Retailers have called for more clarity today after the government announced that face masks will be mandatory in all stores next week.
Shoppers who fail to meet a £ 100 fine as part of plans to stop a second wave of corona viruses.
Only young children or people with certain disabilities are exempt from the new regulations, which will enter into force on Friday, July 24th.
Retailers are asked to recommend wearing masks to customers, but their employees are not expected to enforce the law. Instead, the police are given the authority to issue fines.
The law stipulates that people must wear simple fabric facewear and not the medical masks used by NHS officials at the forefront.
However, sellers remain in the dark as to whether they need to wear a mask behind a plexiglass screen and how to deal with customers who don't follow the rules.
Ken Marsh, chairman of the Metropolitan Police Federation, which represents ordinary officials, said today that enforcing the mandatory masks is "almost impossible" and added, "We can't have police in front of every deal."
The UK retail consortium managing director, Helen Dickinson, said it was "not clear from the government's embassy overnight" what action businesses need to take.
She told BBC Radio 4's Today show that "more clarity is needed" on how to protect store workers from aggressive customers who refuse to wear face masks.
Meanwhile, the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, has admitted that one in ten people still refuses to wear a mask on public transport.
He said a suggestion that people who refused to wear face covering on the tube would not be punished or stopped was "not true".
Shoppers who fail to meet a £ 100 fine as part of plans to stop a second wave of corona viruses. Pictured: Prime Minister Boris Johnson wears a face mask during the corona virus while fighting in his Uxbridge constituency
Retailers are asked to recommend wearing masks to customers, but their employees are not expected to enforce the law. Pictured: Members of the public wear face masks when shopping on Edinburgh's Princess Street
Only young children or people with certain disabilities are exempt from the new regulations, which will enter into force on Friday, July 24th. Image: Pedestrians pass a John Lewis store in central London
Masks are already mandatory for public transport, and the Prime Minister indicated on Friday that the government is ready to extend the requirements to retail stores to control the spread of the virus
How the government's line of face covering has changed over the months
March 12th: Deputy chief physician Dr. Jenny Harries: For an average audience walking down a street, it's not a good idea. In fact, you can catch the virus in the mask and start inhaling.
April 16: Chief Medical Officer Professor Chris Whitty said, "Evidence is weak, but evidence of little effect is available in certain circumstances."
April 21: Revealed in the minutes of the meeting a month later, Sage advised: "All in all, there is enough evidence to support the recommendation to use fabric face masks for short periods of time in enclosed spaces where social distancing is not possible."
April 23: Dr. Jenny Harries said there could be "very, very little potential positive effect in some closed environments".
April 24: Health Minister Matt Hancock said: “With masks, science advances as more information comes in, and we always think about that science and then make the decision. The government position has remained unchanged to this day. & # 39;
April, 30th: Boris Johnson said: "I think face coverings will be useful, both for epidemiological reasons and to give people the confidence that they can work again."
May 20: Researchers in Hong Kong found that face masks reduced the infection by up to 75 percent.
June 4: Secretary of Transport Grant Shapps announced that faceguard will be mandatory for public transportation as of June 15. He said, "As more and more people use transportation, evidence suggests that wearing facewear offers some, if limited, protection against the spread of the virus."
June 5th: Health Minister Matt Hancock revealed plans to make face coverage compulsory for all employees, visitors and outpatients in hospitals starting June 15, but an angry NHS chief said the decision was made "without notice or consultation". In the meantime, Grant Shapps said that masks in other environments, such as shops, would not be necessary because people spend little time nearby.
June 12: German study suggests that the mandatory introduction of face masks could slow the spread of Covid-19 by up to 40 percent.
10th of July: The prime minister says the government "must insist more strictly that people wear facial covers in confined spaces". A government source later reports that it is a "fair assumption" that masks will become mandatory in stores and other interiors within a few weeks.
July 12: Michael Gove says that masks in shops in England will not be mandatory. He insists that it is best to trust the public, and wearing a face mask is a matter of "good manners."
July 13: Mr. Johnson says an announcement will be made "in the coming days" to improve recommendations on the use of facewear.
Environment Minister George Eustice has defended the delay in ordering mandatory use of facewear in shops in England.
He said to Sky News today: & # 39; The evidence, the understanding has evolved. That is why the World Health Organization changed its guidelines in June and the government subsequently changed its guidelines. We have recommended that people wear facial coverings in enclosed spaces when they are out and about.
“We then sharpened it and made it compulsory for public transport in mid-June. What we really have here is that since we are releasing the block and opening more venues, we need to take into account the mix of measures we have in place to limit the transmission and control the virus.
"And that's why we're taking this next step, that is, wearing masks in retail is mandatory."
Mr Eustice said that the mandatory use of face masks in England would apply to "all shops" but not to pubs and restaurants as he appeared to contravene the guidelines for hairdressers.
"Hairdressers, you always needed a mask," he said to Sky News.
However, the government's guidelines say, "It is not necessary for the client to wear additional protection, such as a mask or face cover, when the practitioner is wearing a visor."
Mr. Eustice added: “For example, we do not require wearing masks in pubs and restaurants because people obviously have to eat.
"We have further developed the measures we took when we came out of the block, and we have gradually tightened the guidelines for masks so that they are first binding on public transport, and now we are going to the next step to them binding in retail. & # 39;
The UK retail consortium said today that after days of "mixed messages" more "clarity" was needed when using facewear in stores in England.
Helen Dickinson told the Today program: “We assume that (store staff) doesn't need to wear a mask behind a screen. The whole point about face covering is that it is another level of damage limitation – we have social distancing, the importance of hygiene measures.
& # 39; In a retail environment, it takes a tremendous amount of time, resources, and investment to set up the infrastructure like these plexiglass screens, and it's completely different when a retail colleague has to wear a mask eight hours a day.
“The retailer's job is to promote compliance. However, when the boundaries become more difficult for people who work in retail, they are often at the forefront of this very small minority of people who don't or don't want to follow the rules, verbally aggressive towards the seller. & # 39;
Sadiq Khan, meanwhile, welcomed the government's about-face, making face covering compulsory in shops in England.
On BBC Radio 4's Today program, he said the evidence from experts was that the measure could make a "massive difference" in the fight against coronavirus.
He said: “The advice is that it is not possible to maintain social distance, especially if you are in closed rooms, shops, supermarkets and the like. Gyms are another good example. This small measure can make a big difference with other measures.
“If it is not practical to think of a pub, bar or restaurant, it shouldn't be mandatory in these places.
“Our law enforcement officers and the BTP have stopped 18,500 people in the region who have stopped traveling because they refuse to wear facewear, and in fact the fines that have been imposed so far are only 59.
"And during rush hour, we have more than 90% compliance."
Mr. Khan claimed that the government's concerns about the police standing in the streets and imposing fines were "wrongly motivated and misplaced".
He added, "The problem is not enforcement, the problem is the mixed messages and confused communication that have been the problem.
“The government needs to ensure that the test, traceability, and isolation system is fully operational. All of these things will result in consumer and public confidence having confidence in doing business again.
“Of course, if it's safe, I want people to go back to the fantastic culture we have in London, to their work, if it's safe.
“It is really important that the government keep track of things and ensure that the public has confidence that the virus is under control. Then you will see people returning to the stores and returning to work. & # 39;
The Daily Mail yesterday announced that the government has acquired ten production lines for factories that can produce five million masks a week.
Facials have been compulsory in public transport since June 15, and last Friday Scotland ordered buyers to wear them.
Government sources said that mask guidelines would be "checked" in other environments.
The government's move to make the face mask mandatory is as follows:
- The United Kingdom announced 11 more coronavirus deaths in the tentative daily toll, bringing the total number of victims to 44,840.
- More than 100 outbreaks of corona viruses in schools, businesses and pubs are treated "quickly and tacitly" every week in the UK, Health Minister Matt Hancock said.
- The urge to take workers back from the coronavirus block to the office encountered a roadblock after some of the country's largest companies said only 40 percent would return from home.
- Councils in England are preparing to cut jobs and services significantly after losing income from investments in airports, cinemas and offices as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.
- The British pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca is preparing to start human trials with an antibody treatment that could protect old and vulnerable people from coronaviruses.
- Beauty salons, nail poles and tattoo shops in England were opened for the first time in four months as part of the recent easing of the restriction.
- Immunity to Covid-19 could be lost in months, according to studies suggesting that the virus could infect humans annually. like the flu.
The move can anger those who find it uncomfortable or dislike the idea of state compulsion.
A Libertarian Tory MP has already vowed to stop shopping instead of wearing a mask.
But Boris Johnson said yesterday that they are important as "some kind of additional insurance" in a confined space.
A spokesman for Downing Street said, “There is growing evidence that wearing face covering in an enclosed space helps protect people and their surroundings from coronaviruses.
"The prime minister knew that people should wear facewear in stores, and we will make this mandatory from July 24th."
The move follows days of confusion over the government's stance on the issue.
Cabinet Minister Michael Gove said on Sunday that wearing masks in stores is "basic good manners" but is not mandatory.
He said it was "always better to trust people's common sense".
A Whitehall source downplayed the idea of splitting the cabinet, but admitted that Mr. Gove's intervention was "not helpful."
Mr. Johnson, initially skeptical of face masks, said yesterday that there is growing evidence that they could help slow the spread of the coronavirus.
During a visit to the London Ambulance Service yesterday, the prime minister, wearing a mask, said they had "a lot of value in a confined space" where people come into contact with people they don't normally meet.
He added, "As the virus becomes more common and we are more and more successful, I think face coverings are a kind of additional insurance that we can all use to prevent it from coming back out of control."
In many European countries, face masks have been mandatory in stores for months. The Czech Republic introduced the requirement on March 18, Austria on April 6, Germany on April 22, France on May 10 and Spain on May 20.
In the UK, both government scientists and ministers have questioned their value.
In March, deputy chief physician Jenny Harries said that wearing a mask could "catch" the virus and make the person wearing it inhale it.
"For an average crowd walking down a street, it's not a good idea to wear a face mask," she added.
However, scientists have changed their minds as evidence of the risk of asymptomatic airborne transmission has increased. Officials now believe that face coverings can help prevent the virus from spreading, especially if they don't know they have it.
The President of the Royal Society, Dr. Venki Ramakrishnan said yesterday that the evidence is "now pretty strong for the use of face covers in enclosed spaces where we are likely to come into contact with strangers".
He added: “The government should be very clear. It is not consistent to make it binding on public transportation and not to make it binding on other closed and busy public spaces because the behavior of the virus is the same in all of these spaces. & # 39;
The move is part of a larger plan to open the economy and give consumers the confidence to spend money.
Downing Street confirmed yesterday that official advice on where to work from home wherever possible is currently under review. The Prime Minister said last week that people should "start working now if they can".
Mr. Johnson plans to set up a new “road map” this week that includes a nine-month schedule for easing social detachment measures in the hope of giving people confidence to return to an almost normal life.
But Tory MP Sir Christopher Chope said the mask policy would have the opposite effect. At the weekend, he said, "I don't think I will go to shops if they impose a condition that people wear masks."
James Daunt, managing director of bookseller Waterstones, said yesterday that asking customers to wear a face mask is not a problem.
He told Radio 4 Today today, "If it calms people, it's a perfectly sensible move."
But Mr. Daunt said that employees working in his chain of stores could not be asked to monitor the policies. "There will be a tiny minority of people who will be confrontational about it, and it is not the position of store workers to enter this situation," he said.
Jonathan Ashworth, spokesman for occupational health, said the government's policies are mixed up.
He added: "Why have ministers made a slow decision again in this pandemic, and why will it take another eleven days for these new guidelines to come into force?"
Eight out of ten Covid-19 patients died in an English hospital because NHS data show "large" differences in mortality rates across the country, with less than half surviving in 11 trusts
By Sam Blanchard Senior Health Reporter for MailOnline
According to shocking data, coronavirus death rates in NHS hospitals in England vary massively.
Eight out of ten infected patients died in a hospital in the South West – but only 12.5 percent succumbed to the disease in a London trust.
The data seen by The Guardian showed that more than half of Covid-19 patients died in at least 11 hospital trusts across the country.
Data from a study presented to government scientists last month showed that hospital mortality in the UK averaged 28 percent.
However, information sent to senior doctors that is officially disputed by the NHS shows that this varies widely between hospitals.
26 NHS trusts had a mortality rate of less than a quarter – between 12.5 and 25 percent. However, rates were higher for the remaining 109.
Experts said that the enormous inequality in mortality rates did not necessarily mean that patients were treated less well, but that this could be a result of the population in the region or the number of patients they treated.
Older people die from coronaviruses more often, and there are far more older people in some regions – for example, the average age in the South West is eight years higher than in London.
NHS England said it had not produced any data – the newspaper said it was age-adjusted – and that it was "experimental".
For comparison: The national mortality rate for all people who tested positive – not just for hospital patients – is 4.2 percent in the USA, 4.6 percent in Germany and 15.5 percent in the UK. The infection is believed to kill approximately 1 percent of all cases – but not everyone infected with the virus is detected.
Hospitals across the country have different coronavirus mortality rates according to secret NHS data (archive image)
The NHS data showed that two of the five hospital trusts with the highest mortality rates were in the southwest – one at 80 percent and one at 62 percent.
Certain trusts were not mentioned in the report, The Guardian said, and were only mentioned by the region in which they were located.
Other hospitals where more than half of the patients died were one in the North West (68 percent), the East of England (60 percent) and one in London (54 percent).
Three of the lowest mortality hospitals were in London – at 12.5, 14 and 15 percent – as well as one in the Midlands (13 percent) and one in the South East (15 percent).
Dr. Alison Pittard, director of the Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine, told the newspaper: “It's a big variation, a wide range.
HOW DO OFFICIAL DEATH PRICES COMPARE BY REGION?
Public Health England publishes weekly reports showing the total number of people diagnosed and the total number of deaths in each region.
This should include all hospital patients, but also people who tested positive and died outside the hospital.
Here's how the regions break up:
- London (19.8%)
- West Midlands (19.6%)
- East England (18.6%)
- Southwest (16%)
- Southeast (15.9%)
- Northeast (15.6%)
- Northwest (15.4%)
- East Midlands (14.8%)
- Yorkshire & The Humber (13%)
"I am surprised at the degree of variation. A spread between 12.5 and 80 percent is quite strong. & # 39;
She added: "We know that poorer communities and BAME communities are at higher risk of mortality, so if a trust is in a range of people at higher risk, you would expect the trust's Covid-related mortality rate to be higher. "
The exact factors that have played a role in some NHS trusts with significantly higher mortality rates are not clear.
The ethnicity of patients in the area of an NHS trust, their prosperity and their general health contribute to this.
Data has shown that non-whites, poorer people and people with pre-existing health conditions die more often when they catch Covid-19.
Hospitals with a small number of patients can also have an artificially high mortality rate, since increasing the mortality rate could significantly increase the average.
The NHS data give a breakdown of 135 large hospital trusts across the country and calculate how many of the diagnosed patients died to receive a death rate.
However, it is not open to the public, so it is not known whether hospitals in some regions had significantly more deaths than others.
NHS England denied having created the data.
One statement said: “We do not recognize these numbers, which appear to be an experimental analysis of unverified data, but there is now a wide range of published data on the role that health inequalities play, including pre-existing conditions and other health determinants , have played when it comes to the effects of Covid, including ONS and PHE.
"The NHS is speeding up work to address health inequalities and will soon offer local services a range of measures that they should incorporate into their plans for the coming months."
Public Health England publishes weekly data showing how deaths are broken down by region, showing that London has the highest overall mortality rate among all patients.
In the capital, 19.8 percent of people – not necessarily all hospitalized – died of the virus, compared with 19.6 percent in the West Midlands and 18.6 percent in the East of England.
The lowest regional mortality rate was found in Yorkshire and The Humber, where 13 percent of the officially diagnosed people died.
The other regions had mortality rates of 16 percent in the southwest, 15.9 percent in the southeast, 15.6 percent in the northeast, 15.4 percent in the northwest, and 14.8 percent in the East Midlands.
Separate regional data from Public Health England show that London has the highest mortality rate among people who have been officially tested positive for Covid-19. 19.8 percent of the patients died there
Government papers released last week after being presented to officials in June showed that the average mortality rate in hospitals across the UK was just over a quarter.
A study of 64,066 hospitalized patients with Covid-19 in the UK found that 28 percent of them – more than one in four – die from the disease.
The deaths were higher in ICU people, 35 percent of whom had succumbed to the disease, and even higher in people who needed ventilation – 42 percent.
The COVID-19 Clinical Information Network (CO-CIN), made up of university professionals from across the UK, presented the results on June 22nd to SAGE – the Scientific Advisory Group on Emergencies.
The study found that people spend an average of nine days in the hospital if they are ingested with coronavirus or caught in a ward.
About 16 percent of patients require high flow oxygen therapy to be able to breathe.
The most common symptoms in hospitalized patients are cough (63 percent), fever (62 percent), and shortness of breath (61 percent) – but a worrying one in 16 people (6 percent) said they had no symptoms. Overall, the study found.
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|SUSSEX COMMUNITY NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||18th|
|ESSEX PARTNERSHIP UNIVERSITY NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||17th|
|EAST LONDON NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||17th|
|DERBYSHIRE COMMUNITY HEALTH SERVICES VERTRAUEN DER NHS-STIFTUNG||17th|
|SOUTHERN HEALTH NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||17th|
|DORSET HEALTHCARE UNIVERSITY NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||16|
|SHROPSHIRE COMMUNITY GESUNDHEIT NHS VERTRAUEN||fifteen|
|DAS VERTRAUEN DER ROYAL ORTHOPEDIC HOSPITAL NHS FOUNDATION||fifteen|
|NOTTINGHAMSHIRE HEALTHCARE NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||13|
|CITY GESUNDHEITSPARTNERSCHAFT CIC – EAST RIDING COMMUNITY HOSPITAL||13|
|DAS VERTRAUEN DER CHRISTIE NHS FOUNDATION||13|
|MIDLANDS PARTNERSHIP NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||12th|
|NORTHAMPTONSHIRE HEALTHCARE NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||11|
|HERTFORDSHIRE PARTNERSHIP UNIVERSITY NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||10th|
|CENTRAL LONDON COMMUNITY GESUNDHEITSWESEN NHS VERTRAUEN||10th|
|Königliches Krankenhaus für Neuro-Behinderung West Hill||10th|
|DAS WALTON CENTER NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||10th|
|HCA UK – Das Wellington Hospital North Gebäude||9|
|Krankenhaus von St. John & St. Elizabeth – Krankenhaus von St. John & St. Elizabeth||9|
|GRÖSSERES MANCHESTER MENTAL HEALTH NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||9|
|HERTFORDSHIRE COMMUNITY NHS VERTRAUEN||8th|
|CUMBRIA, NORTHUMBERLAND, TYNE UND WEAR NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||7|
|TEES, ESK UND WEAR VALLEYS NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||7|
|PROVIDE – BRAINTREE COMMUNITY HOSPITAL||6|
|ZENTRALES UND NORDWESTLONDON NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||6|
|Die Londoner Klinik – 20 Devonshire Place||6|
|NORTH STAFFORDSHIRE KOMBINIERTE GESUNDHEITSWESEN NHS-VERTRAUEN||6|
|NHS NIGHTINGALE KRANKENHAUS NORDWESTEN||6|
|PENNINE CARE NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||6|
|TAUNTON UND SOMERSET NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||6|
|ROBERT JONES UND AGNES JAGEN ORTHOPÄDISCHES KRANKENHAUS NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||5|
|WILTSHIRE GESUNDHEIT & PFLEGE – SAVERNAKE COMMUNITY HOSPITAL||5|
|ANGLIAN COMMUNITY ENTERPRISE CIC – CLACTON KRANKENHAUS||4|
|NHS NIGHTINGALE KRANKENHAUS LONDON||4|
|OXLEAS NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||4|
|ROYAL NATIONAL ORTHOPEDIC HOSPITAL NHS VERTRAUEN||4|
|WEST LONDON NHS VERTRAUEN||4|
|LEEDS UND YORK PARTNERSHIP NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||4|
|ROTHERHAM DONCASTER UND SOUTH HUMBER NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||4|
|VERTRAUEN DER NHS-STIFTUNG VON ALDER HEY CHILDREN||4|
|CHESHIRE UND WIRRAL PARTNERSHIP NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||4|
|VIRGIN CARE LTD – PAULTON MEMORIAL KRANKENHAUS||4|
|EAST COAST COMMUNITY GESUNDHEITSWESEN – BECCLES HOSPITAL||3rd|
|LINCOLNSHIRE COMMUNITY GESUNDHEITSDIENSTLEISTUNGEN NHS TRUST||3rd|
|MERSEY CARE NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||3rd|
|Central Surrey Health – WALTON GEMEINSCHAFTSKRANKENHAUS||3rd|
|NORFOLK UND SUFFOLK NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||2nd|
|PROVIDE – ST PETERS KRANKENHAUS||2nd|
|HCA UK – London Bridge||2nd|
|HCA UK – Die Prinzessin Grace||2nd|
|SÜDLONDON UND MAUDSLEY NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||2nd|
|DERBYSHIRE HEALTHCARE NHS FOUNDATION VERTRAUEN||2nd|
|BRADFORD DISTRICT CARE NHS STIFTUNG VERTRAUEN||2nd|
|Sheffield Gesundheits- und Sozialfürsorge NHS Foundation Trust||2nd|
|BMI Healthcare – Mount Alvernia||2nd|
|Oldercare (Haslemere) Limited – ST MAGNUS KRANKENHAUS||2nd|
|VIRGIN CARE SERVICES LTD – KRANKENHAUS DER SHEPPEY-GEMEINSCHAFT||2nd|
|LIVEWELL SOUTHWEST – MOUNT GOULD HOSPITAL||2nd|
|WESTON AREA GESUNDHEIT NHS VERTRAUEN||2nd|
|WILTSHIRE GESUNDHEIT & PFLEGE – CHIPPENHAM COMMUNITY HOSPITAL||2nd|
|WILTSHIRE GESUNDHEIT & PFLEGE – WARMINSTER COMMUNITY HOSPITAL||2nd|
|CAMBRIDGESHIRE UND PETERBOROUGH NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||1|
|Elysium Healthcare Limited||1|
|PROVIDE – HALSTEAD HOSPITAL||1|
|HCA UK – The Lister||1|
|LINCOLNSHIRE PARTNERSHIP NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||1|
|Ramsay Health UK – Nottingham Woodthorpe||1|
|HUMBER TEACHING NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||1|
|SHEFFIELD CHILDREN'S NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||1|
|NORTH WEST BOROUGHS HEALTHCARE NHS FOUNDATION TRUST||1|
|Central Surrey Health – WOKING COMMUNITY HOSPITAL||1|
|KENT AND MEDWAY NHS AND SOCIAL CARE PARTNERSHIP TRUST||1|
|Nuffield Health – Woking||1|
|VIRGIN CARE SERVICES LTD – LIVINGSTONE COMMUNITY HOSPITAL||1|
|Cygnet Health Care Limited||1|
|VIRGIN CARE LTD – ST MARTINS HOSPITAL||1|
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