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Anti-maskers double up by claiming that facegear as a "total gossip trap" is critical.


Anti-maskers have doubled in their crusade, claiming that face coverings are essential to prevent further blocking as a "complete gossip trap".

Lara Crabb caught attention yesterday after uploading a video of herself on social media saying that people avoided her "like the plague" while shopping in a farm shop and a Tesco store. Branch in Devon filmed without masking nose and mouth.

And today she went to Twitter to continue to stand up against those who disagree with her and called a woman's thoughts "a complete gossip trap."

The woman initially wrote: “There are indications that this is an essential part of the measures to prevent the need to be locked again, but only effective if most people do. I don't really feel like going back to the lockdown, do I? & # 39;

The government's new binding decision that face masks must be worn in stores has sparked a heated debate between pro and anti-maskers.

And the Antis, led by a man named Simon Dolan, have so far managed to raise £ 225,323 in legal fees to “challenge the UK government's ban”.

Anti-maskers have doubled in their crusade, claiming that face coverings are important to stop further blocking as a "complete gossip".

Anti-Masker, led by a man named Simon Dolan, have so far managed £ 225,323 for legal fees for one

Anti-Masker, led by a man named Simon Dolan, has so far managed to raise £ 225,323 in attorney fees for a "challenge against the UK government's ban".

An easy immersion of buyers as facewear is becoming mandatory in England

Customers seemed a little more cautious on the day that wearing facewear became mandatory in England's stores.

The number of shoppers fell 0.2% on Friday compared to the previous Friday after traffic to shops and supermarkets increased relatively steadily during the week.

Friday was the first day that UK buyers were legally required to wear a face covering or risk being fined.

Anyone who breaks the rules without exception faces a £ 100 fine – reduced to £ 50 if paid quickly.

Data from retail news agency Springboard showed that visitor numbers in England have declined compared to moderate growth among buyers in other parts of the UK, which have different face covering regulations.

Traffic to shops increased Friday by 5.9% in Scotland, 2% in Northern Ireland and 1.7% in Wales.

Springboard's Marketing and Insights director Diane Wehrle said: "It appears that buyers were careful when traveling on the first day of the mandatory wearing of masks in stores and closed destinations in England."

But she added, "Visitor numbers could increase over the next few days and weeks if consumers get used to wearing masks."

Encouraging for other retailers, Scotland – the fastest growing country – made mandatory facewear in stores on July 10th.

Face masks are recommended in Wales in situations where "social distancing is not possible" but is not yet mandatory in shops.

They will be mandatory on Welsh public transport networks from Monday.

Northern Ireland mandated facial coverings for public transport on July 10th, and these could be required by law in shops if the public does not voluntarily use them in significant numbers.

Despite the easing of the blocking measures, Friday's retail frequency in the UK was still down between 36% and 41% year-on-year.

Mr. Dolan said: "We believe that the government has acted illegally and disproportionately because of the blocking of COVID 19 and we are taking action.

"By forcing people to stay at home and forcing companies to close down, we believe that they are violating fundamental human rights offered by English law, the right to enjoy your property peacefully."

Mr Dolan made the appeal in early May because he believes that "blocking has and will have devastating economic effects".

He added: “It has and will lead to far more deaths from suicide, undiagnosed and untreated conditions – in fact, far more than the lock could have saved.

“What we want to achieve with this case is simply the freedom of the individual – the freedom to visit friends, make a living, essentially socialize freedom of choice. Of course, this also includes the freedom to stay indoors – should you decide. & # 39;

It comes when a deafblind woman and her teenage sister were insulted on a train after the young girl briefly lowered her face mask so that her older siblings could read her lips.

Karolina Pakenaite, who has Usher syndrome, traveled to Southport with her 16-year-old sister Saule and her guide dog when they were faced with another passenger.

Despite the explanation that the condition of the 24-year-old Ms. Pakenaite meant that she was both hearing impaired and visually impaired, the woman refused to accept her explanation.

Their ordeal was recorded on a cell phone when they boarded a Merseyrail train from Liverpool Central on July 16.

The woman can be heard in the two-minute clip in which she asks if Ms. Pakenaite was really deaf-blind after answering her comments.

Retail data shows that customers were a little more cautious on the day that face wear became mandatory in England's stores.

The number of shoppers fell 0.2% on Friday compared to the previous Friday after traffic to shops and supermarkets increased relatively steadily during the week.

Friday was the first day that UK buyers were legally required to wear a face covering or risk being fined.

Anyone who breaks the rules without exception faces a £ 100 fine – reduced to £ 50 if paid quickly.

Data from retail news agency Springboard showed that visitor numbers in England have declined compared to moderate growth among buyers in other parts of the UK, which have different face covering regulations.

Traffic to shops increased Friday by 5.9% in Scotland, 2% in Northern Ireland and 1.7% in Wales.

Springboard's Marketing and Insights director Diane Wehrle said: "It appears that buyers were careful when traveling on the first day of the mandatory wearing of masks in stores and closed destinations in England."

But she added, "Visitor numbers could increase over the next few days and weeks if consumers get used to wearing masks."

Encouraging for other retailers, Scotland – the fastest growing country – made mandatory facewear in stores on July 10th.

Face masks are recommended in Wales in situations where "social distancing is not possible" but is not yet mandatory in shops.

They will be mandatory on Welsh public transport networks from Monday.

Northern Ireland mandated facial coverings for public transport on July 10th, and these could be required by law in shops if the public does not voluntarily use them in significant numbers.

Despite the easing of the blocking measures, Friday's retail frequency in the UK was still down between 36% and 41% year-on-year.

Mr. Dolan said:

Mr. Dolan said: "We believe that the government has acted illegally and disproportionately because of the blocking of COVID 19, and we are taking action."

Lara Crabb, whose social media links to a website of the anti-lockdown group Keep Britain Free, tweeted yesterday that she

Lara Crabb, whose social media links to the anti-lockdown group Keep Britain Free's website, tweeted yesterday that she "never clapped for the NHS" and said, "They are paid to do their job. "

The government's new binding decision that face masks must be worn in stores sparked a heated debate between pro and anti-maskers

The government's new binding decision that face masks must be worn in stores sparked a heated debate between pro and anti-maskers

Around 16,162 Britons have signed a petition calling on the government to "overturn the decision to introduce mandatory facewear in English stores".

The petition, launched by a man named George Froud, says: “The introduction of mandatory face masks in English shops could have a very negative impact on the British economy.

& # 39; This decision could prevent many people from shopping in retail and could significantly hamper the general economic recovery following the UK's easing of the blockage.

“The mandatory introduction of face masks in stores could force retailers into financial difficulties due to a drop in visitor numbers and revenue. This could lead to mass unemployment across retail. & # 39;

The petition was brought to light after brazen buyers were on social media yesterday to film themselves for violating government rules by not wearing a mask in stores.

New rules were introduced yesterday across England, making face wear compulsory in shops, banks and shopping centers.

Around 16,171 Britons have signed a petition calling on the government to "overturn the decision to introduce mandatory facewear in English stores."

Around 16,171 Britons have signed a petition calling on the government to "overturn the decision to introduce mandatory facewear in English stores."

But the verdict left thousands in their arms and made them proudly walk through shops yesterday without covering a face.

Lara Crabb spoke of people who avoid her "like the plague" when filming herself while shopping in a farm shop and a Tesco store in Devon without covering her nose and mouth with a mask.

Meanwhile, tattoo artist Aron Walton filmed himself when he walked into a Sainsbury's branch without a face mask, which he dismissed as useless, saying he could not enforce the new policy.

In London a Twitter account under the nickname & # 39; Mr. Grunter & # 39; filmed the moment he entered a boot shop and asked a security guard if he could enter without a face mask because he claimed he could not wear a mask.

And a shocking video on Facebook titled "Play Your Own Rules" shows Reis asked Daniel to wear a mask at Sainsbury's before grabbing a bag of candy without paying and running out of the shop laughing.

The videos were uploaded when shoppers in other parts of England confronted other customers not to wear masks, while McDonald & # 39; s employees kicked out the guests for not hiding their faces.

People in England now have to wear masks in all shops, train stations, banks and post offices, although there is confusion with different companies that have different guidelines for covers – and whether customers should be forced to wear them or not.

Sainsbury's, Asda, Co-Op, and Costa Coffee are among the companies that say they don't monitor the coronavirus rules that require people to cover their faces in all transportation hubs, shopping centers, and gas stations.

McDonald & # 39; s, however, enforces the rules. Customers in a branch in Chelmsford, Essex have to leave the fast food restaurant because they do not wear a face mask.

In the meantime, customers reported that fighting broke out in supermarkets and masked buyers were confronted with those who weren't wearing blankets. One person wrote: & # 39; 10:05 a.m. I entered Sainsbury & # 39; s, 10:08 a.m. There is a fight on the second island because someone has not put on a mask and the lady panicked with her child and yelled at the anti-masker. Bottom line? Lady takes a tub of double cream and throws it in their face. «

It comes as:

  • Boris Johnson admitted that his government could have done things "differently" at the start of the pandemic;
  • A Tory peer and health minister yesterday suggested that gloves could also become mandatory when shopping.
  • Nursing Minister Helen Whately defended the short-term guidance announcement yesterday;
  • Health Minister Matt Hancock said the move is important to prevent a second wave of coronavirus.
  • Union leaders have voiced fears that the new face covering regulations could endanger the safety of workers.
Lara Crabb spoke of people who avoid her "like the plague" when filming herself while shopping in a farm shop and a Tesco store in Devon without covering her nose and mouth with a mask

Tattoo artist Aron Walton filmed himself when he walked into a Sainsbury branch that he dismissed as useless because he told employees they couldn't enforce the new policy

Lara Crabb spoke of people who avoid her "like the plague" when filming herself while shopping in a farm shop and a Tesco store in Devon without covering her nose and mouth with a mask. Meanwhile, tattoo artist Aron Walton filmed himself without a face when entering a Sainsbury branch when he told employees they couldn't enforce the new policy

Boris Johnson admits that the government "could have done things differently" in the early stages of the coronavirus outbreak, saying that the ministers "did not understand" for MONTH, but denies acting too slowly

Boris Johnson admitted tonight that his government could have done things "differently" early in the coronavirus pandemic – but denied being too slow to work when the deadly disease hit the nation.

In an interview on the occasion of one year since he was appointed Tory leader and prime minister, he admitted that politicians and scientists in spring did not understand the virus as we would have liked.

Mr Johnson has been under a lot of pressure in recent weeks as to whether the blockade began early enough after senior scientific advisor Sir Patrick Vallance informed MPs that they wanted to introduce it a week before its entry into force on March 23.

Speaking to the BBC this evening, Mr. Johnson said, "If you look back at this crisis, everyone can see that this was something new that we didn't understand as we would have liked in the first few months.

"And I think probably the only thing we didn't see in the beginning was the extent to which it was asymptomatically transmitted from person to person.

“We and nobody knew that. But … by the way, there will be plenty of time to look back at all the other things we need to learn, and there will be an opportunity to do so. & # 39;

When asked if his administration had acted slowly, he added, "No, on the contrary, no, if you look at the timing of every piece of advice we got from our Sage consultants, you'll find out whenever they said that we had to take a certain step, actually we followed this advice like glue. & # 39;

Ms. Crabb, whose social media profile is linked to a website for the Keep Britain Free anti-lockdown campaign group, uploaded her anti-mask crusade videos yesterday morning.

After shopping in a local farm shop without a mask, she told how other buyers "avoid me like the plague" and "drive cars around me as if I were a big obstacle", adding, "You can somehow see In People's eyes are so sad what they think when they see you without a mask.

Ms. Crabb, wearing a hat and pink top, said she had "never felt so uncomfortable in a shop in my whole life" and noticed that the "staff was fantastic" and "looked at me like a normal customer" .

Facebook user Aron Walton filmed himself with a grin on his face in a Sainsbury's store when he asked an employee what the guidelines were before telling him that the rule could not be enforced.

Twitter account & # 39; Mr. Grunt & # 39; recorded a video of the moment he approached a boat shop and asked the masked security guard if he could enter, to which the security guard replied, "Yes, there are masks over there."

In the video titled & # 39; Well done @BootsUK! #NoMasks & # 39; says the man, & # 39; I can't wear a mask, is that okay before the masked security guard answers? Yes, that's fine ’.

And in London, Facebook user Reis Daniel says: "Damn it, I'm going in" before a Sainsbury employee tells him that he can't go to the store without cover.

Mr. Daniel replies "man, that's rough" before grabbing a bag of candy at the cash register without paying and sprinting out of the shop laughing.

According to the rules, customers who enter banks are also required to wear a mask, but small children and people with illnesses affected by masks are not allowed to wear them.

The police are now asking the shops to deny access to people without a face covering. John Apter, President of the Police Federation of England and Wales, said: “I would like to urge retailers to do their part to make the rules crystal clear – if you don't wear a face mask, don't come in. The officials will be there to help the business if necessary – but only as a last resort because we simply don't have the resources. & # 39;

Regarding those who may have exceptions, Mr. Apter added: “If you go shopping today and see someone who doesn't have a face, it may be because they have a hidden disability. Don't jump to conclusions, don't try them. This is new for all of us, it is about protecting each other. Please be nice! & # 39;

There was confusion within hours of the new rules coming into force. Buyer Alan Gregg claimed he was shopping at a Tesco store in Balby, South Yorkshire at 6 a.m. yesterday morning, ”and the lady at the door told me that face masks were not mandatory in this store & # 39; . Tesco was asked to comment.

Another Twitter user told Costa Coffee that he was boycotting their stores and said, "Because of your stance on face masks, I won't use your outlets anymore, even though I've been a customer longer than I can remember."

Failure to comply can result in a fine of £ 100, although the police have indicated that they will respond only as a "last resort". Scotland Yard hopes that buyers who refuse to wear masks will be "embarrassed" about compliance.

A mask can only be removed from a store for a few reasons, e.g. For example, because employees can verify a person's identity or age, or communicate with a deaf lip reader. Business employees do not have to wear covers, but it is strongly recommended that employers ask them to do so unless they have other precautions such as screens.

A buyer who wears a mask in a supermarket in London becomes a duty in shops and supermarkets in England

A buyer who wears a mask in a supermarket in London becomes a duty in shops and supermarkets in England

McDonald & # 39; s enforces the rules. Customers in a branch in Chelmsford, Essex, have to go because they are not wearing a mask. Pictured is a Manchester McDonald’s

McDonald & # 39; s enforces the rules. Customers in a branch in Chelmsford, Essex, have to go because they are not wearing a mask. Pictured is a Manchester McDonald’s

A buyer leaves Tesco on Goodge Street in central London and is not wearing a face mask despite yesterday's new rules. Infants and people with diseases affected by a mask are exempt from the regulations

A buyer leaves Tesco on Goodge Street in central London and is not wearing a face mask despite yesterday's new rules. Infants and people with diseases affected by a mask are exempt from the regulations

A man leaves a B&M Bargains store in Slough, Berkshire without wearing a face mask after the new rules were introduced overnight

A customer leaves the Londis gas station store in Chirton, North Tyneside yesterday morning without wearing a face mask

People leave a B & M store in Slough (left) and a Londis gas station store in Chirton, North Tyneside (right) without a mask

Some people wear masks while others aren't in a Pret a Manger store in London yesterday morning after the new rules were introduced. The new face covering guidelines will be required in take-away sandwich shops like Pret

Some people wear masks while others aren't in a Pret a Manger store in London yesterday morning after the new rules were introduced. The new face covering guidelines will be required in take-away sandwich shops like Pret

Some buyers wear masks, others don't when they leave a Tesco store on Goodge Street in London yesterday morning

A woman is not wearing a mask when she leaves Tesco in London

Some buyers wear masks, others don't when they leave a Tesco store on Goodge Street in London yesterday morning

Martin Mac tweeted this picture yesterday morning of two people wearing face masks at Williams & Co Trade Only Sanitary and Heating Supplies in Basingstoke, Hampshire

Martin Mac tweeted this picture yesterday morning of two people wearing face masks at Williams & Co Trade Only Sanitary and Heating Supplies in Basingstoke, Hampshire

Shoppers visit the Tesco Extra store in Shieldfield, Newcastle yesterday morning and buy groceries without a face mask

A buyer leaves a Tesco store without wearing a face mask

Shoppers visit the Tesco Extra store in Shieldfield, Newcastle yesterday morning and buy groceries without a face mask

One woman wears a face mask in a Lidl in Camden Town, while another walks without one while the two meet in the store

One woman wears a face mask in a Lidl in Camden Town, while another walks without one while the two meet in the store

Shoppers seen in Camden Town supermarkets without a face mask after becoming mandatory in all stores

Shoppers seen in Camden Town supermarkets without a face mask after becoming mandatory in all stores

Shoppers seen in Camden Town supermarkets without a face mask after becoming mandatory in all stores

A shopper wearing a face mask in Selfridges on Oxford Street, London

Shoppers seen in Camden Town supermarkets without face masks

Contrast: A woman in Selfridges on Oxford Street in London wears a face mask (left), while a buyer in Pret a Manger in Camden Town does without it (right).

A buyer receives a protective mask when entering a supermarket in Ealing on the day that face covering has become mandatory in shops in the UK

A buyer receives a protective mask when entering a supermarket in Ealing on the day that face covering has become mandatory in shops in the UK

Passengers at Terminal 5 at Heathrow Airport were wearing face masks yesterday afternoon after the law change, which made them compulsory at transportation hubs

Passengers at Terminal 5 at Heathrow Airport were wearing face masks yesterday afternoon after the law change, which made them compulsory at transportation hubs

Faces must be worn in shops, supermarkets and malls, as well as at train stations and airports, according to new rules that apply across England

Faces must be worn in shops, supermarkets and malls, as well as at train stations and airports, according to new rules that apply across England

Airline employees are wearing face masks at Heathrow Airport yesterday afternoon. Failure to comply with the rules can result in a fine of £ 100, although the police have suggested not aggressively enforcing the directive

Airline employees are wearing face masks at Heathrow Airport yesterday afternoon. Failure to comply with the rules can result in a fine of £ 100, although the police have suggested not aggressively enforcing the directive

In Essex, the District Council has commissioned a number of badges to help those who are freed from wearing masks and who are concerned about negative reactions. He says, "I have a valid medical reason not to wear a face mask."

The new rules are controversial, with some people finding masks uncomfortable and some libertarians complaining that they are "silenced" by the state.

Among those who complained about the rules was a visitor to the Village Alterations clothing change shop in Melling, Merseyside, which is run by Sarah Knight, 46.

She said: “I have five customers so far this morning and luckily they all wore masks. However, one man grumbled: "This is ridiculous – they don't work anyway." And then he said it was very late on the day the rule was introduced.

& # 39; But he was still wearing one. I would not serve anyone or let anyone come in without carrying one. I would refuse to serve them. I wear a mask when people come into the store. & # 39;

A buyer without a face mask in front of a Tesco shop in Leicester. Face coverings have become mandatory in shops and supermarkets in England

A buyer without a face mask in front of a Tesco shop in Leicester. Face coverings have become mandatory in shops and supermarkets in England

Face coverings are now mandatory in shops and supermarkets across England. Under the new rules introduced by the government, people have to cover their nose and mouth or face a fine of up to £ 100. Disabled people are excluded

Face coverings are now mandatory in shops and supermarkets across England. Under the new rules introduced by the government, people have to cover their nose and mouth or face a fine of up to £ 100. Disabled people are excluded

Shoppers seen in Camden Town supermarkets without a face mask after becoming mandatory in all stores

Shoppers seen in Camden Town supermarkets without a face mask after becoming mandatory in all stores

Although face covering became mandatory in shops, Britons across the country continued to break the rules when shopping

Although face covering became mandatory in shops, Britons across the country continued to break the rules when shopping

A shopper wearing a mask outside of Iceland in Leicester. Face coverings have become mandatory in shops and supermarkets in England

A shopper wearing a mask outside of Iceland in Leicester. Face coverings have become mandatory in shops and supermarkets in England

A shopper wearing a face mask in Selfridges on Oxford Street in London after the covers became mandatory

Ein Käufer, der eine Gesichtsmaske in Selfridges in der Oxford Street in London trug, nachdem die Abdeckungen obligatorisch wurden

Käufer, die gestern Nachmittag in Selfridges in der Oxford Street in London Gesichtsmasken trugen, als die Beläge benötigt wurden

Käufer, die gestern Nachmittag in Selfridges in der Oxford Street in London Gesichtsmasken trugen, als die Beläge benötigt wurden

Ein Käufer trägt gestern Morgen im Primark in der Oxford Street in London eine Gesichtsmaske, als die neuen Regeln in Kraft treten

Ein Käufer trägt gestern Morgen im Primark in der Oxford Street in London eine Gesichtsmaske, als die neuen Regeln in Kraft treten

Ein Käufer, der eine Gesichtsmaske in einem Waitrose-Supermarkt in East London trägt, da Abdeckungen in Geschäften obligatorisch werden

Ein Käufer, der eine Gesichtsmaske in einem Waitrose-Supermarkt in East London trägt, da Abdeckungen in Geschäften obligatorisch werden

Ein Käufer, der in Selfridges in der Oxford Street, London, eine Gesichtsmaske trägt, da Gesichtsbedeckungen in Geschäften und Supermärkten in England obligatorisch werden

Ein Käufer, der in Selfridges in der Oxford Street, London, eine Gesichtsmaske trägt, da Gesichtsbedeckungen in Geschäften und Supermärkten in England obligatorisch werden

Ein Käufer, der eine Gesichtsmaske in Boots in der Oxford Street in London als Gesichtsbedeckung trägt, ist in Geschäften obligatorisch

Ein Käufer, der eine Gesichtsmaske in Boots in der Oxford Street in London als Gesichtsbedeckung trägt, ist in Geschäften obligatorisch

Reggie, 5, mit seiner Hai-Gesichtsmaske in Bristol

Menschen in Bristol tragen Masken, um ihre Einkäufe zu erledigen

Reggie, fünf, trägt eine Hai-Gesichtsmaske in Bristol (links), wo auch andere Käufer Gesichtsbedeckungen tragen (rechts).

Zwei Frauen mit Gesichtsmaske warten gestern Nachmittag auf ihren Flug am Flughafen Heathrow, wobei die Mehrheit der Passagiere anscheinend den Richtlinien folgt

Zwei Frauen mit Gesichtsmaske warten gestern Nachmittag auf ihren Flug am Flughafen Heathrow, wobei die Mehrheit der Passagiere anscheinend den Richtlinien folgt

Auf Flughäfen ist eine Gesichtsbedeckung obligatorisch - ebenso wie an einer Reihe von Orten, darunter Geschäfte, Hotels und Einkaufszentren

Auf Flughäfen ist eine Gesichtsbedeckung obligatorisch – ebenso wie an einer Reihe von Orten, darunter Geschäfte, Hotels und Einkaufszentren

Einige Mitarbeiter trugen Berichten zufolge keine Gesichtsmasken, obwohl die Mehrheit der Kunden dies in Heathrow zu tun schien

Einige Mitarbeiter trugen Berichten zufolge keine Gesichtsmasken, obwohl die Mehrheit der Kunden dies in Heathrow zu tun schien

Menschen, die am Flughafen Terminal 5 in Heathrow Masken tragen, aber immer noch einige Mitarbeiter und Passagiere, die die Masken nicht tragen

Menschen, die am Flughafen Terminal 5 in Heathrow Masken tragen, aber immer noch einige Mitarbeiter und Passagiere, die die Masken nicht tragen

Sie fügte hinzu: „Der Virus hat mich sehr betroffen gemacht, weil ich viele Änderungen an Hochzeitskleidern vornehme und viele Hochzeiten abgesagt wurden. Ich habe heute Morgen nur eine Braut absagen lassen. & # 39;

Gestern trugen fast alle, die Cafés und Geschäfte an der belebten Kingsway Road in Central London betraten, Masken. Die Mitarbeiter behaupteten, die neuen Gesetze hätten früher eingeführt werden müssen.

Andrzej Kowlski, stellvertretender Geschäftsführer bei Greggs, sagte: „Alle unsere Kunden waren bisher sehr gut. Wir dürfen eigentlich niemanden abweisen, aber wir können ihnen raten, eine Maske zu tragen.

What do the new laws say about face masks?

People will need to wear a face covering in shopping centres, banks, takeaway outlets, sandwich shops and supermarkets under new regulations which came into force in England yesterday.

The government is enacting new laws that could result in people who violate the rules being fined. Here we are Check out the new legislation.

– What has changed?

New laws called The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Wearing of Face Coverings in a Relevant Place) (England) Regulations 2020 have been published and were brought into force yesterday.

– What does the law say?

No one can enter certain buildings, such as face-free shops that cover your face and nose, unless they have a reasonable excuse.

Facewear must be worn in: shops and malls; Banks; Build societies; Credit unions; short-term lenders; Savings clubs and exchange offices; wherever money is transferred by cash or check; Mail department.

A reasonable excuse is: if a person is unable to put on, wear or remove a face covering due to physical or mental illness, impairment or disability; if you are accompanying someone who relies on lip reading; Avoid or avoid harm or injury to yourself or others; to eat and drink or to take medication.

– Are there any exceptions?

Yes. The rules do not apply to children under the age of 11, employees of the company concerned or public transport employees, police officers, other rescue workers and officials.

Exceptions are: restaurants with table service and bars, including those in hotels or member clubs; Pubs; Libraries; Law firms; Medical and dental surgeries; Veterinarians; Cinemas; Theatre; Museums and galleries; Aquariums, indoor zoos or visitor farms or other indoor tourist, cultural or cultural sites; Night clubs; Bingo halls; Concert halls, public halls; Conference centers; Indoor gyms; Gym; Leisure centers; Indoor pools; Water parks; Bowling alleys; Fairs; Amusement parks; Amusement arcades; Indoor soft play areas; Indoor sports arenas; Casinos; Hotels; Spas; Beauty salons and hairdressers; Tattoo and piercing salons; Warehouse centers; Funeral director; Photo studios and auction houses.

– What happens if I break the rules?

They can be instructed by police officers or transport officials to put on a face covering or to leave the premises. Police officers can escort someone out of a building because they refuse to comply with the rules and use reasonable force when necessary. They could be fined £ 100, reduced to £ 50 if paid within 14 days, or even prosecuted.

– How long do the rules apply?

The government must review the rules within six months of the law's entry into force on January 24, 2021. Ultimately, the law expires after a year, unless the government scraps it beforehand.

'This morning my job has been to speak with the customers to remind them about the new law. But we are not prepared to force them to do this and we would not call the police if they protested, unless they became violent.'

Mr Kowlski, who was wearing a visor added: 'The new law is a very good thing. A lot of shop staff are at risk of catching coronavirus and making face masks compulsory should have happened a few weeks ago when the lockdown started easing.'

Thomas Molley, 64, wore a black mask while he was shopping in Asda in Wythenshawe, Manchester.

The grandfather-of-four said: 'I don't want to get a £100 fine so I put one on.

'Most people seemed to have them on – it seems the right thing to do and we don't want a second wave.'

Sarah Wright, 33, admitted to not wearing one when she went in Balloons UK shop in Wythenshawe, Manchester.

The mother-of-two said: 'I hadn't bought one as I don't think they do any good.

'But I'd forgotten you have to wear one from today – I did get a few funny looks, and the staff said I should be wearing one,

'I suppose I'm going to have to get one.'

One woman, who went into a Subway in Manchester, said: 'I didn't think you had to wear one if it was a food place.

'I'm confused about the rules.'

Steve O'Brien, 28, had a mask on as he went to boots in Aintree, Merseyside.

The car supply worker said: 'I don;t understand why we have to wear one now.

'Surely if we needed them, then we should have been wearing on in March.

'It all seems a bit of a muddle.'

Phil Yates, 44, an archivist who had just purchased a coffee and pasty in Greggs revealed that he had started wearing his face mask as a result of the new law.

He said: 'I have had a face mask for quite a while but haven't always been wearing it. But I'm wearing it now as a result of these new regulations. I think it's a very positive thing, we all need to take more responsibility and do all that we can to help stem the increase in coronavirus. But I don't understand why it's taken so long to bring this new law in.'

At Paul café, Sarah Weiss was stood behind a screen wearing a mask as she served customers. She said: 'About 30 people have come in so far and I would say that more than 90 per cent have had masks on.

'Of those that haven't, we just ask them nicely to wear one. We don't want to get into arguments with our customers, so our approach is to be diplomatic. We feel much safer that people coming into the café now have to wear masks, it's better for everybody.'

Rani, a shop assistant in the Co-op, said: 'The new law has just come into force and some people have simply forgotten that they have to wear masks. It's going to take some time for people to get used to this.

'It's going to be difficult to police the new law but I'm hoping that our customers will be co-operative. But to be honest, we wanted this new law a long time ago.'

Jack Smith, a water engineer was not wearing a mask as he emerged from a Pret a Manger with a coffee in his hand. When asked why he was not wearing one, he replied: 'I just forgot. I've actually got one in my pocket.

'My girlfriend actually reminded me this morning that you can now get fined if you go into a shop or café without a mask. But it's still very early in the morning and it totally slipped my mind.'

He added: 'This should have been introduced a long time ago and the Government should have done a better job of communicating to us that the law has changed on masks. There hasn't been much publicity about this.'

A customer at a shoe store in Bristol wears a mask to do their shopping yesterday morning after the new rules came in

A customer at a shoe store in Bristol wears a mask to do their shopping yesterday morning after the new rules came in

A shopper wearing a face mask stands alongside a sign calling for the wearing of coverings at WH Smith in Shefield

A shopper wearing a face mask stands alongside a sign calling for the wearing of coverings at WH Smith in Shefield

Craig Brown, who was sitting outside a Starbucks drinking coffee said: 'I've started wearing a mask from today, because of the new law. But if you ask me, it should have been introduced sooner.

'We've been going out and about for quite a few weeks now so what's the point of bringing in this new law now? We don't know what causes coronavirus, so masks are just another layer of protection.'

Anna, who was wearing a mask and had just bought two coffees said: 'I've not been wearing a mask until now but as it's now the law, I've started to.

'It is a bit uncomfortable and I can understand why people find them a bit awkward but if it benefits us, then it's worth it.'

Britons are spending less with clothing stores hardest hit with 50% sales slump from pre-lockdown levels

Britons are buying and spending less than this time last year, with the High Street continuing to be ravaged amid the coronavirus pandemic, according to new data released by the Office for National Statistics.

All in-store sales are 33 per cent down on pre-lockdown levels with clothes store sales slumping 50 per cent in the same period.

Department stores have seen a 28 per cent drop on pre-lockdown levels while fuel sales are 35 per cent lower than last June.

Total sales remain 1.6 per cent down on last year's data while spending is 3.2 per cent down.

However, online sales are soaring as more and more people are turning to the internet to buy the goods they need.

Department stores have seen a stunning 111 per cent increase in online sales from February, while household goods stores have seen a 103 per cent rise.

Online spending made up almost a third of overall sales in June, a huge increase from the 20 per cent it accounted for before the crisis.

Footfall is also down 56 per cent from last year, slumping 65 per cent on the High Street, according to Springboard.

In Central London, footfall remains 80 per cent lower than last year.

Diane Wehrle, Springboard Marketing and Insights Director, said: 'The fact that much of the workforce continues to work from home, tourists and many students are absent, as well as the government urging consumers to only use public transport for essential travel, means that footfall and therefore sales, will continue to be compromised in these retail destinations.

'This is highlighted most clearly in the results for Central London, which has the highest footfall volume of any part of the UK and, where despite footfall rising by +40.9% in the week that retail reopened, it remains -80.8% lower than last year.'

The figures are the latest example of the pandemic ravaging the High Street.

Several leading British retailers have been forced to cut jobs and close stores amid the pandemic.

Marks & Spencer announced it will axe 950 staff in the first wave of a cull that will hit thousands of workers.

John Lewis and Boots have already shed thousands of staff.

Experts predict there will eventually be 250,000 redundancies across the sector.

In more hopeful news, sales volumes jumped by 13.9 per cent in June compared with the month before.

An average of what analysts were predicting, compiled by Pantheon Macroeconomics, had expected an eight per cent rise.

Richard Lim, chief executive of Retail Economics, said: 'The retail sector bounced back as the reopening of shops released pent-up demand for some retailers.

'But the recovery is being felt unevenly across the sector, with clothing retailers remaining under significant pressure.

'Some consumers searching to break the monotony of being at home headed for the high street, but numbers remained considerably lower than pre-Covid levels.'

High street shops are often losing out to online retailers, who have seen a boom in business during lockdown as people are in all day to receive parcels.

ONS deputy national statistician for economic statistics Jonathan Athow said: 'Food sales continue above their pre-pandemic levels due to the closure of cafes, restaurants and pubs.

'Online sales have risen to record levels, and now count for £3 in every £10 spent.

'On the other hand, clothing sales remain depressed, and across the high street sales in non-food stores are down by around one third on pre-pandemic levels.

'The latest three months as a whole still saw the weakest quarterly growth on record.'

In Liverpool One shopping complex yesterday morning, signs telling customers to wear masks were up in many of the stores and a vending machine selling face coverings had been installed.

Only a fraction of people who were quizzed as they went into a Sainsbury's store in Camden, north London, said they were certain that ordering people to cover their face was even going to help prevent the spread of COVID-19.

Harvey Flinder, 70, who lives in Camden, said: 'It should have been brought in weeks and weeks ago and now it seems like the horse has bolted and we're trying to close the door.

'It's what has been said so we should all do it, but not be surprised if they stop asking us to do it in two weeks.

'Plenty of people in Sainsbury's and some staff aren't wearing them but maybe they have a special reason. I asked someone why they are not enforcing it and they said that they don't want their staff to be put in confrontational situations so they're not asking.'

Mr Flinder was joined in his views by Pia London, a 30-year-old tech entrepreneur from Camden, who said: 'I think it should have been brought in earlier, from the first release of lockdown.

'We're now weeks from the ease of lockdown – for us to now make it mandatory, it just doesn't make sense – just like a lot of what's going on in the world.

'I honestly don't wear it out socialising with friends. I tend to just wear it when it's compulsory.

When asked about Sainsbury's, Asda, and Costa's policy, she added: 'I just think that they are doing what the people are thinking.

'They're the public and are just reacting to what everyone else is feeling. Why should they have to enforce it? It will mean more security staff. But I don't want to be the only person without a mask on.'

Raj Kalsi, a 36-year-old council worker from Woolwich in south east London, said: 'I think it's a good idea.

'Personal view is that I'm just following the guidelines, but I don't think it works. It's not compulsory everywhere else and there are mixed messages about where to wear them when you go to eat.

'I don't wear a mask normally and I work in schools where you just can't social distance.'

Meanwhile, some shoppers would choose not to wear a mask, but only put them on to go in shops because it's 'the law.'

A 66-year-old woman from Kentish Town in north London, who did not want to be named, said: 'At this late stage in the pandemic wearing a mask makes little difference.

'At the beginning, in March, I would quite happily have complied. People were catching it here, I heard there were cases here at this supermarket but now it's too late.

'I never wear a mask, it's just so uncomfortable – I can't breathe. I only wear the mask because I'm complying with the law.'

Jenny Hughes, 59, a postal worker from Camden, said: 'I think it's a bit late. That ship has sailed.

'When it wasn't compulsory on the busses people were wearing masks but now they have to they're just wearing them on their chin or not covering their nose so it will be the same in shops.

'I wear a mask because of the law. I haven't been wearing it before because I didn't have to.'

A 67-year-old man, also from Camden, said: 'I'm not sure if the compulsory masks in shops policy is a good thing. I think there's enough air and space around us for us to not pick up germs.

'Sometimes I wonder if it's exaggerated a little bit.

'I normally don't wear the mask but I will if it's compulsory. I will on the bus. I'm slowly just getting used to it.

'I think the government felt it's way as it went along, if we had a Labour government it wouldn't be any different.'

But others were in support of the policy and had already started wearing masks in shops before they were told to.

Others were hopeful it would work, but admitted they disliked wearing the uncomfortable face coverings.

A.R Marriot, 73, from Kentish Town, said: 'I have no problems with wearing a mask. I think with shops, after all, you are in close proximity with people.

'I just took it off when I came out of the shop and it's only a minor inconvenience but life's a bit inconvenient in the first place.

'One has to tow the line a little bit with government recommendations.

'It's debatable if it will help, I'm not medically qualified but if the experts say it will help we have to take their word for it.

'It's not really much to ask. It's for our safety and the sooner it's over the better.'

When talking about Sainsbury's, Asda, and Costa, he added: It's ridiculous that they won't challenge people as everyone in there was wearing a mask anyway.

'I'm very surprised at then saying they are not going to enforce it because when the virus started they were very strict with social distancing.'

Gemma Sharp, 36, an NHS worker from Kentish Town, said: 'It's a good idea.

'I work in the NHS and I think that anything we can do to help stop the spread of the virus is good.

'There's a lot of evidence to support it so why not?

'I think it's a bit strange some of the shops aren't enforcing it. I wonder what their take on the situation is.'

A shopper wearing a face mask while holding clothes in Marks and Spencer on Oxford Street in London yesterday morning

A shopper wearing a face mask while holding clothes in Marks and Spencer on Oxford Street in London yesterday morning

A shopper wearing a face mask in a Waitrose store in East London as face coverings become mandatory in shops

A shopper wearing a face mask in a Waitrose store in East London as face coverings become mandatory in shops

Catherin Gauci, 79, from Camden, said: 'I think it's a good idea. For the sake of the population to help stop the spread of the disease. I don't want to go into another lockdown, it was horrible – like a ghost town.

'I don't like the masks because they are too hot and you need to have a breather because it's hard to breathe with them on.'

Andy Wright, a 26-year-old software engineer living in Camden said: 'I think it's overdue but it's a good idea regardless of whether it's late or not.

'I started wearing the mask in shops last week. It can't be bad to wear one and I think they work.

How the new rules on takeaways and sandwich shops have confused the public AND ministers

Industry bodies and opposition MPs have been urging ministers to clarify whether customers have to wear face coverings in takeaways and sandwich shops in England.

The criticism comes after days of mixed messages with the Health Secretary and Boris Johnson's official spokesman contradicting each other on the matter.

It was only yesterday that the Government confirmed customers will be required to wear a mask when buying food and drink to take away from cafes and shops, like Pret A Manger.

It comes after much confusion from ministers over the past fortnight about whether they should be made mandatory.

For example, Chancellor Rishi Sunak and international trade minister Liz Truss were shown wearing masks at a Pret a Manger in Westminster – while Michael Gove was photographed in the sandwich shop without one.

Then, last Wednesday morning, Matt Hancock announced that covers would be mandatory in sandwich shops like Pret a Manger.

But later that day the Health Secretary was contradicted by Downing Street when the Prime Minister's spokesman insisted this was not the case.

This was then refuted by officials from the Ministry of Health, who confirmed that masks would be mandatory from July 24th, according to all other shops.

The next day, Business Secretary Alok Sharma told Sky News masks would not be necessary when buying food to takeaway. "It won't be mandatory, but we would definitely encourage it," he said.

'If I leave home and think I'm going to go inside somewhere I wear one and I do it voluntarily.

On Sainsbury's, he said: 'I think it's hard, I can see why they don't want their staff to have to enforce it – if people resist the staff aren't police, they're hired to work in the shop.'

Phil Wilkinson, 56, who works at Cambridge University, said: 'It's inevitable I guess, I can't say I like the idea but you have to be responsible.

'A lot of people think wearing a mask is pointless but from what I have seen they reduce or fully prevent the spread of moisture.

'I don't wear one normally until I'm out and about and have to.

On Sainsbury's he said: 'it's up to individual business really. I certainly am going to wear one now when I go inside the shop and take it off when I come out.

'From a safety point of view we can't be complacent, I know people who have died.

'I'm surprised they are not enforcing it, I guess they don't want to discourage some customers but if people object there are going to be problems. In the end, it's down to individual responsibility.'

Susan Green, 57, from Liverpool, was wearing a clear visor, which she had bought from a nearby shop, as she waited for HMV to open.

She said: 'I think it is a little bit late to have introduced this and lots of people I've seen this morning are not even wearing one. It won't put me off coming to the shops because I'll be out anyway but it does seem a bit unnecessary.'

Accounting and finance student Frank Boakye said he had been opting to wear a mask since lockdown began. 'It's for my own protection,' the 29-year-old added.

He had been into Leicester's Highcross shopping centre to visit the Post Office on Friday, but otherwise avoided the shops, he said. 'Everyone I saw in the Post Office was wearing a mask,' he said. 'It's a very good idea.'

He added: 'I've been studying for my dissertation – so I haven't been out much.'

Judith Molloy, 72, from St Helens, was wearing a mask as she did some shopping in Liverpool One but said she had started using a face covering to go to the shops some time ago.

She said: 'I'm vulnerable and so is my husband. I think this should have started from day one. I was on the bus this morning and people were getting on with no masks. If you go in to a shop without a mask I don't think anyone is going to say anything. I think people are more relaxed now.'

Loryn Fortune, trainee department manager at clothing store & Other Stories in Liverpool One, said people would not be asked to leave their shop if they weren't wearing a face covering.

She said: 'We have signage on the window, we've got signage up as you enter the shop and then it's just a polite nudge from us at the door.

'We can't enforce it and we don't want to cause a big scene so we'll just politely remind people. We're also aware that people have invisible illnesses.'

She said customers had been co-operative since the store reopened post-lockdown and around half of shoppers were already wearing coverings before yesterday's tighter guidance was introduced.

She added: 'I'm sure we'll have a few people who won't want to wear them but I'm hoping people realise they have got to look after each other and not just themselves.'

Opinion polls suggest the majority support the change, which will bring England into line with many countries around the world, including France, Germany and Spain.

Yesterday, care minister Helen Whately defended the short notice regarding the issuing of guidance on wearing face coverings in shops in England.

A shopper wearing a face mask in Marks and Spencer on Oxford Street in London yesterday

A shopper wearing a face mask in Marks and Spencer on Oxford Street in London yesterday

A Vision Express staff member wearing a face mask speaks to a woman outside the store in Bristol yesterday

A Vision Express staff member wearing a face mask speaks to a woman outside the store in Bristol yesterday

People in Bristol wear masks to do their shopping as they queue up outside a Barclays bank yesterday

People in Bristol wear masks to do their shopping as they queue up outside a Barclays bank yesterday

A woman tries on shoes in a shop in Bristol yesterday morning while wearing a face mask after the new rules were brought in

A woman tries on shoes in a shop in Bristol yesterday morning while wearing a face mask after the new rules were brought in

As new regulations came into force yesterday after rules were announced yesterday, she told BBC Radio 4's Today programme: 'Well, it has been talked about a certain amount over recent days and weeks.'

Homemade face masks should preferably be three layers, experts say

Home-made face coverings need to be at least two layers and preferably three to curb the spread of Covid-19, new research suggests.

Experts found one layer of cotton T-shirt material is fairly effective as a barrier against droplets expelled during speaking, but two are 'significantly better at reducing the droplet spread caused by coughing and sneezing'.

Three layers would be even better, the researchers said, and their study found surgical disposable masks offer the best protection of all.

In England, the Department of Health has published guidance for the public on how to make a home-made mask. It recommends 'two or three 25cm x 25cm squares of cotton fabric' sewn together and attached to the ears with elastic.

The Government and the World Health Organisation (WHO) have been keen to advise people to make their own cloth face coverings in the hope surgical masks will be reserved for health workers.

For the new study, published in the journal Thorax, experts from the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia, tested three types of masks.

Their one-layer face covering was made using a cotton T-shirt material, the two-layer covering was prepared by sewing two strips together, and the third was a surgical mask.

A tailored LED lighting system and a high-speed camera were used to capture the light scattered by droplets and aerosols expelled during speaking, coughing and sneezing while wearing the different types of mask.

The volunteer who took part was healthy with no respiratory infection. Tissue paper was put up the nose to stimulate sneezing.

The researchers concluded: 'From the captured video it can be observed that, for speaking, a single-layer cloth face covering reduced the droplet spread but a double-layer covering performed better.

'Even a single-layer face covering is better than no face covering. However, a double-layer cloth face covering was significantly better at reducing the droplet spread caused by coughing and sneezing.

'A surgical mask was the best among all the tested scenarios in preventing droplet spread from any respiratory emission. These visualisations show the value of using face masks and the difference between types of masks.'

The home-made masks in the study were made with 175 g/m2 cotton fabric, with a thread count of 170 per inch.

The researchers said other factors contribute to the effectiveness of cloth face masks, such as design and fit, as well as the frequency of washing.

She added that some people are exempt from the regulations due to health conditions, saying: 'What we are saying is that we are not expecting people to carry proof that they are exempt. There are some people who are exempt from this.

'We are expecting people to be reasonable about this. And we don't want to see members of the public accosted for not wearing a face mask. We absolutely want the vast majority of people to be wearing face masks when they are going into shops.'

At the Westminster branch of Pret a Manger where several ministers were seen prior to the recess, customer John, 61, said yesterday morning that he was happy to wear a face covering.

He said: 'I think it's just a matter of getting used to. If it does help keep the coronavirus down then I suppose it's worthwhile. I mean, people in the far east have been wearing them for ages and they think nothing of it.'

John added the Government's guidance on face coverings was 'not totally clear' on when they should be worn in coffee shops and takeaways, adding it was clearer for other shops and supermarkets. He said: 'It's not clear, because how do you drink a coffee if you're having to wear a face mask?'

Health Minister Matt Hancock said the move was essential to prevent a second wave of coronavirus while opening the economy further.

Among those struggling with masks is Kerise Vowles-Myers, who had a panic attack while wearing one.

She told BBC Radio 4's Today programme yesterday morning: 'I tried wearing a mask, I actually wore one, tried to wear one, last week, when I went to my local doctor's and I had quite a bad experience. I literally had it on for two minutes and got a panic attack. I had to throw up in public and it was pretty embarrassing.

"I'm not quite sure why. It's a very new experience for me to have to wear one, and I didn't expect anything like that to happen, but I know I've never liked anything about my face in my childhood.

'It was even difficult for me to dress myself and put tops over my face so it was quite difficult. I've spoken to my support worker about it and asked her if she's able to go to the shops for me just on my bad days.

'I don't like being confronted and I have to explain myself and when I go out a lot of people don't realise I'm on the spectrum so they just look at me and think 'she's a normal person why is she not wearing a mask'.

'It's very difficult and can be quite frustrating when I have to explain myself that I'm actually autistic.'

Yesterday's move completes a U-turn by the Government which initially said masks were ineffective in halting the spread of the virus.

Masks have been mandatory in public transport since July 15, after scientific evidence has evolved that could suggest that Covid sufferers can prevent the disease from spreading without symptoms.

The new face covering guidelines will be required in take-away sandwich shops like Pret a Manger.

Customers queuing for a sandwich can take off their mask to eat when they find a seat, although government sources said practice should be discouraged.

Entertainment venues and services are not covered by the new rules, which exclude state pubs and restaurants, as are hairdressers, gyms, leisure centers, cinemas and museums.

However, several leading supermarkets and coffee shop chains, including Sainsbury's, Asda, Co-op and Costa Coffee, have stated that they won't enforce the rule when customers try to enter without a mask.

A woman looks at gifts at a shop in Bristol yesterday morning while holding a Primark bag and wearing a face covering

A woman looks at gifts at a shop in Bristol yesterday morning while holding a Primark bag and wearing a face covering

A man leaves Tottenham Court Road Underground station in Central London yesterday morning without wearing a face mask

A man leaves Tottenham Court Road Underground station in Central London yesterday morning without wearing a face mask

A shopper wears a face mask in a Waitrose supermarket in East London yesterday as face coverings become mandatory in shops

A shopper wears a face mask in a Waitrose supermarket in East London yesterday as face coverings become mandatory in shops

A woman wearing a face mask enters Primark on Oxford Street in Central London yesterday morning after the new rules come in

A woman wearing a face mask enters Primark on Oxford Street in Central London yesterday morning after the new rules come in

A shopper wears a face mask while walking through the city centre of Sheffield in South Yorkshire yesterday morning

A shopper wears a face mask while walking through the city centre of Sheffield in South Yorkshire yesterday morning

They said it was up to the police to make sure people comply with the regulations. Union leaders have also voiced fears that the new face covering regulations could endanger the safety of workers.

Boris Johnson says anti-vaxxers are 'nuts'

Boris Johnson has said people opposed to vaccinations are 'nuts' as he promoted an expanded programme of NHS flu jabs.

During a visit to a medical centre in east London, the Prime Minister asked staff what they thought of anti-vaxxers, adding: 'There's all these anti-vaxxers now. They are nuts, they are nuts.'

It comes after several polls have suggested some Britons are feeling apprehensive about having a Covid-19 vaccine.

A coronavirus jab is seen by many experts as a key route out of the pandemic.

The anti-vaccination movement has been growing globally in recent years, fuelled in part by social media.

A paper published in The Lancet in 1998 by Dr Andrew Wakefield – and since widely discredited – suggested a link between the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism in children, which led to a huge drop in MMR vaccine rates.

Last year, the World Health Organisation identified 'vaccine hesitancy' as one of the top 10 health threats to the world.

TUC Secretary General Frances O & # 39; Grady said: "Verbal and physical abuse (of shop personnel) increased during the pandemic and the new rules that require buyers to wear masks may further jeopardize staff safety."

The Prime Minister's spokesman said: "Over the past few months, you have seen that the UK public has voluntarily chosen to follow the guidelines because they want to help slow the spread of the virus, and I am sure it will Face coverings will be the case. & # 39;

The police can fine people in shops, malls, banks, takeaways, post offices, sandwich shops and supermarkets who violate the rules and are fined £ 100. However, the College of Policing has stated that officials "should only be required as a last resort". .

The guidelines issued by the government for England yesterday confirmed that face covering in takeaways is mandatory after weeks of confusion and various messages from ministers.

It is said that employees in premises that require face coverings are asked to "take reasonable steps to promote compliance" and people who do not have a valid exception under the rules can be denied entry.

Retail and trade organisations criticised the Government for taking so long to publish the new laws and guidance, having announced the measure more than a week ago, while union leaders voiced fears the rules could put workers' safety at risk if there are abusive customers or people who refuse to wear a mask.

Costa Coffee said it was "not a challenge for customers who don't wear a mask," as they may have a legitimate reason why they can't wear one.

Sainsbury said, while asking everyone to continue "doing their part" to ensure everyone's safety by following the rules, "our colleagues will not be responsible for enforcing them."

Asda said it would "strongly encourage customers to wear facewear," added, "It is the responsibility of the responsible authorities to monitor and enforce the new rules."

Prime Minister Boris Johnson wears a mask yesterday during a visit to Tollgate Medical Centre in Beckton in East London

Prime Minister Boris Johnson wears a mask yesterday during a visit to Tollgate Medical Centre in Beckton in East London

Mr Johnson elbow bumps a member of staff during a visit to Tollgate Medical Centre in Beckton in East London yesterday morning

Mr Johnson elbow bumps a member of staff during a visit to Tollgate Medical Centre in Beckton in East London yesterday morning

Tesco will be selling facewear at the entrance, and Waitrose said employees would be at the store entrance to remind customers of the requirements. Customers must wear a face mask in Greggs.

Who is exempt from wearing a face mask under the new laws?

While face coverings in shops, banks, takeaways, post offices, sandwich shops and supermarkets are now mandatory in England, there are a few exceptions.

Section three of the government's guidelines published yesterday contains a list of "legitimate reasons" for not wearing a blanket. The groups and settings include:

  • Infants under the age of 11
  • People who cannot put on, wear, or remove a face covering due to a physical or mental illness, impairment, or disability
  • those who are strained by putting on, wearing, or removing a face covering
  • People who travel with or help someone who relies on lip reading to communicate
  • to avoid injury or injury or the risk of injury or injury to yourself or others, to avoid injury or to avoid the risk of injury
  • to eat or drink when reasonably necessary
  • take medications
  • if a police officer or other officer asks you to remove your face covering
  • if you are asked to remove a face covering from a bank, building society or post office for identification
  • when asked by store staff or relevant employees to cover a face for identification, or by a pharmacist, for example, to assess health recommendations, or for age identification purposes, including when purchasing age-restricted products such as alcohol
  • When speaking to people who rely on lip reading, facial expressions and clear sound to support communication

It is not mandatory for shopkeepers, supermarket employees, or transport workers to wear facewear, but employers can ask them to do so if necessary, and if there is no other reduction, the guidelines say.

People who are exempt from wearing a face mask can wear and show an exemption card, badge, or even a homemade shield, the government said.

McDonald & # 39; s said customers have to wear facewear to take away, but those who eat in the restaurant will not unless they move around the premises, for example to use toilets or when they are themselves to order.

The UK retail consortium urged customers to respect the new regulations and criticized the time it took to publish the guidelines.

UKHospitality managing director Kate Nicholls said the food stalls "were only available for a very short period of time to properly inform staff, prepare signage and take measures to promote compliance".

The British Medical Association said that although the guide is helpful, it came late in the day.

Dr. Chaand Nagpaul, the association's chairman, said the measures were "long overdue" and added that "the uncertainty of the past few weeks has done nothing to inspire public confidence."

Venues such as restaurants, pubs, gyms, hairdressers, beauty salons, leisure centers, cinemas, concert halls and theaters are exempt from the new rules.

Dr. Nagpaul warned the virus that it "did not discriminate between buildings" and said there had to be "absolute certainty" that other mitigating measures would be taken at these locations, such as: B. Screens and physical distancing.

Other exceptions to face cover are children under the age of 11, people with breathing difficulties, and people who are unable to wear, wear, or remove a face cover due to physical or mental illness, or an impairment or disability.

The guidelines state that people should assume that it is standard to wear face cover when visiting a hospital, general practitioner, nursing home, or other primary or community healthcare facility.

Last week, the chiefs of police were blinded by the government's announcement after not being informed of the plans in advance, and some chiefs of police warned that the resources to patrol the corridors were lacking.

The Police Federation of England and Wales, which represents ordinary officials, said it was "unrealistic and unfair" to expect them to search the corridors for people who violated corona virus regulations.

City police commissioner Dame Cressida Dick said she hoped buyers who refused to wear masks would be matched.

The government said that responsibility for wearing a facewear rests with individuals, adding, "Companies are encouraged to take reasonable steps to encourage customers to comply with the law, including through signs and other information in the store."

The Prime Minister's official spokesman said to reporters yesterday, "For business, we would expect them to advise customers and remind them to wear facewear, and I'm sure the vast majority of the public will."

Cornwall Glass tweeted this picture, saying: 'A gentle reminder that the wearing of face masks in shops is compulsory in the UK. Many thanks to Ryan and Malcolm for modeling their masks so beautifully. & # 39;

Cornwall Glass tweeted this picture, saying: 'A gentle reminder that the wearing of face masks in shops is compulsory in the UK. Many thanks to Ryan and Malcolm for modeling their masks so beautifully. & # 39;

A man takes a selfie of him wearing a mask yesterday

New coronavirus laws forcing customers to wear face masks in all shops, stations, banks and post offices come in from yesterday

New coronavirus laws forcing customers to wear face masks in all shops, stations, banks and post offices came in yesterday

Shopper Alan Gregg (left) claimed he was at a Tesco store in Balby, South Yorkshire, at 6am for shopping yesterday morning, 'and the lady at the door said to me face masks are not compulsory in this store'. Tesco wurde um einen Kommentar gebeten

The Essex Council has commissioned badges to help those who are mask-free and concerned about negative reactions

Shopper Alan Gregg (left) claimed he was at a Tesco store in Balby, South Yorkshire, at 6am for shopping yesterday morning, 'and the lady at the door said to me face masks are not compulsory in this store'. Tesco was asked to comment. The Essex Council has commissioned badges (right) to help those who are mask-free and concerned about negative reactions

The laws could go into effect at least until January and even last a year unless the government decides to abolish them in the meantime.

Warning of the effects of disposable face masks on plastic pollution

Activists have raised concerns about the environmental impact of disposable plastic masks as face coverings become mandatory in shops in England.

The use of a reusable mask will help avoid thousands of tons of contaminated waste and plastic packaging while still providing protection during the pandemic, Greenpeace said.

Disposable plastic masks can end up as waste, in which animals can become entangled or form deposits in the oceans, which may be absorbed by wild animals and harm or even kill them.

In the oceans, they could also decompose into tiny pieces or microplastics that could contaminate the environment and food chains, Greenpeace said.

The environmental group referred to a study by University College London that calculated that anyone in the UK who wore a disposable mask every day for a year would produce 66,000 tons of contaminated waste and 55,000 tons of plastic packaging.

Professor Mark Miodownik of University College London said: “For general public use, reusable cloth masks are effective and disposable plastic masks are far preferable.

"They reduce the environmental and health risks associated with the disposal of 66,000 tonnes of contaminated plastic waste, which arises when everyone in the UK starts wearing disposable plastic masks."

Louise Edge, senior activist at Greenpeace, said: “Disposable masks are the latest plastic threat spread across parks and sidewalks.

“They find their way into our waterways, clog our rivers and oceans and become harmful microplastics.

"But disposable masks are not inherently safer than reusable ones for the general public, and experts say that reusable masks can protect us during the pandemic if they are worn and washed properly."

Environment Minister Rebecca Pow said: “Garbage pollutes our communities and cleaning up costs taxpayers' money. It is therefore important that we dispose of all of our waste – including used PPE – in the right way.

“We know that this public health emergency has meant an inevitable dependence on single-use plastics like PPE. If we emerge from the pandemic, it is clear that we must continue where we left off and continue to fight the global fight against unnecessary single-use plastics. & # 39;

The government and the World Health Organization are advising people to make their own fabric face covers in the hope that surgical masks will be reserved for health workers.

New research published in Thorax magazine suggests that homemade facial coverings must include at least two layers, and preferably three layers, to curb the spread of Covid-19, and disposable surgical masks offer the best protection from all.

The government is instructed by the government to wash their hands before putting on or removing a cover or mask and to avoid touching their eyes, nose or mouth when wearing them.

Facial coverings should be kept in a plastic bag until they can be washed or disposed of, according to the Ministry of Health.

Face coverings are already mandatory in stores in Scotland and will be mandatory in stores in Northern Ireland from August 1st.

A recent report published by the Royal Society suggests that even simple homemade facewear can reduce transmission if enough people wear it in public.

The study, which was based on mathematical models, showed that an entire population wearing face coverings that were only 75 percent effective had an R-value, ie the number of people to whom an infected person passes the virus, from 4.0 4 would bring under 1.0 without locks being required.

Another Royal Society report suggests that using cotton masks is 54 percent less likely to be infected than groups without a mask when tested in healthcare.

Melinda Mills, Nuffield professor of sociology at Oxford University, said in a webinar: "So that should mean that if you are in public, you should offer some, not 100 percent, but some protection." ;

In the meantime, another study that looked at coronavirus deaths in 198 countries found that nations who preferred to wear masks had lower mortality rates.

In another scientific study published last month in the National Academy of Sciences' Proceedings journal, scientists calculated that wearing facewear between April 6 and May 9 more than 78,000 infections in Italy and more than 66,000 infections prevented in New York City between April 17 and May 9.

Experts say that the risk of coronavirus transmission appears to be higher in poorly ventilated indoor areas, and wearing face coverings in small stores or closed malls could help reduce the spread.

Keith Neal, emeritus professor of epidemiology of infectious diseases at the University of Nottingham, said: "The lack of strong evidence of its effectiveness should not be seen as a problem, but there is mounting evidence that it plays a role in reducing transmission and also when protecting the wearer. & # 39;

In addition, there is growing evidence that many people who have no symptoms with the virus can still be contagious.

Ideally, the facewear should consist of multi-layer, high-quality cotton. If possible, they should be worn in closed interiors and crowded rooms, especially where social distance cannot be maintained.

Japan follows the three Cs, closed spaces, crowded places and close contact settings. If you wear a face covering, you should cover your mouth and nose without gaps.

The WHO recommends a three-layer face covering in the community – the outer layer should be water-resistant, the inner layer should be water-absorbent and the middle layer should act as a filter.

It is emphasized that a face covering alone cannot protect people from Covid-19 and must be combined with a social distance of at least one meter and regular hand washing.

The government has said that covers can be made from scarves, bandanas, or other fabric items as long as they cover the mouth and nose.

However, scientists at the Leverhulme Center who examined different types of face coverings that are used by members of the public say that some coverings are not as effective as others, with loosely woven fabrics such as scarves being the least effective.

Prof. Mills, director of the Leverhulme Center, said: “You also have to pay attention to how well it fits on the face. It should wrap around your ears or around your neck for better coverage. & # 39;

According to Prof. Mills, fabric covers are an effective way to protect the wearer and his surroundings.

Sie sagt, dass Gesichtsmasken und Abdeckungen nicht isoliert gesehen werden können und Teil eines Pakets sind, das Händehygiene und soziale Distanzierung beinhaltet. Eine konsistente und effektive öffentliche Nachrichtenübermittlung sei von entscheidender Bedeutung, schloss sie.

Wie können Sie Ihre eigene Stoffbedeckung herstellen?

Im Folgenden finden Sie die offiziellen britischen Ratschläge zum Tragen und Herstellen einer Gesichtsbedeckung aus Stoff

Tragen einer Gesichtsbedeckung

Eine Stoff-Gesichtsbedeckung sollte Mund und Nase bedecken und gleichzeitig ein angenehmes Atmen ermöglichen. Es kann so einfach sein wie ein Schal oder ein Kopftuch, das hinter dem Kopf gebunden wird.

Waschen Sie Ihre Hände oder verwenden Sie ein Händedesinfektionsmittel, bevor Sie es aufsetzen und nach dem Abnehmen und nach dem Gebrauch. Berühren Sie Augen, Nase oder Mund nicht immer und bewahren Sie gebrauchte Gesichtsbedeckungen in einer Plastiktüte auf, bis Sie die Gelegenheit haben, sie zu waschen.

Berühren Sie nicht die Vorderseite der Gesichtsbedeckung oder den Teil der Gesichtsbedeckung, der mit Mund und Nase in Kontakt gekommen ist. Stellen Sie nach dem Entfernen sicher, dass Sie alle Oberflächen reinigen, die die Gesichtsbedeckung berührt hat.

Sie sollten regelmäßig eine Gesichtsbedeckung waschen. Es kann mit anderer Wäsche unter Verwendung Ihres normalen Waschmittels verwendet werden.

Achten Sie beim Tragen einer Gesichtsbedeckung darauf, lose Enden wegzustecken.

Machen Sie Ihre eigene Gesichtsbedeckung

Mit einem T-Shirt

Du wirst brauchen:

ein altes T-Shirt, das du nicht mehr willst (idealerweise klein oder extra klein)

scissors

Schritt 1: Schneiden Sie eine gerade Linie über die Breite des T-Shirts (Vorder- und Rückseite), ungefähr 20 cm von der Unterseite des T-Shirts entfernt.

Schritt 2: Machen Sie von einem Punkt 2 cm unterhalb der oberen rechten Ecke des Stoffes einen horizontalen Schnitt von 15 cm durch beide Seiten des Stoffes, der parallel zur Oberseite des Rechtecks ​​verläuft.

Schritt 3: Schneiden Sie zur Unterseite des Stoffes hin ab, bis Sie ungefähr 2 cm über der Unterkante erreichen. Machen Sie von hier aus einen weiteren 15-cm-Schnitt, der parallel zur Unterseite des Stoffes verläuft, um ein Rechteck zu erstellen, das verworfen werden kann.

Schritt 4: Um die Krawatten herzustellen, schneiden Sie die Kante der 2 langen Stoffstreifen auf. Falten Sie das Hauptstück des Stoffes auseinander und legen Sie es über Mund und Nase. Die 4 Streifen dienen als Krawatten, um die Stoffabdeckung an Ort und Stelle zu halten, und sollten hinter dem Kopf und um den Hals gebunden werden.

Eine genähte Stoffbedeckung

Du wirst brauchen:

zwei 25 cm x 25 cm große Quadrate aus Baumwollstoff

zwei 20 cm lange Gummibandstücke (oder Schnur- oder Stoffstreifen)

Nadel und Faden

scissors

Artikel, die Sie für eine genähte Stoffbedeckung benötigen

Schritt 1: Schneiden Sie zwei 25 x 25 cm große Quadrate Baumwollstoff aus. Stapeln Sie die 2 Quadrate übereinander.

Schritt 2: Falten Sie eine Seite um 3/4 cm und säumen Sie, dann wiederholen Sie auf der gegenüberliegenden Seite. Machen Sie 2 Kanäle, indem Sie die doppelte Stoffschicht über 1,5 cm entlang jeder Seite falten und diese festnähen.

Schritt 3: Führen Sie einen 20 cm langen Gummizug (oder eine Schnur oder einen Stoffstreifen) durch den breiteren Saum auf jeder Seite der Gesichtsbedeckung. Dies werden die Ohrschlaufen sein. Fädeln Sie es mit einer großen Nadel durch. Binden Sie die Enden fest.

Wenn Sie nur eine Schnur haben, können Sie die Krawatten verlängern und die Abdeckung hinter Ihrem Kopf binden.

Schritt 4: Ziehen Sie vorsichtig am Gummiband, so dass die Knoten im Saum stecken. Sammeln Sie die Seiten der Abdeckung auf dem Gummiband und passen Sie sie so an, dass die Abdeckung zu Ihrem Gesicht passt. Nähen Sie dann das Gummiband fest an, damit es nicht verrutscht. Diese elastischen Schlaufen passen über die Ohren.

Diese Informationen sind eine Anleitung zum Erstellen einer einfachen Gesichtsbedeckung. Wir unterstützen keine bestimmte Methode und andere Anweisungen sind online weit verbreitet. Achten Sie immer darauf, die Geräte sicher zu verwenden, um Verletzungen zu vermeiden. Kinder sollten diese Anweisungen nur unter Aufsicht von Erwachsenen befolgen.

The when, the wear and the £100 fine: Everything you need to know about donning facemasks in 'enclosed spaces' – from shops to airports and takeaways – as new laws comes into force TODAY

By Jack Wright for MailOnline

Face coverings are now mandatory in shops and supermarkets across England.

Under new rules introduced by the Government today, people will need to cover their nose and mouth or face a fine of up to £100. People with certain disabilities will be exempt.

This comes after rules requiring people to wear face coverings on public transport became mandatory last month. Initially many experts and authorities including the World Health Organisation suggested face coverings were not effective in preventing the spread of COVID-19 but are now recommending wearing them in indoor spaces.

– When do I need to wear face masks?

Face coverings will have to be worn in shops, supermarkets and enclosed shopping centres as well as train stations, banks, post offices, building societies, bus stations and airports.

The Government has also said that people taking out food and drink from cafes has to wear a face mask, but does not have to wear a covering if they sit in the premises.

Meanwhile, supermarket and shop staff do not have to wear masks, with several major retailers including Sainsbury's, Asda and Costa Coffee saying they will not police the rules aggressively.

Masks do not have to be worn in pubs and restaurants, museums, cinemas, theatres, indoor gyms and leisure facilities, spas and beauty salons, hairdressers, galleries, concert and bingo halls.

Face coverings are also thought to make no difference outdoors as the risk of transmission is low in open air.

Failure to comply with the rules could result in a £100 fine although the police have said they will not be aggressively enforcing the law, with ministers hoping the public will show 'common sense' on the issue.

– Are there any exceptions?

Yes, while face coverings will be mandatory in shops, banks, takeaways, post offices, sandwich shops and supermarkets in England from Friday there are some exemptions.

Section three of the government's guidelines released on Thursday lists the "legitimate reasons" for not wearing a blanket. The groups and settings include:

  • Young children under the age of 11;
  • Those who cannot put on, wear or remove a face covering because of a physical or mental illness or impairment;
  • Those who will be caused severe distress by putting on, wearing or removing a face covering;
  • People travelling with or providing assistance to someone who relies on lip reading to communicate;
  • To avoid harm or injury or the risk of harm or injury, to yourself or others, to avoid injury or to a risk of harm;
  • To eat or drink if reasonably necessary;
  • To take medication;
  • If you are asked to remove your face covering by a police officer or other official;
  • If you are asked to remove a face covering in a bank, building society, or post office for identification;
  • If you are asked by shop staff or relevant employees to take a face covering off for identification, or by for example a pharmacist for the purpose of assessing health recommendations, or for age identification purposes including when buying age-restricted products such as alcohol.

If speaking with people who rely on lip reading, facial expressions and clear sound to help with communication.

It is not mandatory for shopkeepers, supermarket employees, or transport workers to wear facewear, but employers can ask them to do so if necessary, and if there is no other reduction, the guidelines say.

People who are exempt from wearing a face mask can wear and show an exemption card, badge, or even a homemade shield, the government said.

– How can I make a face mask from a t-shirt, kitchen towel or vacuum cleaner bag?

A YouTube tutorial by Runa Ray shows how to make a face mask without any need for sewing, using just a plain t-shirt. First of all you need scissors, pencil and a ruler, and a t-shirt you don't mind being used to make a face mask.

Cut out a 16' by 4' rectangle from the middle of the shirt, fold it in half, and measure four inches on either side.

Then mark the t-shirt with an even number of tassels on each side and use scissors to cut them.

Turn the t-shirt inside out and separate the corner tassels, but tie the remaining ones in-between. Then with the remaining t-shirt material cut some ear straps using the hem of the shirt. Attach the straps to the remaining outer tassels and you have yourself a face mask, with no sewing involved, and using an old t-shirt.

A slightly more complicated method has been perfected by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh  also managed to design a face mask that could be used if 'commercial masks' are not available during a virus outbreak.

They used a regular cotton t-shirt, which was boiled for 10 minutes and then air-dried to sterilise the material, but also to shrink it. The researchers used a marker and ruler to measure out what they wanted to cut and then formed the mask using an outer layer and then eight inner layers covering the nose and mouth.

The mask does not require any sewing, and instead involves it being tied multiple time around the face.

The CDC has a how-to guide on its website for how people can easily make face masks out of t-shirts and bandanas

The CDC has a how-to guide on its website for how people can easily make face masks out of t-shirts and bandanas

By following the simple steps in the graphic, you can create your own face mask from a T-Shirt or vacuum cleaner bag

By following the simple steps in the graphic, you can create your own face mask from a T-Shirt or vacuum cleaner bag

By following the simple steps in the graphic, you can create your own face mask from a T-Shirt or vacuum cleaner bag. Even UK politicians have got in on the act, with Gillian Martin, MSP for Aberdeenshire East, describing how she made a face mask from vacuum cleaner bags and elastic.

She told the Daily Record: 'I live in a small village and have been here for over 20 years. I don't want to worry or offend people when I go out. I started researching what other countries have been doing and came across a chart with the best materials to use to make a mask out of just about anything.'

Artist reveals quick method to make a face mask from a T-shirt sleeve using just a pair of scissors

Artist Sophie Passmore showed how to make a face mask from the arm of a T-shirt

Artist Sophie Passmore showed how to make a face mask from the arm of a T-shirt

Artist Sophie Passmore, from Brighton, who helped make costumes for The Masked Singer, appeared on BBC Breakfast to demonstrate how you can quickly fashion a face mask out of an old T-shirt using just a pair of scissors, without the need for a needle and thread.

  1. Cut an arm off the shirt – the bigger the better
  2. Take the bottom of the T-shirt and cut it all the way along into a strip, which turns into a perfect stretchy string.
  3. Pop the string around your neck, then take the arm of the T-shirt, which acts as a loop of fabric, and put both ends of your 'string' at either side of the loop.
  4. Then simply pull back each end of the string and tie them behind your head. Sophie suggested making them 'fancy' by using a patterned tee.

'Just below medical material was a hoover bag. I have loads of them lying around and found Hepa-Flow bag that just goes on your Henry hoover'.

The chart the MSP is referring to from a University of Cambridge study which shows the materials that work the best against virus sized particles.

The top three are a surgical mask, vacuum cleaner bag and tea towel.

She added: 'I cut it up the bag and secured it with elastic. I live with my family of three who have all been self-isolating so I made one for each of us'.

'I made it because I'm nervous of people coming up to me when I'm out walking the dog. I don't want to have to run away from them.'

Another popular YouTube method shows how to fold up a scarf, using hair ties at either end, to make a simple and easy no-sew mask. The same method can be used with a handkerchief and doesn't involve any sewing.

For this you need two layers of kitchen towel and one of tissue. You cut it in half, and then use masking tape on each end to ensure the mask is stiff.

Then you punch holes through either end of the mask and thread elastic bands through the holes.

Some Japanese women have even been posting instructions about how to make a face mask from a bra.

The method is simple and involves cutting off one cup with scissors and then sewing the bra straps on, so they can be attached to your face.

– Has there been confusion over the new rules?

Yes, opposition MPs have said it needs to be clarified whether customers have to wear face coverings in takeaways and sandwich shops in England.

The criticism came after days of mixed messages with the Health Secretary and Boris Johnson's official spokesman contradicting each other on the matter.

The Daily Telegraph reported that people using sandwich shops and takeaways will be required to wear a mask, and buying food from the counter and then sitting down to eat inside the shop will be banned.

Ministers are facing accusations that the new rules are muddled, inconsistent and illogical, with face masks not necessary in pubs, restaurants and cinemas, but mandatory in shops, takeaway shops and shopping centres.

A woman wearing a mask walks among other shoppers - some wearing masks - on London's Oxford Street on July 22

A woman wearing a mask walks among other shoppers – some wearing masks – on London's Oxford Street on July 22

David Strain of Essex University said there was 'no logic to the exclusion of theatres and cinemas' as social distancing could not be enforced: 'There is no reason why shopkeepers or supermarket staff should be exempt'.

Chaand Nagpaul, head of the British Medical Association, told The Times: “Although today's guidelines are somewhat helpful, the uncertainty of the past few weeks has not helped to inspire public confidence. Meanwhile, if venues such as theatres, museums and salons are not subject to these rules, there must be an absolute assurance that they can protect the public by enforcing physical distancing or putting other mitigating measures in place.'

And Jon Richards of the Unison union said, “Governance has been confusing from the start. The UK was late to the table on face coverings and now people don't know what they should do.

“There are rules for shops and public transport, but not for other closed spaces such as libraries, civil registry offices and community centers. The public needs clarity to end the mess. & # 39;

– What does the science say about face coverings?

A Royal Society report suggests that even basic homemade face coverings can reduce transmission if enough people wear them when in public.

Face coverings encouraged in English courts from Monday

Members of the public attending courts and tribunals in England are being asked to wear face coverings from next week, HM Courts & Tribunals Service (HMCTS) has said.

The rules, which come into effect from Monday July 27, are being imposed to minimise the risk of coronavirus in HMCTS buildings, though people may need to temporarily remove masks for identification purposes.

Those speaking or giving evidence in the courtroom may also be made to remove their face coverings by a judge, but must maintain a strict two-metre distance.

Exemptions also apply to people with disabilities or health issues that make wearing masks difficult and the deaf, who may need to read another person's lips.

Courtrooms themselves will 'continue to be covered by the current guidance' which says that court users may wear face coverings whilst in the courtroom, HMCTS said.

The guidance refers to the use of face coverings in English courts and tribunals only.

People attending buildings in Wales and Scotland are also permitted to wear them, but they are not mandatory.

The study, which was based on mathematical models, showed that an entire population wearing face coverings that were only 75 percent effective had an R-value, ie the number of people to whom an infected person passes the virus, from 4.0 4 would bring under 1.0 without locks being required.

Another Royal Society report suggests that using cotton masks is 54 percent less likely to be infected than groups without a mask when tested in healthcare.

Melinda Mills from the University of Oxford told a webinar: 'So that should suggest that when you're generally in the public that it should offer you some, not 100 per cent, but it does offer you some protection.'

Another study which looked at coronavirus deaths across 198 countries found that nations which had policies favouring mask-wearing had lower death rates.

In another scientific study published last month in the National Academy of Sciences' Proceedings journal, scientists calculated that wearing facewear between April 6 and May 9 more than 78,000 infections in Italy and more than 66,000 infections prevented in New York City between April 17 and May 9.

– What are the benefits to wearing them?

Experts say that the risk of coronavirus transmission appears to be higher in poorly ventilated indoor areas, and wearing face coverings in small stores or closed malls could help reduce the spread.

Keith Neal, professor of epidemiology at the University of Nottingham, said: 'Lack of strong evidence of their effectiveness should not be considered a problem but the evidence is accumulating that they have a part to play in reducing transmission and also in protecting the wearer.'

In addition, there is growing evidence that many people who have no symptoms with the virus can still be contagious.

– What do people need to know about wearing masks?

Ideally, the facewear should consist of multi-layer, high-quality cotton.

If possible, they should be worn in closed interiors and crowded rooms, especially where social distance cannot be maintained.

Japan follows the three Cs, closed spaces, crowded places and close contact settings. When wearing a face covering, it should cover the mouth and nose.

– Are some face coverings better than others?

The WHO recommends a three-layer face covering in the community – the outer layer should be water-resistant, the inner layer should be water-absorbent and the middle layer should act as a filter.

It emphasises that a face covering alone cannot protect people from COVID-19, and must be combined with social distancing of at least a metre and regular hand washing.

The government has said that covers can be made from scarves, bandanas, or other fabric items as long as they cover the mouth and nose.

However, scientists at the Leverhulme Center who examined different types of face coverings that are used by members of the public say that some coverings are not as effective as others, with loosely woven fabrics such as scarves being the least effective. Prof. Mills, director of the Leverhulme Center, said: “You also have to pay attention to how well it fits on the face. It should wrap around your ears or around your neck for better coverage. & # 39;

– What are the main messages about face coverings?

According to Prof. Mills, fabric covers are an effective way to protect the wearer and his surroundings. Sie sagt, dass Gesichtsmasken und Abdeckungen nicht isoliert gesehen werden können und Teil eines Pakets sind, das Händehygiene und soziale Distanzierung beinhaltet. Eine konsistente und effektive öffentliche Nachrichtenübermittlung sei von entscheidender Bedeutung, schloss sie.

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