2020 presidential debate: Trump and Biden's claims are factually checked

President Donald Trump and Democratic challenger Joe Biden parted ways Tuesday night in their pivotal first debate on the 2020 campaign. This was the most important opportunity so far for them to outline completely different visions for a country with multiple crises.

The evening erupted in a controversial exchange on the coronavirus pandemic, urban violence, job losses and how the Supreme Court will shape the future of health care in the country.

Here we analyze what each candidate said:

On the coronavirus

CLAIM: Trump said they had "no problem at all" with his campaign events.

FACT: Trump hosted an indoor rally in Tulsa in late June, which attracted both thousands of participants and large-scale protests.

The director of the Tulsa City Department of Health said the rally "likely" contributed to a dramatic increase in new coronavirus cases.

In the first week of July, Tulsa County confirmed more than 200 new daily cases and set record highs. That is more than twice as much as in the week before the rally.

Former Republican presidential candidate Herman Cain, 74, died of Covid-19 after going to the rally without a mask.

CLAIM:: Biden said there are 100 million Americans with pre-existing conditions.

FACT: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid say a range of 50 to 129 million, excluding the elderly, have pre-existing conditions.

CLAIM: T.Rump alleged Biden labeled him xenophobic after banning travel from China over coronavirus concerns.

FACT: Biden said in March that "banning all travel from Europe – or any other part of the world – will not stop the virus".

On January 31, hours after Trump's announcement in China, Biden said, without mentioning the virus, "We have to lead the way with science – not Donald Trump's report on hysteria, xenophobia and scare tactics."

CLAIM: Trump said the US was "weeks away from a vaccine".

FACT: Health officials have said we may have to wait until next summer for a vaccine to be widely available

CLAIM: Biden said the US has "5 percent – 4 percent – of the world's population, 20 percent of coronavirus deaths."

FACT: This is true.

CLAIM: Trump said, “I am okay with masks. I don't fight masks.

FACT: The President has been seen repeatedly in public without a mask; he often mocks Biden for wearing one.

CLAIM: Trump said of Biden: "He wants to close this country and I want to keep it open."

FACT: Biden said in September: "I don't think it will be necessary to be able to shut down the entire economy."

CLAIM: Trump card To Biden he said, “You didn't treat swine flu very well. H1N1. You were a disaster. & # 39;

FACT: Trump often skews what happened in the 2009 pandemic, which left far fewer lives in the US than the coronavirus is currently killing.

For starters, as Vice President, Biden did not lead the federal response. And that response was quicker from the start than when COVID-19 arrived in the US.

On the Supreme Court

CLAIM: Biden said of Supreme Court nominee Amy Coney Barrett, "She believes the affordable care law is unconstitutional."

FACT: Barrett has criticized the Obama-era law and the court decisions that upheld it, but she never said it was unconstitutional.

The Supreme Court will hear arguments in the case on November 10, and the Trump administration is calling on the Supreme Court to declare the law unconstitutional.

To Hunter Biden

CLAIM: Trump said Biden's son Hunter had been kicked out of the military.

FACT: Hunter Biden was released from the Navy Reserve in 2014 after failing a drug test and struggling with alcohol and drug abuse.

Trump said it was a "dishonorable dismissal" but that is not true – it was administrative.

CLAIM: Trump said Hunter received $ 3.5 million from the mayor of Moscow's wife.

FACT: Hunter Biden had a "financial relationship" with the widow of a Moscow mayor who, according to a report by Republican senators, was ousted on corruption charges.

The 87-page report was released earlier this month by the Republican-led Senate Homeland Security and Government Affairs Committee and the Finance Committee and focuses on Hunter Biden's business dealings in Ukraine.

Biden's campaign said the investigation was based on "a long-disproved, right-wing conspiracy theory."

On the economy

CLAIM: Biden said Trump would be the "first (president) in American history" to lose jobs during his presidency.

FACT: No, if Trump loses re-election, he would not be the first president in US history to lose jobs. This happened under Herbert Hoover, the president, who lost the 1932 election to Franklin Roosevelt when the Great Depression caused massive job losses.

Official job records only go back to 1939, during which time no president has finished his term with fewer jobs than when he started. Trump appears to be on track for losing jobs during his first term, which would make him the first since Hoover.

CLAIM: Trump said the country was doing "record deals".

FACT: The federal budget deficit is expected to hit a record $ 3.3 trillion as huge government spending to fight the coronavirus and prop up the economy added more than $ 2 trillion to the federal book, according to the Congressional Budget Office.

The rise in the deficit means federal debt will exceed annual gross domestic product for the next year – a milestone that would bring the post-WWII US to where accumulated debt exceeded the size of the economy.

CLAIM: Trump said, “I've brought back 700,000 jobs. They didn't bring anything back.

FACT: Employment in the manufacturing sector has risen by nearly 500,000 since Trump took office. The sector has declined by more than 200,000 jobs since he took office.

CLAIM: Biden said the US now has "a larger deficit with China than before".

FACT: The trade deficit with China fell sharply between 2018 and 2019.

The deficit fell to $ 345.2 billion in 2019 – the same number as the year before Trump took office when Biden was vice president.

About climate change

CLAIM: Biden said Trump proposed dropping nuclear weapons on hurricanes.

FACT: Sources told Axios last August that Trump had asked Homeland Security and National Security officials on several occasions whether atomic bombs could be dropped on hurricanes to prevent them from landing in the U.S.

& # 39; Axios' story of President Trump trying to blow up major hurricanes with nuclear weapons before he hit the coast is ridiculous. I never said that. Just more FAKE NEWS! “The President tweeted.

About healthcare

CLAIM: Trump said: "You agree with Bernie Sanders, who is on the far left in the manifesto, we name it".

FACT: Biden and Sanders formed a joint task force in May to unite Democrats on issues like health care and produce a 110-page set of policy recommendations.

CLAIM: Trump said he was "lowering drug prices".

FACT: The president has signed executive orders for lower drug prices, but experts doubt the relief it will actually bring.

About law and order

CLAIM: Biden said of Trump: "His own former spokesman said:" Troubles, chaos and violence are helping his cause. "That's what this is about."

FACT: Former President Advisor Kellyanne Conway said in August, "The more chaos and anarchy, as well as vandalism and violence, the better it is for making very clear decisions about who is best in terms of public safety and law and order."

CLAIM: Trump said Biden had labeled African Americans as super-predators.

FACT: First Lady Hillary Clinton used the term "Super Predator" in 1994 to support a bill drafted by Biden. In a speech in support of the bill, he warned against "predators".

CLAIM: Trump said, "Portland – the sheriff just came out today and said," I support President Trump. "

FACT: Multnomah County, Oregon Sheriff Mike Reese tweeted, "As a Multnomah County Sheriff, I have never supported Donald Trump and will never support him."

Multnomah County includes the city of Portland.

CLAIM: Biden said, "The fact that these are violent crimes is down 17 percent, 15 percent in our administration."

FACT: That is an exaggeration.

Overall, the number of violent crimes fell by around 10 percent from 2008, the year before Biden took office as Vice President, to 2016, his last full year in office, according to data from the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting program.

However, in the last two years of Obama and Biden in office, the number of violent crimes rose again, rising 8 percent from 2014 to 2016.

In the US, for example, more people were killed in 2016 than at any other time under the Obama administration.

CLAIM: Trump said, "If you look at what's going on in Chicago, where 53 people were shot and eight died. If you look at New York, where it's going up like no one has seen anything … the numbers go up by 100 150 , 200%, crime, it's crazy what's going on. "

FACT: The statistics in Chicago are true.

In New York, Trump may have been talking about shootings. In New York, they're up about 93% so far this year, but overall crime is down about 1.5%.

When voting

CLAIM: Trump said, "This is going to be a scam like you've never heard of."

FACT: Election fraud has proven extremely rare. The Brennan Center for Justice rated the risk of electoral fraud in 2017 as 0.00004% to 0.0009% based on studies of past elections.

In the five states that regularly send ballots to all voters, there have been no major cases of fraud or difficulty counting votes.

President Donald Trump and Democratic challenger Joe Biden said goodbye on Tuesday

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