Almost a third of English councils saw a drop in coronavirus infections last week as a second breaker lockdown was called for and restrictions tightened across the country.
According to Public Health England's weekly monitoring report, 41 out of 149 councils saw their Covid-19 infection rates decline in the week ended October 11. For comparison: only two saw a decline the week before.
And only eight saw cases up more than 50 percent – 13 times less than the week before, when 109 local authorities saw major spikes, suggesting the second wave may be slowing.
The biggest drop has been in the city of Manchester, which the government is threatening with a third tier lockdown. Infections fell 22 percent from 557.8 to 433.8 cases per 100,000 people.
Southend-on-Sea saw the second largest drop, down 20.5 percent from 42.6 to 33.9 cases per 100,000 population. Slough, outside of London, came in third, with infections falling 19 percent from 86.9 to 70.2 per 100,000.
However, there has still been an increase in infections in many areas – although no area doubled the rate than the 52 areas that saw that increase last week.
Dorset saw the largest increase in infections, as the case rate rose 89 percent from 25.1 to 47.6 per 100,000. It was followed by Barnsley, where cases jumped 66.6 percent from 149.1 to 248.3 per 100,000, and Sutton, where cases jumped 61.9 percent from 36.8 to 59.6 per 100,000.
In England, the number of infections rose 37 percent to 162 per 100,000 in the week ended October 9, adding further evidence that the brakes may have been applied to the second wave. The previous week's infections rose 71 percent to 118 per 100,000.
Where was the biggest increase in infections?
KEY: location, percentage increase (change in cases per 100,000 people, from the week ending October 4th to the week ending October 11th). This field shows areas where cases have increased by more than 50 percent.
Dorset89.5 percent (25.1 to 47.6 per 100,000)
Barnsley66.6 percent (149.1 to 248.3 per 100,000)
Bristol64 percent (67.12 to 110.1 per 100,000)
Sutton61.9 percent (36.8 to 59.6 per 100,000)
Blackburn with Darwen58.3 percent (257.9 to 408.1 per 100,000)
County Durham58 percent (201.3 to 318.6 per 100,000)
North East Lincolnshire52.46 percent (76.5 to 116.6 per 100,000)
Public Health England data is based on the number of positive swabs done in the week of October 4-11, divided by the region and population to get a case rate per 100,000. This allows numbers to be compared between different areas.
MailOnline's analysis suggests that the English test system could take up to six days to process all smears taken on a given date. This could explain the lag in reporting rates for regions.
In London, the PHE figures show that case rates have fallen in half of the city's 32 boroughs, with the largest drop being seen in Croydon, where they fell 18 percent from 65.9 to 54 per 100,000.
It was followed by Bexley, where infections fell 13.6 percent from 56.4 to 48.7 per 100,000, and Lewisham, where infections fell 13.3 percent from 64.1 to 55.6 per 100,000.
Sutton saw the largest surge in infections, rising 61.9 percent from 36.8 to 59.6 per 100,000. It was followed by Camden, where infections rose 35.2 percent from 53.7 to 72.6 per 100,000, and Merton, where infections rose from 47.5 to 60.5 per 100,000.
Richmond was the London borough with the most infections (110.1 per 100,000), followed by Ealing (107.7 per 100,000) and Hackney (107.6 per 100,000).
Separate data from the Department of Health – which takes into account smears taken after the sample date in the week ending October 10 – called Ealing the capital's Covid-19 hotspot at a rate of 146 per 100,000, followed by Richmond.
Only Wolverhampton, Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly saw percentage decreases in infections in the week ended October 4.
Luton was reported to see a decrease in cases as well, but Public Health England said today that the total number of cases represented a 16.7 percent increase from 62 to 72.3 per 100,000.
Manchester has been subject to tightened restrictions since the end of July. It is currently in the second stage. Residents are prohibited from meeting people who do not live in the same household, and curfew after 6 a.m. and 10 p.m. applies nationwide.
But Boris Johnson is preparing today to force the city into a third tier lockdown – pubs, gyms and other eateries will have to close – to put its infections back in the background.
Mr Johnson is also facing increasing pressure from his own SAGE experts to trigger a "breaker" pressure across the country across the halfway point. One scientist even suggests that the process may have to be repeated over and over until a vaccine becomes available.
There is widespread regional opposition to the plan. Greater Manchester Mayor Andy Burnham told ministers they were being treated like a "sacrificial lamb" and a "canary in a coal mine" with experimental limitations.
"Ultimately we have to take action – we cannot have a situation like we saw in Manchester, where Andy Burnham is effectively trying to keep the government on a barrel of money and politics when we actually have to take action," he told the BBC Breakfast.
"The cases there are 470 per 100,000 so it's very serious and we have to take action in the interests of the people of Manchester and the wider region. If we take these targeted measures in the hardest hit areas … we get through and . " We are avoiding lockdown at the national level. & # 39;
Liverpool has already been placed under the third tier and today Lancashire regional authorities also approved the tough measure to curb the rise in infections.
Lancashire agrees to lockdown the third stage
Lancashire has agreed to step into the toughest third tier lockdown following a government bailout. This was announced today.
The deal was announced as Boris Johnson threatens to seize Greater Manchester despite an angry uprising from local leaders and Tory & # 39; Red Wall & # 39; MPs. to force into the top category.
Health Secretary Matt Hancock justified the move in Lancashire, pointing to a "relentless increase" in cases.
According to the DoH, the rates were highest for people between the ages of 16 and 29 at 552 per 100,000 people.
Among the most vulnerable over-60s, the rate is 214.
In Burnley, however, the older generation is much worse affected, with 594 infected per 100,000 people.
The government also warned that the delay between infection and hospitalization would lead to an increase in patients.
& # 39; The number of patients in intensive care units with Covid-19 has reached nearly half the number it saw at the start of the pandemic earlier this year, and the latest data suggests that Lancashire will be within two weeks there will be more people in mechanical ventilation beds than there were in the first wave, "the government said.
"This is more a result of existing infections than a prediction. This underscores the need for urgent action to keep the Lancashire epidemic from getting worse."
Liverpool Mayor Joe Anderson said on Twitter: & # 39; The Liverpool City Region has requested immediate clarification on why Lancashire gyms are allowed to stay open and Liverpool are closed.
'Inconsistent mess, we now have Tier 3 A and Tier 3 B.
"Are gym users safer in Lancashire than in the Liverpool area?"
The bitter argument with the local leader showed no signs of rupture today. The mayors of the north issued a joint statement condemning the available financial package.
Southend-on-Sea is one of the areas in Essex that was not moved into the second stage of lockdown after regional authorities noted the low and declining cases of coronavirus in the area.
Dr. Mike Gogarty, the council's director of public health, warned yesterday that people will have to adhere to tighter restrictions to slow the acceleration in the number of Covid-19 cases.
He said the area could do with much higher curbs "a lot shorter if we get in early".
He added that the numbers suggest the county could end like Bolton in four weeks if no action is taken. "We have to do something now to keep us (like them) from ending up," he said. "It will protect people's health and protect our businesses as we will find ourselves in these higher levels of restrictions in much less time."
Slough has also dodged stricter Covid-19 restrictions so far, but Berkshire Live reported yesterday that its council may call for stricter coronavirus restrictions.
They are currently discussing whether a second stage ban should be imposed voluntarily. The council said in a statement: “The numbers are such that we have been talking to the Department of Health and Welfare and the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead (RBWM) about the possibility of an end in tier two, and whether, since last week one accepts it voluntarily instead of being deployed there. & # 39;
It comes as Labor calls for a second breaker shutdown across the UK to prevent infections from spilling over.
Jonathan Ashworth, Secretary of Health for Shadow, told Commons yesterday: “Look around you and explain to the Secretary of Health why you are not doing a breaker now. Because if we do this in a few weeks or months, more lives and livelihoods will be lost. & # 39;
He made the comments after grueling numbers from NHS Test and Trace showed the service couldn't reach more contacts from people who had positively rested for coronavirus than ever before.
"The British people have already made a great sacrifice and we are facing the most bleak winter," he said.
“Much of this could have been avoided if the misfire test and trace system had been fixed in the summer. Today the new numbers show that only 62 percent of the contacts were reached. That corresponds to 81,000 unreached, circulating in society despite being exposed to the virus.
& # 39; This is another record hit and we learned yesterday that consultations working on Test and Trace are getting over £ 6,000 a day to perform this flawed service. In a single week, the government pays these senior advisors more than a seasoned nurse does in a year. & # 39;
The Government's Emergency Scientific Advisory Group (SAGE) has called for a second circuit breaker lockout but warned the UK that it may have already “missed” the boat for imposing the restrictions.
Professor Graham Medley of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, who is with SAGE, said today that the short bans are best placed during school holidays – to minimize the impact on children.
He said the upcoming October halftime, Christmas vacation, and February break next year could all be used as dates to justify the breaker shutdowns.
Speaking to BBC Radio 4's Today program, Professor Medley, who no longer supported the short bans, told BBC Radio 4: “The basic idea, and it's an idea, people say I challenge it, but we don't ask it. It's a job between myself and Professor Matt Keeling and his team and a proposal.
"In this way you can reduce the prevalence (of the virus) and have some control over the virus without first having to place strict restrictions."
A senior government official told the Daily Mail yesterday that a series of breaker bans would be put in place during school holidays to help stem the surge in infections.
The expert, who refused to be named, said, “One of the things we think would be good would be to plan to have a number of them, probably around school holidays, so they don't disrupt education – or maybe a week add to existing holidays.
“Tell people they're coming so everyone can plan for them. And then if you don't need it well, we will cancel it. It seems to us that one of the damages of the lockdown is that they arrived out of the blue.
“Now, of course, you'd have to make sure that people didn't all have big parties in the week before the circuit was closed.
"But for many families it would be less harmful to know this thing is coming and you have it planned than if it just came out of nowhere."
Where did the greatest infection decrease?
KEY: location, percentage increase (change in cases per 100,000 people, from the week ending October 4th to the week ending October 11th).
Manchester-22.2 percent (from 557.8 to 433.8 per 100,000)
Southend-on-Sea-20.5 percent (42.6 to 33.9 per 100,000)
swamp-19.22 percent (86.9 to 70.2 per 100,000)
South Tyneside-18.5 percent (275.5 to 224.5 per 100,000)
Croydon-18 percent (65.9 to 54 per 100,000)
Kingston-upon-Hull-13.7 percent (95.5 to 82.4 per 100,000)
Bexley-13.6 percent (56.4 to 48.7 per 100,000)
Lewisham-13.28 percent (64.1 to 55.6 per 100,000)
Redbridge-13 percent (110.7 to 96.3 per 100,000)
Somerset-12.9 percent (33.1 to 28.8 per 100,000)
Tower hamlet-12.6 percent (85.6 to 74.8 per 100,000)
Islington-12.4 percent (76.7 to 67.2 per 100,000)
Bromley-11.29 percent (56 to 49.7 per 100,000)
Brent-10.3 percent (79.5 to 71.3 per 100,000)
Leeds-10.3 percent (379.1 to 340 per 100,000)
Waltham Forest-10.1 percent (78.7 to 70.8 per 100,000)
Sunderland-10.1 percent (296.7 to 266.8 per 100,000)
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, -9.66 percent (492 to 444.5 per 100,000)
Bedford-7.75 percent (74.4 to 68.7 per 100,000)
Westminster-7.5 percent (71.2 to 65.8 per 100,000)
Northumberland-7.2 percent (180.2 to 167.2 per 100,000)
Lambeth-7.1 percent (79.5 to 71.8 per 100,000)
L.uton-5.8 percent (72.3 to 68.1 per 100,000)
Bradford-5.6 percent (293.3 to 277 per 100,000)
Brighton-5 percent (61.9 to 58.8 per 100,000)
Devon-4.7 percent (84.8 to 80.8 per 100,000)
Enfield-3.3 percent (72.8 to 70.4 per 100,000)
Hartlepool-3.3 percent (250.9 to 242.4 per 100,000)
Birmingham-3.3 percent (159.3 to 154.1 per 100,000)
Gateshead-3.3 percent (241 to 233.1 per 100,000)
Dudley-3.1 percent (79.6 to 77.1 per 100,000)
Hounslow-2.7 percent (81.8 to 79.6 per 100,000)
Hillingdon-2.2 percent (75 to 73.3 per 100,000)
harrow-2.1 percent (96 to 94 per 100,000)
Kensington and Chelsea-2 percent (80.7 to 79.4 per 1,000,000)
Sheffield-1.9 percent (385.9 to 378.6 per 100,000)
West Sussex-1.8 percent (33.1 to 32.5 per 100,000)
Medway-1.2 percent (30.9 to 30.5 per 100,000)
East Riding of Yorkshire-1.1 percent (109.3 to 108.2 per 100,000)
Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly, -0.7 percent (26.8 to 26.6 per 100,000)
Surrey-0.26 percent (66 to 65.9 per 100,000)
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