imbiss, Click-and-Collect, Drive-Through oder Lieferservice fortsetzen.

Kann ich in einem Hotel übernachten?

Nein. Unterkünfte wie Hotels, B & Bs, Campingplätze und Pensionen müssen geschlossen sein. Es gibt verschiedene Ausnahmen, z. B. für diejenigen, die diese Veranstaltungsorte als Hauptwohnsitz nutzen, und für diejenigen, die Veranstaltungsorte benötigen, an denen dies „für die Arbeit oder die allgemeine und berufliche Bildung angemessen erforderlich“ ist.

Welche Veranstaltungsorte müssen geschlossen bleiben?

Die meisten Unterhaltungs- und Touristenorte müssen schließen, einschließlich:

  • Indoor-Spielzentren und -bereiche, einschließlich Trampolinparks und Softplay
  • Casinos
  • Bingohallen
  • Bowlingbahnen
  • Eisbahnen
  • Spielhallen und Spielezentren für Erwachsene
  • Laserquests und Fluchtzimmer
  • Kinos, Theater und Konzertsäle
  • Snookerhallen

Können Indoor-Attraktionen an Outdoor-Veranstaltungsorten geöffnet bleiben?

Nein. Indoor-Attraktionen an hauptsächlich Unterhaltungsmöglichkeiten im Freien müssen ebenfalls geschlossen werden, obwohl Indoor-Geschäfte, Durchgangsstraßen und öffentliche Toiletten an solchen Attraktionen geöffnet bleiben können.

Dies beinhaltet Indoor-Attraktionen in:

  • Zoos, Safariparks und Naturschutzgebiete
  • Aquarien, Besucherattraktionen auf Bauernhöfen und andere Tierattraktionen
  • Modelldörfer
  • Museen, Galerien und Skulpturenparks
  • Botanische Gärten, Biomes oder Gewächshäuser
  • Themenparks, Zirkusse, Messegelände und Jahrmärkte
  • Besucherattraktionen in Filmstudios, Kulturerbestätten wie Burgen und Herrenhäusern
  • Sehenswürdigkeiten wie Aussichtsplattformen und Aussichtsplattformen

Können Freizeit- und Sporteinrichtungen geöffnet bleiben?

Ja, mit Einschränkungen. Gruppenübungskurse einschließlich Fitness und Tanz sollten nicht durchgeführt werden. Saunen und Dampfbäder sollten ebenfalls geschlossen sein.

Kann ich an einem Live-Sportereignis teilnehmen?

Nein. Es sollte keine öffentliche Teilnahme an Zuschauersportarten oder Indoor-Auftritten geben, und es sollten keine großen Geschäftsveranstaltungen stattfinden. Elite-Sportveranstaltungen können jedoch weiterhin ohne Zuschauer stattfinden.

Die Leute gehen letzte Woche durch Birmingham, bevor die Region die Regeln der dritten Stufe einhält

Die Leute gehen letzte Woche durch Birmingham, bevor die Region die Regeln der dritten Stufe einhält

Können finden große Outdoor-Events statt?

Nein. Aufführungen und Shows sollten mit Ausnahme von Drive-In-Veranstaltungen nicht stattfinden.

Kann ich noch in die Kirche gehen?

Yes. Kultstätten bleiben offen, aber Sie dürfen während Ihres Aufenthalts nicht mit Personen außerhalb Ihres Haushalts oder Ihrer Unterstützungsblase zusammen sein oder Kontakte knüpfen, es sei denn, es gilt eine gesetzliche Ausnahme

Kann eine Hochzeit stattfinden?

Yes. Hochzeiten können mit Einschränkungen der Teilnehmerzahl durchgeführt werden – 15 Personen können an den Zeremonien teilnehmen, Empfänge sind nicht gestattet.

Kann ich zu einer Beerdigung gehen?

Yes. 30 Personen können an Trauerzeremonien teilnehmen, und 15 Personen können an verbundenen Gedenkveranstaltungen teilnehmen

Kann organisierter Outdoor-Sport stattfinden?

Yes. Der organisierte Outdoor-Sport sowie die Kurse für körperliche Aktivität und Bewegung können fortgesetzt werden. Es sollten jedoch keine Kontaktaktivitäten mit höherem Risiko stattfinden.

Kann Hallensport stattfinden?

No. Organised indoor sport, physical activity and exercise classes cannot take place indoors.

There are exceptions for indoor disability sport, sport for educational purposes and supervised sport and physical activity for under-18s.

Can I still travel to places?

Yes. You can continue to travel to venues or amenities which are open, but should 'aim to reduce the number of journeys you make where possible'.

Can I go on holiday to other parts of Britain?

No. You should 'avoid travelling to other parts of the UK', including for overnight stays other than where necessary, such as for work, education, youth services, to receive medical treatment, or because of caring responsibilities. However, you can travel through other areas as part of a longer journey.

Can I go abroad?

Yes, with restrictions. For international travel see the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office travel advice for your destination and the travel corridors list.

What areas are in tier three?

Here is a full list of the areas in tier three, according to the Government website.

East Midlands

  • Derby and Derbyshire
  • Leicester and Leicestershire
  • Lincolnshire
  • Nottingham and Nottinghamshire

North East

  • North East Combined Authority:
  • County Durham
  • Gateshead
  • Newcastle upon Tyne
  • North Tyneside
  • Northumberland
  • South Tyneside
  • Sunderland
  • Tees Valley Combined Authority:
  • Darlington
  • Hartlepool
  • Middlesbrough
  • Redcar and Cleveland
  • Stockton-on-Tees

North West

  • Blackburn with Darwen
  • Blackpool
  • Greater Manchester
  • Lancashire

South East

  • Kent and Medway
  • Slough (remainder of Berkshire is tier 2: High alert)

South West

  • Bristol
  • North Somerset
  • South Gloucestershire

West Midlands

  • Birmingham and Black Country
  • Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent
  • Warwickshire, Coventry and Solihull

Yorkshire and The Humber

  • The Humber
  • South Yorkshire
  • West Yorkshire


Are there exemptions from gatherings limits in all tiers?

Yes, the following exemptions to the 'rule of six' apply below:

  • as part of a single household, or a support bubble
  • for work or providing voluntary or charitable services, including in other people's homes
  • for childcare, education or training – meaning education and training provided as part of a formal curriculum
  • for supervised activities provided for children, including wraparound care (before and after-school childcare), groups and activities for under 18s, and children's playgroups
  • for formal support groups, and parent and child groups – up to 15 people aged 5 and older
  • to allow contact between birth parents and children in care, as well as between siblings in care
  • for arrangements where children do not live in the same household as both their parents or guardians
  • for prospective adopting parents to meet a child or children who may be placed with them
  • for birth partners
  • to attend a funeral – with no more than 30 people present – or a commemorative event such as a wake for someone who has died – with no more than 15 people present
  • to see someone who is terminally ill or at the end of life
  • to attend a wedding or civil partnership – with no more than 15 people present
  • to provide emergency assistance
  • to avoid injury or illness, or to escape a risk of harm
  • to fulfil a legal obligation, such as attending court or jury service
  • to provide care or assistance to someone vulnerable or to provide respite for a carer
  • to facilitate moving home


Plans revealed last week to allow people to form a temporary bubble over the festive season were welcome news to families across the country.

But how much do we know about what is being proposed? Here, are some key questions based on information released by the Cabinet Office for England:

What is a Christmas bubble and when can I join one?

People will be allowed to form an exclusive Christmas bubble made up of people from no more than three households between December 23 and 27.

This rule applies across the whole of the UK.

Christmas bubbles can only meet in private homes and gardens, places of worship and public outdoor spaces.

Can I be in more than one Christmas bubble?

No. Christmas bubbles will be fixed for the period they are permitted.

You are also not allowed to change your Christmas bubble once it is formed.

Is there a limit to how many people can be in a Christmas bubble?

The Cabinet Office guidance only stipulates that the bubble should not include people from more than three households.

However, it highlights that the more people someone sees, the more likely they are to catch or spread Covid-19, and asks the public to be mindful of risks before agreeing to form a bubble.

The Scottish Government said people should keep the numbers within a bubble as low as possible and minimise the length of contact between different households in the bubble.

Will we have to social distance within Christmas bubbles?

Social distancing will not be necessary in bubbles, but people will be advised to exercise restraint and judgment if they plan to mix with vulnerable friends or family.

It means friends and family will have the chance to hug for the first time in months.

What happens if I'm self-isolating?

If you have Covid symptoms or are required to self-isolate then you must not join a Christmas bubble.

If someone in a Christmas bubble tests positive for coronavirus or develops symptoms between December 23 and 27, or up to 48 hours after the bubble last met, then all bubble members must self-isolate.

Can I be in a different Christmas bubble from people I normally live with?

Cabinet Office guidance says you can choose to form a different Christmas bubble from the people you live with normally.

To prevent virus transmission within your normal household and between bubbles, people should try to stay with another member of their Christmas bubble between December 23 and 27 where possible.

Extra precautions such as cleaning surfaces and door handles and letting in fresh air after someone has visited your household are also advised.

However, the Scottish Government has said that 'different people in a household should not pick their own bubble'.

Can I still meet people outside of my Christmas bubble?

You will be able to meet people not in your Christmas bubble outside your home according to the rules in the tier you are staying in.

The tier system of restrictions applies to England, with rules in other parts of the UK varying.

Can I stay overnight with my Christmas bubble?

Yes. If someone is in your Christmas bubble, you can visit each other's homes and stay overnight, including in private rented accommodation.

Can I travel through different areas and across borders to join a Christmas bubble?

Yes. You are allowed to travel between England's tiers and the four nations of the UK to meet your Christmas bubble.

When am I allowed to travel to and from my Christmas bubble?

You should only travel to meet your bubble and return home between December 23 and 27.

For those heading to or from Northern Ireland, they may travel on December 22 and 28 December, but should only meet their Christmas bubble between December 23 and 27.

Travel outside these periods is only allowed in exceptional circumstances, for example if your are required to self-isolate.

People are advised to avoid unnecessary stops on their journey and not to share a car with people not in their household.

If crossing borders, travellers should read the local coronavirus guidance as different rules may apply.

Does my support bubble count as one household still?

According to the Cabinet Office, existing support bubbles will count as one household contributing to the three household Christmas bubble limit.

A support bubble in England is defined as a support network between a single adult household, or a one adult household with one or more people aged under 18 on June 12, and one other household of any size.

Rules on household bubbles are different in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, with full Christmas guidance still pending from those nations.

Can childcare bubbles continue?

In England, a childcare bubble is where one household links with one other household to provide informal childcare to children aged 13 or under.

Between December 23 and 27 you can continue to use a childcare bubble but 'only if reasonably necessary' and 'where there are no reasonable alternatives', Cabinet Office guidance states.

If meeting socially during this period, the two households should form a Christmas bubble, with one further household permitted to join the grouping.

Again, guidance in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland may differ.

What happens to children whose parents are separated?

Children who are aged under 18 can be part of both their parents' Christmas bubbles if the adults do not live together and separate groupings are formed.

Nobody else is allowed to be in two bubbles.

Can care home residents join Christmas bubbles?

In England, visits outside of care homes should only be considered for residents 'of working age'.

A care home resident that is allowed to leave, subject to a home's agreement and individual risk assessments, may form a bubble with one other household only and should not form a three-household Christmas bubble at any point.

If a care home resident does join a household for Christmas they should maintain social distance and take steps to minimise risks.

Can students returning from university join Christmas bubbles?

Students heading home for the holidays will be considered part of the household they return to.

Can I form a Christmas bubble if I am clinically extremely vulnerable?

Yes, but people are warned this involves greater risks.

If someone decides to join a bubble they should take extra precautions, while others within the group should be extra vigilant in the days before getting together.

Can my bubble have Christmas dinner together at the pub?

No. Under the rules Christmas bubbles cannot meet up at indoor settings such as pubs, hotels, retail businesses, theatres or restaurants.

In England, rules on who you can and cannot meet will still depend on which tier of restrictions a venue is in.

Should I follow the rules of the tier I travel to or the tier I've come from when forming my Christmas bubble?

In England, if travelling to join your bubble you should follow the tier rules of your destination.

In Scotland, you must stay with your bubble where they are hosting you and you should follow the travel advice for the level you are in.

For example, people being hosted in a level 3 area cannot go on an outing to a level 2 area.

Can I stay in a hotel during Christmas?

In England, you can stay in a hotel during the Christmas period, including in a tier three area, but only on your own or with members of your household.

How will the Christmas rules be enforced?

No specific details have been released over how authorities might enforce the newly announced rules during the festive period.

Will we face tougher restrictions in January to make up for this?

We do not yet know. It has been speculated that a further circuit-breaker might be needed in January or February if transmission rates rise during Christmas.

The Prime Minister has urged families to still be 'jolly careful', warning against 'a big blowout Christmas' that could risk another lockdown in January.

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