Boris Johnson's controversial Brexit bill, which allows the government to violate international law, has received parliamentary support.
The Single Market Act closed its final phase in the House of Commons tonight by 340 votes to 256 and is now being passed on to the Lords for further consideration.
It enables ministers to override parts of the Brexit withdrawal agreement brokered with Brussels last year, a law that the government admits and that violates international law "in a limited and specific way".
Critics, including all five surviving former Prime Ministers, also argue that doing so would ruin Britain's reputation as a nation that honors its agreements.
But the government insists it needs the authority to do so Preserve the UK's integrity amid fears the EU may block trade between the UK and Northern Ireland.
The prime minister was forced to water down the legislation at the beginning of the bill to appease a Tory backbench riot. MEPs will now have one vote before ministers are able to exercise such powers.
No Conservative MPs voted against the government tonight, and the bill sailed through the Commons with a majority of 84 votes.
A handful of Tories, including former Tory Prime Minister Theresa May, abstained.
However, the smooth implementation of the law is likely to face hurdles from the Pro-Remain Lords who previously thwarted Brexit legislation.
The Single Market Act closed its final phase in the House of Commons tonight by 340 votes to 256 and is now being passed on to the Lords for further consideration
Boris Johnson's controversial Brexit legislation, which allows the government to violate international law, has received MP support (PM delivered a speech in Exeter today)
Economy Minister Alok Sharma defended the controversial aspects of the bill tonight in his third reading, saying: “The reason we have taken powers to ensure that in the event that we do not come to an agreement with our EU friends on the implementation of the law Achieving Law, (Northern Ireland) Protocol) so that we can keep our promises in our Manifesto and Command Paper.
"This is a legal safety net that illustrates our position on the Northern Ireland Protocol to protect our union, companies and jobs."
In order to avoid goods being checked between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, the UK and Brussels have agreed that Northern Ireland will comply with EU customs regulations.
Indeed, there is a customs border along the Irish Sea and ministers fear that the free movement of goods between Britain and the North could be affected if an agreement is not reached.
The EU has warned that it will be a legal challenge if the UK rejects parts of the readmission agreement.
Shadow Business Secretary Ed Miliband said tonight, “Under international law, no one should have any doubts about the damage this bill has already done. This violation of the law has been noticed all over the world. & # 39;
He noted the concerns of Donald Trump's Northern Irish envoy Mick Mulaney: "If the Trump administration raises concerns about compliance with international agreements and the rule of law, you know you are in trouble."
The bill also includes powers that allow Westminster to provide financial assistance for economic development, infrastructure, cultural activities and educational purposes across the country.
Opposition MPs have warned that this will give the UK government an opportunity to get lost in matters set in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, calling it an "attack" on decentralization.
The results of today's third reading law will be read to the House of Commons
SNP MP Mhairi Black said: "This bill gives express permission to any Minister of the Crown to wage riot on the Scottish assets that our Scottish Parliament has protected."
Independence, she said, "is the only option for Scotland," adding, "This is a union that dominates England. The only reason there is no English Parliament is because the people of Westminster think of this place as English Look at parliament and we cannot afford to be naive, the only way to protect our parliament is to become independent. "
She added, "It took us 300 years to reach our Scottish Parliament and 20 years for this place to bulldozer through this place."
Mr Miliband told the Commons: “On this side we have a strong belief in our Union on decentralization, but the strength of our Union comes from the fact that power is shared, not centralized, and this bill does not learn that lesson.
"It makes the decision to impose the rule that the lowest standard of regulation in a parliament must be the standard for all without an adequate voice for the decentralized administrations."
Mr Miliband said he feared the bill "will strengthen the hand of those who want to dissolve Britain".
The bill will be subject to further scrutiny in the Lords at a later date.
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