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Boris Johnson reveals "Tiers" ban after December 2nd


Boris Johnson warned of "over-optimism" tonight as he said many areas will face tougher levels after December 2nd than before the blanket lockdown.

During a press conference in Downing Street out of self-isolation, the Prime Minister softened his positive message by insisting that it was the season to be "very careful" despite the recent apparent vaccine breakthrough.

He prepared the public in England for difficult months before the "cavalry" of science comes to the rescue and finally ends the crisis.

And he said that although the national lockdown will be completed next Wednesday, large swaths of the country will still face tougher measures than it was before it began on Nov. 5.

Mr Johnson said "things will look and feel very different after Easter" with a vaccine and mass testing.

However, he warned that the coming months "will be tough and cold, including January and February when the NHS is under its greatest pressure".

The specific levels for regions will be announced later this week, likely on Thursday.

Mr Johnson said, "There will be many more places at higher levels than there are before."

He added, "It's the time of year to be happy, but it's also the time of year to be happy, especially with older relatives."

On the Commons, Mr Johnson announced that Christmas shopping will be cut down as retail stores and gyms on all levels can be reopened, while the potential for small family reunions over the Christmas season. Spectator sports will also experience a limited comeback on the two lower levels.

But pubs and restaurants will pay the price with "devastating" restrictions, triggering warnings that three-quarters of hotel businesses could go bankrupt.

Although the hated 10pm curfew is being eased in bars, as the last orders were posted at that time and an hour later, the industry has labeled it "reopening on behalf only". Alcohol sales are only permitted with meals in the second tier, and it is only offered for take-away in the highest class.

Mr Johnson said the new curbs will become "redundant" and will expire by the end of March – when optimism increases that effective vaccines will be around. "We've turned a corner and the escape route is in sight," he said.

He said the "whole concept" of the coronavirus lockdown should be unnecessary by the spring, while warning, "We're not there yet."

The SAGE papers, however, uncovered another gap between ministers and their experts, with the prime minister ignoring the call for a fourth tier.

There is now a special exception in the new rules for families with children under one year, who are now allowed to form a bubble with another household. Mr Johnson and fiancee Carrie, who have young son Wilfred, are covered by the exit.

It comes after AstraZeneca and Oxford University announced that their shock was 90 percent effective in initial trials, can be safely stored in a standard refrigerator, and costs just £ 2 per dose, which is another huge boost to the fight against Covid- 19 represents. By Easter tens of millions of cans could be available in the UK by now.

The breakdown of the areas divided into the different levels should be announced on Thursday. MEPs will vote on the plans next week. The levels are checked at least every two weeks.

Tory rebel ringleader Mark Harper said in the House of Commons that critics of the lockdown will "hold their verdict" to see what restrictions will be placed where.

On one of the biggest days in the coronavirus saga:

  • The UK has seen the lowest number of coronavirus infections in six weeks, a 30 percent decrease from last Monday and a reduction in deaths as lockdown finally begins to tackle the epidemic.
  • Ministers propose an extensive testing scheme to avoid the need for self-isolation when people have come into contact with infected individuals in order to win over rebels on the conservative backbenches.
  • In a boost for the Prime Minister, another leading Tory rebel has Steve Baker said he was "reassured" by the government's new plan;
  • Rishi Sunak is preparing billions of pounds more for infrastructure, NHS and defense in what looks like an ultimate waste as the coronavirus crisis pounds public finances.
  • The prestigious IFS think tank has suggested that tax hikes may not happen until 2025 after the next elections.
  • Ms. Sturgeon has announced that despite the idea of ​​looser rules for Christmas, there will be no relaxation of the New Years and Hogmanay restrictions.
Boris Johnson was a long way off at the Downing Street press conference tonight as he continues to isolate himself

Boris Johnson was a long way off at the Downing Street press conference tonight as he continues to isolate himself

In a statement by Commons previously released from quarantine, the Prime Minister confirmed that the second national squeeze will end in England on December 2, with a return to the previously applicable regional approach

In a statement by Commons previously released from quarantine, the Prime Minister confirmed that the second national squeeze will end in England on December 2, with a return to the previously applicable regional approach

In a Commons declaration of self-isolation on Downing Street, the Prime Minister confirmed that the second national squeeze will end in England on December 2, with a return to the regional approach previously in place

Keir Starmer said moving back to Tiers was "risky".

Mr Johnson said the new curbs will become "redundant" and will expire by the end of March – when optimism increases that effective vaccines will be around. "We've turned a corner and the escape route is in sight," he said

In a Commons statement this afternoon, Boris Johnson will confirm that the second national lockdown will end in England on December 2nd, with a return to the previously applicable regional approach

In a Commons statement this afternoon, Boris Johnson will confirm that the second national lockdown will end in England on December 2nd, with a return to the previously applicable regional approach

Oxford Jab & # 39; up to 90% effective & # 39; and UK has 100m cans to order

Oxford University / AstraZeneca coronavirus vaccine is 90 percent effective, can be safely stored in a standard refrigerator, and costs just £ 2 per dose, which is another huge boost in the fight against Covid-19. These are preliminary results today.

The studies found that the sting had a nine in ten chance of working when given as a half dose first and a full dose a month later. This drops to 62 percent when someone is given two full doses a month apart.

The combined analysis of both dosage regimens found an average effectiveness of 70.4 percent, according to Oxford University / AstraZeneca.

The lifesaving bump, which costs between £ 2 and £ 4, is seen as the UK's best chance for mass vaccination of the population by the end of spring, as Boris Johnson has ordered 100 million doses.

The Prime Minister tweeted today: “Incredibly exciting news, the Oxford vaccine has been shown to be so effective in studies. There are more security checks pending, but these are fantastic results. Well done to our brilliant scientists at @UniofOxford & @AstraZeneca and to everyone who volunteered for the trials.

Vaccines developed by Pfizer and Moderna in the US have 95 percent protection – but both must be stored between minus 75 ° C and minus 20 ° C and are up to £ 24 more expensive per batch.

Oxford University / AstraZeneca announced today that they have not identified any serious Covid-19 cases among 20,000 people who have received the sting in the UK and Brazil and who, with regulatory approval, can start managing by the end of 2020.

Scientists have also welcomed the discovery that half a dose for the first burst increases effectiveness. It means more people can be vaccinated because the vaccine will go on.

Speaking at the Downing Street press conference, Mr Johnson said that if the winds were "favorable," the majority of the people in need of vaccination the most could potentially get a vaccination by Easter.

"That would make a very significant change in our current location," he said.

"I don't want to give luck any more hostages, but that's the best information we have."

Describing the introduction of a vaccine as "a major logistical challenge," he added, "That's why I wanted to include this important cautionary note.

"We don't have these things yet, even if we get them it will be a long time, it will be a while to get the shots in the arms where they are needed."

Professor Chris Whitty added, “It is very important that we recognize that regulators have an absolutely critical next role.

"They will independently check that these vaccines are safe." and only if they are satisfied … can we say with certainty that we can roll these out and then have a plan. & # 39;

In his statement to MPs this afternoon, Mr Johnson said lessons had been learned from the first version of the steps.

After bitter arguments with areas about which bracket they would go into, this time the restrictions will be "standard" and not up for negotiation.

The government is providing local authorities with an additional £ 900 million per capita funding by the end of March.

Mr Johnson praised the advances in testing, treatment and vaccines, saying the "scientific cavalry is in sight". He added to MPs: "We know in our hearts that we will be successful next year.

"By spring, these advances should reduce the need for the restrictions we saw in 2020 and eliminate the entire concept of a Covid lockdown."

But the Prime Minister continued, “The hard truth is that we are not there yet.

“First we have to get through the winter without the virus spreading out of control and wasting our hard-won profits at precisely the point when the burden on the NHS is always greatest.

"Our winter plan should bring us safely into spring."

Mr Johnson put the new system in place so that it will take effect from midnight on the morning of December 2nd: “Starting next Wednesday, people will be able to leave their homes for any purpose and meet outdoors in public, subject to the rule of six , collective worship, weddings, and outdoor sports can resume, and shops, personal care, gyms, and the entire recreational sector can reopen.

“But without sensible precautions, we would risk the virus escalating into a winter or New Year surge.

"Unfortunately, incidents of the disease are still widespread in many areas."

Mr Johnson said that when the regional levels were allocated – "hopefully" Thursday – there would be more people at the higher levels.

“ I'm sorry to say that we are assuming that more regions will fall to higher levels, at least temporarily, than before, but by using those tougher levels and using rapid turnaround tests on an ever larger scale to get R below bring one and keep it there It should be possible for areas to move down the (animal) scale to lower restrictions, ”he said.

Labor's Sir Keir Starmer replied that it was "risky" to return to the Tiers now as they had not previously worked to control the virus.

After the UK lockdown ends on December 2nd, non-essential stores across the country can reopen in hopes that retailers can save some of their vital Christmas trade.

Gyms can be reopened on all levels and outdoor sports can be resumed.

According to the plan signed by Cabinet last night, most of the country will be in the top two levels, where the hospitality sector will remain severely restricted.

Sources have warned that "most people" will be divided into tiers two and three, where all indoor socializing with other households will be banned – possibly by spring.

Hotel companies in the top tier are only allowed to offer takeaways, while alcohol is only permitted for “extensive meals” in the second tier.

Despite recent positive signs of vaccines, there are warnings that the ongoing restrictions could bring thousands of businesses to the wall as the hated 10 p.m. pubs curfew is set to ease.

As of December 2nd, the last orders are at 10 p.m. and the start time is at 11 p.m.

Ministers hope this will prevent the crowd scenes from earlier, when people take to the streets in a hurry.

From December 2nd, the athletes can be back in the stadiums

The stadiums may be reopened from December 2nd as soon as the second coronavirus lockdown has been relaxed.

Sportsmail announced Tuesday that the Ministry of Culture Media and Sports had submitted proposals to the cabinet office to allow fans to return to the grounds in December for the first time since March.

Now, 4,000 spectators – or 50 percent of the capacity of a stadium for outdoor events, whichever is lower – are to be allowed in Tier 1 areas and 2,000 spectators or 50 percent of the capacity for indoor events.

Tier 2 areas are also allowed to hold 2,000 spectators, or 50 percent of their stadium capacity outdoors, whichever is lower, and 1,000 fans, or 50 percent of their capacity indoors.

However, areas that are included directly in Tier 3 must still adhere to a ban on participation in sporting events for all fans.

In his statement on the long-awaited return of viewers to live sporting events, Boris Johnson said, "Levels 1 and 2 allow sport and business events to resume for both inside and outside spectators with capacity limits and social distancing."

However, he warned that by the end of the lockdown there will be more seats at higher levels than before.

The government's “winter plan” contains a number of metrics that are used to decide which level areas fall into.

These are: case detection rates in all age groups; Case detection rates in the over 60s; The rate at which falls rise or fall; Positivity rate (the number of positive cases detected as a percentage of tests performed); and pressures on the NHS, including current and planned occupancy.

The planning document added: “The government needs to maintain some flexibility in balancing these indicators against each other depending on the context.

“For example, the hospital capacity in a given area needs to be considered against the capacity in neighboring areas and the feasibility of moving patients.

& # 39; The detection rates of cases need to be weighed as to whether the spread of the virus appears to be restricted to particular communities.

& # 39; Given these sensitivities, it is not possible to set rigid threshold values ​​for these indicators as this would lead to poorer quality decisions.

However, the government will be transparent about the decisions made and will provide the evidence to support those decisions.

"Movement of areas up and down is also influenced by broader economic and practical considerations such as the expected movement of people between areas."

UK hospitality manager Kate Nicholls said the prime minister had proposed a "on behalf only" reopening that felt "very unfair". "We fear that 75 percent of our businesses with these restrictions, which go beyond December, will no longer be viable if we don't get further help from the government," she told Sky News.

She added, "We're looking at millions of jobs not just in the hospitality industry, but also in our wider supply chain."

The Food and Drink Federation said: “We are still deeply concerned about the potentially desperate future of hospitality.

& # 39; There is a real risk that persistent restrictions will result in two-thirds of pubs, clubs and restaurants – food manufacturers' customers – closing before the vaccine arrives. We need to see further financial support for this important sector. & # 39;

Emma McClarkin, executive director of the British Beer & Pub Association, said the new restrictions are wrongly targeting pubs.

How will the government decide what levels areas will be divided into?

The government's “winter plan” contains a number of metrics that are used to decide which level areas fall into. You are:

  • Case detection rates in all age groups;
  • Case detection rates in the over 60s;
  • The rate at which falls rise or fall;
  • Positivity rate (the number of positive cases detected as a percentage of tests performed); and
  • Pressures on the NHS, including current and projected occupancy.

However, the document added that "there will be some flexibility to weigh these indicators against each other depending on the context".

"For example, the hospital capacity in a given area needs to be considered in the light of the capacity in neighboring areas and the feasibility of moving patients," the document says.

"The detection rates of cases need to be weighed as to whether the spread of the virus appears to be restricted to particular communities."

She said: “Our sector has been highlighted by these new measures that are wrongly targeting pubs. The additional restrictions will destroy our sector if implemented as proposed.

"While the curfew review is overdue, easing the 10pm curfew is meaningless when most pubs become unprofitable or have to close below levels 2 and 3 …

"If these stricter restrictions are placed on us, much more government funding will be required to avoid the resulting carnage." In tier 2 alone, the new restrictions mean that 90% of pubs are unprofitable and can only operate at a loss.

“In Tier 3, no pub is viable if it is only offered for take-out. This also means that our breweries will also be badly damaged.

In a round of interviews this morning, Health Secretary Matt Hancock insisted it was a “calibrated” approach that would “save lives” and said, along with groundbreaking news about the Oxford vaccine, that there was now a “way through “The misery there.

Mr Johnson is also on the verge of signing a UK Christmas deal with Scotsman Nicola Sturgeon and other decentralized executives that will allow families to see some friends and loved ones. This plan could be completed as early as tomorrow.

But Sir Keir said there were "big gaps" in the plans.

"Labor has supported the prime minister in all of the major decisions the government had to take to protect public health, including the two national bans," he said.

“We did this because we want there to be national consensus on difficult issues like this, and because we always put public health first.

“Ideally I want to be able to do this again. But there are major loopholes in this plan, major uncertainties, and major risks.

& # 39; We're going to wait for the detail, we want the Prime Minister to get this right.

"He has a week to do it."

Earlier, Mr Hancock said the number of cases is starting to decline.

PM and Carrie could take advantage of new bubble rules for parents with young children

Boris Johnson announced today that the government's policy in support of the bubble will expand if the UK lockdown ends. This will benefit him personally.

Existing rules state that individual adult households can form a support bubble with another household.

Beginning December 2, the circumstances in which people can develop a blister will expand if a family has a child under one year old.

The change in policy will allow young families to join another household to help with childcare.

This could benefit Mr Johnson and his partner Carrie Symonds after the birth of their son Wilfred in April this year.

Boris Johnson and partner Carries Symonds, pictured with their son Wilfred, could benefit from the government's updated support bubble policy

Boris Johnson and partner Carries Symonds, pictured with their son Wilfred, could benefit from the government's updated support bubble policy

The government was criticized for its support bubble policy during the coronavirus pandemic for its relatively narrow nature.

Households in a support bubble can visit each other, stay overnight, and visit public places together.

The decision to relax the rules is likely to be welcomed by many families with young children who receive help from grandparents or other family members with childcare.

The policy on support bubbles will also be changed so that it can be applied to other groups who need help.

From December 2nd, parents with a child under five who require continuous care due to a disability can create a support bubble with another household.

Households with a single adult caregiver, for example an elderly couple with one person suffering from dementia and being cared for by the other, may also form a support bubble.

"It is very clear that keeping the virus under control and getting the R below 1 saves lives because we can see that when the virus gets out of hand, the number of hospitalizations increases and, unfortunately, the number of people dying "he told Times Radio.

“But the new levels are calibrated to have as little impact as is reasonably possible on our lives and the economy.

& # 39; Opening retail would be very positive for the economy and we expect to keep R below 1 and the number of cases will go down.

"So it's a more calibrated approach to the levels so that they can be more closely aligned with what's going on in your area."

The mayor of Greater Manchester, Andy Burnham, warned, among other things, that many hospitality businesses would not survive a tightened system of graduated controls in England.

“I'm worried about what I'm hearing this morning. It seems that a tightened Tier 3 could be devastating for the hotel industry and hit cities and the urban economy very, very hard, ”he told BBC Radio 4 Today.

“You seem to be going too far before Christmas to allow too much over Christmas and that will result in a huge loss to hospitality businesses, which I think is too high a price to pay.

& # 39; Closing all hospitality businesses in Tier 3 areas – that will be large parts of the north – will be devastating for many of those businesses. You won't survive this. & # 39;

Ms. Nicholls said the news was "far worse than anyone expected". She said, 'This is a cruel decision and it just feels like the entire sector is being handed over to the wolves.

“If the levels had stayed the same through March, we would have expected 94 percent of companies in tier 3 and 74 percent of companies in tier 2 to go to the wall. Now we have limitations that are even worse.

“We make 25 percent of our profits before Christmas and the government is taking that away.

& # 39; This will have a catastrophic impact on a large number of companies and all jobs that have been on leave will be lost. They speak of the prospect of a million job losses and 30-40,000 premises closing their doors for good. & # 39;

MailOnline spoke to landlords who were calling for looser restrictions to breathe life back into the highly competitive UK hospitality industry.

A special blow is expected to be inflicted on the wet-run pubs that are forced to serve food on the top two levels when they are about to open.

Gary Murphy, landlord of the Ye Olde Miter Inn in High Barnet, London, told MailOnline that 97 percent of his profits come from drinks sales – but he will be trying to adjust to the new measures "desperately" because the pub does has burned money to the extent that he has not paid his wages since March.

He said, “I only have a tiny kitchen and most of the customers come here to drink, not to eat. It's changing my entire beverage-reliant business. & # 39;

Mr Murphy said the pub was operating at a loss but he is still struggling with high rental costs of over £ 2,000 a week and high overheads.

“I haven't taken any money personally since March. I lived on my savings and my wife works too.

The government released a breakdown of the rules in the new tiered system, which will apply from December 2nd to the end of March

The government released a breakdown of the rules in the new tiered system, which will apply from December 2nd to the end of March

SAGE called for Tier Four

SAGE scientists called for a fourth level of the local lockdown system so that the rules could be even stricter than the previous directive allowed, official documents show.

In papers from a sub-group of the Emergency Scientific Advisory Group released today, top experts said a "stricter" approach was needed to prevent a third lockdown from being placed across England.

And they said Tier Two – where visiting the homes of friends and family is prohibited – should be viewed as a "minimum measure" to maintain "some level of control" over the virus.

But they even said it was "barely enough" to keep the virus under control when an epidemic worsened.

Ministers have also been penalized for failing to take into account the rate at which cases have increased alongside the total number of infections when enforcing the stages, meaning insufficient attempts have been made to stop the increase in cases until they do were already too high.

“The pub has caused a loss and now we face the prospect of having to open with food. Out of sheer desperation, I will try to open them because I have to do something to get out of this dire situation.

Peter Tiley, landlord of the Salutation Inn in Gloucestershire, former National Pub of the Year winner, said he couldn't open if he were forced to serve a meal.

He said to MailOnline: “I am disappointed. I think it's a real slap in the face for wet-run pubs in the community. None of my pubs serve food and they are purposely designed so that people can come for a conversation without feeling like they are imposing something on a restaurant. & # 39;

Mr Tiley said pubs have been "sacrificial lambs" throughout the pandemic and are desperate to open in order to regain some revenue in the important winter trading window.

He said he had invested thousands of pounds in Covid to protect the pub and buy outdoor gear so customers can sit outside.

"I don't know how long it can be," he said.

Chancellor Rishi Sunak yesterday admitted that Christmas "will not be normal," but said ministers wanted to give families a break without risking a third wave of the virus.

Proposals believed to have been signed by all four home countries would allow up to three households to gather for Christmas, provided they don't meet with anyone else during that time.

The period is five days and begins on Christmas Eve and lasts until the bank holiday on December 28th.

Travel and overnight stays are permitted across the UK to allow friends and families to reunite over the Christmas break. But there will be no relaxation of the rules for the New Year.

At her daily briefing in Edinburgh this afternoon, Ms. Sturgeon said it was "likely" that large budget bubbles would be allowed over Christmas.

Decisions to relax restrictions during the holiday season are "a particularly difficult balance" and have divided public opinion, she said.

Ms. Sturgeon added: “Reducing the spread of the virus also allows us to have a light and careful – and I want to emphasize these words today – light and careful – relaxation of the rules for a few days over the festive period.

“There is an obvious desire to see loved ones for Christmas. I think we all feel that very strongly.

"I haven't made any money since March": pub bosses warn of a catastrophe below new levels

Ministers were warned that imposing severe restrictions on pubs and restaurants over the next month for thousands of venues would be the "final nail in the coffin" and spark a job bloodbath.

MailOnline spoke to landlords who were calling for looser restrictions to breathe life back into the highly competitive UK hospitality industry.

A special blow is expected to be inflicted on the wet-run pubs that are forced to serve food on the top two levels when they are about to open.

Gary Murphy, landlord of the Ye Olde Miter Inn in High Barnet, London, told MailOnline that 97 percent of his profits come from drinks sales – but he will be trying to adjust to the new measures "desperately" because the pub does has burned money to the extent that he has not paid his wages since March.

He said, “I only have a tiny kitchen and most of the customers come here to drink, not to eat. It's changing my entire beverage-reliant business. & # 39;

Mr Murphy said the pub was operating at a loss but he is still struggling with high rental costs of over £ 2,000 a week and high overheads.

“I haven't taken any money personally since March. I lived on my savings and my wife works too.

“The pub has caused a loss and now we face the prospect of having to open with food. Out of sheer desperation, I will try to open them because I have to do something to get out of this dire situation.

“There is also great concern about the potential risks involved, especially at a time when we may see the end of this pandemic on the horizon.

“We are doing our best to strike a reasonable balance, although it is possible – probably even – that some households may bubble with one another for a short time over Christmas.

"We think about it because we realize that isolation and loneliness can hit people particularly hard during the Christmas season."

Ms. Sturgeon said there is a realization that – given the nature of Christmas and the pressures people might have to spend time with family members who might be alone during the period – some might try to push the boundaries of the restrictions.

She said instead of allowing this to be "uncontrolled", the Scottish government is trying to build flexibility during the holidays.

Public Health England warned last week that five days of stricter restrictions would be required for each day of relaxation over Christmas. But the Chancellor downplayed the warning, saying it was "difficult to be that specific".

Police chiefs have warned they have no interest in enforcing the rules for family celebrations over Christmas.

Mr. Sunak said the new tiered system was "harder" than the previous one. It is expected that it will be until spring when ministers hope the introduction of vaccines will bring life back to normal. The ministers will announce on Thursday which areas of the country will go to which levels.

Government scientists have warned that Tier 1 restrictions have proven ineffective over the past month.

As a result, tens of millions of people are being put into Levels two and three, which have much stricter restrictions.

In tier 3, pubs and restaurants can only offer take-away services, people are not allowed to stay outside the home and travel outside the region is frowned upon.

According to Downing Street, mass tests would be offered in all areas of the third tier to detect infections early and to slow the spread of the virus.

Official documents have indicated that SAGE required a fourth level of the local lockout system, so the rules could be even stricter than the previously allowed policy.

Matt Hancock

British hospitality manager Kate Nicholls said it was reopening "on behalf only" and "very unfair".

In one round of interviews today, Health Secretary Matt Hancock (left) insisted it was a "calibrated" approach that would "save lives" and said there is now a "way through" misery. British hospitality boss Kate Nicholls (right) said it was reopening "on behalf only" and "very unfair".

The tiers will be significantly tougher in major respects, leaving the hospitality industry to face "catastrophic" restrictions while retailers are allowed to continue to support the economy

The tiers will be significantly tougher in major respects, leaving the hospitality industry to face "catastrophic" restrictions while retailers are allowed to continue to support the economy

One final line from Rishi as experts say tax hikes could wait until 2025

Rishi Sunak prepares billions of pounds more for infrastructure, NHS and defense in what looks like one final challenge as the coronavirus crisis pounds public finances.

The Chancellor will use Wednesday's spending review to drive huge investments in schools, hospitals, colleges and prisons to deliver on Tory's election promises.

He has signaled that tax increases will be postponed until the "fog of uncertainty" caused by the pandemic has subsided. The prestigious Institute of Financial Studies said this morning that they may not enter until 2025 after the next elections.

The foreign aid budget, however, is expected to "temporarily" scrap the vow to spend 0.7 percent of national income on aid, with a cut of at least £ 4 billion, as part of plans.

And Mr. Sunak will push for a wage freeze for five million public sector workers despite threats from the TUC.

In papers from a sub-group of the Emergency Scientific Advisory Group released today, top experts said a "stricter" approach was needed to prevent a third lockdown from being placed across England.

And they said Tier Two – where visiting the homes of friends and family is prohibited – should be viewed as a "minimum measure" to maintain "some level of control" over the virus.

But they even said it was "barely enough" to keep the virus under control when an epidemic worsened.

Ministers have also been penalized for failing to take into account the rate at which cases have increased alongside the total number of infections when enforcing the stages, meaning insufficient attempts have been made to stop the increase in cases until they do were already too high.

Meanwhile, bomb results have shown that the Oxford University / AstraZeneca coronavirus vaccine is up to 90 percent effective, can be safely stored in a standard refrigerator, and costs just £ 2 per dose, which is another huge boost in the fight against Covid-19 .

Initial studies found that the sting has a nine in ten chance of working when given as a half dose first and a full dose a month later.

This drops to 62 percent when someone is given two full doses a month apart.

The combined analysis of both dosage regimens found an average effectiveness of 70.4 percent, according to Oxford University / AstraZeneca.

The lifesaving bump, which costs between £ 2 and £ 4, is seen as the UK's best chance for mass vaccination of the population by the end of spring, as Boris Johnson has ordered 100 million doses.

The Prime Minister tweeted today: “Incredibly exciting news, the Oxford vaccine has been shown to be so effective in studies. There are more security checks pending, but these are fantastic results. Well done to our brilliant scientists at @UniofOxford & @AstraZeneca and to everyone who volunteered for the trials.

Vaccines developed by Pfizer and Moderna in the US have 95 percent protection – but both must be stored between minus 75 ° C and minus 20 ° C and are up to £ 24 more expensive per batch.

Oxford University / AstraZeneca announced today that they have not identified any serious Covid-19 cases among 20,000 people who have received the sting in the UK and Brazil and who, with regulatory approval, can start managing by the end of 2020.

Scientists have also welcomed the discovery that half a dose for the first burst increases effectiveness. It means more people can be vaccinated because the vaccine will go on.

Boris' Plan for Winter in Full: How PM is hoping to get back to normal by Easter with the 56-page Winter Plan that combines vaccines, treatments and tough new lockdowns – WITHOUT crashing the economy

Boris Johnson today released a 56-page winter plan that outlines the coronavirus rules that apply to daily life until the government hopes the draconian curbs can be finally lifted.

The Prime Minister confirmed that the English lockdown will end on December 2nd as planned, and then the nation will return to a tiered system of measures that will be tougher than those that existed before November.

But Mr Johnson was optimistic this afternoon when he said, "For the first time since this pathetic virus started we can see a way out of the pandemic."

He said "Breakthroughs in treatment, testing and vaccines mean the scientific cavalry is now in sight" and by April next year "these advances should reduce the need for the restrictions we saw in 2020".

Mr Johnson said advances in technology would "obviate the entire concept of a Covid lockdown" as he urged the nation to stick to its winter plan and endure the "long road to spring."

Below is a breakdown of the Prime Minister's strategy.

Boris Johnson today unveiled his winter plan that will guide the UK coronavirus response for the coming months until hopes of escaping the curbs this spring

Boris Johnson today unveiled his winter plan that will guide the UK coronavirus response for the coming months until hopes of escaping the curbs this spring

One of the three main government goals for the coming months is to keep the R infection rate below one and keep it there

One of the three main government goals for the coming months is to keep the R infection rate below one and keep it there

Official estimates show that the R transmission rate varies significantly in different parts of the country

Official estimates show that the R transmission rate varies significantly in different parts of the country

The three main goals of the government

Mr Johnson's winter plan aims to achieve three main goals.

The first is to bring the R transmission rate of the disease below the critical number one and keep it there permanently.

For example, an R-number of three would mean that each infected person would infect an additional three people, causing the virus to grow exponentially.

If you kept the number below one, one infected person would infect less than another person on average. This in turn would lead to a decrease in the number of new infections.

The second goal is to find and introduce new and more effective methods of treating coronaviruses so that life can be "normal" again.

This includes using vaccines, implementing new medical treatments, and improving the NHS test and trace program.

The third goal is to keep damage to the economy and society as well as to jobs and livelihoods as low as possible.

Way back to normal: vaccines

Probably the most important piece of the puzzle to get life back to normal is developing and introducing a working coronavirus vaccine.

Mr Johnson's winter plan says vaccines that "provide lasting and effective immunity to COVID-19 can significantly lower the death rate of the virus and limit its transmission".

A working coronavirus bite should therefore allow ministers to relax restrictions as the spread of infections, especially to people in the most vulnerable groups in society, should be greatly reduced.

The government has signed contracts with seven different vaccine developers and secured access to more than 350 million doses by the end of next year.

The introduction of the vaccines will be entirely dependent on their regulatory approval, and the government has insisted that "the public will always come first".

"A COVID-19 vaccine will only be approved for use if it meets strict standards for safety, effectiveness and quality through clinical studies," says the winter plan.

However, ministers are confident that at least some of the vaccines will clear the regulatory hurdle in the coming months.

It will then be a question of not only using them, but also determining how long it will take for them to take effect and how long the immunity can last.

The introduction of vaccination will be the largest health project ever undertaken by a modern UK government, and a lot will be at stake to make it go well.

Way back to normal: treatments

The ability to treat patients with Covid-19 will be vital both before and during the launch of vaccines, as thousands of infections are likely to continue to emerge despite the new restrictions.

Effective treatments are critical to fighting the virus, especially for people who cannot be vaccinated, such as those who are immunocompromised.

The winter plan states, "Finding effective treatments will reduce the risk of life and serious illness for people who contract the virus and help them return to normal life."

Results are expected in the coming months for a variety of drugs and treatments that could help people fight the disease and recover.

Back to normal: testing

If vaccines are the single most important piece of the puzzle to getting life back to normal, improved testing is barely a second.

The government's approach to coronavirus testing has so far focused on symptomatic testing.

However, ministers hope that a massive expansion of testing capacity – notably with the help of rapid tests – will enable them to better localize asymptomatic cases of the disease and prevent people from unwittingly passing it on.

The ability to identify and quarantine people with coronavirus but who are not showing symptoms on a large scale is seen as a potential game changer in the fight against the disease and could have a massive impact on infection rates.

The winter plan reads: “The government plans to introduce frequent testing as an alternative to the need to self-isolate for people who have had close contact with someone with COVID-19.

"Instead, contacts are regularly tested as an alternative to isolation and only need to self-isolate if they test positive."

Local areas ranked in the top tier of restrictions will be given the opportunity to participate in a "six week test ramp" to combat local outbreaks.

Meanwhile, another £ 7 billion will be pumped into NHS Test and Trace, bringing total funding to around £ 22 billion in the current fiscal year.

Control of the Virus: A Return to the Plains

Meet family and friends

The rule of six will return, with variations on whether socializing can be indoors or outdoors depending on your level.

In tier 1 – medium alarm – people can meet in groups of six inside and outside, while in tier 2 – high alarm – being with five others is only allowed outdoors.

In Tier 3, the highest alert level, groups of six can only meet in public outdoor areas such as parks and sports fields – but not in private gardens.

Pubs, bars and restaurants

Hospitality is closed except for take out in areas with Tier 3 restrictions, but the rules for Levels 1 and 2 are a little more relaxed.

In Tier 2, hospitality must be closed unless it is run as a restaurant and alcohol can only be served with a substantial meal.

In tier 1, venues may only be table service. The 10:00 p.m. curfew will be replaced with a final order call at 10:00 p.m. and the venues must close at 11:00 p.m. for Tier 1 and 2.

Es ist zu hoffen, dass die Änderung der Ausgangssperre den nach den alten Regeln geltenden Ansturm auf den Ausgang verhindert und zu einer gestaffelten Abfahrt der Kunden von den Veranstaltungsorten führt.

Geschäfte, Unterhaltung und Friseure

In jeder Kategorie dürfen Einzelhandels- und Körperpflegeunternehmen wie Friseure und Schönheitssalons wiedereröffnet werden.

Indoor-Unterhaltungsstätten wie Kinos, Theater, Kegelbahnen und Casinos dürfen in den Stufen 1 und 2 geöffnet bleiben, nicht jedoch in Tier 3.

Die Rückkehr nicht notwendiger Geschäfte wird von Unternehmensgruppen begrüßt, da sie für viele Einzelhändler zu Beginn des kritischen Weihnachtsgeschäfts steht.

Hochzeiten, Beerdigungen und Anbetung

Hochzeiten und Lebenspartnerschaften können mit nur 15 Gästen wieder aufgenommen werden, obwohl Hochzeitsempfänge in Tier 3 verboten sind.

30 Personen dürfen an Beerdigungen teilnehmen, aber nur 15 Personen können an einem Wake teilnehmen.

Kultstätten können in allen Ebenen für kollektive Anbetung wieder geöffnet werden, aber in den Ebenen 2 und 3 dürfen Personen nicht mit Personen außerhalb ihres Haushalts oder der Unterstützungsblase interagieren.

Turnhallen und Bewegung

Turnhallen und Schwimmbäder können in allen Ebenen wieder geöffnet werden.

In Tier 1 können Klassen und organisierter Erwachsenensport im Freien stattfinden, müssen jedoch in Innenräumen der Regel von sechs folgen.

Indoor-Kurse und organisierter Erwachsenensport können nicht in Tier 2 oder 3 stattfinden, wenn Interaktion mit verschiedenen Haushalten besteht.

In Tier 3 können Klassen und organisierter Erwachsenensport im Freien stattfinden. Es wird jedoch empfohlen, Kontaktaktivitäten mit höherem Risiko zu vermeiden.

Reise

In Tier 1 wird den Menschen gesagt, sie sollen gehen oder Fahrrad fahren, wo immer sie können, und Reisen in Tier 3-Gebiete vermeiden, es sei denn, eine solche Reise ist für die Arbeit oder für die Ausbildung erforderlich.

In Tier-2-Gebieten werden Personen gebeten, die Anzahl der von ihnen unternommenen Fahrten nach Möglichkeit zu verringern und Reisen in Tier-3-Gebiete mit Ausnahme von Arbeit oder Bildung zu vermeiden.

In Tier 3 werden Personen gebeten, das Verlassen des Gebiets zu vermeiden, es sei denn, dies ist für die Arbeit oder die Ausbildung erforderlich. Sie werden auch gebeten, die Anzahl der von ihnen unternommenen Fahrten nach Möglichkeit zu verringern.

Von zu Hause aus arbeiten

In den schlimmsten Monaten der Pandemie forderte die Regierung die Menschen auf, von zu Hause aus zu arbeiten, wo immer sie konnten, bevor sie im Sommer zu einer Rückkehr ins Büro ermutigten.

Die Leitlinien wurden im September erneut geändert, um zu Hause zu bleiben, und der Winterplan hält an diesem Ansatz fest.

Die Blaupause besagt, dass „Heimarbeit einen erheblichen Einfluss auf die Reduzierung der Übertragung haben kann, wenn alle, die von zu Hause aus arbeiten können, dies tun“.

Die Minister ermutigen nun alle Arbeitgeber, "ein höheres Maß an Heimarbeit zu ermöglichen", wobei die Regierung darauf besteht, dass "jeder, der von zu Hause aus arbeiten kann, dies tun sollte".

Spitzensport und Live-Auftritte

Großveranstaltungen – wie Theater- und Zuschauersport – sind in den Stufen 1 und 2 zulässig, jedoch mit Kapazitätsreduzierungen.

In Tier 3 sind sie weiterhin gesperrt, Drive-In-Veranstaltungen sind jedoch zulässig.

In Tier 1 wird die Zuschauerzahl auf 50 Prozent der Kapazität oder 4.000 im Freien und 1.000 im Innenbereich beschränkt, je nachdem, welcher Wert niedriger ist.

In Tier 2 werden die Zuschauerzahlen auf 50 Prozent der Kapazität oder 2.000 im Freien und 1.000 in Innenräumen festgelegt, je nachdem, welcher Wert niedriger ist.

Verhalten

Die Rückkehr zu einem abgestuften Ansatz ändert nichts an den Grundregeln, auf die sich die Regierung während eines Großteils der Pandemie verlassen hat.

Das bedeutet, dass die Minister die Menschen immer noch auffordern, in geschlossenen Räumen Gesichtsmasken zu tragen, soziale Distanz aufrechtzuerhalten und sich selbst zu isolieren, wenn eine Infektion vermutet oder bestätigt wird.

Der Winterplan besagt, dass die "Normalisierung dieser Verhaltensweisen zweifellos einen Einfluss auf die Verringerung der Ausbreitung des Virus hatte" und die fortgesetzte Einhaltung dieser Verhaltensweisen auch im Winter ebenso kritisch bleiben wird.

Die Regierung hält an ihrem grundlegenden Rat fest, den Menschen zu sagen, dass sie soziale Distanz bewahren und in geschlossenen Räumen Gesichtsbedeckungen tragen sollen

Die Regierung hält an ihrem grundlegenden Rat fest, den Menschen zu sagen, dass sie soziale Distanz bewahren und in geschlossenen Räumen Gesichtsbedeckungen tragen sollen

Weihnachten

The Government is currently working with the devolved administrations in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland to agree a single set of rules for the festive period.

The plans are expected to include a slight easing of restrictions to allow families to meet up for a specific number of days.

The plans are yet to be finalised but a formal announcement is expected later this week.

Mr Johnson said Christmas would not be 'normal' this year but recognised that 'time spent with loved ones is even more precious for people of all faiths and none' in a period of adversity.

Protecting the NHS and the Vulnerable

During the England-wide lockdown, people who are clinically extremely vulnerable have been told to take 'extra precautions' and to stay at home 'as much as possible'.

The end of lockdown will see the end of guidance to those people not to go to work or school.

Instead, the Government will reintroduce advice for the clinically extremely vulnerable based on which tier area they live in.

On the issue of social care, the Government is planning to act to prevent care home staff unwittingly transmitting the virus by moving between different sites.

Ministers are bringing forward legislation by the end of the year which will require all care home providers to restrict 'all but essential movement of staff between settings'.

Meanwhile, the NHS will be given an additional £205million of support for the winter period, including £80million to bring forward staff recruitment programmes.

The cash is in addition to the £1billion previously announced to help the NHS target a backlog of elective surgeries.

Ministers are hoping the England-wide lockdown will result in a fall in coronavirus hospital inpatients in the coming weeks

Ministers are hoping the England-wide lockdown will result in a fall in coronavirus hospital inpatients in the coming weeks

The above graph shows how the second wave of infections has hit the UK when compared to other European nations

The above graph shows how the second wave of infections has hit the UK when compared to other European nations

Keeping Education and the Economy Afloat

The Government's furlough scheme has already been extended to March next year as Chancellor Rishi Sunak tries to avoid a wave of redundancies over the winter months.

A self-employed income support scheme will remain in place until April while the Government's three main coronavirus business loan schemes will stay open until the end of January next year.

The Government has already spent more than £200billion on propping up UK PLC and that bill is likely to surge in the coming months.

On education, it remains the Government's priority to ensure schools, colleges and universities stay open.

The Winter Plan states: 'The policy in England is that education settings will remain open in all tiers.'

Ministers have promised that all schools and colleges will have access to coronavirus tests so that staff and students can get checked if they are unable to access testing by another route.

Every university in England has been offered access to rapid asymptomatic testing.It remains the Government's plan for exams to go ahead in England next summer.

Which areas will be plunged into Tier Three? Hull and much of the North West face toughest restrictions while London faces Tier Two and infections in Kent are spiking

Infection rates remain stubbornly high in areas across the country that will face Tier Three local lockdown rules when England's shutdown ends next week, with Hull, Kent and parts of the North West and Midlands in the firing line.

Swale district recorded 631.7 cases per 100,000 people for the week ended November 18. This was the result of an analysis of the latest figures from Public Health England. It marked a sharp rise from the 425.8 infections per 100,000 reported for the previous seven days.

The rising case rate means Swale will likely be plunged into a Tier Three lockdown when the national shutdown ends on December 2 unless the borough can drastically reduce its infection rate.

Meanwhile official data shows Hull, in East Yorkshire, is also in danger of being put in the high-risk category next month because the city is recording 615.1 cases per 100,000.

Boris Johnson today unveiled his winter Covid-19 road map to curb the spread of the virus, which includes a revamped tiered lockdown system from next month.

Under the new scheme, pubs and restaurants in areas in the highest category will only be able to offer takeaway and delivery services, while cinemas, bowling alleys and hotels will close.

Second tier residents must follow the rules previously in place at the highest Covid tier. This means that pubs can only serve alcohol with a "substantial meal".

Exactly which areas are being allocated into different tiers won't be announced until Thursday, but the PHE weekly infection rate data is normally one of the measurements used by officials.

London is set to go back into a Tier 2 lockdown when the second national lockdown ends on December 2 despite clear signs the already low infection rates across the capital have stalled and are dropping.

Corporations and MPs have called for the UK's largest city to be ranked Tier 1 to reclaim part of the billions the economy has lost since March, as the hotel industry warned 75 percent of pubs, restaurants and cafes not to go broke without freedom of opening go completely.

However, Boris Johnson is expected to ignore their pleas and leave London in Tier 2 – with stricter rules making it more similar to the current Tier 3 – when he announces on Thursday which regions of Tier England will be in. Mr Johnson unveiled the detailed lockdown ruled today via Zoom, where he is self-isolating.

The infection rates in the most affected London districts are still outside the top 100 in the ranking of the 317 authorities in England, according to the Department of Health. The seven-day average in London fell from 198.9 to 197.2 per 100,000 people yesterday on Saturday. The national average is currently 235.

As the PM set out his tier-strategy to the spring via Zoom, it also emerged today:

  • Oxford-AstraZeneca announces that the vaccine is 90% effective and can be kept in a regular refrigerator.
  • Boris Johnson reveals new rules for the lockdown level with pubs and restaurants reopening "on behalf only" – but gyms and Christmas shopping are back up. The levels that each region will be in from next month will be released on Thursday.
  • Ministers propose an extensive testing scheme to avoid the need for self-isolation when people have come into contact with infected individuals in order to win over rebels on the conservative backbenches.

The seven-day average infection rate in London is down to 197.2 per 100,000 residents yesterday from 198.9 on Saturday. The national average is currently 235.

The latest figures show the seven-day average infection rate in London is down to 197.2 per 100,000 residents yesterday from 198.9 on Saturday. The national average is currently 235.

Two weeks ago the average infection rates were largely lower than today - but the worst-hit London boroughs are still outside the top 100 in the league table of 317 authorities in England, Department of Health statistics show

Two weeks ago the average infection rates were largely lower than today – but the worst-hit London boroughs are still outside the top 100 in the league table of 317 authorities in England, Department of Health statistics show

Official testing data shows that coronavirus infection rates are falling across the North of England, where they were highest during the peak of the second wave, but they remain high in some areas of the West Midlands, Kent, Greater Manchester and Yorkshire (Darker colours indicate higher rates of positive tests per 100,000 people)

Official testing data shows that coronavirus infection rates are falling across the North of England, where they were highest during the peak of the second wave, but they remain high in some areas of the West Midlands, Kent, Greater Manchester and Yorkshire (Darker colours indicate higher rates of positive tests per 100,000 people)

Covent Garden in London is pictured on Friday. The capital is expected to return to stage two despite falling infection rates in many districts

Covent Garden in London is pictured on Friday. The capital is expected to return to stage two despite falling infection rates in many districts

The Garrick Arms Pub in Charing Cross is closed and boarded up and is one of the many pubs that were boarded up after the hospitality industry in the capital fell

The Garrick Arms Pub in Charing Cross is closed and boarded up and is one of the many pubs that were boarded up after the hospitality industry in the capital fell

Boris Johnson said he would reveal on Thursday which tiers will apply to each part of Britain, with no decision taken on whether London will go back into tier two until the 11th hour.

The move could depend on data on cases and the R number for transmission in the capital over the next few days.

However, the government is heavily criticized by politicians and business leaders when capital is classified in the higher tier three.

The return to the same "high" level as before November 5th means that unnecessary shops, pubs, restaurants and gyms in the capital are allowed to reopen. But the rules are expected to be tighter even than before, with pubs in Tier 2 only allowed to open if serving 'substantial meals' with drinks.

Jace Tyrrell, chief executive of New West End Company, told the Evening Standard: 'Reopening in a safe and sustainable way is vital to ensure that retailers and leisure operators get the best possible opportunity to make up some of the billions in lost trade this season. For this to be most effective, we hope the government will acknowledge the latest numbers we've seen in the capital and find it appropriate to place London in at least tier 2 if not tier 1. & # 39;

Tests Will Offer Freedom in SEVEN days: Boris Johnson will unveil plans to revolutionize £ 7 billion coronavirus screening to cut self-isolation time in half

Boris Johnson has confirmed plans for a £7billion mass testing revolution – cutting the time for those who have to self-isolate to one week if their results are negative.

The move allows thousands to get back to normal life even after coming into contact with an infected person.

Dozens of millions of fast turnaround tests are also being made available to areas that are at the highest level of the new tiered system of Covid restrictions.

Boris Johnson will today unveil plans for a £7billion mass testing revolution ¿ cutting the time for those who have to self-isolate to one week if their results are negative

Boris Johnson will today unveil plans for a £ 7 billion mass testing revolution. This cuts the time to a week for those who need to self-isolate if their results are negative

The program will employ new "Lateral Flow Tests" that have been tested in Liverpool and can produce results within 30 minutes.

Ministers believe they could revolutionize the testing and tracing system that has tried to get people to self-isolate for the entire 14 days.

With a new system, those who come in contact with an infected person can have a Covid test every day for a week.

If they test negative, they can live their lives as usual. After seven days of negative testing, they are released from the system. Trials of the program begin this week in Liverpool, where the Army has been involved in conducting the first mass tests of an entire city.

If successful, the project will roll out to NHS staff next month before being available to everyone in January.

Fast turnaround tests are also used to allow nursing home visits this winter. Downing Street confirmed last night that ministers hope to allow residents to have regular visits from two family members.

Named visitors are tested twice a week. Negative tests allow people to visit loved ones and remove social distancing requirements.

A spokesman for Number 10 said, "The key is that visitors can have physical contact, such as a hug or holding hands with loved ones."

Ahead of a national rollout planned for next month, trials have already started in 20 nursing homes.

Nurses caring for people in their homes will also be offered weekly tests starting today.

The mass destiny initiative is part of a new Covid winter plan announced today by the Prime Minister.

It is expected to cost £ 7 billion, bringing the total bill for NHS Test and Trace to £ 22 billion this year.

Ministers believe that mass testing could play a crucial role in helping society reopen in the coming months.

Plans are also being made to develop so-called "freedom passes" that allow people to participate in events such as live theater and sports games.

However, these will probably only be available in the new year.

In the short term, the tests will mainly be used to bring the pandemic under control.

Bulk testing will be made available to all areas that fall under the "very high risk" category of the updated three-tier system that the PM will introduce today.

The mass destiny initiative is part of a new Covid winter plan that is expected to cost £ 7 billion. That brings the total bill for NHS Test and Trace to £ 22 billion this year

The mass destiny initiative is part of a new Covid winter plan that is expected to cost £ 7 billion. That brings the total bill for NHS Test and Trace to £ 22 billion this year

According to sources, studies in Liverpool had shown the tests were effective in detecting cases in people with no symptoms, breaking the chain of transmission, and reducing the number of cases faster.

Weekly tests are also made available to those in high-risk occupations including prisons and food processing plants.

Teams of people who will deliver the new vaccines in the coming months can also be tested regularly.

Tests have already started twice a week in the NHS to identify asymptomatic cases and prevent outbreaks in hospitals.

The number of tests in nursing homes will be doubled from weekly to twice a week starting next month. Nursing home residents are offered weekly tests, not once a month.

Universities are also offered testing capacity to test students who are planning to travel home to their families for Christmas

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