Manchester revelers take to the streets for the last night on the town, while pubs and bars cut beer prices and give away free packets of crisps before the region gets into Tier 3 lockdown.
A small number of young people walked into pubs or sat outside bars in Northwest City before the toughest Covid-19 restrictions went into effect at midnight tonight.
However, some licensed premises were vacant prior to the 10pm curfew and nearly 2,000 pubs are expected to close unless they serve “substantial meals”, a devastating blow to the local economy.
Around 2.8 million people in Greater Manchester will join around 3.1 million people in Lancashire and the Liverpool City Region who are already Tier 3. Mixing on social networks will be banned both indoors and in private gardens, while the rule of six will apply in some outdoor areas such as parks, public gardens and sports fields.
Local guides are helping the government decide whether other venues such as gyms or casinos should close.
In Greater Manchester, the new measures could lead to the closure of more than 1,800 pubs and 140 wine bars as well as 277 betting shops and 12 casinos, according to real estate consultants Altus Group.
The British Beer and Pub Association has warned that Tier 3 restrictions will "have a devastating effect on pubs, brewers and their broader supply chain", adding that "the survival of all pubs is dangerously balanced".
It comes after an angry war of words between Manchester Mayor Andy Burnham and Mr Johnson, who tonight denied waiting for London to lock down to reveal new bailouts for the north.
The Prime Minister is angry with Northern leaders that many have been subject to local restrictions for weeks and months, but the support offered has only now been stepped up.
The package announced today contains billions of pounds to keep the self-employed afloat and to prevent affected bars and restaurants in tier 2 from laying off millions of workers. But Mr Johnson denied the timing was related to restrictions on the capital and places like Essex.
In other coronavirus developments today:
- The UK today announced another 21,242 positive tests and 189 deaths as Sir Patrick Vallance claimed 90,000 could contract the virus each day.
- Welsh supermarkets have been instructed to sell “essential goods” only during the country's 17-day lock-up period.
- Shocking official figures today show that 17 percent of companies in the lodging and catering industry are at “severe” risk of bankruptcy.
- South Yorkshire has agreed to move into Tier 3 starting Saturday, which means 7.3 million in England will live under the strictest Covid rules.
- Boris Johnson tried to bypass Andy Burnham by offering £ 60million coronavirus aid direct to local councils in Greater Manchester.
- Five hotel establishments in Scotland have taken legal action against Nicola Sturgeon's Covid-19 shutdown measures for pubs and restaurants.
- The Canary Islands, Mykonos, the Maldives and Denmark have all been added to the list of British travel corridors, but the Alpine tax haven Liechtenstein has been removed.
- Hospitals stepped up the cancellation of routine surgeries and non-Covid appointments as virus cases increased.
Manchester drinkers have one final night off Thursday night before the city goes into Tier 3 lockdown
Police officers patrol as people gather outside bars in Manchester before the region goes into Tier 3 lockdown
Police officers guard the street in Manchester city center before the area falls into level 3 lockdown
Men walk past bars on Dale Street in Manchester city center before Tier 3 restrictions go into effect starting tonight
Police officers walk outside a bar with a sign mentioning Andy Burnham before Tier 3 restrictions go into effect
Revelers enjoy a night downtown before new restrictions go into effect in the Greater Manchester area
People gather outside the bars in Manchester before the region is locked into Tier 3 from midnight
Two men enjoy a drink at The Peveril Of The Peak pub before new Tier 3 Covid-19 restrictions go into effect tonight
A bar employee has a beer in a Wetherspoons pub in Leigh before new restrictions come into effect
Two women drink in an empty bar on Dale Street in Manchester city center before the Stage 3 shutdown goes into effect
The drinkers sit outside Brewdog in Manchester city center before the Stage 3 shutdown goes into effect
An employee looks at a mobile phone in the door of a bar on Dale Street in Manchester city center
People gather outside a bar in Manchester before the region is locked into Tier 3 at midnight
Drinkers outside a bar on Thomas Street in Manchester city center before Tier 3 restrictions go into effect
People walking the streets of Manchester before the region is locked into Tier 3 at midnight
Quarter House staff begin clearing tables and chairs in Manchester city center before Tier 3 shuts down
Manchester drinkers have one final night off Thursday night before the city goes into Tier 3 lockdown
Around 2.8 million people in Greater Manchester will join 3.1 million in Lancashire and the Liverpool City area in Tier 3
What is the Tier 3 bailout dispute?
The government has been haggling brutally with local leaders across much of England over the financial package linked to entry into Tier 3 restrictions.
Funding is in addition to the government's broader employment promotion program for workers on hold due to bans and company grants.
What did Liverpool City Region get?
The government has stated that core funding for the top tier is £ 8 per capita to help track and enforce local contacts.
Liverpool received £ 14m for this strand of funding. And another £ 30 million has been made available to help businesses hit by the crisis, around £ 20 per capita.
Lancashire was the second area to be locked in Tier 3.
It will receive £ 12m for tracking and enforcement of contacts and £ 30m for business support – broadly in line with the Liverpool settlement.
The tracing and enforcement agreement was £ 22 million due to the increased population in the region.
The government initially offered business assistance of around £ 55 million, which was roughly proportional to the other packages.
The final offer was £ 60 million, £ 22 per capita. But Andy Burnham originally asked for £ 90m and only got £ 65m before breaking off talks. Mr Johnson has said the £ 60 million will continue to be allocated.
The tracing element agreed with Labor Mayor Dan Jarvis was £ 11 million.
There is also a £ 30 million business support package – £ 22 per capita, roughly the same as the allocation for the other regions.
Many bars in the area, including the iconic Swan Street Pub Bar Fringe, are now desperately trying to sell their beer before it either goes down the drain or goes bad.
The venue opened from 2pm today, selling its draft beers for just £ 2 a pint, including Hobgoblin IPA and Mad Dog Brewing Co & # 39; s Mad World Bitter APA. It will also sell take-away bottles if inventory is moved.
Across the street from Smithfield Tavern is in a similar situation.
The tap house for the local Blackjack brewery will be closed for the foreseeable future tonight and will sell all draft beers up to the last order on a "Pay as you Feel" basis.
The brewery itself offers a delivery service that sells draft beers in 5 or 10 liter cartons that are on your doorstep.
"We have to save a lot of draft beer," they said.
In the Northern Quarter, the Port Street Beer House will also have to close due to the new restrictions.
The popular bar has said it needs to "get rid of" as much beer as possible before it is wasted and will cut prices in half, with a keg starting at £ 1.75 a pint.
Across the city, the underground Victorian drinking cave The Gas Lamp will also be forced to close starting tonight.
When they announced that they would be selling draft beer for £ 2 a pint today, they posted, "Right then, folks, you all know the score, Andy Burnham fought our corner but Boris just swam in and was right on our doorstep made a dump! "
The baseball bar Base MCR also swings out before it has to close this evening.
Located in the Railway Arches in the Green Quarter near Victoria Station, the venue has launched its own Help Out to Bat Out program where all pints are £ 2 and all batting cages are £ 10 per 30 minutes .
At the nearby Sadler & # 39; s Yard, The Pilcrow is also going to lock up tonight and has a ton of chips to move around – they're being given away for free as a "side" with every pint.
A Manchester business owner said he was "cautious" about announcing funding for companies and workers affected by coronavirus restrictions.
Simon Kendal, 41, of BaseBar, told the PA news agency, “I know a lot of companies say it's north versus south, but that's not how you see things.
“However, it feels a little confusing when these restrictions were introduced elsewhere that they are now starting to look at the bigger picture. It wasn't always in the spotlight.
“Even with the retrospective funding for Tier 2, I'm not always 100% sure because it always involves a little bit of fine print.
“If we get enough money to stay open, I'll see this. I'm still a little cautious. The last time there was an announcement that helped some businesses and hindered others. & # 39;
It was a gloomy week for the customs officials, but there was at least some good news today as Chancellor Rishi Sunak announced more support for the affected sector.
The Treasury's new package includes making the Job Support Scheme, which replaces the current vacation system, more generous and providing grants of £ 2,100 to businesses in Tier 2 areas of England.
Important for pubs in Greater Manchester, many of which have been subject to equivalent or even stricter restrictions since the end of July, payments will be deferred to August.
The Real Ale (CAMRA) campaign welcomed the news with Chef Managing Director Tom Stainer said: “Pubs in areas with Tier 2 restrictions felt like the worst of all worlds, with additional restrictions further restricting trade but not receiving additional support – this is what these new financial aid packages will be like CAMRA had requested a warm welcome to the beer and pub sector.
People gather outside a bar in Manchester before the region is locked into Tier 3 at midnight
A man is drinking in an Irish bar in Manchester city center before Tier 3 restrictions go into effect starting tonight
Unused tables and chairs can be seen outside Dukes Bar in Castlefield, Manchester city center, before Tier 3 is shut down
People are making their way home to Manchester before Tier 3 restrictions go into effect from midnight tonight
An employee starts his shift at The Britons Protection Pub in Manchester before the city enters Tier 3 tonight
OnBar's owner sits in his empty, closed building before the region is locked into Tier 3 at midnight
Quarter House staff begin clearing tables and chairs in Manchester before the Level 3 shutdown goes into effect
A staff member starts the day at the City Arms Pub in Manchester before entering Tier 3 town tonight
Bar staff are preparing for the Level 3 lockdown in Manchester city center before the Level 3 restrictions go into effect
Greater Manchester will be locked in Tier 3 from midnight, which means a number of new restrictions will come into effect
The city of Manchester is facing a winter of hardship that will see thousands of businesses hit by the new lockdown
While businesses forced to close in Tier 3 areas have access to significant funding, Tier 2 high-risk regions like London and Essex have less available – despite the ban on indoor mixing leads that many are affected
Chancellor Rishi Sunak (pictured today) has unveiled another multi-billion pound rescue package to increase support for affected companies under the Tier 2 ban and for the self-employed
Police return for shopping carts: “Power mad” Welsh Prime Minister Mark Drakeford orders supermarkets to only sell “essential goods” when the 17-day “ceasefire” ban begins tomorrow in Wales
Welsh supermarkets have been instructed to sell only "essential goods" to customers during the country's 17-day embargo.
Stores are told that they are unable to sell items such as clothing to buyers and prioritize other products that are deemed more important.
This means a likely return to the scenes seen at the start of the pandemic, when rows were ranks above the contents of people's shopping carts.
Many retailers will be forced to close during the “fire safety” lockdown that begins at 6pm on Friday, but grocery stores, off-licenses and pharmacies can stay open.
Even though it was only a few hours before the entry into force, tonight the Welsh government was unable to provide clarity on what is defined as "material" and what the enforcement would be like.
The lockdown is considerably more severe than the three-tier system in England. Wales is calling for people to stay at home except for limited purposes such as sports and the complete closure of pubs, restaurants, hotels and non-essential shops.
In contrast, even in England's strictest Tier 3 areas, some outdoor social gatherings are allowed, and pubs can stay open provided they offer customers a "full meal".
As a result, revelers took to the streets of Cardiff city center tonight for one final night on the town
& # 39; New funding for councils granting pub and hospitality grants, as well as reducing the contributions companies have to pay towards employee wages, will give pubs a much better chance of survival in areas with high and very high restrictions.
“We hope that the government will now encourage all local authorities to use the 5 percent of the additional discretionary resources available to ensure that breweries and cider makers receive the grants and financial assistance they need to deal with the reduced trade.
“But we're not out of the woods yet. The Chancellor needs to consider a long-term package of financial assistance that will cover pubs and brewers at all levels to help them cope with the reduced trade and undermine consumer confidence through measures like the 10 p.m. curfew.
"This would ensure we avoid permanent mass pub closings and keep our locals, who are at the heart of our communities, open and alive in the difficult weeks and months to come."
It comes as Manchester Mayor Andy Burnham invited Boris Johnson to the city for face-to-face meetings today to "clean the air" as he said he did not want an "ongoing political battle" with the government.
Mr Burnham suffered a week of bruising after talks with ministers about moving Greater Manchester to Tier 3 restrictions collapsed, leading Mr Johnson to unilaterally enforce the rules.
The two sides failed to reach an agreement after Mr Burnham initially asked for £ 90million for business before saying he could not accept less than £ 65million but the Prime Minister would not go more than £ 60million.
It sparked a furious war of words, but Mr Burnham said this morning that he now wants to "put things on a better footing" as he claimed he was "misunderstood" down there in Westminster.
He later told MPs that the government still "has all the power and money" and that mayors will have to "kneel" on ministers to secure funding as he has called for decentralization to happen.
The chances of reestablishing relations seem slim, however, after Commons leader Jacob Rees-Mogg accused Mr Burnham of "playing party politics of the cheapest and most unpleasant kind".
Meanwhile, Mr Johnson this afternoon denied having gone to "war" with Mr Burnham and other local leaders, saying it was "not the case" and stressing that he had "great conversations" with politicians across the country guided.
"The problem is really a basic fairness between different parts of the country that have to be subject to regional restrictions. We have been trying for the past 10 days," Johnson said at a press conference.
“What we are doing now are measures to help companies that cannot operate as usual and whose income is falling.
"And we're doing it across the country, it's postponed until August." Mr. Sunak said, "It's just about fairness, it's about treating people equally everywhere and in every situation."
He said when the previous Job Support Scheme was drafted it was at a time when controls were being relaxed.
Boris Johnson (left) insisted he was not at war with the north today as he and Rishi Sunak (right) refused to wait until London was locked to reveal new rescue measures
Furious Scottish landlords are demanding Nicola Sturgeon BANS alcohol in supermarkets and only serving it in pubs and restaurants as they take legal action to stop their Covid lockdown
Angry Scottish landlords today urge Nicola Sturgeon to ban the sale of alcohol in supermarkets and without a license as the country's hotel managers take legal action against the Covid-19 restrictions imposed on commerce by Holyrood.
Don Lawson, owner of Inverness Bar Johnny Foxes, proposed the drastic measure to ensure the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of people most at risk from the Scottish Prime Minister's draconian shutdowns.
In a passionate letter to Miss Sturgeon yesterday announcing that the closings of pubs and restaurants on the Central Belt will be extended by a week to November 2nd, he warned the industry of an "unprecedented crisis".
Mr Lawson's "hundreds of thousands" jobs would be destroyed if the Scottish government does not ban all supermarket and unlicensed alcohol sales.
"Many of our beloved pubs are at real risk as it significantly reduces trade and increases costs due to questionable restrictions," he said in his letter.
“I think the answer to the hospitality puzzle is this: The Scottish government bans all supermarket sales of alcohol without a license.
"Alcohol can only be sold in pubs and restaurants. This will boost the local economy and save thousands of jobs."
Die Bar von Herrn Lawson in Inverness ist nicht betroffen von Miss Sturgeons pauschaler Schließung lizenzierter Räumlichkeiten im gesamten schottischen Zentralgürtel, der von Greater Glasgow und Clyde, Lanarkshire, Ayrshire und Arran, Lothian und Forth Valley verwaltet wird.
Der Vermieter von Johnny Foxes darf jedoch keinen Alkohol im Haus servieren und muss sein Geschäft um 18 Uhr gemäß der landesweiten Ausgangssperre für das Gastgewerbe schließen.
Inzwischen haben fünf Einrichtungen der schottischen Hotellerie rechtliche Schritte gegen Abschaltmaßnahmen eingeleitet, die den Handel lähmen.
Ein gemeinsamer Vorbereitungsbrief wurde von der Scottish Beer & Pub Association, der Scottish Licensed Trade Association, der UKHospitality (Schottland), der Scottish Hospitality Group und der Night Time Industries Association Scotland an Holyrood gesendet.
'Es wurde im Sommer durchgeführt, um die Wirtschaft zu öffnen und die Beschränkungen aufzuheben. Offensichtlich war dies in den letzten Wochen nicht so, wie diese Unternehmen erwartet hatten “, sagte Sunak.
"Diese Einschränkungen kehrten zurück und wirkten sich kumulativ vor Ort aus, insbesondere in Tier-2-Bereichen, insbesondere im Gastgewerbe."
In einer dramatischen Erklärung von Commons zuvor hatte der Kanzler die Unterstützung für Sektoren wie das Gastgewerbe nach einer Welle der Wut über „Lücken“ in seiner bestehenden Bestimmung verstärkt. He said he had listened to industry leaders and realized that "open but difficult companies need further support".
Mr. Sunak admitted that he could not provide exact figures for the total bill because the systems were "demand-driven". Aber es scheint, dass die heutigen Ankündigungen bedeuten, dass die Regierung in den nächsten sechs Monaten 20 Milliarden Pfund mehr für nur drei Flaggschiff-Programme ausgibt, wobei insgesamt mehr als 200 Milliarden Pfund für die Stützung der Wirtschaft aufgewendet werden.
Sie werden angesichts der steigenden Ausgaben Alarm schlagen, nachdem sich herausgestellt hat, dass die Regierung während der Pandemie bisher täglich mehr als eine Milliarde Pfund geliehen hat.
Bei entscheidenden Änderungen des Systems zur Unterstützung von Arbeitsplätzen wird die Regierung einen größeren Teil der Personalkosten für reduzierte Arbeitszeiten übernehmen, wobei die Arbeitgeber nur einen Beitrag von 5 Prozent zu den arbeitslosen Stunden leisten müssen.
There will be a minimum of one day per week of 33 percent – lowering the threshold for classes as "viable" work. Das neue System wird voraussichtlich eine Milliarde Pfund pro Monat für jeweils zwei Millionen Menschen kosten, die es nutzen – das könnten in den nächsten sechs Monaten 12 Milliarden Pfund sein.
Unternehmen in Tier-2-Gebieten mit hohem Risiko erhalten Zuschüsse in Höhe von bis zu 2.100 GBP pro Monat. The move is backdated to fend off criticism from hotspots in the north that have been restricted for months.
Herr Sunak sagte, 150.000 in ganz England könnten davon profitieren, wobei die Kosten in den nächsten sechs Monaten möglicherweise 1,2 Milliarden Pfund erreichen könnten. Additional money is given to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland for their own programs.
Das Paket für Selbstständige wird enorm erweitert, und die Zuschüsse werden bis April von 20 Prozent auf 40 Prozent des Durchschnittsgewinns erhöht – was bedeutet, dass die maximale vierteljährliche Zahlung jetzt 3.750 GBP beträgt. The cost through January is estimated at £ 3.1 billion, but could double by spring if the higher rate is maintained.
Während Unternehmen, die gezwungen sind, in den härtesten Tier-3-Gebieten zu schließen, Zugang zu erheblichen Finanzmitteln haben, steht für Tier-2-Regionen mit hohem Risiko wie London und Essex weniger zur Verfügung – obwohl das Verbot der Vermischung von Haushalten in Innenräumen dazu führt, dass viele von ihnen unter Druck geraten.
Tory MPs are increasingly alarmed about the loophole and warn that the crisis will continue well into next year. Shocking official figures today show that 17 percent of companies in the lodging and catering industry are at “serious” risk of bankruptcy.
Unternehmen, die gezwungen sind, in Tier 3 zu schließen, wie Wettbüros und Softplay-Zentren, können ihre Arbeitnehmer mit zwei Dritteln der Löhne beurlauben.
Aber es gab einen Aufschrei von Hotelunternehmen in Tier 2, deren Geschäftsmodelle durch Einschränkungen zerstört wurden, die bedeuten, dass Menschen sich in Innenräumen nicht mehr sozial treffen können. Tier 2-Beschränkungen gelten jetzt für viele der am dichtesten besiedelten Teile des Landes, darunter London, Birmingham, York, Essex und den Nordosten.
As part of the Jobs Support Scheme (JSS), which will be officially introduced from November 1, employee wages can be raised to 77 percent of normal wages. The state and the employer each finance 50 percent of the cost of the hours not worked. However, critics have warned that the system does not provide companies with enough incentive to keep employees.
But Mr. Sunak cut the cost of the employer's contribution, and the state took more of the bill. The Treasury Department has modeled a cost of £ 1 billion per month for every two million people in the system.
That would cost £ 6 billion over the next six months, although much of that money was already tied up. However, the bill could go up dramatically as more people sign up.
Mr Sunak also increased the amount of profits covered by the upcoming Self Employment Grant from 20 percent to 40 percent, meaning the maximum grant will be increased from £ 1,875 to £ 3,750. According to the Treasury, this means a further £ 3.1 billion in support for the self-employed between November and January alone.
If the next grant for February through April is held at the higher rate, it would be roughly the same again.
Leben in Stufe drei: Vom Treffen mit Verwandten bis zum Gehen ins Fitnessstudio, wie sich das Leben der Mancunianer verändern wird, wurde in die härteste Situation hineingezogen
Boris Johnson bestätigte, dass Greater Manchester am Freitag um Mitternacht in Tier-3-Coronavirus-Beschränkungen geraten wird, nachdem die lokalen Führer den Forderungen der Regierung nachgegeben hatten.
Die Region wird von ihrem derzeitigen Status als Tier 2 in das Ranking "sehr hohes Risiko" versetzt, da sich Beamte bemühen, Covid-19 zu unterdrücken. Die Vorschriften werden alle 28 Tage überprüft und laufen nach sechs Monaten aus.
Andy Burnham, der Labour-Bürgermeister von Greater Manchester, hat nach einem unglücklichen Versuch, mehr Rettungsgeld vom Finanzministerium zu erhalten, die harten Abschaltmaßnahmen akzeptiert.
Justifying why No10 has forced Greater Manchester into a Tier 3 lockdown, Mr Johnson said action is needed to reduce the R rate and control the virus in the North, where the disease is most prevalent.
Mr Burnham refused to accept the PM's advice because he was unhappy about the financial support on offer for local businesses. As well as forcing the rules onto Manchester, Government ministers are also considering tougher lockdown rules for Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire and the North East.
So how will life change for Mancunians as the region is slapped with more draconian curbs on society and the local economy? MailOnline has the answers for you here:
National Portrait Gallery artwork mural of a nurse wearing a face mask as Greater Manchester is set to enter Tier 3 lockdown
People make their way to work past an electronic Covid-19 warning sign as Manchester is set to enter Tier 3 lockdown
A quiet bar in the Northern Quarter of Manchester as the region hurtles towards a Tier 3 lockdown this week
WHAT IS THE TIER SYSTEM?
England is currently divided into three tiers, allowing officials to impose restrictions with varying degrees of severity on Covid-19 'hotspots' without needing to plunge the country into a blanket lockdown.
Tier 1 ('medium risk' alert) covers most of the country and consists of the current national measures including the Rule of Six, the 10pm hospitality curfew, social distancing and face coverings.
Tier 2 ('high risk' alert) bans households or support bubbles from meeting indoors, though separate households can meet outdoors and in public gardens provided they keep two metres apart.
Tier 3 ('very high risk' alert) bans different households from meeting indoors and in private gardens.
Pubs, bars and restaurants will be closed as a baseline, though the Government and local authorities can decide if further restrictions on hospitality, leisure, entertainment and personal care sectors will be needed.
Schools and universities will stay open in these areas.
Tier 3 bans different households from meeting indoors and in private gardens (pictured, police in Platt Fields park)
Under Tier 3 rules, people are not allowed to mix with people from other household indoors, while non-essential travel should be reduced instead of being banned outright.
This applies to visiting friends or family at home, as well as public indoor settings such as hospitality and entertainment venues – from pubs and restaurants to cinemas and theatres.
Only tradespeople like electricians, plumbers and plastered can visit other people's homes, with the sole purpose of carrying out work.
Households are not allowed to mingle in most outdoor settings, including beer gardens and private gardens.
People can still meet friends and family in a public park, on a beach or in a forest, but they are expected to follow the Rule of Six.
Places of worship remain open, but residents of a Tier 3 area should avoid staying overnight in another part of the UK.
People eat and drink outdoors in Manchester city centre as the region hurtles towards a Tier 3 lockdown this week
PUBS, BARS AND RESTAURANTS
Pubs and bars will be forced to close completely from midnight on Friday under Tier 3. However, they will not have to close if they serve 'substantial meals'.
The regulations refer to a 'table meal, and the meal is such as might be expected to be served as the main midday or main evening meal, or as a main course at either such meal'.
They add 'a table meal is a meal eaten by a person seated at a table, or at a counter or other structure which serves the purposes of a table and is not used for the service of refreshments for consumption by persons not seated at a table or structure serving the purposes of a table'.
Alcohol could be served as part of these and it will be the police and councils job to enforce what passes as a 'substantial meal'. However, this does not include bar snacks.
If pubs serve 'substantial meals', they will be subject to the 10pm hospitality curfew like in Tier 1 and Tier 2.
Responding to Tier 3 measures set to be placed on Greater Manchester today, the British Beer and Pub Association claimed that pubs face devastation from the restrictions.
BBPA called for more support to save the region's 1,900 pubs and 32,000 sector jobs as it said a stronger package of financial support is vital not just for pubs, but also brewers and their wider supply chain in Greater Manchester, if they are to survive the further severe trading restrictions or full closure they face.
Emma McClarkin, its chief executive, said: 'Tier 3 restrictions will have a devastating impact on pubs, brewers and their wider supply chain in Greater Manchester unless a proper support package is available to all businesses impacted.
A quiet restaurant at lunchtime in Manchester city centre, as the region hurtles towards a Tier 3 lockdown this week
'Pubs in Greater Manchester were already struggling with the 10pm curfew, rule of six, lower levels of consumer confidence and a huge drop in domestic and international tourism.
'These additional tier three measures mean pubs in Greater Manchester can only remain open if they serve substantial meals, but with even more restrictions including no mixed household groups either inside or outside and only being allowed to serve alcohol with a substantial meal.
'This will kill the business model of more than 600 food led pubs. The remaining 1,300 pubs who don't serve substantial meals will be forced to close completely. The survival of all pubs in either of these categories is hanging perilously in the balance.
'Thousands of jobs will be lost too if the Government doesn't take action. We are a people business – our staff and customers are everything – we are nothing without them. In Greater Manchester alone, 32,000 livelihoods are supported by these local pubs.
'Government must now do the right thing and provide our sector with a job retention scheme that will truly protect jobs.
'Now Greater Manchester has been placed in Tier 3, the restrictions must be reviewed on a frequent basis – at least every two weeks – and re-categorised as soon as deemed appropriate.
'To do this the Government must clarify what criteria the decisions for transitioning in and out of the tiering system will be based on. We urge the Government to work closely with our sector on this.'
A quiet pub at lunchtime in Manchester city centre, as the region hurtles towards a Tier 3 lockdown this week
Tier 3 regulations state that people should work from home where they can, though key workers – including emergency workers and teachers – are exempt.
The Government has gone back and forth on its guidance about getting people back to their desks as shutdown measures imposed in March inflict huge damage on the UK economy.
Official figures for the fall in GDP during the three months to June have been revised down from 20.4 per cent to 19.8 per cent. However, the scale of the drop still makes it the biggest on record.
And the Office for National Statistics (ONS) has also concluded that UK plc performed worse during the first quarter of the year.
The economy contracted 2.5 per cent between January and March, compared to previous estimate of 2.2 per cent.
Overall GDP is now 21.8 per cent smaller than at the end of 2019 – underlining the threat to millions of jobs as Boris Johnson struggles to balance getting the country back up and running with tackling a rise in cases.
There have been some signs of hope, with the Bank of England suggesting the recovery has been better than expected so far.
People in Manchester walk past a sign reading 'Do your bit' with advice to wash hands, wear a mask and keep 2m apart
People are required to wear face masks in supermarkets, post offices, on public transport, at railway stations and airports, in hospitality venues and where social distancing is not possible in Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3 areas.
Young children, people with medical conditions including asthma, and those who find wearing coverings distressing are exempt from wearing masks.
CCTV that blocks people from entering a shop if they are not wearing a face covering is being set up across the UK.
The cameras use artificial intelligence to determine whether a person walking towards the shop doors is wearing a mask in a bid to help staff tackle 'difficult' customers.
A screen fitted outside the shop's doors will display a green or red message to automatically allow or deny access to the person.
Customers who aren't wearing a mask will be refused entry automatically and the doors will remain shut.
CCTV.co.uk, who install CCTV systems across the UK for both home and commercial clients, said the technology will protect staff from difficult shoppers or 'potentially worse'.
But it has not been specified how the technology will work around those who are exempt from wearing a face mask.
gyms are allowed to remain open in Tier 3 as fitness enthusiasts insist that exercise will build up people's immune systems and prevent falling ill with Covid-19 (pictured, people working out at a gym in Manchester)
Indoor leisure facilities such as casinos, bingo halls and betting shops will also be forced to shutter under Tier 3 regulations.
Childrens' soft play areas must also close, in a move that is sure to disappoint parents who may be required to work from home.
However, gyms are allowed to remain open in Tier 3 provided they are Covid-secure, as fitness enthusiasts insist that exercise will build up people's immune systems and prevent falling ill with Covid-19.
A Liverpool gym owner who is refusing to close down during the city's Tier 3 lockdown issued a new rallying cry to supporters, claiming he has now won the support of 'police, fellow fitness bosses, the mayors and MPs'.
Nick Whitcombe defied the Government's tougher lockdown rules and refused to close Bodytech Fitness in Moreton, saying 'he won't have one to come back to' if he did.
But he was quickly slapped with a £1,000 fine, after a member of the public reported the gym was still open, before armed officers turned up at the gym to demand he close it.
The gym boss then launched a campaign in which he vowed to stay open to members despite the threat of fines and closure.
A petition, which has now been signed more than 400,000 times, was launched, while a GoFundMe page, which was set to help pay any fines, has since topped £50,000. Mr Whitcombe has since revealed the money will go to mental health charities if the fines are overturned.
Under both Tier 2 and Tier 3, 15 guests can attend wedding ceremonies but receptions are banned. Funerals can have up to 30 mourners, with only 15 people allowed at the wake (pictured, a bride in Russia ahead of her wedding)
WEDDINGS AND FUNERALS
Under both Tier 2 and Tier 3, 15 guests can attend wedding ceremonies but receptions are banned. Funerals can have up to 30 mourners, with only 15 people allowed at the wake.
Restrictions on funerals have been blasted as heavy-handed after the shocking moment a member of staff at a crematorium interrupted a funeral in order to berate mourners for being too close together was caught on camera.
Craig Bicknell, from Milton Keynes, revealed he had moved his chair in order to comfort his mother at the funeral of his father Alan Wright on 2nd October at Crownhill Crematorium, before other mourners followed suit.
But it wasn't long before a member of staff interrupted the service by waving his arms and shouting at the mourners to 'move the chairs back'.
Craig said he and his brother Paul were left devastated by the 'telling off', as they grieved the loss of their father who died from a heart attack in September.
Writing on Facebook he said: 'I can sit in a restaurant, I can sit in a pub, I can live at her house, I can travel in a limousine to the crematorium with 6. But when I want to give my mum a cuddle at dads funeral, a man flies out mid service shouting stop the service and makes us split… A devastating day made even worse.'
A spokesperson for Milton Keynes Council said: 'We are sorry to have upset this family. We don't usually step in if a guest needs to be comforted by another family member and in this instance should have taken a more considered approach.'
Schools and universities are all remaining open under Tier 3 restrictions, though universities are mostly moving towards online teaching (pictured, a demonstration of the Smartschool Life distance learning lesson)
SCHOOLS AND UNIVERSITIES
Schools and universities are all remaining open under Tier 3 restrictions, though universities are mostly moving towards online teaching.
Thousands of students across the UK have complained of being confined to their halls of residence by university authorities clamping down on Covid-19 outbreaks.
The vast majority of Covid-19 cases in recent weeks have been among young people, which coincides with the start of the new academic year.
Universities have taken drastic measures to suppress Covid-19 as public health officials claim that asymptomatic carriers are likely to pass the virus on to the elderly.
Mass social gatherings on university campuses are banned across all three tiers, with some ministers having told students not to have sex with their peers.
(tagsToTranslate) Dailymail (t) messages