The face of Bonnie Prince Charlie at the end of his life was revealed after a forensic artist created a digital portrait from his death mask.
As a romantic hero of art and literature, Prince Charles Edward Stuart, known as Young Pretender, led the French-backed Jacobite Rising from 1745.
His army, who wanted to regain his father's throne, was defeated by government forces at the Battle of Culloden near Inverness on April 16, 1746. He died at the age of 67 when he lived in Rome.
He is often portrayed as a charming young man in paintings, but the new picture is said to be a faithful representation of him in his older years.
Forensic artist Hew Morrison created the picture with a death mask at the West Highland Museum in Fort William and a photo of another copy of the mask at the Inverness Museum
Prince Charles's army, seeking to regain his father's throne, was defeated by government forces at the Battle of Culloden (pictured) near Inverness on April 16, 1746. He died at the age of 67 when he lived in Rome
Forensic artist Hew Morrison explained how he created the picture with a death mask at the West Highland Museum in Fort William and a photo of another copy of the mask at the Inverness Museum.
He said: “I saw the mask in the case and approached the museum with the idea of doing a digital reconstruction using modern artistic techniques.
“The inside of the death mask was smooth, possibly due to the plaster of time and copying from the original mask, so given his age, the alleged alcohol problem, and the fact that he had done it, I had to estimate a certain amount of wrinkling Stroke. & # 39;
Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobite Rebellion
Charles Edward Stuart or "Bonnie Prince Charlie" (December 31, 1720 – January 31, 1788) was the grandson of the deposed Catholic King James II, who fled from Orange to France in 1688 before Wilhelm's invading army.
The supporters of the deposed king and his descendants were called "Jacobites", the main fortress of which was the Scottish Highlands and Islands.
Charles Edward Stuart or "Bonnie Prince Charlie" was the grandson of the deposed Catholic King James II
Bonnie Prince Charlie became an icon of the Scots after the Jacobite uprising of 1745 when he attempted to conquer the throne of England by force.
At only 24, he sailed to the Outer Hebrides with a humble army to march on London and oust George II.
Stuart had remarkable early successes when he conquered Scotland and made it to Derby before they were finally defeated in the Battle of Culloden.
After his defeat, he fled to Europe and lived excessively in Rome before he died in 1788 at the age of 67.
When he died, any hope that the Jacobite cause had success was wiped out.
Mr. Morrison said the goal was to create a "true likeness" of the prince, especially his nose, which was shown as "crooked" in some copies of the death mask across the UK.
He believes the curvature was caused by motion during the casting process, but found an undamaged copy at Fort William.
He said, "I photographed her mask to scale and then placed the nose area over the scaled photo of the copy of the Inverness Museum."
This revealed the "face of a curious, strong, but heavily burdened character".
It is believed that this is the first time that a death mask has been used to create a facial reconstruction.
The picture is exhibited in the Inverness Museum.
A spokesman for High Life Highland said: "We believe that this new portrait is the only opportunity to come across a real resemblance to Bonnie Prince Charlie."
The young pretender's Jacobite rise came from a history of religious discontent in Britain with several attempts to overthrow Protestant rule.
The Jacobites were supporters of exiled Stuart King James II and his descendants after the glorious revolution – and their cause became something for almost everyone who resented the government.
James II ruled Great Britain from 1685 to 1689 – but because he was Roman Catholic, he was replaced by his daughter Mary and her husband, the Dutch prince William of Orange.
The Jacobites were fought in 1689 by the Williamites or Whigs, who were British who supported the Protestant cause and did not want a Catholic kingdom.
They had three major uprisings – the first under the leadership of Claverhouse's Bonnie Dundee John Graham in the same year, which was quickly put down.
The second was Mar & # 39; s Rebellion, or the "Fifteen" that followed the death of the last Stuart monarch, Queen Anne, and the accession of King George I in 1714.
Then the third of the "Forty-Five" was in 1745-46 when "Bonnie Prince Charlie" Charles Edward Stuart led a Scottish army against the Hanoverian dynasty.
With the support of the French, Charles Edward Stuart gathered the support of the Jacobites who wanted a Catholic king to return to the throne.
In June 1745 he then sailed from Nantes to Scotland. His forces captured Edinburgh on September 15th and then marched to England to conquer Carlisle and later Manchester.
However, the Jacobite forces were stopped in Derby and Charles was forced to order a withdrawal while awaiting help from the French.
This aid was not forthcoming and in April 1746 the Jacobites faced the British cannons and muskets over the Culloden bog.
With more than 1,200 dead in just an hour, it was the last battle on British soil.
He fled west to Culloden and was transported to the Outer Hebrides by boat on an eight-hour trip in terrible conditions.
He eventually sought shelter in a cave on Wiay known today as "Prince Charlie's Rest" while his followers were looking for the British Navy. He was brought fresh clothes and it appears that this was the first time the Prince was wearing Highland clothes.
The Jacobites faced the British cannons and muskets in the Culloden bog, including Bonnie Prince Charlie. With more than 1,200 dead in just an hour, it was the last battle on British soil
With more than 1,200 dead in just an hour, it was the last battle on British soil. An artistic impression of the battle is shown
He spent the next few weeks hiding and wearing several disguises. He lived like a citizen and ate Drammach, a kind of oatmeal mixed raw with sea water.
The prince finally got through to France and escaped to promise his remaining followers that he would return with an army.
He lived excessively in Rome before he died in 1788 at the age of 67. When he died, any hope that the Jacobite cause had success was wiped out.
The life and times of Bonnie Prince Charlie were recently brought to life in the Outlander television series.
Claire Randall, a married World War II nurse, is transferred back to Scotland, where she meets dashing Highland warrior Jamie Fraser and is involved in the Jacobite uprisings.
Both Claire and Jamie try to prevent the Battle of Culloden from ever taking place in the series, and to prevent Prince Charles, who was played by Nick Cutler, from ever claiming the British throne.
The life and times of Bonnie Prince Charlie were recently brought to life in the Outlander television series (Nick Cutler is shown as Prince Charlie). Claire Randall, a married World War II nurse, is transferred back to Scotland, where she meets dashing Highland warrior Jamie Fraser and is involved in the Jacobite uprisings
HOW WAS THE FACE OF & # 39; BONNIE PRINCE CHARLIE & # 39; RECOVERED?
Hew Morrison (pictured) created a new digital portrait of Bonnie Prince Charlie with his death mask
Forensic artist Hew Morrison created a new digital portrait of Bonnie Prince Charlie with his death mask kept in the Inverness Museum to create an impressive picture of Bonnie Prince Charlie when he died in 1788 at the age of 67.
Mr. Morrison, a graduate of Dundee University's Forensic Art MSc program, specializes in creating facial reconstructions.
Previously, he used human skulls as the basis for his work, which included a woman who died 3,700 years ago and was known as Ava.
He then uses anthropological data to build muscle, tissue and skin layers over the skull.
He brings this to life using computer software to create a face resemblance that covers the underlying structure.
In this case, Mr. Morrison used a bronze cast of the death mask as the basis for the shape and features of his computer-generated resemblance to the prince.
It is believed that this is the first time that a death mask has been used to create a facial reconstruction in this way.
He said, "He said," I saw the mask in the case and approached the museum with the idea of doing a digital reconstruction using modern, artistic techniques. "
. (tagsToTranslate) Dailymail (t) messages