Boris Johnson's controversial Brexit bill, which allows the government to violate international law, has received parliamentary support.
The Single Market Act closed its final phase in the House of Commons tonight by 340 votes to 256 and is now being passed on to the Lords for further consideration.
It enables ministers to override parts of the Brexit withdrawal agreement brokered with Brussels last year, a law that the government admits and that violates international law "in a limited and specific way".
Critics, including all five surviving former Prime Ministers, also argue that doing so would ruin Britain's reputation as a nation that honors its agreements.
But the government insists it needs the authority to do so Preserve the UK's integrity amid fears the EU may block trade between the UK and Northern Ireland.
The prime minister was forced to water down the legislation at the beginning of the bill to appease a Tory backbench riot. MEPs will now have one vote before ministers are able to exercise such powers.
This bill sailed through the Commons with a majority of 84 votes, with some Tories unwilling to rebel against their party abstaining.
However, the smooth implementation of the law is likely to be derailed by the pro-remain lords who previously thwarted Brexit legislation.
Boris Johnson's controversial Brexit bill, which allows the government to violate international law, has received parliamentary support
The bill also includes powers that allow Westminster to provide financial assistance for economic development, infrastructure, cultural activities and educational purposes across the country.
Opposition MPs have warned that this will give the UK government an opportunity to get lost in matters set in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, calling it an "attack" on decentralization.
At the third reading, Economic Secretary Alok Sharma said to MPs: “Our approach will give companies the regulatory clarity and security that they want.
"It will ensure that the cost of doing business in the UK stays as low as possible without damaging and costly regulatory barriers between different parts of the UK."
Mr Sharma accused the leader of the SNP Westminster, Ian Blackford, of "wanting to be forever chained to the European Union", to which Mr Blackford replied: "You are talking nonsense."
Regarding the controversial elements of the Single Market Act that allow the UK to override the withdrawal agreement, Sharma said: "The reason we have taken powers to make sure that in case we go with our EU friends Don't reach an agreement on implementation, reach an agreement With the (Northern Ireland Protocol) we can keep our promises in our manifesto and in the command paper.
"This is a legal safety net that illustrates our position on the Northern Ireland Protocol to protect our union, companies and jobs."
Shadow business secretary Ed Miliband said Labor supports the single market principle but opposes the law that violates law.
He told the Commons: “In decentralization, on this side, we believe strongly in our Union, but the strength of our Union comes from sharing power without centralizing it, and this bill does not learn that lesson.
"It makes the decision to impose the rule that the lowest standard of regulation in a parliament must be the standard for all without an adequate voice for the decentralized administrations."
Mr Miliband said he feared the bill "will strengthen the hand of those who want to dissolve Britain".
He also said: “Under international law, no one should have any doubts about the damage that this bill has already done.
"This violation of the law has been noticed around the world."
Mr Miliband highlighted the reservations of US President Donald Trump's Northern Irish envoy Mick Mulvaney, adding, “If the Trump administration raises concerns about your compliance with international agreements and the rule of law, you know you are in trouble . That's how bad this calculation is. & # 39;
Also at the start of the debate, SNP MP Mhairi Black (Paisley and Renfrewshire South) also said: "This bill gives every Minister of the Crown express permission to wage riot on the Scottish assets that our Scottish Parliament has protected."
Independence, she said, "is the only option for Scotland," adding, "This is a union that dominates England. The only reason there is no English Parliament is because the people of Westminster think of this place as English Look at parliament and we cannot afford to be naive, the only way to protect our parliament is to become independent. "
She added, "It took us 300 years to reach our Scottish Parliament and 20 years for this place to bulldozer through this place."
The bill will be subject to further scrutiny in the Lords at a later date.
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